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munications from Europe head enabled me the part of the United States, no longer to to inform you, that the belligerent nations, be pretended; but as the arrangement prowhose disregard of neutral right has been so posed, whilst it resisted the illegal decrees destructive to our commerce, had become of France, involved, moreover, substantially awakened to the duty and the policy of re- the precise advantages professedly aimed voking their unrighteous edicts That no at by the British orders. The arrange. means might be omitted to produce this ment bas, nevertheless, been rejected.-latary etrect, I lost no time in availing my

This candid and liberal experiment having self of the act authorising a suspension in thus failed, and no other event having occurwhole, or in part of the several embargo red on which a suspension of the embargo by laws. Our ministers at London and Paris the executive was authorised, it necessarily were instructed to explain to the respective remains in the extent originally given to it. governments there, onr disposition 10 exer- We have the saiisfaction, however, to recise tlie authority in such manner as would flect, that in return for the privations 10withdraw the pretext on which the aggres- posed by the measure, and which our fellos. sions were originally founded, and open citizens, in general, have borne with pe. the way for a renewal of that commercial triolism, it has had the important effects of sav. intercourse, which it was alledged, on all ing var mariners, and our vast niercantile sides, had been reluctantly obstructed As property, as well as of affording time for each of these governments had pledged its prosecuting the defensive and prorisional readiness to concur in renouinciog a measure,

measures called for by the occasion. It bas wbici reached its adversary through the in- demonstrated to foreign nations the modera. contestible rights of neutrals only, and as the tion and formness which govern our councils


of taliation for an asserted acquiescence in the in support of the laws and the rights of their aggressions of the other, it was reasonably country; and has thus long frustrated those expected that the occasion would have been usurpations and spoliations which, if resistseized by both, for evincing the sincerity of ed, involved war; if submitted to, sacritheir professions, and for restoring 10 the ficed a vital principle of our national inde. United States its legitimate freedoin. The pendence.—Under a continuance of the belo instructions to our ministers, with respect to ligerent measures, which, in defiance of the different belligerents, wero necessarily laws which consecrate the rights of neutrals, modified with a reference to their different overspread the ocean with danger, it will circumstances, and to the condition annex- rest with the wisdom of Congress to decisie ei hy law to the executive power of suspen- on the course best adapted to such a state of sion, requiring a degree of security to our things; and bringing with them, as they do, commerce, which would not resnit from a from every part of the Union, the sentirepeal of the decrees of France. Instead of melts of our constituents, my confidence is a pledge, therefore, for a suspension of the strengthened that in forming this decision, embargo as to her, in case of such a repeal, they will, will an unerring regard to the esc it was presumed that a sufficient inducement sential rights and interests of the nation, might be found in other considerations, and weigh and compare the painful alternatives particularly in the change produced by a out of which a choice is to be made. Nor compliance wish our just demands, by one should I do justice to the virtues which on belligerent, and a refusal by the oiher, ila otlier occasions have marked the character of the relations between this other and the our fellow.citizens, if I did not cherish an United States. To Great Britain, whose cqual confidence that the alternative chosen, power on the ocean is so ascendant, it was whatever it may be, will be maintained deemed not inconsistent with that condition, with all the forritude and patriotism which to state, explicitly, that on her rescinding the crisis onght to inspire.. The docue her orders in relation to the commerce of the ments containing the correspondences on Unied States, their trade would be opened the subject of the foruiga edicts against our with her, and remain shut to her eneny, in commerce, with the instructions given to case of his failure to rescind his decress also. our ministers at London and Paris, are now From France no answer has been received, laid before you. The communication made nor any indication that therequisite change in to Congress at their last session explained ber decrees is contemplated. The farpura- the posture in which the close of the discus. ble reception of the proposition to Great sions relating to the attack by a British ship Britain was the less to be doubled, as her of war on the frigate Chesapeake, left a subi orders of council had not only been referred ject on which the nation had wanifested so for their vindication to an acquiescence on honourable a sensibility. Every view of what


had passed authorised a belief that immediate them inore ranj#ly with the southero than steps would be taken by the British govern- the northern tibes, fronı circunstances of ment for redressiug a wrong, which, the soil and climate : and one of the two great more it was investigated, appeared the more divisions of the Cherokee nation base nou clealy to require what had not been provil | under consideration, to solicit the c tizened for in the special mission. It is found ship of the United States, and to be ideathat po steps have been taken for ihe

pur- tified with us in laws and government, si sucha pose. On the contrary, it will be seen in progressive manner as we snail think best.the documents laid before you, that the in- In con-equence of the appropriations of the admissible preliminary which obstructs ibe last session of Congress for the security of adjustment is still adhered 10 ; and, more.

sca port

towns and barbours, such over, that it is now brought into connexion works of defence have been erected as seen. with the distinct and irrelative case of the ed to be called for by the situation of the orders in council. The instructions which several places, their relative importance, had been given to our ministers at London, and the scale of experce indicated by the with a view to facilitate, if necessary, the amount of the appropriation. These works reparation claimed by the Uniied States, are will chiefly be finished in the course of the included in the docuinents communicated

present season, except at New York and Our relations with the other powers of Eu- New Orleans, where most was to be done; rope have undergone do material changes and although a great proportion of the last since your last session. The im;ortant ve- appropriation has been expended on the gociations withi Sosio, which had been alter- former place, yet some further views will niately suspended and resumed, necessarily be submitted to Congress for rendering is experience a pause, under the extraordinary security entirely adequate against naval enand interesting crisis wliich distinguishes her terprize. A view of what bas been done at internal situation.-With the Barbary powers several places, and of what is proposed to we continue in harmony, with the exception be done, shall be conmunicated as soon as of an unjustifiable proceeding of the D-y of the several reports are received. --Of the Algiers towards our consul to that regency. gun boats authorized by the act of December Its character and circumstances are now lain last, it has been thought necessary to build before you, and will enable you to decide only 103 in the present year; these, with how far it inay, either now or hereafter, those before possessed, are sufficient for call for any measures not within the limits the harbours and waters most exposed, and of the executive autbority - With our In- the residue will require little time for their dian neighbours the pablic peace has been construction, when it shail be deemed ne. steadily maintained. So:ne instances of in- cessary.--Under the act of the last session, dividual wrong have, as at other times, taktil for raising an additional military force, so place, but in no wise inaplicating the will of miny officers were immediately appointed the nation. Beyond the Mississippi, the as were necessary for carrying on ibe business Joways, the Saca, and the Alibamas, barre of recruiing; and in proportion as it advanc delivered up, for trial and punishment, in- ed, others bave been added, We have reas a dividuals from among themselves 3ccused to believe their success has been satistictory, of murdering citizens of the United States, although such returns have not been received, on this side the Mississippi : the Creeks are as enable me to present you a statement of exerting themselves to arest offenders of the the numbers engaged.--I have not thought saine kind, and the Choctaws lave manifest- it necessary, in the course of the last seaed their readiness and desire for amicable and son, to call for any general detachments of just arrangements, respecting depreciations militia, or of volunteers, under the laws committed by disorderly persons of their passed for that purpose ; for the ensuing tribe. And generally from a conviction that season, however, they will be required to we consider them as a part of ourselves, and be in readiness, shouid their service be cherish vith sincerity their rights and in- wanted. Some small and special detach terests, the attachment of the Indian tribes ments have been necessary to maintain the is gaining strength daily, is extending from laws of embargo, on that portion of our the nearer to the more remote, and willain. northern frontier which otered peculiar ply regnize tis for the justice and friendship facilities for evasion, but these were replaced practised towards them ; husbandry and As soon as it could be done, by bodies of household nsanufacture are advancing among new recruits. (To be continued.)

Printed by Cox and Baylis, Greut Queen Street; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, CoventGaiden, wick formes Numbeis may be bad: sold also by 1. Budd, Crown and Miura, Pall-Mall.

VOL. XIV. No. 27.) LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1808. [Price 100.

" This, it seems to me, is the point, upon which the fate of Spain will turn. Uncommon, unheard of,

exertions are required ; new courage, new talents, new genius, are demanded. To call those forth, powerful

motives must make their way, at once, to the hearts of even the lowest orders of the people. A choic
" of persons, to whom the people are to be slaves, appears to me to be no motive at all. Hence, I con-
“clude, that, if the leaders in Spain persevere in making war for the restoration of their king, they will
* be defeated, and that Joseph Napoleon, though the son of a green-grocer, will stand at the head ot theit

new family of sovereigns. God forbid that such should be the result; but, if the struggle be made for

no better purpose, the failure of the Spaniards will be a subject of regret with those only, whose fears of
" the conquerot have deprived them of the power of reflection."-POLITICAL REGISTER, Oet. 8, 1808.

In the present Number, which con- against me is this : That though I might
cludes the volume, I have not, as in the like well enough to see the Spaniards in a
former volumes, inserted any Index. I did state of revolution, I could not wish them
not myself find the index useful, but the success, when I considered that they were
Table of Contents very useful. I have, opposing Buonaparte, who had so often
therefore, made this Table much fuller than humbled the English government, and all
Osaal, and have so arranged the articles, the friends of the English constitution ;
that any one will be easily found. The that it went against me to applaud those who
OFFICIAL PAPERS stand first, the date of were hostile to one, who had so often grati.
ezciu being added to the title; next come the fied the feelings of the opponents of the
LETTERS FROM CORRESPONDENTS, the sub- English ministers, and especially, as the
ject and signature of each being specified; Spaniards were fighting for their lawful
next the ARTICLES WRITTEN BY THE sovereign, and not for a rights-of-man go-
EDITOR, the several topics of each article vernment; that, accordingly, I set to work,
being mentioned, in the order in which they on the 24th of June last past, to alarm
follow each other; and, lastly, come some weak persons in this country, lest England,
MISCELLANOUS ARTICLES, which were should associate herself with a new race of
found not to come naturally under any of Robespierreans; that, thus, at a moment,
the former heads. This Table of itself will, when all ranks and all parties were enthusi-
I am of opinion, be found to be no very. astic in the Spanish cause, when the few,
imperfect chronicle of the events of the who, front party feeling, were less warm than
half year ; and, I am sure it will, as far as the multitude, dared noteven murmur dissent,
dates go, save a great deal of trouble in the “ that good patriot Mr. Cobbett, truly in-
way of reference.

“ stigated by the devil, stepped forth, with

a hellish spirit, to throw the apple of dis-

“cord amongst us ;” and, that, if this
SPANISH REVOLUTION.- -Yes, for a re- writer could suppose it true, as he is firmly
volution it will be, in spite of all the efforts persuaded it is utterly false, that any per-
of the Central Junta and of John Hookham son in this country, from the king to the
Frere. Upon this subject there has been cobler, dreaded the success of the Spanish
published in the Courier newspaper, of a patriots as tending to excite a spirit of re-
few days ago, a long letter signed X. Y. con- volution in this country, he should set down
taining accusations against Mr. Waithman, the shame of that delusion to the Patriot
the Edinburgh Reviewers, and Ayself. Wiliam Cobbeit, who was the first to en-
The two former need no defence, seeing that gender a factious feeling on a cause, respecta
the writer has inserted a passage from Mr. ing which this whole nation was unani.
Waithman's speech, and also from the Re. mous ; a calise, on the success of which do
view, which passages will do great good, and pended the dearest interests, not only of
will be remembered to advantage when the England, but of the world.Now, supe
accusation against the authors are forgotten. posing for argument's sake, all this to be

As to myself, I notice this writer be- true. Supposing, that, with the devil at
cause his letter opens the way for an my back, I did use, on the 25th of June
posure of those, by whom, in all proba- last, and have continued ever since to use
bility he is paid, and affords me an oppor- my utmost endeavours to persuade the peo-
funity of placing in a new light many things, ple of England, ihat, to carry on war for
which cannot be too strongly imprinted Ferdinand was the way to fail, and that, by
upon the public mind.The accusation a different way of proceeding something



would be brought about that I wished to see Every Christmas sees a kingdom or two fall brought about. Supposing this, and all beneath the conqueror. Suill be bircling the rest of it. What harm have I done ? crew change not their tone. Still they can My advice was not followed. The ministry, discover no fault in the old sys:em of oppo. and all those whom, upon such occasions, sition to him. Still they cling to the role they call forth to address the king, and stump that is crumbling away before bim. praise them, have set their faces against my Still they continue to excuse all those, who wicked council. They have made war for recommend that, out of which alone could Ferdinand; they are still at it; and, as spring the means of effectual resistance of they will have all the benefits of such a line his terrible power, and still more terrible of policy; as the cause will not have policy. And, still the cowed-down, the been injured by me and the devil, wly set confounded, the besotted nation, lends but up a whining complaint against us? 'Had too favourable an ear to their crafty misre.

indeed, succeeded in persuading the presentations.--- Nothing can better disministry, or any part of this besotted nation, cover the character of this writer, than a to follow our hellish advice, and had the complaint, which he makes against the cause then failed, there would have been Edinburgh Reviewers, on account of what some ground of complaint against us; but, he calls their infamous attack apoo Cethe wise and godly were upon their guard

" vallos.” I am obliged to the Courier against us; they have made, and are making, for the extracts from this Review, my copy war for Ferdinand. Great luck" to them, of the number which contains it, not again I say ; but, if they fail, let them not having yet reached me. I do not, therefore, throw the blame upon the devil and me. know what these celebrated Reviewers have

I feel little disposition to justify myself said of Cevallos ; but, I am not a little against the false charges of this assailant; pleased to find, that men, of such talents as for, any one, who can believe me to have a they are, should have taken up an expositiog friendly feeling towards Buonaparte, and of him, and his barefacedly lying publi. that I mourned at the thought of seeing cation). No matter with the peculators, him defeated ; any such person is beneath however. Cevallos is now for the schne my notice, and must be too foolish and in- of things that suits them ; and, therefore, significant a creature to have any weight though he served the three kings successive. in society, more than a nrouse.-- -But, ly; though he deserted each of them, the there is one passage of this charge that I moment they were deserted by power;

cannot refrain from noticing in a manner though he was, by Buonaparte, thong bi - somewhat more particular; and that is, the worthy of the highest confidence; and passage, wherein this writer speaks of the though he actually took a post under, and

English constituiiou," which he, accord- went to Madrid with king Joseph : notwithing to the invariable custom of the hirelings, standing all this, he is, amongst the pecuidentifies with the English ministry, and lators, a most respectable person; erry which constitution it is my wish, and my word he says is to be believed; we are to 'constant endeavour, to assist in restoring look upon him, and speak of him, as a patand preserving. But, I must be excused, tern of loyal and fidelity; and, if we date if I differ from this writer as to who are the to think or act otherwise, we are to be set great enemies of that constitution; he will, do:vn as men“truly instigated by the devil," i hope, have the goodness to excuse me, and, which is worse, as men " wbo do cot if I do not clearly perceive any harm that sincerely hate. Buonaparte."-Verly, Buonaparte has done to it, wbile I can see, this loyalty of Cevallos is a pretty good that much harm has been done to it, and is specimen. Under similar circumstances, now doing to it, by the corruptors, the cor- in other kingdoms, there would be a great rupted, the peculators and plunderers, in plenty of Cevalloses. It has always bees England, Ireland, and Scotland. These so; and, I dare say, that the writer of the appear to me to be the best friends that

leiter, upon which I am now commenting, Buonaparte has in this kingdom; and, of would, as far as his station and capacity these I am a bitter, and would fain be, a would allow, be a faithful imitator of that mortal eneniy. It is to persons of this loyal gentleman, though he would now description that Buonaparte owes all his assist to imprison or to hang any man, wbo conquests ; and it is from them, that we should call for a reform of abuses, and everywhere bear charges of disloyally pre- whom, for that reason alene, he would acferred against those, who complain of their cuse of disloyal intentions. infamous robberies and oppression.

PORTUGAL From a proclamation, after year the work of conquest goes on. which will be found in another part of this


Number, it appears, that our troops, in of a country, the people, notwithstanding Portugal, have become an object of dislike, all the pillaging that we hear of, make no at least, if not of hostility, with the people efforts to get rid of him, and, if deiivered of that country. The proclamation fairly by a third power, appear to feel very little warrants this inference; for, otherwise, pleasure at the event? Courtiers affect to why call upon the people to restrain their be surprised and indignant at this. “ Curse fury, and assure them, that the English are on the base rabble, not draw a single trignot become French ? - The INTENDANT, ger against the Corsican !” Not so paswhose name is to the proclamation, assures sionate, gentlemen. Base rabble will do the people, that the English are not come nothing that is high-minded, so long as they in the character of conquerors; but to free are base rabble. Buonaparte, believe me, the Portuguese from slavery ; and, then, he has no secret allurements. He does not, enters into some general reasoning, in order like Poins, carry love-powder about him ; Po show, that what he states must be true. or, if he does, why do not you order your

Now, though I am not at all disposed famous Apothecary-General to send out a to controvert the statements, and still less large packet with each of your generals ? the reasonings, of the Intendant, I must be You scorn, I suppose, the use of such allowed to ask, how it came to pass, that

means ?

You prefer making love after the any such assurances were thought necessary? manner of the Muscovites ? No: there is How the Portuguese, or any considerable no witchcraft in the matter. Napoleo: has part of them, came to suppose, or to appear no trouble but to enter the several countries to suppose, or act as if they supposed, that he means to conquer. The rest is done rea. the English were come as conquerors ? Or, dy to his hands. Here I shall insert a how they came to need any assurances, that short paragraph from the Morning Chronicle, the English came to free them from slavery? and another from the Courier, the latter I should, I must confess, like to have an being an answer to the former, and this answer to these questions; because, to me, latter requiring some observations from me, it appears to be of vast moment to ascertain containing, as it does, some of those wicked the causes, which led the people to be in a opinions, which have already produced so state of uncertainty as to these very material much mischief, and which, i fear, will points. There were persons in England, finally lead to something bordering npon who, the moment they saw them, appre

total ruin." This state of things suge hended serious michiefs from our

" ardent

gests the most serious reflection. If we Ininded" proclamations in Portugal, and " have not only to deliver the subjugated amongst these persons were the editors of nations from the yoke of France, but afm the two principal English daily prints, the terwards to employ our army in forcing Morning Chronicle and the Times; but, " them to submit io a gorernment of our there must, I think, be some cause more

« establishment, which they detest equally remote than this ; for, those proclamations, " with French domination, no wonder that would hardly, one would suppose, have

"o the work of deliverance advances but been issued, unless something like discon- slowly. So the secret comes out at last, tent had already made its appearance. At why, to the astonishment of every one, any rate, we appear to be in a difficulty; our army loitered so long in Portugal, for, if the proclamations, just referred to, “after having apparently atchieved the were not necessary, then, there is room to purpose for which it was sent; and suppose, that they have led to the present The Morning Post seems for state of discontent; and, if necessary, that to have let out the truth.

It was necessity, considering the tenor of them, is " because an army of 35,000 men a proof, that we were not at any time, or, necessary, to borrow the words of the at least, after the Convention, very welcome " Ministerial Journal, to constrain the reguests in Portugal.- It is, I fear, in Por- " fractory classes of the Portuguese, that tugal, as we have seen it everywhere else, " That lamentable delay took place, which the fact, that the great mass of the people has brought every thing to jeopardy, perfeel litile concern about the ejecting of the “ laps' to ruin. And it is noi, it seems,

in French,' to whose wild and heroic sway “ the cause of the people of Portugal--it is they submit with more patience than to the not in the cause of liberty and indepensway of their old governments, which sway

dence, nor for our own security, nor I need not describe.- -Need we ask what even for the diminution of buonaparte's is the cause of this? Need we ask, why power, that the people of England have Napoleon meets with little or no resistance; expended their blood and treasure. We and that, when once he has got possession “ have been spending our money and shed,

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