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Eleven months having now passed, we are per-| full. But why tender the benefits of this promitted to take another view. The rebel borders vision only to a State government set up in are pressed still further back, and by the com- this particular way? This section of the Conplete opening of the Mississippi the country stitution contemplates a case wherein the eledominated by the rebellion is divided into dis- ment within a State, favorable to republican tinct parts, with no practical communication government, in the Union, may be too feeble between them. Tennessee and Arkansas have for an opposite and hostile element external 10 been substantially cleared of insurgent control, or even within the State ; ad such are preand influential citizens in each, owners of slaves cisely the cases with which we are now dealing. and advocates of slavery at the beginning of the An attempt to guaranty and protect a rerebellion, now declare openly for emancipation vived State government, construcied in whole, in their respective States. Of those States not or in preponderating part, from the very element included in the emancipation proclamation, against whose hostility and violence it is to be Maryland and Missouri, neither of which three protected, is simply absurd. There must be a years ago would tolerate any restraint upon the test by which to separate the opposing elements extension of slavery into new territories, only so as to build only from the sound; and that dispute now as to the best mode of removing it test is a sufficiently liberal one wbich accepts within their own limits.
as sound whoever will make a sworn recantaOf those who were slaves at the beginning tion of his former unsoundness. of the rebellion, full one hundred thousand are But if it be proper to require, as a test of now in the United States military service, about admission to the political body, an oath of alone half of which number actually bear arms legiance to the Constitution of the United States, in the ranks; thus giving the double advantage and to the Union under it, why also to the laws of taking so much labor from the insurgent and proclamations in regard to slavery? Those cause, and supplying the places which other laws and proclamations were enacted and put wise must be filled with so many white men. forth for the purpose of aiding in the suppresSo far as tested, it is difficult to say they are sion of the rebellion. To give them their fullest not as good soldiers as any. No servile insur- effect, there had to be a pledge for their mainrection, or tendency to violence or cruelty, has tenance. In my judgment they have aided, marked the measures of emancipation and arm and will further aid, the cause for which they ing the blacks. These measures have been were intended. To now abandon them wonid much discussed in foreign countries, and con- be not only to relinquish a lever of power, but temporary with such discussion the tone of would also be a cruel and an astounding breach public sentiment there is much improved. At of faith. I may add at this point, that while I home the same measures have been fully dis- remain in my present position I shall not atcussed, supported, criticised, and denounced, tempt to retract or modify the emancipation and the annual elections following are highly proclamation; nor shall I return to slavery any encouraging to those whose official duty it is person who is free by the terms of that proclato bear the country through this great trial.mation, or by any of the acts of Congress. Thus we have the new reckoning. The crisis For these and other reasons it is thought best which threatened to divide the friends of the that support of these measures shall be incluUnion is past.
ded in the oath; and it is believed the ExecuLooking now to the present and future, and tive may lawfully claim it in return for pardon with reference to a resumption of the national and restoration of forfeited rights, which he authority within the States wherein that has clear constitutional power to with bold altoauthority has been suspended, I have thought gether, or grant upon the terms which he shall fit to issue a proclamation, a copy of which is deem wisest for the public interest It should herewith transmitted. On examination of this be observed, also, that this part of the oath is proclamation it will appear, as is believed, that subject to the modifying and abrogating power nothing will be attempted beyond what is of legislation and supreme judicial decision. amply justified by the Constitution. True, the The proposed acquiescence of the national form of an oath is given, but no man is coerced Executive in any reasonable temporary State to take it. The man is only promised a pardon arrangement for the freed people is made with in case he voluntarily takes the oath. The the view of possibly modifying the coafusion Constitution authorizes the Executive to grant and destitution which must at best, attend all or withhold the pardon at his own absolute classes by a total revolution of labor throughdiscretion; and this includes the power to grant out whole States. It is hoped that the alreavy on terms, as is fully established by judicial and deeply afflicted people in those States may be other authorities.
somewhat more ready to give up the cause of It is also proffered that if, in any of the their affliction, if, to this extent, this vital mar. States named, a State government shall be, in ter be left to themselves; while no power of the mode prescribed, set up, such government the national Executive to prevent an abuse is shall be recognized and guarantied by the abridged by the proposition. United States, and that under it the State The suggestion in the proclamation as to shall, on constitutional conditions, be protected maintaining the political frame-work of the against invasion and domestic violence. The States on what is called reconstruction, is constitutional obligation of the United States made in the hope that it may do good without to guaranty to every State in the Union a re- danger of harm. It will save labor, and avoid publican form of government, and to protect great confusion. the State, in the cases stated, is explicit and But why any proclamation now upon the subject? This question is beset with the conflict any time thereafter, by proclamation, to extend to persons ing views that the step might be delayed too
who may have participated in the existing rebellion, in any
State or part thereof, pardon and anesty, with such excep. long or be aken too soon. In some States the tions and at such tinies and on such conditions as he may elements for resumption seem ready for action, deem expedient for the public welfaro; and whereas the conbut remain inactive, apparently for want of a corus with well established judicial exposition of the pardon
gressional declaration for limited and conditional pardon acrallying point-a plan of action. Why shall A ing power; and whereas, with referenco to said rebellion, the adopt the plan of B, rather than B that of A ? President of the United States has issued several proclamatAnd if A and B should agree, how can they tions with provisions in regard to the liberation of slaves; know but that the General Government here engaged in said rebellion to resume their allegianco to the will reject their plan? By the proclamation a
United States, and to reinaugurate loyal State governments
within and for their respectivo States: plan is presented which may be accepted by
Therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the United them as a rallying point, and which they are States, do proclaim, declare, and make known to all persons assured in advance will not be rejected here. who have directly, or by implication, participated in the ex: This may bring them to act sooner than they pardon is hereby granted to them and each of them, with otherwise would.
restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves, and The objection to a premature presentation of in property cases where rights of third parties shall havo in
tervened, and upon tho condition that every such person a plan by the national Executive consists in the shall tako and subscribo an outh, and thenceforward keep danger of committals on points which could be and maintain suid oath inviolate; and which oath shall be more safely left to further developments. Care registered for permanent preservation, and shall be of the has been taken to so sbape the do ment as to
tenor and effect following, to wit:
do solemnly swear, in presence of Alavoid embarrassments from this source. Say. mighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully support, proing that, on certain terms, certain classes will tect, and defend the Constitution of the United States, and
the union of the States thereunder; and that I will, in like be pardoned, with rights restored, it is not said manner, abide by and faithfully support all acts of Congress that other classes, or other terms, will never be passed during tho existing robellion with reference to included. Saying that reconstruction will be slaves, so long and so far as not repealed, modified, or held
void by Congress, or by decision of the Supreme Court; and accepted if presented in a specified way, it is that I will, in liko manner, abide by and faithfully support aot said it will never be accepted in any other all proclamations of the President mado during the existing Fay.
rebellion having reference to slaves, so long and so far as
not modified or declared void by decision of the Supreme The movements, by State action, for emanci- | Court. So help me God.” pation in several of the States, not included in The persons excepted from the benefits of the foregoing the emancipation proclamation, are matters of provisions are all who are, or shall have been, civil or diplo
matic officers or agents of the socalled Confederate Governprofound gratulation. And while I do not re- ment; all who havo left judicial stations under the United peat in detail what I have heretofore so earn- States to aid the rebellion; all who are, or shall have been, estly urged upon this subject, my general views ernment above the rank of colonel in the Army, or of lieu
military or naval officers of said so-called Confederate Gov. and feelings remain unchanged; and I trust tenant in the Navy; all who left seats in the United States that Congress will omit no fair opportunity of Congress to aid the rebellion; all who resigned commissions aiding these important steps to a great consum-aided the rebellion; and all who have engaged in any way
in the Army or Navy of the United States, and afterwards mation.
in treating colored persons, or white persons in charge of In the midst of other cares, however import- such, otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of war, and which ant, we must not lose sight of the fact that the persons may have been found in the United States service
as soldiers, seamen, or in any other capacity. Far power is still our main reliance. To that And I do further proclain, declare, and make known that pover alone we can look, yet for a time, to give whenever in any of the States of Arkansas, Texas, Louisiconfidence to the people in the contested re- Florida, South Carolina, and North Carolina, a number of
anat, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Goorgia, Virginia, gions, that the insurgent power will not again persons, not less than one tenth in number of the votes cast overrun them. Until that confidence shall be in such State at tho presidential election of the year established, little can be done anywhere for taken tho onth aforesaid and not having sinco violated it,
Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty, each having what is called reconstruction. Hence our chief- and being a qualified voter by the election law of the State est care must still be directed to the army and existing immediately beforo the so-called act of secession, Davy, who have thus far borne their harder ment which shall be republican, and in nowise contravening part so nobly and well. And it may be esteemed said oath, such shall be recognized as the true government fortunate that in giving the greatest efficiency of the State, and tho State shall receive thereunder the
benefits of the constitutional provision which declares that to these indispensable arms, we do also honor
"tho Cuited States shall guaranty to every State in this ably recognize the gallant men, from command- Union a republican form of government, and shall protect er to sentinel, who compose them, and to wbom, cach of them against invasion; and, on application of the more than to others, the world must stand in Legislature, or the Executive, (when tho Legislature can
not be convened,) against domestic violence." debted for the home of freedom disenthralled, And I do further proclaim, declare, and make known regenerated, enlarged, and perpetuated.
that any provision which may be adopted by such Stato ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
government in relation to the freed people of such State,
which shall recognize and declare their permanent free December 8, 1863.
dom, provide for their education, and which may yet bo consistent, as a temporary arrangement, with their present
condition as a laboring, landless, and homeless class, will PROCLAMATION OF AMNESTY.
not be objected to by the national Executive. Whereas in and by the Constitution of the United States, surgested as not improper, that, in constructing a loyal it is provided that the President “shall have power to grant State government in any State, the name of the State, the reprieses and pardons for offenses against tho United States, boundary, the subdivisions, the constitution, and the gen. eeppt in cases of impeachment;" and whereas a rebellion cral code of laws, as before the rebellion, be maintained, rov exists whereby tho loyal State governments of several subject only to the modifications made necessary by the States have for a long time been subverted, and many per-conditions hereinbefore stated, and such others, if any, sou have committed and are now guilty of treason against not contravening said conditions, and which may bo the Cnited States; and whereas, with reference to said rebel- deemed expedient by those framing the new State governlia and treason, laws have been enacted by Congress declaring forfeitures and confiscation of property and liberation To avoid misunderstanding, it may be proper to say that of slaves, all upon terms and conditions therein stated, and this proclamation, so far as it relates to State governments, also declaring ihat the President was thereby authorized at bas no reference to States wherein loyal State governments
And it is
have all the while been maintained. And for the same to slaves and where pights of third parties have intervened, reason, it may be proper to further say, that whether which that proclamation offers and secures. members sent to Congress from any State shall be ad- The President's pardon of a person guilty of acts of rebel. mitted to seats constitutionally, rests exclusively with the lion will of course relieve that person from the penalties respectivo Houses, and not to any extent with the Execu- incurred by his crime, and, where an indictment is pending tive. And still further, that this proclaination is intended against him therefor, the production of the pardon signed to present the people of the States wherein tho national by the President, or of satisfactory evidence that he has authority has been suspended, and loyal State governments complied with the conditions on which the pardon is offered have been subverted, a mode in and by which the national (if he be not of the class excepted from the benefits of the and loyal State governments may be re-established within proclamation,) will be a suflicient reason for discontinuing said States, or in any of them; and, while the mode pre- such criminal proceedings, and discharging him from cus sented is the best the Executive can suggest, with his pres- tody therein. ent impressions, it must not be understood that no other Nor is it less doubtful that a bona fide acceptance of the possible mode would be acceptable.
terms of the President's Proclamation, by persons guilty of Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the acts of rebellion, and not of the excepted class, will secure eighth day of December, A. D. one thousand eight hun- to such persons a restoration of all the rights of property, dred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the except is to slaves and where the rights of third parties United States of America the eighty-eighth.
shall have intervened, notwithstanding such property may,
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. by reason of those acts of rebellion, have been suluject to By the President:
confiscation under the provisions of the Confiscation act of WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
of 6th August, 1861, chap. 60, and 17th July, 1802, chip.
195. For, without adverting to any other source of power AMNESTY DEFINED.
in the President to restore or protect their rights of prop
erty, the 13th section of the act of 17th of July, 1862, aqBy the President of the United States--A Proclamation. thorizes the President at any time thereafter, by proclama
Whereas it has become necessary to define the cases in tion, to extend to persons who may have participated in the which insurgent enemies are entitled to the benefits of the existing rebellion in any Stato or part thereof, pardon and Proclamation of the President of the United States, which amnesty, with such exceptions, and at such time and on was made on the 8th day of December, 1863, and the manner such conditions, as he may deem expedient for the public in which they shall proceed to avail themselves of those ben- welfare. It will hardly bo questioned, I suppose, that the efits: and whereas the objects of that proclamation were to purpose of this section, inserted in a law mainly intended suppress the insurrection, and to restore the authority of the to reach the property of persons engaged in rebellion, was United States: and whereas tho amnesty therein provided to vest the President with power to relieve such persons, on by the President was offered with reference to these objects such conditions as he should prescribe, from the penalty of alone:
loss of their property by confiscation. Although the proNow, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLY, President of the ceedings for confiscation under the acts of Aug. 6, 1801, and United States, do hereby proclaim and declare that the said July 17, 1862, are in rem, against the property seized, yet, proclamation does not apply to the cases of persons who, at under both acts, the ground of condemnation is the per: the time when they seek to obtain the benefits thereof by sonal guilt of the owner in aiding the rebellion. By the taking the oath thereby prescribed, are in military, naval, or pardon and amnesty, not only is the punishment of that civil confinement or custody, or under bonds or on parole of personal guilt remitted, but the offence itself is etfaced, the civil, military, or naval authorities, or agents of the United that being the special effect of an act of amnesty by the States as prisoners of war, or persons detained for offences Government. Of course it arrests and puts an end to all of any kind, either beforo or after conviction; and that, on penal proceedings founded thereon, whether they touch tho contrary, it does apply only to persons who, being yet the persons or the property of the offender. at large and free from any arrest, continement, or duresa, There is, therefore, no caso of judicial proceedings to enshall voluntarily como forward and take tho said oath with force the penalties of acts of rebellion which cannot be the purpose of restoring peace and establishing the national reached and cured by the constitutional or statutory power authority.
of the President to grant pardon and amnesty, whether Prisoners excluded from the amnesty offered in the said those proceedings bo aguinst the person of the oflen'ler by proclamation may apply to the President for clemency, like criminal indictment or against his property under tho con all other offenders, and their application will receive due fiscation acts referred to. consideration.
The President has accordingly directed me to instruct you I do further declare and proclaim that the oath prescribed that, in any case where proceedings have been commenced in the aforesaid proclamation of the Sth of December, 1863, and are pending and undetermined in the District or Circuit may be taken and subscribed to beforo any commissioned Court of the United States for your district against a persoa officer, civil, military, or naval, in the service of the United charged with acts of rebellion, and not of the excepted clasy States, or any civil or military officer of a State or 'Territory, whether they be by indictment or by seizure and libel of his not in insurrection, who buy tho law thereof may be quali- proporty for confiscation, (the rights of other parties not fied for administering oaths.
having intervened,) you will discontinue and put an end to All officers who receive such oaths are hereby authorized thoso proceedings, whenever the person so charged shall to give certificates thereon to the persons respectively by produco evidence satisfactory to you thitt he has, in good whom they are made. And such officers are heroby required faith, taken the oath and complied with the conditions pro to transmit the original records of ruch oaths at as early a scribed by the President's proclamation of the 8th December, day as may be convenient to the Departinent of State, where 1563. Nor is it necessary that the evidence which he prom they will be deposited and remain in the archives of the duces should be a deed of pardon signed by the President. Government.
It would be quite impossible for the President to furnish The Secretary of State will keep a register thereof, and the multitudes who are now availing themselves of the line will, on application in proper cases, issuo certificates of such fits of the Proclamation, and who aro likely to do so here records in tho customary form of such certificates,
after, with his formal evidence of partion. It will be suthIn testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and cient to justify your action if the party seeking to be relieved caused the seal of the United States to be afixed.
from further proceedings shall prove to your full satisfaction Done at the city of Washington, the 26th day of March, in that he has, in good faith, taken the oath and brought himn. the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-self within the conditious of pardon and amnesty set forth four, and of the independence of the United States the eighty- in the Proclamation. eighth.
If, in any case, you have good reason to believe that the By the President:
oath has been taken for the mere purpose of obtaining the WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
possession of personal property seized under the Contisca
tion acts, with intent to remove it from the subsequent reich CIRCULAR OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL.
of the officers of the law, you will make report of the facta
and reasons for your belief to this ofiice before discontinuing WASHINGTON, February 19, 1864-The follow the proceedings or restoring such property to the possession
of the owner. Forfeitures under the tiith section of the act ing important circular letter has been ad- of 15th July, 1801, chapter 3, are not of the class reached dressed to United States District Attorneys : by the President's Proclamation, for, under that act, the
question whether the property seized is subject to forfeiture SIR: Many persons, against whom criminal indictments, depends upon the predicament of the property itsell, and or against whose property proceedings under the confisca- not upon the general guilt or innocence of its owner. In tion laws are pending in the courts of the United States, this respect, forfeitures under that act have more resenti growing out of the participation of such persons in the ex- blanco to cases of prize of war, captured at sea as enemy's isting rebellion, have, in good faith, taken the oath pre- property than to proceedings under the acts of August, 1 el, scribed by the proclamation of the President of Sth Decem- and July, 1802. Such fortitures are enforced not so much ber, 1863, and have therefore entitled themselves to the full to punish the owner for disloyal acts as to prohibit om pardon and restoration of all rights of property, except as mercial intercourse, and to weaken the public eneiny, which are always efficient instruments and legitimate effects of Done at the city of Washington, this 27th day of April, in public par.
the year of our Lord 1861, and of the independence of the but ultbough the remission of forfeitures ander the act of United States the eighty-fifth. July, 1861, are thus not within the scope of the Proclamation
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. of pardon, still ample power is conferred on the Secretary of By the President: the Treasury by tho cichth section of that act to mitigate or WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. remit all förleitures and penalties incurred under the act. An it is not to be doubted that in all proper cases under 1862, May 12—The PRESIDENT issued a proclamation that act, where the owner of the property, residing in the opening the ports of Beaufort, Port Royal, and New Orleans. territory in rébellion, complies with the conditions of the Proclamation, the Secretary of the Treasury will exer- 1863, September 24-The PRESIDENT issued a proclamacise the power of remission of such forfeitures in tho same tion opening the port of Alexandria, Virginia. spirit of generous Torbearance and liberality which inspired and characterizes the Proclamation.
1864, February 18—The PRESIDENT issued a proclamation Very respectfully, &C., TITIAN J. COFTEY,
opening the port of Brownsville, Texas.
Acting Attorney General. To — United States District Attorney at —
1864, November 19–Norfolk, Fernandina, and Pensacola
opened aster December 1. Other Proclamations of the Presi- COMMERCIAL INTERCOURSE WITH THE REBELLIOUS dent.
Whereas, on the 15th day of April, 1861, the President of
the United States, in view of an insurrection against the laws, Whereas an insurrection against the Government of the Constitution, and Government of the United States, which United States has broken out in the States of South Caro- had broken out within the States of South Carolina, Georgia, lica, Georgih, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, and in Tess, and the laws of tho United States for the collection
pursuance of tho provisions of the act entitled "An act to of the revenuo cannot be effectually executed therein con- provide for calling forth tho militia to executo the laws of formably to that provision of tho Constitution which re
the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions, and quires duties to be uniform throughout the United States:
to repeal the act now in force for that purpose," approved And whereas a combination of persons engaged in such February 28, 1795, did call furth tho militia io suppress said 12 urrection have threatened to grant pretended letters of insurrection and to cause the laws of the Union to be duly marque to authorize the bearers thereof to commit assaults executed, and the insurgents have failed to disperse by tho on the lives, vfussels, and property of good citizens of the time directed by the President; and whereas such insurrec. country lawfully engaged in commerce on the high seas, tion has since broken out and yet exists within thu States of ani in waters of the United States:
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas; and And whereas an executivo proclamation has been already whereas tho insurgents in all tho said States chim to act issurd, requiring the persons engaged in these disorderly under theauthority thereof, and such claim is not disclaimed proceedings to desist therefrom, calling out a militia force or repudiated by the persons exercising the functions of govfor the purpose of repressing the same, and convening Concernment in such state or States, or in the part or parts piss in extraordinary session to deliberate and determine thercof, in which such combinations exist, nor has such thereon:
insurrection been suppressed by said States: Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the
Now, therefore, I, ALRAAX LINCOLN, President of the United States, with a view to the samo purposes before mentoped, and to the protection of tho public peace, and the July 13, 1861, do hereby declaro that the inhabitants of the
United States, in pursuance of the act of Congress approved lives and property of quiet and orderly citizens pursuing said States of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North Caro their lawful occupations, until Congress shall havo assem-lina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, MisWe and deliberated on the said unlawful proceedings, or sissippi, and Florida, (except the inhabitants of that part of until the sanie shall have ceased, have further deemed it the State of Virginia lying west of the Alleghany Mounadvisable to set on foot a blockade of the ports within the tains, and of such other parts of that State and the other States aforesaid, in pursuance of the laws of tho United States hereinbefore named as may maintain a loyal adhebates and of the law of nations in such caso provided. sion to the Union and the Constitution, or may be from for this purpose a competent force will be posted so as to
time to time occupied and controlled by the forces of the prevent entrance and exit of vessels from the porta afore- United States engaged in the dispersion of said insurgents) said. If, therefore, with a view to violate such blockade, a
are in a state of insurrection against the United States, and Pessel hall approach, or shall attempt to leave either of the that all commercial intercourso between the same and the said perts, she will Lo duly warned by the commander of inhabitants thereof, with the exceptions aforesaid, and tho one of the blockading vessels, who will indorse on her re- citizens of other States and other parts of the United States, gister the fact ani dato of such warning; and if tho samo
is unlawful and will remain unlawful until such insurrecversel shall again attempt to enter or leave the blockaded tion shall cease or has been suppressed; that all goods and port, she will le captured and sent to the nearest conveni- chattels, wares and merchandise, coming from any of said ett port, for euch proceedings against her and her cargo as States, with the exceptions aforesaid, into other parts of the prize as may be deemed advisable.
United States, without the ial license and permission of Api I berely proclaim and declare that if any person, un
the President, through t) t'cretary of tho Treasury,or proder the prrtendel anthority of the said States, or under any ceeding to any of said Stes, with the exceptions aforesaid,
Er prétence, shall molest a vessel of tho United States, or by land or water, together with tho vessel or vehiclo conthe persons or cargoon board of her, such person will be held veying the same or conveying persons to or from the said arena le to the laws of the United States for the prevention States, with said exceptions, will be forfeited to the United A-l punishment of piracy. ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
States; and that, from and after fifteen days from the issuBy the President:
ing of this proclamation, all ships and vessels belonging, in FILLA Y H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
whole or in part, to any citizen or inhabitant of any of WASHINGTOX, April 19, 1861.
said States, with said exceptions, found at sea or in any OF VIRGINIA AND NORTH CAROLINA.
port of the United States, will be forfeited to the United
States; and I hereby enjoin upon all district attorneys, On the 27th of April, the following additional marshals, and officers of the revenue and of the military and proclamation, extending the blockade, was is- naval forces of the United States, to bo vigilant in the exesued:
cution of said act, and in the enforcement of the penal
ties and forfeitures imposed or declared by it; leaving any Whereas, for the reasons assigned in my proclamation of party who may think Inimself aggrieved thereby to his apthe 19th instant, a blockade of the ports of tho States of plication to the Secretary of the Treasury for the remission eenth Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Missis- of any penalty or forfeiture, which the said Secretary is ETEL, and Texas, was ordered to be established: and whereas, authorized by law to grant, if, in his judgment, the special si ce taat date, pullic property of the United States has been circumstances of any case shall require such remission. sind, the collection of ihe revenno obstructed, and duly In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and conmigoped officers of the United States, whilo engaged in caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. En cuting the orders of their superiors, have been arrested Done at the city of Washington, this sixteenth day of Au. and hold in custodiy as prisoners, or have been impedell in gust, in tho year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred the dia harge of their official duties, without due legal pro- and sixty-one, and of the independence of the United States C. by puros claiming to act under authority of the States of America the eighty-sixth. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. of Virginia and North Carolina : Anefficient blockade of the By the President: ports of ticee States will also be established.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
1863, April 2—The PRESIDENT issued a proc
lamation modifying the above, and reciting his Chandler, Collamer, Cowan. Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, reasons therefor:
Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale. Harlan, Harris, Howe, Jobne
son of Tennessee, King, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas,
In House, the motion to strike from the bill declare that the inhabitants of the States of Georgia, South the ratifying section, was lost-yeas 19, nays Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, 74; as follows; Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and Virginia, (except the forty-cight counties of Virginia designated as West Vir
Yeas-Messrs. Allen, Ancona, George H. Browne, Cal. ginia, and except, also, tho ports of New Orleans, Key West, vert, Cox, Crisfield, Jackson, Johnson, May, Noble, Pendleton, Port Royal, and Beaufort, in North Carolina,) are in a state James S. Rollins, Shiel, Smith, Vallandigham, Voorhees, of insurrection against the United States, and that all com
Wadsworth, Ward, Webster-19. mercial intercourse, not licensed and conducted as provided
Nays-Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Arnold, Ashley, Gold. in said act, between the said States and the inhabitants smith F. Bailey, Baxter, Beaman, Francis P. Blair, Samuel thereuf, with the exceptions aforesaid, and the citizens of S. Bair, Blake, Buffinton, Cobb, Colfax, Frederick A. other States and other parts of the United States, is unlaw- Conkling, Conway, Covode. Diven, Duell, Dunn, Edwards, ful, and will remain unlawful until such insurrection shall / Eliot, Fenton, Fessenden, Frank, Goodwin, Granger, Gor cease or has been suppressed, and notice thereof has been ley, Haight, Halo, Hanchett, Harrison, Ilortuo, Hutchins, duly given by proclamation; and all cotton, tobacco, and Julian, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, William Kellogs, Lanother products, and all other goods and chattels, wares, and sing, Leary, Loomis, Lovejoy, McKcan, McKnight, Momerchandise coming from any of said States, with the ex- Pherson, Mitchell, Moorhead, Anson P. Morrill, Justin 8. ceptions aforesaid, into other parts of the United States, or
Morrill, Olin, Pike, Portor, Alexander H. Rice, John H. proceeding to any of said States, with the exceptions afore- Rice: Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, Sedgwick, Shanks, said, without tho license and permission of the President, Sheffield, Shellabarger, Sherman, Stevens, Benjamin F. through the Secretary of the Treasury, will, together with Tbomas, Francis Thomas, Train, Trowbridige, Van Horn, the vessel or vehicle conveying the same, be forfeited to the Verree, Wail, Charles W. Walton, E. P. Walton, Albert B. United States.
White, Windom, Worcester-74. DECLARING BOUNDARIES OF THE INSURRECTION.
The bill then passed without a division. Whereas, in and by the second section of an act of Congress passed on the 7th day of June, A. D. 1862, entitled
African Slave Trade. * An act for the collection of direct taxes in insurrectionary districts within the United States, and for other purposes,'
1862, April 7-A treaty was made between it is made the duty of the President to declaro, on or beforo William H. Seward and Lord Lyons for the the 1st day of July then next following, by his proclamation, suppression of the African Slave Trade, which
Now, therefore, be it known that I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, was ratified by the Senate, and announced by
The two high contracting parties mutually consent that Wetzel, Marion, Monongalia, Preston, Taylor, Pleasants, vided with special instructions for that purpose, as hereinTyler, Ritchie, Doddridge, Harrison, Wood, Jackson, Wirt, after mentioned, may visit such merchant vessels of the Roane, Calhoun, Gilmer, Barbour, Tucker, Lewis, Braxton, two nations as may, upon reasonable grounds, be suspected Upshur, Randolph, Mason, Putnam, Kanawha, Clay, Nicho- of being engaged in the African slave trade, or of having las, Cabell, Wayne, Boone, Logan, Wyoming, Webster, Fay- been fitted out for that purpose; or of having, during the ette, and Raleigh, are now in insurrection and rebellion, and voyage on which they are met by the said cruisers, been by reason thereof the civil authority of tho United States is engaged in the African slave trade, contrary to the proviobstructed so that the provisions of the “ Act to provide in- sion of this treaty; and that such cruisers may detain, and creased revenue from imports, to pay the interest on the send or carry away, such vessels, in order that they may public debt, and for other purposes," approved August 5, be brought to trial in the manner hereinafter agreed upon. 1861, cannot be peaceably executed, and that the taxes le
In order to fix the reciprocal right of search in such a gally chargeablo upon real estato under the act last afore- manner as shall be adapted to the attainment of tho object said, lying within tho States and parts of States as aforesaid, of this treaty, and at the saino timo avoid doubts, disputes, together with a penalty of fifty per centum of said taxes, and complaints, the said right of search shall be understood shall be a lien upon the tracts or lots of the same, severally in the manner and according to the rules following: charged, till paid.
First. It shall never be exercised except by vessels of In witness whereof, I havo hereunto set my hand, and war, authorized expressly for that object, according to the caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
stipulations of this treaty. Dono at the city of Washington, this 1st day of July, in the
Secondly. The right of search shall in no case be exercised year of our Lord one thousand right hundred and sixty-two, with respect to a vessel of the navy of either of the two and of the independence of the United States of America the Powers, but shall be exercised only as regards merchant eighty-sixth.
vessels; and it shall not be exercised by a vessel of war of By the President:
either contracting party within the limits of a settlement F. W. SEWARD, Acting Secretary of State.
or port, nor within the territorial waters of the other party.
Thirdly. Whenever a merchant vessel is searched by a PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. ship of war, the commander of tho said ship shall, in tho
act of so doing, exhibit to the commander of the merchant ACTS PRESIDENT APPROVED - FIRST
vessel the special instructions by which he is duly author. SESSION, THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. ized to search; and shall deliver to such commander a cer
tificate, signed by himself, stating his rank in the naval 1861, August 5-Congress passed a bill, the service of his country, and the namo of the vessel he comthird section of which was as follows:
mands, and also declaring that the only object of the search
is to ascertain whether the vessel is einploved in the AiriThat all the acts, proclamations, and orders of the Presi
can slave trade, or is fitted up for the said traule.
When dent of the United States after the 4th of March, 1861, the search is made by an officer of the cruiser who is not respecting the army and navy of the United States, and the commander, such officer shall exhibit to the captain of calling out or relating the militia or volunteers from the merchant vessel a copy of the before-mentioned special the States, are hereby approved and in all respects legal instructions, sigued by the commander of the cruiser; and ized and made valid, to the same intent and with the same ho shall in like manner deliver a certificate signed by him. effect, as if they had been issued and done under the pre- self, stating his rank in the navy, the name of the comvious express authority and direction of the Congress of the mander by whose orders he proceeds to make the search, United States,
that of the cruiser in which he sails, and the object of the In Senate, the bill passed-yeas 33, nays 5, search, as above described. If it appears from the search as follows:
teat the papers of the vessel are in regular order, and that
it is employed on lawful objects, the officer shall enter in YLAS—Messrs. Anthony, Bakor, Browning, Carlile, the log-book of tho vessel that tho scarch has been made in