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Again. To the deep conviction of the equity of our cause, I may add that the duty of our people in unsheathing the sword, is strengthened by the kind forbearance of the Federal Government, under the most persistent provocations. For months the note of rebellion has rung through the South. Federal forts, arsenals, custom-houses, and treasures, have been seized by violence. Government officials have been driven from their posts. The supreme law of the land has been defied, and a rival Confederacy has arrogated its legitimate authority.

But during all these events, the Federal Government refrained from striking a blow. The nation watched with patience the progress of events, and hoped for a peaceful settlement of the controversy ; but the only effect of this peaceful policy has been to embolden our adversaries and to provoke assault. Our inaction was called weakness; our deep reluctance to war was construed into cowardice-our forbearance into fear. At length all disguise was thrown off, and the work of civil war inaugurated at Charleston, where thousands of chivalrous foes opened their rebel batteries upon the walls of Sumter, defended by seventy brave men; till after two days incessant fire, the flag of our Union was lowered before its enemies.

Until that time the mighty North refused to move. Not a spear or shield was seen among her tribes; but the tidings of that assault dissipated all hopes of peace. The deep bomb of those guns in Charleston harbor has reverberated among the granite hills of New Hampshire, along the shores of the great Lakes, be. yond the Mississippi, across the broad prairies of the West, and their echoes linger still among our Northern mountains, calling freemen to the field. Henceforth forbearance became impossible. The Chief Magistrate of the Nation issued his proclamation for men, and the people are now in arms.

No calm observer of the progress of events can say that we have been hasty and eager for the fray. The freemen of the North are not thirsting for blood. I know of no one who prefers war to peace. All would have rejoiced to have escaped the conflict, but it has come; and with stern, inexorable purpose, the people have risen in their might, and have sworn to defend this Government with their treasures and their lives! Our armies are mustering to the field. We stand to-day face to face with the grim and solemn reality-WAR !

What are the particular duties which this crisis urges upon us? First, The people are bound to answer promptly to the call for

Mere loquacious patriotism is not what is wanted in this hour. Let those who are of suitable age and able to bear arms, enter their names upon the muster-roll. Let none refuse, without a reason which they will not be ashamed to give. Let the response be so universal that the question to be settled will be not

men.

who shall go, but who will stay at home? I believe it will be so throughout our States. Let not our city be behind others in fur. nishing her quota of true men.

Secondly, We must be prepared to sustain the most vigorous policy of the Government, and second the most thorough and extended plans of operation. If we would save the effusion of blood, if we would shorten the fearful struggle, if we would conquer an enduring peace, we must smite this rebellion with a giant arm! No balf-way measures will suffice. No feeble treatment will cure the malignant cancer. Surgery! terrible surgery is de. manded to cut deep around its roots, and probe it to the bottom. This is not cruelty but kindness. Philanthropy demands it-patriotism and liberty demand it. Now is the time to settle the great questions of national rights and constitutional freedom, within this Union, in such a way that the grim specters of Secession and Treason shall not rise upon our graves, and shake their marrowless bones and gory locks in the faces of our posterity.

Thirdly, It is our immediate duty to provide liberally for the wants of the families of those who have gone to fight our battles. Such families have a noble claim upon us which we must cheerfully acknowledge. The soldier in his distant encampment, when he thinks of home, must be told to feel, that while he is bivouacing around his camp-fires, his wife and little ones far away, are not forgotten, but kind eyes and friendly hands are watching over them. Our contributions should be free and liberal for this purpose. Our Volunteer Relief Committees should be furnished with the means to supply the wants of every soldier's bousehold. No Peter's pence collection should be the measure of our patriotism; but according to our individual means, let us be ready for every appeal for help.

Fourthly, As Christian men, having done all to stand and play the men for our people, let us be constant and earnest in our supplications, that the God of justice and of might will give victory to our cause. While we send forth our sons and brethren to the field, let our prayers and benedictions daily follow them. Let us not boast too much of our physical prowess, or our material resources; for the race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong. In God alone is our help, in this hour of trial; and while we salute our flag and cheer on our noble volunteers, let us, after all, turn to the Lord our God, who is our Sun and our Shield. The deeper our convictions are, of the righteousness of our cause, thr more earnestly and boldly should we carry it in our hearts to God.

Pray then for our brethren already in arms. They have gone from our cities, towns, and villages. Some from our own community, some from this very sanctuary, at the first call of duty and of danger. They have gone to defend the Union and the Constitution, to preserve our dearest rights, our most sacred liberties. They have gone to breast the shock of battle where the Stars and Stripes must go, to shed their blood, if needs be, and to offer up their lives upon the altar of their country. Pray for them. May the God of battles spare them from the ravages of disease, and be a shield to them in the field of combat. May bis banner be over them and inspire them with a noble courage, which disdains to fly before the foe. May his divine Spirit lead them to a true and humble confidence in him, and faith in the merits of Jesus Christ his Son, that should they fall, they may die at the post of duty and be meet for heaven. Let us pray for those who are at the head of this Government, and to whom are now committed the weightiest responsibilities. Our Chief Magistrate and his associates should be remembered by our people in their prayers, that God would endue them with all that wisdom. prudence, energy, and decision which will fit them to play the men in this hour of danger. They need to-day the hearty and unwavering support of every loyal citizen. Let us then rebuke every sinister attempt to spread abroad distrust and doubt among the people. Let us feel a confidence in the Government, and pray that God would bless our rulers; and especially let us thank him that he has spared to our country that veteran chieftain whose ex. perienced counsels now direct our military movements—that old hero who has so long led our armies on from victory to victory, and who, by his deep.laid strategy and unerring forecast, his cool, unshaken courage and accurate execution, has proved himself the greatest General * of the age.

. God bless and strengthen him! May he live to see the day when the old flag shall wave again in glorious peace over this whole nation!

It is our duty also, as a Christian people, to pray for those who are in arms against us; not that God would favor their nefarious schemes or prosper their traitorous enterprises ; but we can and should beseech him that he would dispel the delusion which is upon them, and reveal to them their fatal error—that he, who hath in his hands the hearts of all men, would turn their hearts from their evil purposes, that he would calm the stormy sea of passion, awaken their relentings, and lead them back to loyalty and obedience.

Oh! let ụs guard our feelings with a double diligence in a time like the present. Let not the high-souled emotions of patriotism be mingled with the bitterness of private revenge. Let us beware lest the blade which we unsheath as the sword of justice become forged into the dagger of malice and fiendish hate. Let us pray for our enemies, that they may be converted into friends.

And having conscientiously endeavored to know our duty, and

* Lieutenant-General Winfield Scott, the victorious hero of many battles.

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prepared to meet it at every sacrifice, let us calmly repeat the concluding words of Israel's valiant chieftain: “And the Lord do that which seemeth him good.”

A devout recognition of God's overruling Providence, in continually disposing of human events and determining their results, is peculiarly befitting to us in our present circumstances. The Most High ruleth in heaven and on earth; "He changeth the times and the seasons; he removeth kings and setteth up kings;" " He increaseth the nations and destroyeth them.” Do all we can in marshaling the mighty men and multiplying our resources, our destinies are in his hands. Christian patriotism and courage fall back and rest on his Almighty arm, saying, when duty is done: "And the Lord do that which seemeth him good.” Such a sentiment should inspire the hearts of our people in this crisis. That swaggering bravery, which cowards glory in, which vents its fiery valor in huge curses and terrific oaths and boasts when it puts on its armor more than when it puts it off

, may disdain such language, and sneer at it as cant; but Christian heroes use it, and with Joab, the old scarred veteran of Israel's hosts, say: The Lord do that which scemeth him good.”

This language is creature-like and becoming, for it is the language of felt dependence, of trust and humble confidence in the Almighty. It is the language of acquiescence in his will. It is the language of conscious satisfaction that we have sought to know our duty, and have done all we could, whatever may betide us. It is the language of submissive hope, gazing with a steady eye through the thickening gloom, and catching rays of brightness in the horoscope of futurity. With this sentiment filling our hearts, we rally around the Stars and Stripes for duty, and commit our country and our liberties, our children's heritage and our national destiny, to God! "And the Lord do that which seemeth him good."

I can not close without directing your thoughts to the last peaceful refuge of the pious from all the dark and tumultuous agitations of this life. Amidst all the revolutions of State, the overturnings of empires, and the decay of human governments, there is one Kingdom which can not be moved—it is the King. dom of God! Its throne is in the heavens. Its reign is in the hearts of all of God's redeemed people. Treason can not endanger it. Fleets and armies can not destroy it. Here is our last asylum from a troubled world. “Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea." Whatever be the fate of our country and her proud institutions, we are invited to take refuge in this kingdom, and secure a citizenship in heaven. Let us listen, then, to the embassy of grace which comes to us in the Gospel, and, by true repentance and faith in Jesus Christ the Saviour, return to our allegiance to our Father God. Then, when all that we hold dear on earth is lost, our souls may rest in hea. ven. Then, when we die, whether on the battle-field, amidst the charge of squadrons and the thunders of artillery, or in the tranquil hour of summer twilight, surrounded by all the gentle offices of long affection and loved associations of home, wherever our spirits take their flight from earth, we gain the victory, and win a crown of glory which fadeth not away.

TO THE REV. EDWARD E. SEELYE, D.D., Pastor of the First Ret. Dutch Church, Sche

nectady:

Rev. DEAR SIR: The undersigned members of your church and parish having listened with deep interest to your views on the present condition of our national affairs, as embodied in your sermon on Sunday, the 28th insl., respectfully solicit a copy of the same for publication. Simon C. GROOT,

DANIEL VEDDER,
Otis Smith,

C. F. HOAG,
W. VAN VRANKEN,

ABM. VROOMAN,
ERNESTUS PUTNAM,

Tuos. H. REEVES,
J. B. GRAHAM,

NICHOLAS CAIN,
C. YATES,

N. SWITS,
H. W. V. CLUTE,

E. Rosa.

SCHENECTADY, April 29, 1861. TO MR. S. C. GROOT AND OTHERS:

GENTLEMEN : Your polite note, requesting me to furnish for publication the sermon I preached yesterday, on the present crisis, is received.

Although written hastily, and without the remotest view to such an end, yet if, in your judgment, it can conduce in any degree to promote a noble Christian patriotism, and subserve the cause of our beloved country, I cheerfully submit it to your disposal.

Very respectfully yours,

E. E. SEELYE.

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