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of March, a substantial copy of the statement I had made
Dispatches. on the 15th. The oth of March arrired, and at that time a telegram To L. P. WALKER, Secretary of War.
CHARLESTON, April 8, 1861. came from Governor Pikens inquiring concerning Colonel
An authorized message from l'resident Lincoln* just Limon, whose visit to Charleston he supposed had a con- informed Governor Pickens and myself that provisions will Dertion sith the proposed evacuation of Fort Sumter. I
be sent to Fort Sumter peaceably, or otherwise by force. left that with you, and was to have in answer the follow
G. T. BEAUREGARD. ing Monday, (ist of April.) On the 1st of April I received from you the statement in writing: “I am satisfied the
MONTGOMERY, April 10, 1861. Government will not undertake to supply Fort Sumter with Ger. G. T. BEAUREGARD. ont giving notice to Governor P.” The words "I am satisfiedwire for me to use as expressive of confidence in the the agent who communicated to you the intention of the
If you have no doubt as to the authorized character of remainder of the declaration.
Washington Government to supply Fort Sumter by force, The proposition as originally prepared was, “ The Presi
you will at once demand its evacuntion, and if this is redeut my desire to supply Suunter, but will not do so," &c.,
fused proceed in such manner as you may determine to and your verbal explanation was that you did not believe reduce it.
L. P. WALKER any soch attempt would be made, and that there was no desiga to reinforce Sumter.
Judge Campbell to the Secretary of State.
WASHINGTON, April 20, 1861. consider it a matter then to complain of. I simply stated
SIR: I incloso you a letter, corresponding very nearly to you that I had that assurance previously.
with one I addressed to you one week ago, (13. h April,) on the 7th of April I addressell you a letter on the sub- to which I have not had any reply. The letter is simply jeet of the alarm that the preparations by the Government one of inquiry in reference to facts concerning which, i bad created, and asked you if the assurances I had given think, I am entitled to an explanation. I have not adopted were well or ill-founded.' In respect to Sumter your reply any opinion in reference to them which may not be modi I, “ Faith as to Sumter, fully kept-wait and see.” In
fied by explanation; nor have I aflirmed in that letter, the morning's paper I read, “ An authorized messenger from
nor do I in this, any conclusion of my own unfavorable to Prezident Lincoln informed Governor Pickens and General
your integrity in the whole transaction. All that I have Beauregard that provisions will be sent to Fort Sumter
Faid and mean to say is, that an explanation is due from peaceably, or otherwise by force." This was the 8th of you to myself. I will not say what I shall do in care this April, at Charleston, the day following your last assurance,
request is not complied with, but I am justinul in saying and is the evidence of the full faith I was invited to wait
that I shall feel at liberty to place these letters before any fro and see. In the same paper, I read that intercepted person who is entitled to ask an explanation of myself. dispatches disclosed the fact that Mr. Fox, who had been
Very respectfully, JOIN A. CAMPBELL, allowed to visit Major Anderson, on the pledge that his pur
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court U.S. pose was pacific, employed his opportunity to devise it plan Hon. Wm. II SEWARD, Secretary of State. for supplying the fort lig furce, and that this plan had been
April 24, 1861.—No reply has been made to this letter. adopted ly the Washington Government, and was in procres of execution. My recollection of the date of Mr. Fox's
Judge Campbell to General Davis. visit carries it to a day in March. I learn ho is a near con
MONTGOMERY, (Ala.,) May 7, 1861. Degion of a member of the Cabinet. My connection with SIR: I submit to you two letters that were addressed by tbe Commissioners and yourself was superinduced by a con- me to the Hon. W. H. Seward, Secretary of State of the Fersation with Justico Nelson. He informed me of your United States, that contain an explanation of the nnture stroag disposition in favor of peace, and that you were ope and result of an intervention by me in the intercourse of przed with a demand of the Commissioners of the Confed- the Commissioners of the Confederate States with that erate States for a reply to their first letter, and that you officer. I considered that I could perform no duty in which desirri to avoid it if possible at that time.”
the entire American people, whether of the Federal Union I told him I might perhaps be of some service in arrang- or of the Confederate States, were more interested than in the diffcnlty. I came to your office entirely at his re- that of promoting the counsels and the policy that had for guest and without knowledge of either of tho Commis- their object the preservation of peace. This motive dicBoers. Yoar depression was obvious to both Judge Nelson tated my intervention. Besides the interview referred to ap:) myself. I was gratified at the character of the coun- in these letters, I informed the Assistant Secretary of State se's you were de irons of pursuing, and much impressed of the United States, (not being able to see the secretary;) with your observation that a civil war might be prevented on the 11th of April ultimo, of the existence of a telegrim ks the soccers of my mediation. You read a letter of Mr. I of that date from Gen. Beauregard to tho Commissioners, ed to show how irksome and responsible the withdrawal in which he informed the Commissioners that he had of troops froin Sumter was. A portion of my communicis demanded the evacuation of Sumter, and if refused ho tion to Judge Crawford on the 15th March was founded would proceed to reduce it. On the same day I had been op n three remarks, and the pledge to evacuate Sumter is told that President Lincoln had said that none of the ves. la fortilla than the words you employed. These words sels sent to Charleston were war vessels, and that force was Fore: Before this letter reaches you (a proposed letter not to be used in the attempt to supply the fort. I had no by me to President Davis) Sumter will have been evacu- means of testing the accuracy of this information, but ated .
offered that, if the information was accurate, I would send The Commissioners who received those communications a telegram to the authorities at Charlestia, and it might croclude they have been abtised and overreached. The prevent the disastrous consequences of a collision at that Xatgomery Government hold the same opinion. The fort between the opposing forces. It was the last offert Coomisioners have supposed that my communications that I would inake to avert the calamities of war. The wire with you, and upon the hypothesis were prepared to Assistant Secretary promised to give the matter attention, arraign yoa before the country in connection with the Pres- but I had no other intercourse with him or any other ilent I placed a peremptory prohibition upon this as person on the subject, nor have I had any reply to the being contrary to the term of my communications with letters submitted to you. then. I pledged myself to them to communicate informa- Very respectfully,
JOHN A. CAMPBELL. to upon what I considered as the best authority, and Gen. DAVIS, President of the Confederato States. there to confide in the ability of myself, ailed by Info Nelson, to determine upon the credibility of my in
In an article of Mr. TuurLOW Weep, in the
Albany Evening Journal of May 30, 1861, we I think no candid man who will read over what I have find the following statements respecting Judge. written and considers for a moment what is going on at
Campbell's publication: Bunter, but will agree that the equivocating conduct of th: Administration, as measured and interpreted in con- “ If the Secretary of State were at liberty to reply to exDiction with these promises, is the proximate cause of the Judge Campbell, revealing all that passed between them on Erat calamity.
several occasions, not only no imputation of insincerity I have a profound conviction that the telegrams of the would rest upon the Secretary, but the facts would seriously Eth of April of General Beauregard, and of the 10th of affect Judgo Campbell's well established reputation for can. April of Geocral Walker, the Secretary of War, can be dor and frankness. The revelations would jurnish no ori reftitel to nothing cise than their belief that there has dence of either the falsehood or the duplicity of Governor Langreteratic duplicity practiced on them through me. Seward, for thero was no:hing of either in his conversationg. It is nnder an appressive sense of the weight of this re- “We violate no confidence in saying that Judge Camppapibility that I submit to you these things for your ex. bell balanced long between loyalty and secession, the preplanation.
ponderance. up to a late day, being in favor of the Union. Very respoctfully, JOHN A. CAMPBELL,
Asariate Justice of the Supreme Court U. S. * Seo President Lincoln's First Message to Congress, July Hon. WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
“If he at any time looked with favor or satisfaction upou ever, that I may not land a force deemed necessary to secession, he was much and generally misunderstood.' If relieve a fort upon the border of the country. ho did not seriously contemplite remaining in the Union From the fact that I have quoted a part of the inaugural and upon the Bench, he was misunderstood.
address, it must not be inferred that I repudiate any vihet “ If during that period of mental trial, he was acting in part, the whole of which I reaffirm, except so far as what I harmony with the leading enemies of the Union, he was now say of the mails may be regarded as a modification. grossly misunderstood.
" That Gov. Seward conversed freely with Judge Camp- WHY AND HOW WAR WAS MADE UPON THE UNITED bell, we do not deny, nor do we doubt, that in these con
STATES. versations, at one period, he intimated that Fort Sumter would be evacuated.
In January, the rebel leaders then in Wash“He certainly believed so, founding his opinion upon a ington prevented an attack upon the forts in knowledge of Gen. Scott's recommendation.
Charleston harbor and at Pensacola. “ Subsequently, the President deemed it bis duty to authorize an effort to reinforce and provision that fortress. We
War not breaking out, the conspiracy weakdo not know whether Gov. Seward met Judge Campbell ened, and, as expressed by the Mobile Mercury after that change of purpose; but he was pot at liberty, if in discussing the position of affairs in those they did meet, to reveal what was so well kept. “But, whatever Gov. Seward said or intircated to Judge
harbors: Campbell was true at the time it was said.
“The country is sinking into a fatal apathy, and the spirit " That Judge Campbell reported to the Confederate and even tho patriotism of the people is oozing out under President half that he said or intimated, is moro than this do-nothing policy. If something is vot done pretiy doubtful."
doon, decisive, either evacuation or expulsion, the whole PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S ANSWER TO THE DELEGATES country will become so disgusted with thoshuun of southern
independence that the first chance the people get at a popra FROM VIRGINIA.
lar election they will turn the whole movement topsy-turvy April 13, 1861. The PRESIDENT had an inter- so bad that it never on earth enn be righted aguin." view with Wm. Ballard Preston, Alexander H. On Wednesday, April 10, 1861, Roger A. Pryor, H. Stuart, and George W. Randolph, who were of Virginia, was serenaded in Charleston, and appointed by the Convention of Virginia then spoke as follows, as reported in the Mercury: in session, under a resolution recited in the “Gentlemen, I thank you, especially that you hare at President's reply, which was as follows:
last annihilated this accursed Union, (applause.) reeking
with corruption, and insolent with excess of tyranny. Hon. Messrs. Preston, Stuart, and Randolph:
Thank God, it is at last blasted and riven by the lightning GENTLEMEN: As a committee of the Virginia Convention, wrath of an outraged and indignant people. (Loud ap now in session, you present me a preamble and resolution plause.] Not only is it gone, but gone forever. [Cries of in these words:
You'ro right,' and applause. In the expressive language “Whereas, in the opinion of this Convention, the uncer- of Scripture, it is water spilt upon the ground, which cannot tainty which prevails in the public mind as to the policy be gathered up. [Applause.) Like Lucifer, son of the which the Federal Executive intends to pursue toward the morning, it has fallen, never to rise again. (Continued ar seceded States is extremely injurious to the industrial and plause.) For my part, gentlemen, if Abraham Lincoln anı! commercial interests of the country, tends to keep up an Hannibal Hamlin tomorrow were to ubulicute their offices excitement which is unfavorable to the adjustment of pend- and were to gire me a blank sheet of paper to write the antiing difficulties, and threatens a disturbance of the public tion of reannezation to the defunct Union, I would scorn fully peaco: Therefore,
spurn the overture,
I invoke "Resolved, That a committee of three delegates be ap- you, and I make it in some sort a personal appeal-personal pointed to wait on the President of the United States, pre- so far as it tends to our assistance in Virginia-1 do invoko sent to him this preamble and resolution, and respectfully you, in your demonstrations of popular opinion, in your ask him to communicate to this Convention the policy exhibitions of official intent, to give no countenance to this which the Federal Executive intends to pursue in regurd to idea of reconstruction. Many voices, emphatically, Never,' the Confederate States."
and applause.) In Virginia they all say, if reduced to the In answer I have to say, that, having at the beginning of dread dilemma of this memorable alternative, they will csmy official term expressed my intended policy as plainly as pouse the cause of the South as against the interest of the I was able, it is with deep regret and some mortification I Northern Confederacy, but they whisper of reconstruction, now learn that there is great and injurious uncertainty in and they say Virginia must abide in the Union, with the the public mind as to what that policy is, and what course idea of reconstructing the Union which you have aunihilaI intend to pursue.
ted. I pray you, gentlemen, rob them of that it!ca. Proclaim Not having as yet seen occasion to change, it is now my to the world that upon no condition, and under no circumpurpo# to pursue the course marked out in the inaugural stance, will South Carolina cver again enter into political audress. I commend a careful consideration of the whole association with the Abolitionists of New England. (Cries document as the best expression I can give of my purposes. of Never,' and applause.) As I then and therein said, I now repeat:
"Do not distrust Virginia. As sure as to-morrow's sun " The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy, will rise upon us, just so sure will Virginia be a member of and possess the property and places belonging to the Gor this Southern Confederatior., [Applaust.) And I will tell ernment, and to collect the duties and imposts; but beyond you, gentlemen, what will put her in the Southern Contelerawhat is necessary for these objects there will be no inva- tion in less than an hour by Shrewsvury cloch-STRIKE A bion, no using of force against or among the people any- BLOW! [Tremendous applause.) The very momunt that where."
Blood is shed, old Virginia will make common cause with her By the words "property and places belonging to the Gov- sisters of the South. [Applauso.] It is impossible she should erminent” I chiefly allude to the military posts and property do otherwise." which were in the possession of the Government when it
Hon. JEREMIAH CLEMENS, formerly United camo to my hands.
But if, as now appears to be true, in pursuit of a purpose States Senator from Alabama, and a memb r of to drive the Cnited States authority from these places, an the Alabama Seceding Convention who resisted B! I hold myself at liberty to repossess, if I can, liko places the movement until adopted by the body, at which had been seized before the Government was devolved an adjourned Reconstruction meeting held at upon nie. And, in any event, I shall, to the best of my Huntsville, Ala., March 13, 1864, made this ability, repel force by force. In case it proves true that Fort Sumter has been as
significant statement : saulted, as is reported, I shall perhaps cause the United Mr. Clemens, in adjourning the meeting, said he would States mails to be withdrawn from all the States which tell the Alabamians how their State was got out of the claim to have seceded, believing that the commencement of Union. “ In 1861," said Mr. C., “shortly after the Confed. actual war against the Government justifies and possibly erate Government was put in operation, I was in the city demands it.
of Montgomery. One day I stepped into the office of the I scarcely need to say that I consider the military posts Secretary of War, General Walker, and found there, enand property situated within the States which claim to have gaged in a very excited discussion, Mr. Jefferson Davis, Mr. secoded its yet belonging to the Government of the United Memminger, Mr. Benjamin, Dr. Gilchrist, a member of our States as much as they did before the supposed secession. Legislature from Loundes county, and a number of other
Whatever else I may do for tho purpose, I shall not at prominent gentlemen. They were discussing the propriety tempt to collect the duties and imposts by any armed inva- of immediately opening fire on Fort Sumter, to which sion of any part of the country-not meaning by this, how General Walker, the Secretary of War, appeared to be op
prised. Pr. Gilchrist said to him, 'Sir, unless you sprinkle States to demand the evacuation of Fort Sumter. My aids, Eluod in the face of the people of Alabama they will be Col. Chesnut and Capt. Lee, are authorized to mako such back in the old Union in less than ten days!' The next demand of you. All proper facilities will be afforded for das General Beauregard opened his batteries on Sumter, the removal of yourself and command-together with and Alabama was saved to the Confederacy."
company arms and property, and all privato property-to CORRESPONDENCE PRECEDING BOMBARDMENT.
any post in the United States which you may elect. The CHARLESTON, April 8, 1861.
flag which you havo upheld so long, and with so much To Hon. L. P. WALKET, Secretary of Wur, Montgomery:
fortitude, under the most trying circumstances, may be
saluted by you on taking it down. An authorized Messenger from President Lincoln* has jost informed Gov. Pickens and myself that provisions will await your answer.
Col. Chesnut and Capt. Lee will, for a reasonable time, be sent to Fort Sumter peaccably, or otherwise by force.
I an, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. BEAUREGARD,
G. T. BEAUREGARD, Brig. Gen. Commanding. MONTGOMERY, April 10, 1861. To Gen. BEATREGARD, Charleston :
HEADQUARTERS FORT SUMTER, S. C., If you have no doubt of the authorized character of the agent #bo communicated to you tho intention of the To Brig. Gen. G.T. BEAUREGARD,
April 11, 1861. Washington Government to supply Fort Sumter by force,
Commanding Provisional Army C. S. 4.: you will at once demand its evacuation, and, if this is refund, proceed in such manner as you may determine to
GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt reduce it.
L. P. WALKER.
of your communication demanding the evacuation of this
fort, and to say in reply thereto that it is a demand with CHARLESTON, April 10, 1861.
which I regret that my sense of honor and my obligation To Hon. L. P. WALKER:
to my Government prevent my compliance. The demand will be made to-morrow at 12 o'clock.
Thanking you for the fair, manly, and courteous terms G. T. BEAUREGARD,
proposed, and for the high compliment paid me, I remain, Brigadier General. General, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
ROBERT ANDERSON, MONTGOMERY, April 10, 1861.
Major U. S. Army, Commanding. To Gen. BEAUREGARD, Charleston : Unless there are special reasons connected with your
HEADQUARTERS PROV'L ARMY C. S. A., On condition, it is considered proper that you should
CHARLESTON, (S. C.) April 11, 1861, 11 P. M. make the demand at an earlier hour.
L. P. WALKER.
Major ROBERT ANDERSON,
Commanding at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, S. C.: CHARLESTON, April 10, 1861. MAJOR : In consequence of the verbal observations made To Hon. L. P. WALKER:
by you to my aids, Messrs. Chesnut and Lee, in relation to The reasons are special for 12 o'clock.
the condition of your supplies, and that you would in a few G. T. BEAUREGARD. days be star ved out if our guns did not batter you to
pieces, or words to that effect, and desiring no useless effu. CHARLESTON, April 11, 1861. sion of blood, I communicated both the verbal observation To Hon. L. P. WALKER:
and your written answer to my communication to my The demand was sent at 2 p. m., and until 6 was allowed Government. for the answer.
G. T. BEAUREGARD. If you will state the time at which you will evacuate
Fort Sumter, and agreo that in the mean time you will not MONTGOMERY, April 11, 1861. use your guns against us unless ours shall be employed Gen. BEAUREGARD, Charleston :
against Fort Sumter, we shall abstain from opening fire Telt Iaph the reply of Major Anderson.
upon you. Col. Chesnut and Capt. Lee are authorized by L. P. WALKER. me to enter into such an agreement with you.
You are, therefore, requested to communicate to them an open CHARLESTON, April 11, 1861. answer. To Hon. L. P. WALKER:
I remain, Major, very respectfully, your obedient feryant, Major Anderson replies: “I have the honor to acknowl
G. T. BEAUREGARD, see the recipt of your cominunication demanding the
Brigadier General Commanding. eteruation of this fort, and to say in reply thereto that it a demand with which I regret that my sense of honor
HEADQUARTERS FORT SUMTER, S. C. and of my obligation to my Government prevent my com
2.30 A. M., April 12, 1861. pliance." He adds, verbally, “ I will awoit the first shot, and, if you do not batter us to pieces, we will
To Brig. Gen. G. T. BEAUREGARD, ne jeu daya." G. T. BEAUREGARD.
Commanding Provisional Army C. S. A.:
GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of MONTGOMERY, April 11, 1801. your second cominunication of the 11th instant, by Col. To General BEAUREGARD:
Chegout, and to state in reply, that, cordially uniting with Do not desire needlessly to bombard Fort Sumtes If you in the desire to avoid ihe useless effusion of blood, I Vuja And ton will statė the time at which, as indicated will, if provided with the necessary toeans of transporta. by himself, he will evacnate, and agree that, in the mean tion, evacuate Fort Sumtor by noon on the 15th instant, tior, be will not use his guns against is unless ours should should I not receive prior to that time, controlling in. Leelployed against fort Sumtor, you are authorized thus structions from my Government, or additional supplies, to and the effusion of blood. If this or its equivalent bound that I will not in the mean time open my fire upon cool, reduce the fort, as your judgment decides to be your forces, unless compelled to do so by some hostile the most practicabie.
L. P. WALKER. act against this fort or the flag of my Government, by the
forces under your command, or by some portion of them, cr HZADQUARTERS PROVISIONAL ARMY C. S. A., by the perpetration of some act showing a hostile inten
CILIP.LESTON, (S. C.) April 11, 1861, 2 p. m. tion on your part against this fort or the flag it bears. Maj. ROBERT ANDERSON,
I have the honor to be, General, very respectfully, your Commanding at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, S. C.: obedient servant,
ROBERT ANDERSON, SE: The Government of the Confederate States has
Mlujor U. S. A. Commanding. Lotto forborne from any hostilo demonstration against Fat Burnter, in the hope that the Government of the
FORT SUMTER, S. C., Caita) States, with a vice to the amicablo adjustment of wil gesti: 03 lutween the two Governments, and to avert MAJOR ROBERT ANDERSON, United States Army,
April 12, 1861, 3.20 A. M. the calamnitis of war, would voluntitrily evacuate it. There was reason at one time to believe that such would
Commanding Fort Sumter: be the course pursued by the Government of the United SIR : By authority of Brigadier General Beauregard, Com. States, aoni, under that impression, my Government has manding the Provisional Forces of the Confederate States, straipni from making any demand for the surrender of the we havo the honor to notify you that he will open the fire in. But the Confederato States can no longerdelay assum- of his batteries on Fort Sumter in one hour from this ing actual possession of a fortification commanding the time. entrince of one of their harbors, and necessary to its de We have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient levde and security.
JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., I an ordered by the Government of the Confederate
STEPHEN D. LEE, See his first message, July 4, 1861, page 124
Captain S. C. Army and Aid-ule-Camp.
CHARLESTON, April 12, 1861. several States of the Union to the aggregate number of To lion. L. P. WALKER:
75,000, in order to suppress said combinations, and to canse He would not consent. I write to-day.
the laws to be duly executed. G. T. BEAUREGARD. “Tho details for this object will be immediately com
municated to the Stato authorities through the War DepartCHARLESTON, April 12, 1861. ment. I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate, and To Hon. L. P. WALKER:
aid this effort to maintain the honor, the integrity, and exWe opened fire at 4.30.
G. T. BEAUREGARD. istence of our national Union, and the perpetuity of popular Note. -Intercepted despatches disclose the fact that Mr. government, and to redress wrongs already long enough fox, who had been allowed to visit Major Anderson on the endured. I deem it proper to say that tho first service is pledge that his purpose was pacific, employed his oppor. signed to the forces hereby called forth, will probally be to tunity to devise a plan for supplying the fori hy forog, and repossess the forts, places, and property which have been that this plan had been adopted by the Washington Gov- seized from the Union; and in every event the utmost care ernment, and was in process of execution.
will be observed, consistently with the objects aforesaid, to
avoid any devastation, any destruction of, or interference REPORT OF MAJOR ANDERSON TO THE SECRETARY OF WAR. any part of the country; and I hereby command the per
with property, or any disturbance of peaceful citizens of STEAMSHIP BALTIC, OFF SANDY Hook, sons composing the combinations aforesaid, to disperse and
April 18, 1861, 10.30 A. M., via New York. retire peaceably to their respective abodes, within twenty Having defended Fort Sumter for thirty-four hours, until days from this date. the quarters were entirely burnt, the main gates destroyed * Deeming that the present condition of public affairs preby fire, the gorge walls seriously injured, the magazine sents an extraordinary occasion, I do hereby, in virtue of surrounded by flames, and its door closed from the effects the power in mo vested by the Constitution, convene both of heat; four barrels and three cartridges of powder oply Houses of Congress. The Senators and Representatives are, being available, and no provisions remaining but pork, I therefore, summoned to assemble at their respective chamaccepted terms of evacuation offered by General Beaure-bers at twelve o'clock, noon, on Thursday, the 4th day of garu-being the same offered by him on the 11th instant, July next, then and there to consider and determine such prior to the commencement of hostilities and marched out measures as, in their wisdom, the public saftty and interest of the Fort on Sunday afternoon, the 14th instant, with may seein to demand. colors flying and drums beating, bringing away company
"In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and and private property, and saluting my flag with filty guns. caused the seal of tho United States to bo atlixed.
ROBERT ANDERSON, " Dono at the city of Washington, this fifteenth day of April,
Major 1st Artillery, commanding. in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and Hon. SIYON CAMERON,
sixty-one, and of the independence of the United States Secretary of War, Washington.
“ABRAHAM LINCOLN. After the surrender, and while the tidings
“WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State." were received throughout the South with joy,
The Governors of all the northern Statos rcDavis and his associates were serenaded, salvos
sponded with alacrity. of artillery were fired, and the whole popula- Governor Burton, of Delaware, issued a proction seemed to be in an exstacy of triumph. lamation, April 26, recommending the formaThe rebel Secretary of War, L. Pope Walker, tion of volunteer companies for the protection defiantly said :
of the lives and property of the people of Dela“No man can foretell the events of the war inaugurated;
ware against violence of any sort to which they but I will venture to predict that the flag which now floats on the breeze” (that was his miserable secession flag) may be exposed, the companies not being sub" will, before the first of May, float over the dome of thoject to be ordered by the Executive into the old Capitol at Washington, and if they choose to try South- United States service, the law not vesting him ern chivalry, and test the extent of Southerno resources, with such authority, but having the option of will eventually float over Faneuil Hall, in Boston. The idea spread throughout the South, and offering their services to the General Govern
ment for the defence of its capital and the supsuch paragraphs as these abounded :
port of the Constitution and laws of the coun. [From the Richmond Enquirer, April 13, 1861.]
try: “ ATTENTION, VOLUNTEERS !-Nothing is more probablo than that President Davis will soon inarch an army through
Gorernor Hicks, of Maryland, May 14, issued North Carolina and Virginia to Washington. Those of our a proclamation for the troops, stating that the volunteers who decide to join the Southern Ariny as it four regiments would be detailed to serve within for that purpose, and keep their arms, accoutrements, uni- the limits of Maryland or for the defence of the forms, ammunition, and knapsacks in constant readiness." capital of the United States. [From the New Orleans Picayune, April 18.]
Gorernor Letcher, of Virginia, replied that “The first fruits of a Virginia sccession will be the re- "The militia of Virginia will not be furnished to the moval of Lincoln and his cabinet, and whatever he can powers at Washington for any such uso or purpose as they carry away, to the safer neighborhood of llarrisburg or huvo in view. Your object is to subjugute the southern Cincinnati---perhaps to Buffalo or Cleveland.”
States, and a requisition made upon ine for such an object [From the Richmond Examiner, April 28.]
-an object, in niy judgment, not within the purview of the “There never was half the unanimity among the people You have chosen to inaugurate civil war, and having done
Constitution or the act of 1703_will not be complied with. before, nor a tithe of the zeal upon any subject, that is now manifested to take Washington. From the mountain tops istration has exhibited toward the South.”
so we will meet it in a tpirit as determined as the Aumin. and valleys to the shores of the sea, there is one wild shout of fierce resolve to capture Washington city at all and Governor Ellis, of North Carolina, replied, every human hazard."
April 15 :
“Your dispatch is received, and, if genuine-which its
extrnordinary character leads me to doubt-I have to say April 15, 1861. The President issued bis in reply that I regard the levy of troops made by the Au. proclamation for seventy-five thousand troops, ministration, for the purpose of sulijunating the States of as follows:
the South, as in violation of the Constitution and a usurpa
tion of power. I can be no party to this wicked violation “ Whereas the laws of the United States have been for of the laws of the country, and to this war upon the liberbomo time past, and now are opposed, and the execution ties of a freo people. You can get no troops from North thereof obstructed, in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Carolina. I will reply more in detail when your call is reAlabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, by com-ceived by mail.” binations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary
Governor Magoffin, of Kentucky, replied, course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals by law; now, thereforo, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, April 15 : President of the United States, in virtue of the power in me *Your dispatch is received. In answer I say empheticvestood by the Constitution and the laws, have thought fit ally, Kentucky will furnish no troops for the wicked parto call forth, and hereby do call forth, the militia of the pose of subduing her sister Southern States."
or those of our southern brethren."
Governor HARRIS, of Tennessee, replied, April, January 5, 1864, a draft shall be made on that
day. * Tenneseee will not furnish a single man for coercion, February 1, 1864—Draft for 500,000 men for but níty thousand, if necessary, for the delence of our rights three years or during the war, ordered for
March 10, 1864. Gorernor Jackson, of Missouri, replied : March 14, 1864—Draft for 200,000 additional "Your requisition is illegal, unconstitutional, rerolution
for the army, navy and marine corps, ordered ery, inhuman, diabolical, and cannot be complied with.” for April 16, 1864, to supply the force required Governor Rector, of Arkansas, replied, April for the navy and to provide an adequate reserve
force for all contingencies. 22 : * None will be furnished. The demand is only adding accepted, tendered by the Governors of Obio,
April 23, 1864–85,000 one hundred day men Ineuli w injury."
diay 3, 1861—The President called for thirty- Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin ; 30,000, nine volunteer regiments of infantry and oue 20,000, 20,000, 10,000, and 5,000 being tendered regiment of cavalry, with a micimum aggregate respectively. (see page 270.) of 34,506 otficers and enlisted men, and a max
Our Military Legislation. imum of 42,034; and for the enlistment of 1861, July 22-The President was authorized 18,000 seamen.
to accept the services of volunteers, not ex. May 3, 1861–The President directed an in. ceeding five hundred thousand, for a period not crease of the regular army by eight regiments exceeding three years. July 27, this authority of infantry, one of cavalry, and one of artil- was duplicated. lery-minimum aggregate, 18,054; maximum, 1861, July 27—Nine regiments of infantry, 22,714.
one of cavalry, and one of artillery, added to August 6-Congress legalized this increase, the regular army. and all the acts, orders, and proclamations re- August 5—Passed bill approving and legalizspecting the Army and Navy.
ing the orders of the President respecting the July 22 and 25, 1861-Congress authorized army and navy, issued from 4th of March to the enlistment of 500,000 volunteers.
that date. September 17, 1861-Commanding officer at 1862, July 17—Authorized the President, Hatteras Inlet, N. C., authorized to enlist a when calling forth the militia of the States, to regiment of loyal NortheCarolinians.
specify the period of such service, not exceed. Norember 7, 1861–The Governor of Missouri ing nine months; and if by reason of defects was authorized to raise a force of State militia in existing laws or in the execution of them, it for State defence.
shall be found necessary to provide for enrolDecember 3, 1861–The Secretary of War di- ing the militia, the President was authorized rected that no more regiments, batteries, or to make all necessary regulations, the enrol. independent companies be raised by the Gov- ment to include all able bodied male citizens ernors of States, except upon the special requi- between eighteen and forty-five, and to be apsition of the War Department.
portioned according to representative populaJuly 2, 1862—The President called for three tion. He was authorized, in addition to the hundred thousand volunteers.
volunteers now authorized, to accept 100,000 Under the act of July 17, 1862,
infantry, for nine months; also, for twelve August 4, 1862–The President ordered a months, to fill up old regiments, as many as drait of three hundred thousand niilitia, for may be presented for the purpose. nine months unless sooner discharged; and di- 1863, February 7–Authorized the Governor rected that if any State shall not, by the 15th of Kentucky, by the consent and under the of August, furnish its quota of the additional direction of the President, to raise twenty 300,000 authorized by law, the deficiency of thousand volunteers, for twelve months, for Folunteers in that State will also be made up service within the limits of the State, for reby special draft from the militia. Wednesday, pelling invasion, suppressing insurrection, and September 3, was subsequently fixed for the guarding and protecting the public propertydraft.
two regiments to be mounted riflemen. With May 8, 1863—Proclamation issued, defining the consent of the President, these troops may the relations of aliens to the conscription act, be attached to, and become a part of, the body bolding all aliens who bave declared on oath of three years' volunteers. their intention to become citizens and may be 1863, March 3—The enrollment act passed, in the country within sixty-five days from date, It included as part of the national forces, al and all who have declared their intention to able bodied male citizens of the United States, become citizens and have voted.
and persons of foreign birth who shall have June 15, 1863—Une hundred thousand men, declared on oath their intention to become for six months, called to repel the invasion of citizeng under and in pursuance of the laws Maryland, West Virginia, Ohio, and Pennsyl- thereof, between the ages of twenty-one and Tania.
forty-five years, except such as are rejected as October 17, 1863-A proclamation was issued physically or mentally unfit for the service ; for 300,000 volunteers, to serve for three years also, the Vice President, the judges of the or the war, not, however, exceeding three various courts of the United States, the heads years, to fill the plac:s of those whose terms of the various executive departments of the expire “during the coming year," these being Government, and the Governors of the several in addition to the men raised by the present States; also, the only son liable to military draft. lo States in defauit under this call, service, of a widow dependent upon his labor