Page images





PRESIDENT, IN 1860......



Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor-

gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,

Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina, Tennessee,

Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri-Insurrec-

tionary Proceedings in the State of Maryland

-Inter-State Commissioners-Organization of

a - Southern Congress," and Provisional Gov-

ernment-Address of South Carolina to the

Slareholding States, her Declaration of Inde-

pendence, and Debates on them-Speech of

Alexander H. Stephens before the Georgia Legis-

lature, Nov. 14, 1860—Extracts from Addresses

by A. H. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861;

James H. Hammond, October, 1858; and R. M.

T. Hunter, 1860-Extract from the Appeal for

Recognition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and

Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of

Public Property from November 4, 1860,to March

4,1861-Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-

inet-Corrispondence between President Buch-
apan and the South Carolina “ Commission-
ers"-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter-
Report on the Transfer of Arms to the South
in 1859 and 1860—Davis's Bill for the sale of
Government Arms to the States—How the Tel-
egraph aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific

Republic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend-

ing that New York be made a Free City—“ Per

sonal Liberty" Laws.



RECTIONABY STATES ...........................

Names of the Senators and Representatives of

the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session-

President Buchanan's Last Annual Message

Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers
of the President- The House Committee of
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjust-
nent, together with abstracts of all other propo-
sitions, and votes thereon-Votes on Resolutions
respecting the “Personal Liberty” Laws, the

Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Non-

Interference with Slavery, and on the Bill to

Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for the

Collection of Customs-Report of Committee

upon the Danger of the Capital, and Vote upon

Branch's Resolution to withdraw Troops from

the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's

Report-Disposition of the Navy, and Vote of

Cerisure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions

in Congress by Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Craige,

and others—Settlement of the Question of Slam

very in the Teritories.

Taz CONSTITUTION ..........


Constitution of the United States-Points of
Difference between It and the "Confederate"
Constitution, with an Index to both-Speech of
Alexander H. Stephens, expounding the “Con-

foderate" Constitution.


President Lincoln's Inaugural Address-Secre-

tary Seward and the “Confederate Commis-

sioners," with Statements

of Judge Campbell

and Thurlow Weed-The President's Reply to

the Virginia Delegation-Commencement of hos-




tilities against the United States, and Why-

The “War Power” called out-Call for 75,000
Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
Chronological Order-National Legislation on
Military Affairs" Confederate” Legislation
and Proclamations and Orders--The Thirty-
Seventh Congress-President's Message of July,
1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862—The
Thirty-Eighth Congress-Annual Message, 1863
- Amnesty Proclamation, and Circular of the

Attorney General--Proclamations concerning

the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re.

bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the Re-




The Seward-Lyons Treaty--Vote in the Senate

upon bill to give it effect-Action of the “Con-

federate" Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson

Davis's Veto thereof-Intercepted Despatch

from Judah P. Benjamin to L. Q. C. Lamar.





Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature

and of the Baltimore Police Commissioners-

Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Camo-

ron-John Merryman's Caso and Chief Justice

Taney's Opinion-Attorney General Bates's

Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest and

to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas

Corpus-Views of Horace Binney and Theophilus
Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision

of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on

Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech at

Hamilton-Proclamation of the President Sus.

pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas

Corpus Indemnification of the President-De-
cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Case of George W. Jones us. W. H. Seward-
“ Confederate" Legislation upon the suspension
of the Writ-Suppressions and Seizures of News-
papers, with the Proceedings of the Courts,

Congress, and the Post Office Department.


The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint

Resolution, and Special Message thereon-

Emancipation in tho Thirty-Seventh Congress

Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore-

said-Sequestration in the Rebel States—Judi-

cial and Military Proceedings under the Confis-

cation Law-Proclamation thereon-President's

Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen-

sated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings

thereon-Interview of Border Stato Congress-

men with the President-Emancipation in

the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-

peal to the Border State Congressmen, and their

Reply-Extract from the President's Annual

Message, December, 1862-Emancipation in

Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional

Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama-

tions-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-

cerning them-Interview between the Chicago

Deputation and the President-Address of the

Loyal Governors-Mr. Boutwell's Statement

concerning the Issue of the Proclamation-Lete

ters of Charles Sumner and Owen Lovejoy.



Votes on the Passage of the Acts of 1793 and

Response to a Serenade, July, 1863—Speech at
1850—Repealing Movements in the Thirty-

the Philadelphia Fair, June 18, 1864-Letters to
Second, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Seventh, and

Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Conven-
Thirty-Eighth Congresses--Census Report rela-

tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and
ting to the Escape of Fugitive Slaves from 1850

to the Grant Meeting in New York, June, 1864.
to 1860—The New Article of War-Employment OUR FOREIGN Relations........................
of Slaves in Government Dock-Yards, &c.-Re-

cognition of Hayti and Liberia-Robert Small-

The Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cen-
Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of

tral and South America-Alleged Foreign En-
Color in Carrying the Mails-Negro Suffrage in

listments Foreign Mediation, being Letters
the District of Columbia and Montana Territory

from Secretary Soward to Governor Hicks and
-Exclusion of Colored Persons from Rail cars

M. Drouyn de l'Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Colored Persons as Witnesses-Repeal of Laws

Earl Russell, with his views on those of Now
regulating the Coastwise Slave Trade-Orders

York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
and Letters concerning “Contrabands," by

The French in Mexico-Congressional Action
Gens. McClellan and Butler, and Secretary

thereon-The Arguelles Case.
Cameron-Fremont's Proclamation of Eman- THE FINANCES..........
cipation, and Correspondence with the President

.............. 356
thereupon-"Contrabands” in the District of

Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
Columbia-Gen. Burnside's Proclamation in

ber, 1860, to June 30, 186+ Special War Income
North Carolina-Orders and Proclamations by

Tax, and Votes thereon—The “ Legal Tender"
Gens. Halleck, Buell, Hooker, McDowell, Doul

Question-Loan Bill of 1864-National Currency
day and others-General Instructions by the

Acts--Internal Revenue Acts--Proposed Tax
President concerning “Contrabands" -Gens.

on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1864-Taxes
Phelps and Butler on Arming Negroes-Pro-

in Insurrectionary Districts—The Public Credit
posed Congressional Censure of Gen. Halleck's

in 1860 and 1861-Statements of Public Debt
Order No. 3-Prohibition of Slavery in the Ter-

from June 30, 1860, to June 30, 1864—"Confed-
ritories-Amendments to the Constitution, pro-

erate” Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and ·
posed in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, First Ses-

Tithing Acts.

bion-Resolutions on Slavery in the States, in the MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.................... 374

same Congress-Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.


The President's Views on Colonization-Incom-

patibility of Civil and Military Office-Fishing


Bounties—Acts to Probibit Polygamy; declaring



certain Persons Ineligible to Office; and to Pun-

ish Conspiracy-Letters of Mårque-Enabling

The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the

Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
votes upon all their leading Features and Char-

-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen-
acteristics-Resolutions relative to the Enroll-

ship, and on the Pay of Colored Soldiers-Mo-
ment-Orders of the War Department enforcing

Clellan's Letters Recommending & Political
the Draft of 1862—Gen. McClellan's Recommen-

Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fam
dation of a Draft in 1861-Colored Soldiers and

voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania
their Pay-Opinion of Attorney General Bates

Proposed Censure of President Lincoln and Ex-
respecting the pay of Rev. 8. IIarrison, colored

President Buchanan-Consure of Representa

Chaplain of the 54th Mass. Rogiment-Rules

tives Long and Harris.

and Orders for the Protection of Colored Sol-

diers, and the President's Speech thereon-Use

THE CONSPIRACY OF DISUNION .................. 389

of Colored Men in the “Confederate" Military

Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
Service-Negro Enlistment Act of the Tennes-

1789—Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
Bee Rebel Legislature"Confederate" Legisla-

and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressional
tion upon the Treatment of captured Colored

Caucus in 1835-Early Hopes of the Rebels-Ex-
Troops and their Officers-Homesteads for Sol-

President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
diers-Unemployed Generals-Resolutions upon

1860—The Disunion Programme-Letter of D.
the Objects and Prosecution of the War, in the

L. Yulee, January 7, 1861–Douglas's Last
Thirty-Seventh and Thirty-Eighth Congresses

Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
“ Peace” Propositions in the same-Correspond-

-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ence between the President and Fernando Wood

ery during “the Reign of Terror"-Report to
-The Niagara Falls Conference and Correspond-

the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
ence Peace Propositions in the Rebel Congress

$500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposes
-Correspondence between Governor Vance and

Legislative Action thereon, and other Proceed-
Jefferson Davis-Reported Statement of Davis

ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1861-Sun-

to Gilmore.

dry Rebel Items.


Orders of Gons. McClellan, Dix, and Schenck-

The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con-

Governor Bradford's Proclamation of 1863, and

gress, with Memorandum of Changes — The

the President's Letter to the Governor-Orders

* Permanent" Administration-Tho First Con-

in Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri-Orders

gress, and Changes therein-The Second Con-

concerning Impressment of Property--Proposed


Legislation upon Military Interference in Elec-



RECONSTRUCTION OF STATES..................... 317


..... 403

The National Union Convention and Letters of
The Reconstruction Bill, with the President's

Acceptance by President Lincoln and Andrew
Proclamation thereon, and Statement of Sena-

Johnson—The Cleveland Convention, and the
tor Wade and Representative Davis-Electoral

Letters of Acceptance of Fremont and Coch-
Vote of Rebel States--Proposod Commission of

rano-Col. Cochrane's Address to his Regiment,

Inquiry-Senators from Arkansas Process of

November 13, 1861.

Reconstruction in Arkansas, Louisima, and Vir.

ginia-Resolutions by sundry Senators and Rep- APPENDIX......


resentatives concerning the Relations of Rebel

Democratic National Convention-Numerous

States to the Government-Rebel Views of Recon-

Letters, Orders, and Documents on Politics,

struction, being Resolutions by the First “ Con-

federate" Congress, and Legislatures of Rebel

Peuce. Slavery, the Draft, Negro Soldiers, Elec:

tions, &c.-Ilolt's Report on Secret Orriers-The

States, with Statements of prominent Rebels.

Church and the Rebellion - Second Session


Thirty-Eighth Congrers, and of Second Rebel

THE PRESIDENT....................................... 333

Congress--Presideut Lincoln's Last Papers and

Death-Presidential Vote of 1864.

Message of May 29, 1862-Remarks at Union



Meeting in Washington City, August 6, 1862-


[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

Maine...... New Hampshire Massachusetts.... Rhode Island. Connecticut. Vermont New York... New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware.... Maryland.... Virginia ... North Carolina.. South Carolina... Georgia.... Kentucky Tennessee... Ohio Louisiana Mississippi... Indiana Illinois Alabama Missouri...... Arkansas. Michigan Florida Texas Iowa Wisconsin. California. Minnesota. Oregon ..

2,046 26,693 6,368

441 25,881 2,112 22,331 34,372 5,939

*7,707 3,291 15,522 14,641 1,969 6,849 218


*62,801 12,776 16,765 *178,871

3,8641 1,023 7,337 41,760 5,966 42,482 74,681 16,290 74,323 44,990 2,701 48,539

No popular vote. 42,886 11,590 51,889 66,058 25,651 53,143 69,274 11,350 64,709 12,194 187,232 11,405 20,204 7,625 22,681 25,040 3,283 40,797 5,306 115,509 12,295 4,913 160,215 2,404 27,875 13,651 48,831 58,372 58,801 31,317 20,094 5,227 28,732

405 65,057 805 5,437 367 8,543 *15,438

47,548 1,763 55,111 1,048 161

65,021 888 6,817

38,516 34,334 62 11,920 748 183 3,951 5,006

[ocr errors]

Lincoln over Douglas.....


« Bell ...... Other candidates over Lincoln ....

491,295 1,018,499 1,275,821


• Fusion.


IMMEDIATELY thereupon, and clearly by nouncing the repeal, Dec. 20th, 1860, by the concert of action previously arranged, vari- good people of South Carolina," of the Ordious disunion Governors hastily took steps to nance of May 23d, 1788, and “ the dissolution procure the passage of ordinances of se- of the union between the State of South cession by Conventions of their States, art- Carolina and other States under the name fully using the unsettled excitements of the of the United States of America," and pro Presidential canvass to that end.

claiming to the world “that the State of These proceedings in brief were as follows: South Carolina is, as she has a right to be,

a separate, sovereign, free and independent SOUTH CAROLINA.

State, and, as such, has a right to levy war, November 6th, 1860. Legislature met to conclude peace, negoțiate treaties, leagues, choose Presidential electors, who voted for or covenants, and to do all acts whatsoever Breckinridge and Lane for President and that rightfully appertain to a free and inVice President. Gov. WILLIAM H. Gist dependent State. recommended in his message that in the “Done in the eighty-fifth year of the event of ABRAHAM Lincoln's election to the sovereignty and independence of South Presidency, a convention of the people of Carolina." the State be immediately called to consider Jan. 3d, 1861. South Carolina Commis. and determine for themselves the mode and sioners left Washington. measure of redress. He expressed the 4th. Convention appointed T. J. Withers, opinion that the only alternative left is the L. M. Keitt, W.W. Boyce, Jas. Chesnut, Jr., "secession of South Carolina from the Fed-R. B. Rhett, Jr., R. W. Barnwell, and C. G. eral Union."

Memminger, delegates to Southern Con7th. United States officials resigned at gress. Charleston.

5th. Convention adjourned, subject to the
10th. U. S. Senators JAMES H. HAMMOND call of the Governor.
and James CHESNUT, Jr., resigned their seats 14th. Legislature declared that any, at-
in the Senate. Convention called to meet tempt to reinforce Fort Sumter would be
Dec. 17th. Delegates to be elected Dec. 6th. considered an open act of hostility and a

13th. Collection of debts due to citizens declaration of war. Approved the Gov-
of non-slaveholding States stayed. Francis ernor's action in firing on the Star of the
W.Pickens elected Governor, who appointed West. Accepted the services of the Catawba
a cabinet consisting of A. G. Magrath Sec- Indians.
retary of State, David F. Jamison Secretary 27th. Received Judge Robertson, Com-
of War, C. G. MEMMINGER Secretary of Treas- missioner from Virginia, but rejected the
ury, W. W. HARLLEE P. M. General, Ai RT proposition for a conference and co-operative
C. Garlington Secretary of Interior.

action.* 17th. Ordinance of Secession adopted unanimously.

* The resolutions are: 21st. Commissioners appointed (BARN- Resolved unanimously, That the General Assembly of WELL, Adams, and Onr) to proceed to Wash- acknowledgment of the friendly motives which inspired

South Carolina tenders to the Legislature of Virginia their ington to treat for the possession of U. S. the mission entrusted to Hon. Judge Robertson, her Com. Government property within the limits of missioner.

Resulved unanimously, That candor, which is due to South Carolina. Commissioners appointed the long-continned synpathy and respect which has subto the other Slaveholding States. Southern sisted between Virginia and South Carolina, induces the Congress proposed.

Assembly to declare with frankness that they do not deem

it advisable to initiate negotiations, when they have no 24th. Representatives in Congress with desire or intention to promote the ultimate object in view. drew.

That object is declared, in the resolution of the Virginia

Legislature, to be the procurement of amendments to, or Gov. Pickens issued a proclamation “an- new guarantees in, the Constitution of the United States.

[ocr errors][merged small]

84, nays

March 26th. Convention met in Charles


November 26th, 1860. Legislature met April 3d. Ratified “Confederate" Consti- Nov. 26th, and adjourned Nov. 30th. Electution-yeas 114, nays 16. (See p. 398) tion for Convention fixed for Dec. 20th, Con

8th. Transferred forts, etc. to “ Confeder- vention to meet Jan. 7th. Convention bills ate” government.

and secession resolutions passed unaniGEORGIA.

mously. Commissioners appointed to other November 8th, 1860. Legislature met puration in efiecting measures for their common

Slaveholding States to secure " their co-opereuant to previous arrangement. 18th. Convention called. Legislature ap

defence and safety."

Jan. 7th, 1861. Convention assembled. propriated $1,000,000 to arm the State. Dec. 3d. Resolutions adopted in the Leg

9th. Ordinance of Secession passed-yeas

15. islature proposing a Conference of the Southern States at Atlanta, Feb. 20th.

In the ordinance the people of the State January 17th, 1861. Convention met. Re

of Mississippi express their consent to form ceived Commissioners from South Carolina have seceded or may secede from the Union

a federal union with such of the States as and Alabama. 18th. Resolutions declaring it the right basis of the present Constitution of the

of the United States of America, upon the and duty of Georgia to secede, adopted— United States, except such parts thereof as yeas 165, nays 130. 19th. Ordinance of Secession passed

embrace other portions than such seceding

States. şeas 208, nays 89.

10th. Commissioners from other States 21st. Senators and Representatives in Con

received. Resolutions adopted, recognizing gress withdrew.

South Carolina as sovereign and independent. 24th. Elected Delegates to Southern Con

Jan. 12th. Representatives in Congress gress at Montgomery, Alabama.

withdrew. 28th. Elected Commissioners to other

19th. The committee on the Confederacy Slareholding States. 29th. Adopted an address “to the South

in the Legislature reported resolutions to and the world."

provide for a Southern Confederacy, and to

establish a provisional government for seMarch 7th. Convention reassembled. 16th. Ratified the “ Confederate” Consti- ceding States and States hereafter seceding.

21st. Senators in Congress withdrew. tution-yeas 96, nays 5.

March 30th. Ratified “Confederate" Con20th. Ordinance passed authorizing the

stitution-yeas 78, nays 7. * Confederate" government to occupy, use and possess the forts, navy yards, arsenals,

FLORIDA. and custom houses within the limits of said November 26th, 1860. Legislature met. State.

Governor M. S. Perry recommended immeApril 26th. Governor Brown issued a diate secession. proclamation ordering the repudiation by Dec. 1st. Convention bill passed. the citizens of Georgia of all debts due Jan. 3d, 1861. Convention met. Northern men.

7th. Commissioners from South Carolina

and Alabama received and heard. Resoloed unanimously, That the separation of Sonth 10th. Ordinance of Secession passedCarolioa from the Federal Union is final, and she has no further interest in the Constitution of the United States; yeas 62, nays 7. (See p. 399.) and that the only appropriate negotiations between her 18th. Delegates appointed to Southern aed the Federal Government are as to their mutual re- | Congress at Montgomery. lations as foreigo States.

Resolved unanimously, That this Assembly further 21st. Senators and Representatives in ere it to her friendly relations with the State of Virginia Congress withdrew. to declare that they have no confidence in the Federal Govern inent of tbe United States ; that the most solemn

Feb. 14th. Act passed by the Legislature pledges of that government have been disregarded ; that declaring that after any actual collision benoder pretence of preserving property, hostile troops have beza attempted to be introduced into one of the fortresses tween Federal troops and those in the em. of this state, concealed in the hold of a vessel of com- ploy of Florida, the act of holding office 194rte, with

a view to subjugate the people of South Car- under the Federal government shall be de olida, and that even since the authorities at Washington Eave beea informed of the present mediation of Virginia, clared treason, and the person convicted a sessel of war bas been sent to the South, and troops and shall suffer death. Transferred control of magitions of war concentrated on the soil of Virginia.

Resolted unanimously, That in these cireninstances government property captured, to the “Con-
tàis Assembly, with renewed assurances of cordial re- federate” government.
spect and esteem for the people of Virginia, and high con-
sideration for her Commissioner, decline entering into the

Begotiations proposed.
The Charleston Mercury of an earlier date thus alluded

December 10th, 1860. Legislature met. to Border State erabassies: **Hear them, if you please ; treat them with civility;

11th. Convention called for Jan. 23d. Milfeed them, and dreach them in champagne and let them itary bill passed. 20! Let ils act as if they had never come, as if they

12th. Commissioners from Mississippi Led Dot spoken, as if they did not exist; and let them wek to preserve their Treasury pap through some more received and heard. Governor instructed eapple agency than ours. The time has gone by when to communicate with Governors of othor iba yoice of a Virginia politician, though he coo like a dore, should be heard in the land of a patriotic people.", southern States.

« PreviousContinue »