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Mr. Kreismann to Mr. Seward.

Berlin, July 20, 1863.

SIR: The glorious news of the surrender of Vicksburg, and the rout and precipitate retreat of the rebels from Pennsylvania and Maryland, is at this moment received.

Thanks be to God, and to the brave and gallant men who achieved them, for these important successes to our arms. They swell the heart at once with feelings of deep gratitude and of just pride. May these brilliant beginnings now be crowned by the utter destruction of Lee's insurgent bands; for in General . Meade, whom the President in his wisdom so suddenly and unexpectedly placed at its head, the army of the Potomac seems to have found a commander, able and competent to lead it, and to call out all its great strength and valor. All hail to him and his gallant men, as well as to the intrepid Grant and his veterans. Already hearty congratulations at this good news are being received from the friends of our cause. They rejoice with us that the hour of our triumph has come, and that our glorious Union will yet be, not merely in song, but in blessed, living reality,

"The land of the free and the home of the brave."

Your despatches Nos. 55 and 56, relating to the position of military affairs previous to the battle of Gettysburg, have been duly received. It is a very welcome arrangement thus to obtain authentic information, for the accounts of the press are, indeed, confused and unreliable.

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Our late successes are exerting a strong influence upon public opinion here. The belief that the rebellion will be suppressed, and that that event is near impending, is rapidly gaining ground. The news to be brought by the China, from New York to the 15th instant, is very anxiously looked for.

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The outbreak in New York, amidst all the cheering successes of our arms, is indeed a sad and disgraceful affair; but the determination of the government to maintain the supremacy of the laws, and to inforce them, will make it subserve the interests and triumph of our cause.

I have the honor to be your


obedient servaut,

Secretary of State, &r., &c., &c.


No. 2.]

Mr. Seward to Mr. Kreismann.


Washington, August 11, 1863.

SIR: Your interesting despatch of July 20 (No. 2) has been received. Your views of the impropriety of diplomatic intercession in behalf of Mr. Jaenschke are entirely approved, and in all parallel cases that may arise you will lend no encouragement to the hope that the alleged grievance of an inchoate citizen of the United States, who has voluntarily subjected himself to the operation of Prussian laws, will at this time be made the subject of debate between the two governments.

For the welcome tidings of the improvement of public sentiment around you, in regard to our affairs, you will please accept my thanks.

I am, sir, your obedient servant,

H. KREISMANN, Esq., &c., &c., Berlin.


No. 12.]

Mr. Kreismann to Mr. Seward.

LEGATION of the United States,

Berlin, August 22, 1863.

SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your despatch No. 1, dated July 31, 1863, approving of proceedings as detailed in my despatch No. 6, containing the numbers where they ended last year, when the legation was left in my care, dated July 7, 1863.

The congress of German princes, as convoked by the Emperor of Austria, is now assembled at Frankfort, amidst displays and scenes which call back to memory the glorious times of the old German empire. All the sovereigns have come except the King of Prussia, who, after having first declined the invitation of the Emperor of Austria, has now refused another of all the princes assembled, and which was carried to him by the King of Saxony in person.

The following are the leading features of the project of reform, as laid before the princes by the Emperor of Austria:

The executive power of the confederation to be intrusted to a directory of

five members. Austria, Prussia, and Bavaria would each appoint a member, the two others to be appointed by the other German states.

The defensive character of the confederation, as existing at present, to remain intact.

To the directory which would be presided over by Austria would be added, as a purely federal organ, a federal council, corresponding to the diet as at present existing, also presided over by Austria.

An assembly of delegates would be formed, consisting of 300 delegates, twothirds of which would be selected by the elective chambers of the various states, and the remaining third by the upper chambers. Seventy five members would be sent by Austria, and seventy-five by Prussia, the remainder by the other states. This assembly would be in office for three years. It would be the legislative assembly of the confederation; it would fix the federal financial estimates, (budget,) trace the fundamental lines for the special legislation of the German states, in so far as it concerns the press, the right of assemblage, the privilege of domicile, the execution of judicial sentences, emigration, and all federal affairs constitutionally placed under the competency, of the confederation.

A simple majority would suffice for the decisions of the directory, as also of the federal council, and of the assembly of delegates.

At the close of the sessions of the assembly all the sovereigns would meet to examine and determine upon the resolutions adopted.

The project also comprises the establishment of supreme federal judicial tribunal.

The whole is very elaborate and detailed, and I beg leave to append it in full, in the original text, as a matter for reference.

Of course it is open to many objections, and does not fully respond to the just wishes of the German people; still it is more than it was supposed Austria would offer, and may well be taken as a starting point for further development. The non-participation of the King of Prussia may prove fatal to the deliberations, although indications now are that the project, with certain modifications, will be adopted by the sovereigns, the whole then to be referred for final detailed arrangements to conferences of ministers from the various states, in which it is expected Prussia will participate, and, when perfected, an assembly of delegates is to be called, to whom it will be submitted as the new articles of the federal diet.

The principal objection on the part of Prussia is to the Austrian preponderance, which runs through the whole project, and so far the objections are entirely justified, and meet the approval of the Prussian people and all the liberals in Germany. The latter are just now represented by an informal meeting of members of the chambers of the various German states, to the number of three hundred, also assembled at Frankfort. This body, in a series of resolutions, declares the inadequacy of the projected reforms, but still does not entirely reject them, and insists upon placing Austria and Prussia on a footing of impartial equality, as a condition necessary to any projected measures of reform. It also claims that no reforms will satisfy and be accepted by the German people unless they include a German Parliament, directly chosen by the people.

This is the condition of affairs as developed so far. I shall keep you advised of the further and final progress thereof.

In the matter of the acceptance of the crown of Mexico by the Archduke Maximilian the liberal papers in Austria continue to oppose in emphatic terms, while French and Catholic influence are active in urging the young duke to accept. A visit of the duke to the Emperor and Empress of France, at Biarritz, has been arranged. On his way there the duke will stop at Gacken, to see his father-in-law, the King of Belgium. These events, it is believed, will settle the matter, and result in the duke's acceptance of the crown.

The King of Prussia is now at Baden-Baden, but will return early in September. His health has greatly improved.

The Polish question remains "statu quo." I am inclined to believe that Russian diplomacy has carried the day. It will not come to a European war, and Russia will be left free to suppress the insurrection.

I have the honor to be your obedient servant,


Secretary of State, &c.


No. 51.]

Mr. Judd to Mr. Seward.


Berlin, September 9, 1863.

SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your circular No. 39, dated 12th of August. It has been published in most of the German newspapers, and is in the hands of almost all the intelligent readers of Europe.

We have news as late as General Gillmore's report from Charleston to the 27th ultimo. Sumter is demolished. The "London Star" calls it the destruction of "the Plymouth rock of rebellion." The sins of Charleston are so well stated in the London Star that I venture part of one of its articles.

Mr. Ruggles arrived here, after a passage impeded by fogs, on Monday, the 7th instant, and immediately took his seat in the international statistical congress. That body had commenced its session the day before, viz., Sunday, the 6th instant. He was in season to prevent the recognition of the existence of the confederacy in a most important report, the particulars of which he will explain. He has prepared a report on the resources of the United States, which is being printed and to be laid before the congress. It is characterized by his usual ability and broad and comprehensive views of the capacity of the United States to feed the world, and also to supply it with the precious metal, and the giant strides that they have made in the past in those directions.

The congress of German princes at Frankfort has closed its labors. The Austrian scheme has received the sanction of nearly all the princes, and they have now, in a joint letter, submitted it to the King of Prussia for his acceptance. It is, however, manifest that it will not be accepted, and that the scheme must fail, unless Austria can induce a number of princes to join it in a separate confederation-a course which, like secession in the United States, would result in war, and hence it will not be ventured upon.

His Majesty and the ministers returned in the fore part of this month. The King has by decree dissolved the chamber of deputies. The new election, according to the constitution, must take place within sixty days, the government fixing the precise time of the election.

No official programme has yet been laid before the public, but many rumors are rife as to the intentions and motives of the government in this course of action. It is useless to trouble you with these rumors, as they are all colored by the hopes or fears of the authors or repeaters. That the new election will give the government a chamber materially different in its composition from the one dissolved is entirely unlikely. Most of the present liberal members will be re-elected, and the majority against the government will be as large as before. I am, sir, your obedient servant,


Secretary of State.


[Extract from London Star on Charleston.]

A southern paper complains with amusing simplicity that the Yankees get the largest possible guns to carry the heaviest possible shot, themselves keeping out of range of the confederate artillery. If the men who are thus overmatched were fighting in a good cause, we could profoundly pity them for the inferiority of their weapons. But it is not at Charleston that southern men can ask the sympathy or the compassion of Englishmen. Charleston has made itself infamous by the boldness of its blasphemy and its crime. It is a nest of manstealers and women-floggers. It is the ringleader in rebellion against a government that excelled all others in the freedom it secured to its subjects. It is the capital of the new civilization, the cathedral of a new religion. It is the type and corner-stone of the doctrine that liberty and equality are hateful. It has set itself against all that we count true in morals and valuable in fact. perish, it will perish only in the hardihood of audacious wrong.

If it

No. 4.]

Mr. Seward to Mr. Kreismann.


Washington, September 13, 1863.

SIR: Your despatch of August 22, No. 12, has been received. The leading features of the project of reform, as laid before the congress of German princes which lately assembled at Frankfort, by the Emperor of Austria, are stated by you with great clearness, and your reflections upon the subject, as well as upon other questions which at present engage the attention of the German states, are interesting and instructive.

I am, sir, your obedient servant,

HERMANN KREISMANN, Esq., &c., &c., Berlin.


Mr. Seward to Mr. Judd.



Washington, September 28, 1863.

SIR: It seems desirable that you should have a correct view of the present military situation. We feel entirely safe in the occupation of New Orleans and the Mississippi. The forces are marching to occupy Texas.

We have a sufficient force in front of this capital, as we suppose, to assure us against aggressive movements of the insurgents in this quarter.

We trust that Rosecrans will be safe in Chattanooga until the large re-enforcements which are going to him from three points shall reach him there. Once at Chattanooga, we think we shall have the principal forces of the insurgents confined and practically harmless within the circle of Georgia and Alabama.

I am, sir, your obedient servant,

NORMAN B. JUDD, Esq., &c., &c., Berlin.


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