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SICK LEFT BEHIND,
entire army was on the Maryland shore, safe at last, though with the loss of fifty-five wagons, stores, etc. The killed, wounded and missing amounted to nine hundred and five, of which over seven hundred were either captured or straggled off in the retreat.
The escape of the detachments cut off at Strasburg and Winchester--one taking a by-way through the mountains-was almost miraculous, and reflected great credit on the respective commanders.
The Vermont cavalry suffered severely, being almost annihilated in a single rash, desperate charge.
Banks had conducted the retreat with masterly skill, and by his firm bearing and cool, confident orders, held his gallant army completely in hand. To do this, required greater generalship than to win a battle. His friends were loud in their complaints against the government for stripping him of his troops, and thus leaving him at the mercy of the enemy.
Banks was compelled to leave behind him sixty-four sick at Strasburg, and one hundred and twenty-five at Winchester. Eight surgeons nobly volunteered to stay and take care of these, and thus of their own accord surrendered themselves prisoners of war. Jackson, with a generosity that might well be imitated on both sides, refused to consider them as such, and they were left free to return to our lines.
The rebel leader had executed a bold and daring manouver, but failed to accomplish his first object--the destruction of Banks' command, thanks to the energy and skill of that officer, who in the management of the retreat had proved what his friends had always asserted of him, that he had all the qualities of a great General. The second object, however, he most successfully accomplished, viz. frightening the Secretary of War out of his propriety. He had achieved no substantial victory over Banks, but he did over the War
MOVEMENTS TO OUT OFF JAOKSON,
Department. The Secretary immediately ordered Fremont to move across the mountains, and cut off Jackson's retreat, and McDowell from the east to detach a division for the same purpose, while he telegraphed to the North for troops to be sent forward in all haste, as the Capital was in danger. The former was wise action--the latter absurd, and created a needless panic. The entire militia was at once called out for three months, though only a part of them proceeded to Washington.
That a General, with the capacity that Jackson had showed himself to possess, would with twenty or twenty-five thousand men, push a hundred miles from the base of his operations, between two flanking armies, cross the Pocomac, dash on Washington, and expect ever to get back again, was too absurd an idea to be entertained for a moment.
QUIET ALONG THE COAST-PENSACOLA EVACUATED-HALLECK AT CORINTH ~THE ENEMY'S COMMUNICATIONS CUT OFF-NAVAL ACTION AT FORT PILLOW
FIGHT AT FARMINGTON NEAR CORINTHGÄLLANT CAVALRY CHARGECORINTH EVACUATED—ELLIOT'S CAVALRY EXPEDITION-BUTLER
AT NEW ORLEANS—HIS VARIOUS ORDERS-MITCHEL IN ALABAMA-STATE OF AFFAIRS - AT THE CLOSE OF THE MONTH_IMPORTANCE OF A VICTORY BEFORE RICEIMOND-ANXIOUS. STATE OF THE PUBLIC MIND.
HILE such stirring events signalized the month of May
around Richmond and Washington, exciting news was received from other portions of the country. Quiet however, reigned along the Atlantic slope--nothing of especial interest occurring in Burnside's command or Hunter's department, except the appointment of Stanley as Governor of North Carolina, who was formerly a Memiber of Congress from that state. South, Pensacola was evacuated on the twelfth, (the troops having gone to reinforce Beauregard) and the navy yard destroyed.
Halleck at Corinth was slowly, yet surely, tightening his coils around the enemy, and the two great armies of the east and West were concentrated for a decisive blow. The fall of New Orleans at the close of April had given a new phase to military affairs in the south west; for no sooner was it accomplished than Farragut began to move up the Mississippi, capturing cities as he went. It was a long way, it was true, to Memphis, and fortifications lined the banks, which were especially strong at Vicksburg Still, the control of the Mississippi was considered an accomplished fact, and Beauregard must regard it as such, and change his plans accordingly. !
Meanwhile, however, Halleck steadily pushed forward his
works, and every week found him nearer the enemy's fortifications. Various skirmishes took place, in which we usually gained more or less important advantages. One expedition cut the Mobile and Ohio rail road at Purdy, destroying Beauregard's communication with the north. On the third, General Pope, commanding the left wing, sent a force under General Paine to Farmington, where it encountered the ene. my between three and four thousand strong, and defeated them with a loss of only fourteen killed and wounded. At the same time, an artillery reconnoissance was made to Ellep. dale, and destroyed a part of the track of the Memphis and Charleston rail road, thus circumscribing sadly Beauregard's means of obtaining supplies. In the meantime, the rebel commander received the news of the capture of Baton Rouge. Thus, turn which way he would, he saw only disaster. The sky was black with the gathering tempest, and it thundered all around him.
At fort Pillow, but little progress was made, and it began to look as though nothing would be done there until Farragut should come up from below. The rebels, however, seeing the straitened condition into which they were being forced, resolved to destroy Foote's fleet before the former should arrive, and on Saturday, the tenth, boldly came up from under the guns of the fort and attacked it.
NAVAL ACTION AT FORT PILLOW.
Eight iron-clad gun boats, four of them fitted up as rams, advanced early in the morning and offered battle. The rebel ram, Louisiana, appeared first around the point, accoripanied
gun boats. The Cincinnati was lying in shore at the time and allowed her to pass in silence. She then swung out into the stream, when the ram turned with the intention of running her down. Captain Stembel of the Cincinnati immediately opened his broadsides, sending his shot crashing
REBEL STEAMER SUNK..
against the monster, but without checking her progress. Bow on, under a full head of steam she came, shaking the ponderous shot from her mailed sides like hail stones. Stembel, seeing he could not stop her progress, turned the head of his vessel so that the ram instead of striking him, shot alongsid coming within close pistol range. Coolly leveling his revolver, he shot the rebel pilot at the wheel, at the same time receiving a ball in his own shoulder. The boarding crews of both now opened with a close and deadly fire of small arms. The ram endeavored to get her head around again so as to drive her iron prow into the Cincinnati and sink her. Failing in this, the rebel Captain determined to board his antagonist. The vessels were now so near each other, that the gunners could not swab out their guns, and the rebel craft svarmed with boarders, armed to the teeth. Stembel immediately ordered his steam batteries to open, and the hose was turned on the deck of the ram. A cloud of steam obscured the combatants for a moment, and then shrieks and cries arose from the scalded wretches, many of whom jumped overboard to escape their agony.
Astounded at this new mode of warfare, the ram withdrew in all haste. In the meantime other rebul-gun boats arrived, among them the Mallory, wnich attempted to repeat the experiment of the Louisiana. As she crime rapidly on, the Federal gun boat St. Louis, rushed upon her with a full head of steam, and striking her amid-ships with a terrible crash, nearly cut her in two. The water poured into the ugly rent that was made, and in a few minutes she went to the bottom, with nearly all on board. A few clung to the sides of the St. Louis, and a few were picked up by the Cincinnati—the rest found their graves in the mud dy waters of the Mississippi. The other gun boats of our fleet now entered the contest, and a close and fierce cannonade followed. A dense cloud of smoke covered the river, Wrapping the combatants in its folds-now settling down