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of the troops who formed the camp 30,000 men, while the dukes of Elchingen Roch, and of the whole force of Audalız- and Belluro are already posted on its rear. sia, Valentia, Carthagena, and Madrid. It is The remaining 60,000 effective men may against this arıny the French tronps are now amount to 40,000 under arms, 30,000 of nianoeuvring: the rest having been dispera- whom are in Catalonia, and 10,000 at Maded and destroyedin the battles of Espinosaandrid, at Valencia, and in o:her garrison towns, Burgos.--The head-quarters were removed or in motion. - Before he proceeded a step on the 22d from Burgos to Lerma, and on beyond the Duero, the eriperor resolved to
Duke of Elchingen marched on the 220 to Soria ; and to inflict a similar fate on that of general the town was disarmed, and a committee of Castanos on the right. -- This plan once exewell-disposed persons appointed for the ad- cuted, the march to Madrid will be but a ministration of the province. The dukeisnow promenade. This grand design must, before in Medina Celi, and his light troops scour the present moment, have been accomplishthe road from Saragossa to Madrid. --On the ed. With respect to the corps of Catalonia, 22d the Dukes of Montebello and Corne- which is composed, in a great measure, of the gliano formed a junction near the bridge of troops of Valencia, Murcia, and Grenada, Lodosa -On the 24th the Duke of Bel. these provinces being threatened, will withluno renoved his head-quarters to Vente draw their troops, that is, if the state of the Gornez. Almost all the roads of commu- communications will permit. At any rate, nication between Madrid and the northern the 7th corps, after the conclusion of the provinces are intercepted by our troops, siege of Rosas, will give a good account of whose light parties have picked up a great them.-At Barcelona, general Duhes'ne, number of couriers and mails.--The ulmost with 15,000 men, and supplies for six confusion seems to prevail in Madrid, and months, answers for that important place.the whole nation anxiously desires the resto. We have said nothing of the English forces. sation of that tranquillity and peace, of It seems that one division is in Gallicia, and which Spain bas been deprived by the that another inadaits appearance at Badajoz, puerile arrogance and criminal cunning of a about the end of last month.
If the few intriguers.-It appears difficult for any English have any cavalry, we must have peso army which forms the right of the enemy, ceived it ; for our light troops have almost and is now on ihe banks of the Ebro, to reached the frontiers of Portugal. It ibey fall back on Madrid, and the south of have infantry, they probably have no interiSpain.-The events which are now prepa- tion to employ it in beheif of their ailies; ring will probably decide the fate of ihis for it is now thirty days since the campaigai other moiety of the Spanish army.-For was opened; three large armies have been these three days we have bad damp and destroyed; an inmense quantity of artillery hazy weather. This season is more hurtful is taken ; the provinces of Castile, la Monto the natives of the couniry than to men tano, Arragon, Soria, &c. are conquered ; accustomed to the climate of the north.- in a word, the fate of Spain and Portugal is Gen. Goueson St. Cyr continues vigorously decided, and nothing is heard of any move. to push on the siege of Bosas.
ment of the English troops --At the same Tenth Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, time, one-hialf of the French army is not
dated Aranda de Duero, Nov. 26. yet arrived. Part of the 4th corp; of the It appears that the Spanish forces amount army, the whole of the 5th and sth corps, to 180,000 effective men.-80,000 effective six regiments of light cavalry, many commen, making 60,000 men under arms, who panies of artillery and sappers, and a great composed the armies of Gallicia and Estre. number of men belonging to the regimenis madura, and were commanded by Blake, La which are in Spain, have not yet passed the Romava, and Galuzzo, have been dispersed Bidassoa.-In iruth, and without doing irand put hors de combul — The army of An- justice to the bravery of our soldiers, it may dalusia, Valencia, New Castle, and Arra- be asserted lle at there conot be worse troops gon, commanded by Casianos, Penas, and than the Spanish. Like the Arabs, ther car: Palafox, and which likewise appeared to Jurk behind houses, but ibey have no disr. amount to 80,000 men, that is, 10 00,000 pline, no knowledge of manæuvres, and it under arms, will, in a few days, meet its is inipoible for them to make any resistance fate. 'I he marshal duke of Montebelio has in a field of battle. received orders to attack it, in front, with
(To be continued)
Punted by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydiges Street, CoventGarden, where former Numbers may be bad: sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Maii.
Vol. XIV.No. 26.] LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1808. [Price 100.
The Honourable C. Stewart is serving as a Brigadier, or a Major, General, in Spain or Portugal, with, of Curse, the pay and allowances of that rank. He is a member of the House of Commons. He is also, according to a Report, printed by order of that House, an Under Secretary of State in the office of the war department, which office is kept in Downing Street, and, in which latter capacity, he receives two thousand pounds a year. He is a brother of Lord Castlereagh. 901)
[9(2 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
ariny, which we fought with 17 thousand COURT OF INQUIRY.-- Since the arri- men, consisted of 14 thousand, and if the val, and appearance, of Sir Harry Burrard, French had, as they bad according to the the objects of Inquiry have taken a new Convention-makers' account, 13 thousand shape. This general is accused of having more, besides the Russians, in their rear, prevented Sir Arthur Wellesley from pur- would it not have been madness to have atsuing his victory on the 21st of August ; templed a pursuit of the 14 thousand, who that is to say, at the close of those proceed- were retiring upon their reserves and their ings, which constituted what has been cal-forts? The enemy was not routed; he led the Victory of V'imiera.
It clearly ap.
was in very little confusion ; we took pears, that Sir Harry Barrard was opposed some prisoners, but no standards that I to the advance of our troops, which advance have yet heard of; and, from the account led to the battle of that day; and, after the given before the Court of Inquiry, it does battle was put an end to by the retreat of not seem that much of a victory was, upon the French, he, having then landed, and the whole, obtained, though there evidently being upon the spot, was likewise opposed was a good deal of bravery displayed, on to a pursuit of the enemy. It is impossi- the part of our troops.Thus, as to the ble for the public to be able to determine, conduct of Sir Harry Burraid, it appears to whelber this decision was right or wrong, me, that the whole of the case turns upon unless they could come at an authentic the question, of what was the real strength statement of the force of the French. . Sir of the French army, or the strength of Azzur Wellesley now says again, that the which our people had information ? Upon whole of the effective force of the French this question will also depend, whether Sir was that day engaged. If so, and, if the Arthair Weilesley was righr, or wrong, in roads and distances were as they are descri- advancing upon the 21st of August; for, bed in the published evidence; then it cer if he was aware, that the Freuch had an tainly does appear, that the enemy might, army of 27 or 25 thousand men, it was by a pursuit of thein, have been completely evidently faulty, and even criminal in bin, defeated ; and, of course, that Sir Harry not to wait for the arrival of Sir John Burrard was the sole cause of preventing Moore's division, which division was, at that that defeat. We must take it for granted, time, actually landed in Portug::l; and which that the roads and distances have been ac- could have been brought to the scene of curately described; but, as to the force of the action in the course of a few days. Nay, eneniy, if that force did really consist of upon the su position, that the 111 tousand in 27 or even of 25 thousand men, as the Con- " Kendal Green ” were the whole of the vention-makers would fain have us believe ; French army, and that the 13.000 rognes then the decision of Sir Harry Burrard was - in Buckram” have only been brought in certainly wise; fur, in that case, is it at all for the purpose of justifying the Convenprobable, that our army would not have tion; even, upon this supposition, it does not been hnally defeated, if not captured in ap, ear to me, that Sir Harry Burrard was to great part or in whole, especially as it is ac. blame for wishing to bring up the division of knowledged, on all hands, that the French Sir John Moore previous to an advance were greatly superior to us in cavalry, and against " the Duke of Abrantes in person ;” that we could not get on our artillery? Be- be alie, as the French could, at any time, resides, it now clearly appears, that, though treat towards their foris; as there was nocomthere was some confusion in the French army, pelling them to keep the held againse 17 any that confusion was by no means general. m vre'han against 25 thousand of our troops, The retiring corps formed in good order, not it does not seem to me, that any thing coulet only in sight of our army, but within the have been lost by the delay of a few days, reach of our artillery. Now, if the French while it is quite clear, that much might have
been gained, because no one can fail to per- could have been annibilated by continuing ceive, that a retreat before 25 ihousud men the pursuit of the 21st of August. Besides, must have been more dificult, than a re- does it not appear from the evidence, tlat, treat before 17 thousand. But, though at most, supposing the pursuit to have beeg such a determination, the part of attended with all the success, which its ! Sir Harry Burrard, might have been most strenuous advocales contend for, ibere wise previous to the bawe of the 21st was only a part of the French army, of August, it does not follow, that, sup- amounting to about 4 or 5 thousand men, posing ihe French force to have been lleus in- that there was the smallest chance of inferior to ours, bis decision was wise after tercepting on their retreat towards their that baitie; because then all the advantages strong holds ?". What becomes, ther, to be hoped for from greatly superior num- of the pretence, that, aflot the 21st of bers were given up. ---So much for the August, “the opportunity was lost?" The reasoning upon sopposition. But, I think, object of this pretence is evident enough. there can be no doubt in the public mind, Sir Hew, it is clear, is no more than a that, at the utmost, the French force did participator with Sir Arthur, whom lie was not exceed 14 or 15 thousand men ; and to consult, whom he did cocsult, and with that ot this fact our officers were well as- whose concurrence he acted. It is, there. sured. How does il is tell, then, for the fore, necessary to make it out, ibat ibe fault Convention ? What becomes of all the pal. Jay elsewhere ; and the only way that can be try excuses for suffering the French to go off found out of doing this, and of combining with their plunder, and with all the ho:hours all the purposes together, is to throw the of war, and to be carried home, and set blame upon him who prevented a pursuit down (ready to march against the Spaniards) on the 21st ; but, unfortunately for this at our expence? The cause of this dis
scheme, it rillst be shown, by those who graceful event appears to me to be the de- have invented it, that the army in the forts sign of Wellesley to have to himself all the was the same, or very nearly the same honour that was to be achieved, and the de- army, that retreated before our troops the sire of Sir Harry Burrard to thwari him day beforc; and this does not suit any of in that design. Wellesley hastened to the
the persons concerned in making the Coacombat before Sir Harry landed, and
vention ; of course, it does pot suit Sir against Sir Harry's expressed opinion, who Arthur Wejlesley, who is in this dilemma : wanted the former to wait for the arrival of either the French had 27 or 25 thousand Sir John Moore. On the 22d. Wellesley men, or they had 14 or 15 thousand. It was no longer commander-in-chief. Any the former, Sir Harry Burrard was right ia honour gained by capturing the French must wishing to wait for Sir John Moore, ord bave been claimed ad enjoyed by another also in preventing a continuation of the Wellesley's name would have apppeared pursuit on the 21st of Angust: if the larneither at the head nor the tail of ihe offi.
ter, then the Convention, in making whii cial paper's relating to the event; and, Sir Arihor Wellesley had his fuil share, is which was of still more importance, in this deprived of one of the principal facts, view of the matter, bis “ Victory of Vi- which have been stated in its justification. " miera" would have sunk into compa- -This clutter about the « fatal effects rative insignificance. If not to a cause of " of preventing the gallant Sir Artbc: a jealousy somewhere or
“ from pushing forward on the 21st" is : other ; to what can we ascribe a Conven- ruse de guerre, against which the people tion, such as that of Cintra, inade with an should be upon their guard. Granted that enemy, whose whole force, commanded he would bare pushed on; granted that lay the Duke of Abrantes in person," he would have succeeded ; granted that he had been obliged to retreat, at least, before would have cut off and captured the 4 one half of the army which we had ready or 5 thousand men, whom he and his to act on the day when that Convention was friends sav be could have captured. What sigued ? Oh," say they, “but, after then ? What would that have done towards the 21st the opportunity was lost." What driving out of the forts, the 27 or 25 thouopportunity? What opportunity, my good sand men, which they are now said to hare Nabobites ? Why, the opportunity of contained ? Evidently nothing. Junot would ". annihilating the whole of the French have been able to march out, the very best
army.”. This is what you said at first; day, with a force greatly superior to ours, but, you had not then thought of the 13 and consisting cbiefly of fresh troops. thoisand men in Buckran. At the utmost, And, if we take away this force of Buckram it was only the army in Kendal Green that
men, away goes Sir Arthur's chief argue
this sort ;
ment in favour of the Convention. It is, “ dictated to thirteenthousand Englishmen, therefore, the Convention to which our at- the terms of the Convention of Cintra, tention is still to be directed. We ought " which terms caused a tiring of cannon, not to suffer our minds to be led astray by " and an illumination in London, under the any of these pretences of " a lost opporlu- " direction of those who administered the lunity." Let it, for argument sake, be government." granted, that Sir Harry Burrard acted on- SPAIN.If the French bulletins and wisely ; let it be granted, that, if he had accounts be true, Buonaparte was at Ma. kled upon the suggestion of Sir Arthur Wel- drid on the 4th jostant, and, of course, his lesley, 5 thousand Frenchmen would have brother has, before now, been crowned in been captured on the 21st ; still, according that city. Madrid is not Spain ; and, upon to the latter's own first account, there would the supposition, that a complete change of have been but a force, one half, at most, as the government be intended by those who great as ours to subdue. The whole question are at the head of attairs in Spain, the is, after all, a nere question of numbers, country, I hope, will let the invading despot If the French had, as we were first told,
that his conquest 'is bardly yet begun. only the 14 thousand men, who were eu- He will issue proclamations, as the Duke gaged in the battle of the 21st, then nothing of Brunswick diel ; but, with men resolved in the world can justify the Convention of to l've free, or die, hostile proclamations are Cintra ; and, if they had 27, or even 25 nothing, A correspondent, whose letter I thousand men, previous to that baftie, the insert below, complains of my“ lukewarmgetting them out of Portugal, except upon
as to the reverses in Spain, and the condition of retaining their plunder and says he expected from me something more securing indemnity to their partisans, was a patriotic." Now, I bave no recollection very meritorious and honourable service, of what I have said, or thought, lipon this and there is no blame attaches to any of the subject; if I have, upon any occasion, shown generals ; though one cannot very well ex- myself wanting in warmth towards the case Sir Arthur Wellesley, whose greediness cause of the Spanish people, whom I refor fame would have led him to continue garded as engaged in a most perilous conflict his pursuit of the 21st, while “ the Duke against a despot, to whom their toner desd'Abrantes " could have come out upon him pot had transferred them. For iheit own with 13 thousand fresh troops.
As to the settling of this important question, no for the sake of other nations, who, in more proof has been produced, or attempted to be than one way, might be induced to follow produced, that the French had 27 or 25 their example, as far as that example might thousand soldiers that could possibly have be found to apply to their several situations. been brought into the field; and, as I have The resistance of the Spaniards to the de. before asked, is it probable ; nay, is it possi- clared will of their late masters, and to the lle, chat Junot, who knew that our army was threats and violence of their new ones, exdaily receiving large reinforcements, would cited in my mind more pleasure, as far as I have met our 17 thousand men, with only 14 know, than I had ever felt at any political thousand, if he had had 27 or 25 thousand event. But, what had this to do with a men capable of being brought into the field? war for that very Ferdinand, by whom they There is not, I think, one man in the had been abandoned, and by whom they had whole world, who is impudent enough to been, in terms the most earnest, exhorted say, that he believes the affirmative of this to submit to the sovereign sway of Joseph proposition. It cannot be believed.
Of Napoleon ? My correspondent, in conicourse, the public must still see, as the plaining, that I am “ continually looking world will always see, that about 12 or 13 " at the abuses of the old government," asks thousand Frenchmen, allowing for the losses me, if I am not assured that those abuses of the battle of the 21st of August, ob- " would be corrected ?" I answer, that, tained from, or rather dictated to, 30 thou- so far from being assured of this, I see no sand Englishmen the terms of the Conven- reason to lelieve the fact, in the case of a tion of Cintra. Whitewash, plaister, dis.
successful war in behalf of the old governguise the matter howsoever we may ; con- ment; and, if I had had no doubts upon the fuse, confound, bewilder, as long as we subject before, the proclamation of the please ; to this plaiu nut-shell statement, the Central Junta, for restraining what is there world, who has no interest in becoming our called “ the licentiousness of the press," dupes, will spill return; and this the enemy would have excited such doubts ; because, does, and will continue to, throw in ou for reasons which I have, of late, amply
Thirteen thousand Frenchmen stated, I can see no good motive for restrain.
to sakes I heartily wished them success, and also,
ing the press, nor, indeed, any motive at for a king, too, who was in the bands, comall, other than that of preventing the pro- pletely in the power, of the despot, mulgation of truth ; and, of that person, or whose armies were about to be sent against that government, that desires to prevent them? Who, but such people, would such promulgation, I want very little else to not have considered, that there were, and enable me to judge of the charicier. that there must be, a numerous party in " But," says my correspondent, “if the Spain opposed to Ferdinand, and ibat the " abuses were not to be corrected, is this a war, if carried on for him, must be carried “ time to chill the blool of patriotism?" on by a party or faciion ? It is the common What is patriotism, Sir ? Is it love of trick of partisans, to regard and describe country? If so, let me ask you, whether by their own party as the whole community; r :storing the old government of Spain, with but who, except the people I am now speakall its abuses, good wonid be done to either ing of, would not have known, that it was Spain or England ? I think not; and, reilly, next to impossible, if not quite impossible, you must excuse me, if, in my turn, 1 ex- that the whole of the Spanish people press my " surprise and indignation" 10
should approve of the act by which Ferhear an Englishman say that, from which I dinand had supplanted his father, thongh may fairly infer, that he would gladly see the latter was a half-ideot, and thougb the blood of his countrymen flow, for the his favourites were notoriously the most preservation, or restoration, of the Inqui- corrupt and rascally
iu the sition.- lam as well aware äs my corres-- nation? What was there in the corpondent can be, of the “ tremendous power duct character of this Ferdinand, * of Buonaparte ;" but I have never seen, that could be expected to produce such a and I do not now see, the means of singular feeling in his favour? We bare checking the progress of that power, often spoken of his conduct since the affair in the olit system of Spain, or of any of Aranjuez ; and, we have, since the war other nation. I wished to see a new sys- has been carried on for him, made, through tem brought to bear against him in Spain. Mr. Pedro Cevallos, the discovery, that this That wish has not yet been gratified ; and famous king had actua..y given his consent I am not to blame if I cannot see any good
"a Princess of France;" that is likely to arise from a perseverance in the to say, one of the female relations of Buoold system. When the people of Spain naparte, or of his wife. And, this is the first took up arnis, they talked of “ the king, for whom we are making war. This “ abuses and corruptions of the late infa- is the “ beloved Ferdinand vil.” This is
mous government;" and they uttered un- the object, for which the whole people ci Teserved imprecations on the Traitors at Spain, eleven or twelve millions of people, * Bayonne." They then drove the French are to risk their property ard their lives. before them. They have now changed their Time was when whole nations srifered language; and they do not now, ihat we themselves to be half butchered in such a hear, frequently drive the french before cause ; but, that time is passed, and whoan them. I do not say, howerer, that the one
Who but ibe basest of mauhind has proceeded solely from the other; for, I can possibly regret it?--A correspondent always expected the Spaniards to be beaten at has lately reminded me, that, at the outått first; but, if I had thus far seen ihe Spa- of the insurrection in Spain, I expresai nimrds successful, I should still have been my bope, that the people would be left 10 fully persuaded, that, unless they made a choose a government for themselves; and, complete revolution, they would have been that, as they huve chosen Ferdinand VII, I finally subdued.---The Spanish cause was should be content. Prove to be that they good till it was taken up by those, who never have. The Central Junta have, I know did, and never will, approve of any thing and lament; but, without inquiring into which is not bad at bottom. Who, but their motives, I know that we have no proof, such people as those, to whom I allude, that the people have made any such choice. Would, when the Spaniards discovered I always bear in mind the toast at the Turtle such an excellent disposition, have set so Feast.' That toast had a great deal of meanSystematically at work, to harness then in ing. It was said at the time, and cow we the cause of royalty? Who, when they saw see the verification of the saying. the Spanish kings go off without any re- PORTUGAL is, too, in an unsatisfactosistance on their own part, or on the part of ry state," if we are to believe that wb ch the people, would, by 1oasts or otherwise, is given as iutelligence coming from that us. have given that people to understand, that fortunate kingdom. Divided into parties Hiey would do well to fight for a king, and and factions, there can be no such thing as