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Contracts for sup- Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all purchases and plying the army, &c.
contracts, for supplying the army with provisions, clothing, supplies in the quartermaster's department, military stores, Indian goods, and all other supplies, or articles for the use of the department of war, be made by, or under, the direction of the treasury department.
[ Approved, May 8, 1792.]
An act making an alteration in the Flag of the United States.t
Aller the 1st of
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilouse of RepresenDag of the United tatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, Suites to consist of That from and after the first day of May, Anno Domini one stars, &c.
thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, the flag of the United States be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white. That the Union be fifteen stars, white in a blue field.
[-Approved, January 13, 1794.]
An act to provide for the defence of certain ports and harbors in the
The harbors men
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representioned to be fordi: tatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, rection of the Pre- That the following ports and harbors be fortified, under the c
direction of the President of the United States, and at such time or times as he may judge necessary, to wit: Portland, in the district of Maine; Portsmouth, in the state of New Hampshire; Gloucester, Salem, Marblehead, and Boston, in the state of Massachusetts; Newport, in the state of Rhode Island; NewLondon, in the state of Connecticut; New York; Philadelphia; Wilmington, in the state of Delaware; Baltimore, in the state of Maryland; Norfolk and Alexandria, in the state of Virginia; Cape Fear river, and Ocracock Inlet, in the state of North Carolina; Charleston and Georgetown, in the state of South Carolina; and Savannah, and St. Mary's, in the state of Georgia.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful troops of the Uni- for the President of the United States to employ, as garrisons, ted States as gar- in the said fortifications, or any of them, such of the troops
on the military establishment of the United States as he may
* Modified by act of 16th July, 1793–See chap. 38, sec. 3. † Altered and established by act of April 4, 1818--See chap. 114.
judge necessary; and to cause to be provided one hundred can-Cause cannon, non, of a calibre, each, to carry a ball of thirty-two pounds shot deciso to be
, &c weight, and one hundred other cannon, of a calibre, each, to carry a ball of twenty-four pounds weight, together with the carriages and implements necessary for the same, and carriages with the necessary implements for one hundred and fifty other cannon, with two hundred and fifty tons of cannon shot.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for The President to the President of the United States to receive from any state (in of, or to purchase behalf of the United States) a cession of the lands on which any
lands, &c. of the fortifications aforesaid, with the necessary buildings, may be erected, or intended to be erected; or, where such cessions shall not be made, to purchase such lands, on behalf of the United States: Provided, That no purchase shall be made where such lands are the property of a state.*
[ Approved, March 20, 1794.]
An act to provide for the erecting and repairing of arsenals and magazines, and
for other purposes.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represen- Three or four artatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, azines
, to be estal That, for the safe keeping of the military stores, there shall be lished under the established, under the direction of the President of the United President, &c. States, three or four arsenals, with magazines, as he shall judge most expedient, in such places as will best accommodate the different parts of the United States. Either, or both, of the arsenals heretofore used at Springfield and Carlisle, to be continued as part of the said number, at his discretion: Provided, That Proviso: arsenals none of the said arsenals be erected, until purchases of the land, until the land is necessary for their accommodation, be made, with the consent purchased, ke, of the legislature of the state in which the same is intended to be erected.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be estab- A national armory lished, at each of the aforesaid arsenals, à national armory, in senals, &c. which shall be employed one superintendent, and one master armorer, (who shall be appointed by the President of the United States,) and as many workmen as the secretary for the department of war shall, from time to time, deem necessary, so that the whole number, at all the armories, shall not exceed one hundred. I And the said superintendents shall, each, receive, as a compen- Compensation to sation, seventy dollars per month, and the said master armorer, and master arab each, fifty dollars per month.||
* See the constitution, article 1, section 8, clause 16.
| See chapter 32, making further provisions for procuring arms, &c., also chapters 47 and 59.
See act of 230 April, 1808, chapter 59.
an officer to su
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there shall be emDeiving, &c., of ployed an officer, whose duty it shall be, (under the direction of military stores, the department of war,) to superintend the receiving, safe keep
ing, and distribution, of the military stores of the United States, and
to call to account all persons to whom the same may be intrustHis compensation; ed; he shall receive, for his compensation, at the rate of one ed by the presin hundred and twenty-five dollars per month, and shall be appoint
ed by the President of the United States. Not exceeding Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That a sum not exceeding propriated for fifty-nine thousand dollars, be appropriated for the erecting and fairing arsenal - repairing of the arsenals and magazines aforesaid; and a sum, & andet - not exceeding twenty-two thousand eight hundred and sixty-five dolls for armo dollars, for defraying the expense of the national armories, for
one year; and the further sum of three hundred and forty thour bleappleiside der sand dollars, to be applied, under the direction of the President direction, in the of the United States, in the purchase of arms, ammunition, and
military stores; which said several sums shall be paid out of the duties on imports and tonnage, to the end of the present year.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That an annual account ries, &c., to be of the expenses of the national armories be laid before the legislaid before Con- lature of the United States, together with an account of the arms made and repaired therein.
[.Approved, April 2, 1794.]
340,000 dolls. to
purchase of arms, &c.
Annual account of expenses of armo.
An act for raising and organizing a Corps of Artillerists and Engineers.*
ficers to be ap
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represenprivates, &c., to tatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, be raised for three That the number of seven hundred and sixty-four non-commisCommissioned of- sioned officers, privates, and artificers, to serve as privates, and pointed, &c. musicians, shall be engaged for the term of three years, by vol
untary enlistments; and that the proper proportion of commis
sioned officers shall be appointed to command the same. To be incorpora- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the aforesaid comof artillery, de missioned and non-commissioned officers, privates, artificers, and
musicians, shall be incorporated with the corps of artillery now
in the service of the United States, and denominated the corps Entire numbers of artillerists and engineers; and that the entire number of the berists and engi- said corps, exclusively of the commissioned officers, shall be exclusively, &c. nine hundred and ninety-two. Organization of Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the organization
of the said corps be as hereinmentioned, to wit: one lieutenant
the corps, as mentioned,
* Continued by acts of 3d March, 1795, chap. 24, and 30th May, 1796, chap. 26. An additional regiment provided by act of 27th April, 1798, chap. 30. Repealed and supplied by act of 16th March, 1802, chap. 49, sections 1, 2, 26, 27, 28 and 29.
colonel commandant, one adjutant, one surgeon; four battalions, each to consist of one major, one adjutant and paymaster, and one surgeon's mate; and four companies, each to consist of one captain, two lieutenants, two cadets, with the pay, clothing, and rations of a sergeant, four sergeants, four corporals, forty-two privates, sappers, and miners, and ten artificers to serve as privates, and two musicians.
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the additional com- Officers and primissioned officers, non-commissioned officers, privates, artificers, the same pay, &c. and musicians, by this act directed to be raised, shall receive the as pot ber troops; same pay and allowances, in all respects, as the troops already the same rules, in the service of the United States; and they shall also be governed by the same rules and articles of war, which have been, or may be, by law established.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty The secretary of of the secretary of war to provide, at the public expense, under books, apparatus, such regulations as shall be directed by the President of the United States, the necessary books, instruments, and apparatus, for the use and benefit of the said corps.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the President of the President to the United States shall cause such proportions of the said corps the corps to serve to serve in the field, on the frontiers, or in the fortifications on consistent des the sea coast, as he shall deem consistent with the public service.
[ Approved, May 9, 1794.]
An act supplementary to “ An act to provide for the defence of certain ports and
harbors in the United States.”
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- The port and hartives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, to be fortilied, &c? That the port and harbor of the city of Annapolis be fortified, in such manner, and at such time or times, as the President of the United States may direct; and that it shall be lawful for the President of the United States to employ a garrison in the said The President fortification, provide cannon and equipments, and receive, from may employ a garthe state of Maryland, a cession of the lands on which the said lis, &c. receive fortification, and its necessary buildings, may be erected, agreea- &c. bly to the second and third sections of the act to which this is a supplement.*
[ Approved, May 9, 1794.]
cession of lande,
See original act, chap. 18.
CHAPTER 22. ?
An act in addition to the “ Act for making further and more effectual provision for
the protection of the frontiers of the United States.'
Hall pay for five
SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representayears to the wid, tives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, cornmissioned ofli- That if any commissioned officer in the troops of the United Services from the States shall, while in the service of the United States, die, by wounds, &c.
reason of wounds received in actual service of the United States, and shall leave a widow, or if no widow, shall leave a child or children, under age, such widow, or if no widow, such child or children, shall be entitled to, and receive, the half of the monthly pay to which the deceased was entitled at the time of his death, for and during the term of five years : and in case of the death or intermarriage of such widow, before the expiration of the said term of five years, the half pay, for the remainder of the term, shall go to the child or children of such deceased officer, while under the age of sixteen years, and, in like manner, the allowance to the child or children of such deceased, where there
is no widow, shall be paid no longer than while there is a child Proviso ; on great. or children under the age aforesaid: Provided, That no greater
sum shall be allowed, in any case, to the widow or to the child hali pay of lieu-or children, of any officer, than the half pay
of a lieutenantcolonel.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the army be in fuevents menthos
. **- ture paid in such manner that the arrears shall at no time exceed two months.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That to such of the troops rations of troops as are, or may be, employed on the frontiers, and under such on the frontiers, special circumstances as, in the opinion of the President of the cumstances, &c. United States, may require an augmentation of some parts of
their rations, the President be authorized to direct such augmentation as he may judge necessary, not exceeding four ounces of beef, two ounces of flour, and half a gill of rum, or whiskey, in addition to each ration, and half a pint of salt to one hundred rations.
[Approved, June 7, 1794.]
er allowance, in any case, than the
Arrears of the
An act to establish the office of Purveyor of Public Supplies.t
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representapublic deplies tives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled,
A purveyor of
* The 1st and 2d sections of this act were superseded and supplied by act of 16th March, 1802—see chap. 49, sections 13 and 15. The 3d was continued with some modification by acts of 3d March, 1795, and 30th May, 1796, chap. 24, sec. 9, and chap. 26, sec. 11, but formally repealed by act of 3d March, 1797--see coap. 27, sec. 1.
† The Office of Purveyor abolished by act of March 28th, 1812–See chap. 68, sec. 9.