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WILLIAM DEAN HOWELLS is one of the most popular writers of fiction in America, and his works have had a wide circulation. The most conspicuous feature of his books is their absolute cleanliness. He has never written anything of an immoral or suggestive nature, and for this reason his influence upon the literature of the United States has been for the greatest good. He is one of the classic authors of the time, the purity of his English being worthy of study by young men and women who have an ambition to make names for themselves in the realm of literature. Mr. Howells has lived in the East many years, having journeyed there from Ohio, where he was born in 1837. (88)

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JOHN JAMES INGALLS, who represented the State of Kansas in the United States Senate for eighteen years, was the terror of his fellow-Senators in debate, as his tongue was continually kept sharpened to the keenest edge. Ingalls delighted in controversy, and it usually ended in victory for him. However, he was not lucky when he collided with Conkling, whose satire was not much short of the diabolical when he was thoroughly aroused. Ingalls' oratory was of a peculiar sort, but he never failed to fascinate and interest an audience. His diction was perfect, his fow of ideas uninterrupted, and his command of language was greater than that of any man in public life. He was born in Massachusetts, and died in 1900, aged sixty-seven,


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WASHINGTON IRVING had an idea he would like the law as a profession, and had he remained true to Blackstone the L'nited States and the world would have lost one of the most gifted historians, novelists and essayists. In 1809, when he was but twenty-six years of age, his “History of New York by Diedrich Knickerbocker," appeared, and the success of this determined him in quitting the law and making literature his life work. He was appointed as L'nited States Minister to Spain, remaining in that country fully ten years, and it is to this that the world is indebted for many of his delightful volumes. In 1839 he was made Secretary of Legation at London, and “The Sketch Book” was the result. He was born in New York in 1783 and died in 1859.


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ANDREW JACKSON (“Old Hickory") was, so far as strength of mind and wil was concerned, one of the ablest men ever sent to Washington to take his seat in the Presidential chair. He had an extremely keen sense of honor, and was chivalrous to a degree. As Congressman, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Tennessee, soldier, United States Senator and President of the United States, he was guided by what he thought was right, regardless of the opinions of others. With a ragged and ill-equipped force he defeated the English Army under General Pakenham (brother-in-law of the Duke of Wellington) with frightful slaughter and crushed the power of the Creek and Seminole Indians in hard-fought battles. He was President two terms; was born in North Carolina in 1767, and died in 1845.



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JOHN JAY was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and his name is in "The Hall of Fame for Great Americans.” During his first term in the Lower House of Congress, from New York, he drew up the constitution of that state (1777). He was Special Minister to England and Commissioner to the Paris Congress, where the treaty of peace between England and the United States was agreed upon. He also served five years as Secretary of State. He was on the Supreme Bench until 1795, when he resigned that honorable position, having been elected Governor of New York, his native state, where he was born in 1745. He died in 1829.


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