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CIIAPTER VI.

Mr. Lincoln's Law Studies--His Perseverance under Adverse Circumstances-

Licensed to Practice in 1836-Ilis Progress in his Profession--His Qualities as

an Advocate--A Romantic and Exciting Incident in his Practice-Reminiscence

of his Early Life-Secures an Acquittal in a Murder Case, in spite of a Strong

Popular Prejudice Against the Prisoner -- Affecting Scene - Mr. Lincoln

Removes to Springfield in 1837-Devotes Ilimself to his Profession, Giving up

Political Life-His Marriage-Family of Mrs. Lincoln-Fortunate Domestic

Relations-His Children and their Education-Denominational Tendencies-

Four Year's Retirement.....

62

CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay-Presidential Nominations of 1844—The

Campaign in Illinois--Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay-John

Ca'houn the Leading Polk Elector- The Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed-

Mechod of Conducting the Canvass--Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority-

Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Champion-Renders Efficient Service in

Indiana--Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences--Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for

Congressman in 1846--President Polk's Administration-Condition of the Coun-

try-Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff--Political Character

of the Springfield District-Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority-

His Personal Popularity Demonstrated.............

68

CHAPTER VIII.

The Thirtieth Congress--Its Political Character–The Democracy in a Minority

in the House-Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker-Distinguished Members in

both Houses--Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session-Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig-The Mexi-

can War-Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject--Misrepresentations-Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents-His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War-Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration - Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-

continuance of the War-Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln-Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor-Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-

tion thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment-Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War-Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-

ments--A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues ; President and People; Wil-

mot Proviso; Platforms ; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and

Exploits ; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions-Close of the Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump-Gen.

Taylor's Election--Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in the

District of Columbia—The Public Lands—Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman-He

Retires to Private life....

72

CHAPTER IX.

Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years-Gen. Taylor's Administration - The

Slavery Agitation of 1850— The Compromise of Clay and Fillmore-The “ Final

Settlement" of 1852–Ilow, and by Whom it was Disturbed --Violation of tho

Most Positive Pledges-- The Kansas-Nebraska Bill-- Douglas, the Agitator-

Popular Indignation and Excitement-Mr. Lincoln Takes part in the Canvass

of 1854-Great Political Changes—The Anti-Nebraska Organization--Springfield

Resolutions of 1854–Results of the Election-A Majority of Congressmen and

of the Legislature Anti-Nebraska-Election of United States Senator to Suc-

ceed Gen. Shields--dir. Lincolu and Mr. Trumbull-A Magnanimous Sacrifice-

Mr. Trumbull Elected...

119

CHAPTER X.

The Republican Party Organized – Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington-The

Canvass of 1856--ir. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton-II is Active Labors

on the Stump-Col. Bissell Elected Governor of Minois-Mr. Buchanan Inau-

gurated-liis Kansas Policy-Mr. Douglas Committed to it in June, 1857-John

Calhoun his Special Friend--The Springfield Speech of Douglas-Mr. Lincoln's

Reply..................

......................... 127

**... ... 274

CHAPTER IV.

Military Reorganization-Resume of Events to the December Session of Con-

gress-Action in Regard to “ Contrabands” and Slavery...............

CI APTER V..

The President's Message, December, 1861–Proceedings of Congress-Emancipa-

tion--Confiscation ---Nessages and Addresses of Mr. Lincoln........

293

CHAPTER VI.

Military Events-Inaction on the Potomac-Western Campaign-Capture of New

Orleans...................

............................... 320

CHAPTER I.

A new Epoch of the War.--Lieutenant-General Grant in the East.-Campaign

of the Army of the Potomac from the Rapidan to Petersburg.--The Wilder.

ness.--Spottsylvania Court House. The North Anna.--Cold Ilarbor.---Across

the James.--Sheridan's Grand Raid.-Sigel and IIunter in the Shenandoah Val-

ley.-The Army of the James.-Averill and Crook in South-western Virginia.

Combined Armies before Petersburg.............

... 185

CHAPTER 11.

The Campaign in Georgia.–From Chattanooga to Marietta.-Early Movements

of Sherman and Thomas.-Capture of Dalton.-Battle of Resacca.-Retreat of

Johnston.-Slight Engagements.-Occupation of Kingston.-Destruction of

Rebel Works at Rome.-Advance to Cassville.-Battle near Dallag and Powder

Spring.--Occupation of Acworth and Big Shanty.-Attempts on Sherman's

line of Communications.-Kenesaw Mountain.-Battle of Nickojack Creek.-

Pause at Marietta.-Louisiana and Arkansas.-Another Invasion of Kentucky.-

Movements of the Navy.................

.......................................... 618

CHAPTER III.

Mr. Lincoln's Administration in issue before the People.-Disadvantages of the

Hour.-Opposition in Official Quarters, and on the Union side in Congress — The

“Radical " Movement.--Recapitulation of the Administration Policy in regard

to Virginia and Missouri.--Mr. Lincolu's Method with the Insurrectionary

States.--Gen. Fremont's Military Administration in Missouri.--- His Removal. -

Personality of the Missouri Feud. - How Mr. Lincoln Regarded it.-Ilis Letter

to Gen. Schofield.-IIis Reply to the Demands of tho “Radical” Committee.--

The Situation in Louisiana.-Military Governorship in Tennessee.-State Ro-or-

ganization in Arkansas.-Factious Opposition.-Uprising of the People for Mr.

Lincoln.--The Baltimore Convention.-The Nominations.- Responses of Mr.

Lincoln.--Address of the Methodist General Couference. The President's

Roply........

............ 531

CIAPTER V,

Military Operations before Petersburg and Richmond, from June to November,

1864. --Gen. Hunter's Campaign.-Movements in the Shenandoah Valley.--

Early's Invasion of Maryland.-IIis Demonstration against Washington.-His

Retreat up the Valley, and Second Advance to the Potomac.--Burning of

Chambersburg.--Successes of Gen. Averill.-Battle of Moorfield.-Gen. Sheri-

dan takes Command in the Valley.-Admiral Farragut before Mobile.-Brilliant

Naval Victories.-Movements of Sheridan.-Important Successes in the Val-

ley.--Thanksgiving Proclamation of President Lincoln........

585

CHAPTER VI.

Gen. Sherman's Campaign in Georgia.-From Marietta to Atlanta.-Passage of

the Chattahoochee.-Rousseau's Raid.-Battles before Atlanta.-Heavy losses

of the Rebels after Hood Succeeds Johnston.-Cavalry expeditions under Stone-

man and McCook.-Their Failure.--Operations around Atlanta.-Kilpatrick's

Raid. --Sherman's Army on the Macon Railroad.-Battle of Jonesboro.-Cap-

ture of Atlanta.-Rebel Raids.-Hood's operations in Sherman's Rear.-Price's

Invasion of Missouri.-General Results of the South-western Campaigns......... 604

CHAPTER VII.

The Presidential Canvass of 1864 concluded.—Spirit of the Opposition.—The

North-western Conspiracy.-The Issue Concerning the Habeas Corpus and Mili-

tary Arrests.-Letters of Mr. Lincoln on these Subjects.-Efforts of the Rebel

Cabal in Canada to influence the Election.-Tbe State Elections of September

and October.-The Voice of the Soldiers.--The Presidential Vote.-The Presi-

dent's Gratitude to the Army and Navy.—Maryland a Free State.--Mr. Lincoln's

Speech to Marylanders.-Cipher Dispatches, and Schemes of the Canadian

Cabal.-Affairs in Tennessee. –The Canvass in New York. ..... ................... 622

CHAPTER VIII:

Second Session of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.-President Lincoln's last Annual

Message.-Cabinet Changes.- Mr. Blair withdraws, and Gov. Dennison becomes

Postmaster-General.--Mr. Speed Succeeds Judge Bates, as Attorney-General.--

Death of Chief Justice Taney.-Mr. Chase his Successor.-Our Relations with

Canada.-The Reciprocity Treaty to Terminate.--Call for 300,000 more Sol-

diers.-Amendment of the Constitution Prohibiting Slavery, Concurred in by

the House.- Popular Rejoicing.–The Rebel Treatment of Union Prisoners. -

Retaliation Discussed in the Senate, but Repugnant to Public Sentiment.—The

Wharncliffe Correspondence.- Testimony of Goldwin Smith.--Peace Memorial

from Great Britain.-Correspondence Thereon.-Congratulatory Address of the

Workingmen of Great Britain.-Speech of Mr. Lincoln in Reply to the Swe-

dish Minister. -Speech of Mr. Lincoln on the Death of Edward Everett.-Polit.

ical affairs in Tennessee, Louisiana and Arkansas.-Abortive Peace Negotia-

tions.-Full Details of the Hampton Roads' Conference.--Rebel accounts of the

Same.-Affairs in Richmond.-Close of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.-Creation

of the Bureau of Freedmen, and other Legislation............

CHAPTER IX.

Winter Campaigns of 1864–5.—Movement of Sherman from Atlanta to Savannah.

-Fort McAllister Carried by Assault.-Communication Opened with Admiral

Dahlgren's Fleet.–Savannah Occupied by Sherman.-Movements of Hood and

Beauregard.-Campaign in Tennessee.--Battle of Franklin.--The Armies Before

Nashville.-Raid of stonoman and Burbridge.--Battle of Nashville.--Defeat

and Bout of Hood's Army.-Movements Against Wilmington.-Failure of the

......... 065

CHAPTER X

Close of President Lincoln'e First Term.--Order to Gen. Grant in regard to Peace

Negotiations. The Fourth of March.-Inauguration Ceremonies.-Mr. Lin.

colu's Second Inaugural Address.-Contrasts.-Cabinet Changes.-Indisposi-

tion of the President.-His Speech at the National Hotel on Negro Soldiers in

the Rebel Arinies.-He Visits Gen. Grant's Ileadquarters.-The Military Situa-

tion.-Conference with his Chief Generals.-Movement of the Forces under

Meade and Sheridan.-Fighting near Dinwiddie Court House.--Sheridan's Vic-

tory at the Five Forks.-Attack of Wright and Parke on the Lines before Peters-

burg.--The Sixth Corps Carry the Enemy's Works.--Petersburg Evacuated.-

Pursuit of the Enemy.-Richmond Taken.-Dispatches of Mr. Lincoln.-The

Nation's Joy.-Lee's Army Closely Pressed.-Captures at Sailor's Creek.-Sur-

render of Lee.-Mr. Lincoln at Richmond.-IIis Visit to the City Point Hospi-

tal.-His Return to Washington.--Peace Rejoicings.--Speeches of Mr. Lin-

coln.-Important Proclamations.-Demand on Great Britain for Indemnity.-

Closing Military Movements.-Reduction of the Army.-Mr. Lincoln's Last

Meeting with His Cabinet.-Celebration at Fort Sumter.................................

753

CHAPTER XI.

Last Days of Mr. Lincoln. His Assassination. Attack on Mr. Seward.-Remains

of Mr. Lincoln lying in State.-Obsequies at Washington.-Removal of the

Remains to Springfield, Illinois.-Demonstrations along the route.-Obsequies

at Springfield.—The Great Crime, its authors and abettors.--The Assassin's

End.—The Conspiracy.-Complicity of Jefferson Davis.-How assassins were

trailed to their work.--Tributes and Testimonials.--Mr. Lincoln as a Lawyer.-

Incidents and Reminiscences.-Additional Speeches.-Letter to Gov. Ilahu, on

Negro Suffrage.-Letter to Mrs. Gurney.-Letter to a Widow who had lost five

Sons in the War.-Letter to a Centenarian.-A Letter written in ea life.

A Speech made in 1839.---Letter to Mr. Choate, on the Pilgrim Fathers.--Letter

to Dr. Maclean, on receiving the Degree of LL.D.-Letter to Gov. Fletcher, of

Missouri, on the restoration of order.-A message to the Miners.-Speech at

Independence Hall in 1861.--Concluding remarks...........

790

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