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with the public, in favour of the truth of On the other side, upon the supposition, Major Hogan's statement. There cannot have that the Major's statement be correct, there been less, supposing the thing to have been is little or no chance of a discovery ; for, as an imposture, \han six or eight persons in my correspondent observes, as to ihe tracing sume measure acquainted with it. Major of the notes, you are liable to be stopped by Hogan must have hired the barouche and

any one of the possessors refusing to tell bow horses; for what person would have let he disposed of them, or any of them ; bethem to a woman, who could have been en- sides which, the possessors may not be in gaged in such a service? The two servants the kingdom, or, if in it, not to be found; must recollect the expedition. The heroine to say nothing about the circumstance of herself together with her companions, or ser- people's forgetting, or never looking at, vants, at bome. This affair has made so much The numbers of the bauk-notes that fall into noise; it has been so long a matter of public their hands. Then, the woman, if the story conversation ; that, one would think it be true, having her own carriage and seralmost impossible, that all these parties vants, there would be no coach-master 10 should have kept the secret, until this day, trace her to ; and, though the servants of especially as there were such strong tempta- such a person are not likely to be remarkable tions to a disclosure, and no temptation at for their fidelity, they would be under no all, in any one, except the Major himsel temptation to betray their mistress, or emto prevent such disclosure.

This was my ployer, there being no chance of gaining by reasoning before I started the question about their treachery, while there would be a the publication of the numbers of the bank- pretty good chance of their losing by it.notes ; but, as that was pointed out to me as Such is the light, in which I view this matquite effectual to ascertain froin whom the ter. I must confess that I felt great planotes caine into the Major's hands; as I could sure at hearing a sufficient cause assigned fur see no reasonable objection, which the Ma. the not publishing of the numbers of the jor could have, to such publication ; and, as notes ; because, I should have been greatly he neither published the numbers, nor took mortified to find, that a gentleman of such any notice of my hint, I' concluded that he excellent character as Major Hogan appears dared not try the experiment. But, if it be to be ; that so worthy a man and so very true, as I must suppose it is, and as I am meritorious an officer, should, though from now, for the first time, informed, that he a sense of ill-treatment, have been induced was gone abroad before my hint was given, to go so far as to state and to promulgale, this conclusion of mine was, of course, pre- under his own signature, a deliberate and mature. It is very desirable that the long-intended falsehood. truth of this matter should be ascertained

The " Poor WATCHMAKER OF A and publicly exposed. If the Major has | Rotten Borough," in his enumeration of really trumped up the story about the lady national calamities and disgraces, has overand the notes; if bis revenge has carried him looked one, which is greater than any of the so very far, it is proper that it should be rest, but which I need not name, when I known ; and, it appears to me, that no. add, that it is its existence which prevents thing is more easy ihan for the police to me from giving to the world bisexcellent and find out the heroine and the attendants. I admirable letter. This is our curse; this is cannot refrain from again expressing my our political pestilence. Every word be has surprize, that, upon the supposition of the said ought to be read by every man in the thing being an imposture, no one of the kingdom. Let us hope, that a time may parties should have yet made a voluntary dis- come, when the public may read this very covery. They must all have heard of the letter; and, in the meanwhile, let us kot noise made by their calling at the hotel ; the fret ourselves much as to what so engages ihe calling there must be fresh in their memory; hopes and fears of the coffee-house politithey niust all be aware of the advantage to cians. Oh! how gladly would I drag forth be derived from turning evidence ; the sea

rascals, who gloss over their treasons is between them and the Major ; amongst to their country by high-sounding deciathe vilest of man and woman kind they úr rations ; raising one hand high with must necessarily be ; and yet, they do not, “ energetic enthusiasm, vowing their eternal there is no one of them that does, come

vengeance on the French tyrant, while forward with a discovery. Supposing, " the other is actively rummaging the pub. therefore, the thing to be an imposture, “ lic pocket!" But, I will keep his letter 'ere must be, in the composition of these treasured up for the use of family and nps' minds, a most uncommon mixture friends; and I beg him to accept of my

ness and of honourable feeling. best thanks for taking the trouble to commu.

the "

which your

nicate it to me. -This " WATCHMAKER". notes! -The motives that would prompt such is a man after my own heart,

a claim are obvious;- first, the claimant Some peculator, who calls himself “ A would obtain the noles, and secondly, he " Hu:npshire Man," has written me a letter might secure favour, by producing such an upon the subject of the last Winchester evidence of spontaneous zeal. Such a suismeeting For the reasons, stated in the picioh you would certainly think excusable, beginning of my letter to Mr. Poulter, I were I to name to you four, in particular, of shall not insert this letter ; though I should, the gentry, by whom the application has I must confess, be glad to see it published, been actually made.-But the application of particularly in this county, as a specimen of these men, Sir, materially differed from the folly as well as the baseness of those, that which you have made : they required a who stand forward as the champions of cor- private communication ; you call for the ruption and peculation.

publication of the notes, and with your Butley, Dec. 15, 1808.

proposition I am entirely disposed to con,

cur.-Indeed so fully impressed have I MAJOR HOGAN'S APPEAL.

been for some time, with the propriety of Sir,-Respecting as I do the great talents such a proceeding, in order to remove all by which you are distinguished, and still doubt, and to facilitate the detection of more their bold and independent exercise, guilt, that long before your paragraph apa any suggestion from you naturally commands peared, I had written to Major Hogan, my attention.- 1 therefore feel myself urged strongly advising bim, first to give the notes to submit a few remarks upon two para- to soine charitable institution, and then to graphs which have lately appeared in your publish the numbers.—But Major Hogan Register, upon the subject of Major Ho having gone to America, some time after gan's Appeal. In the first of these para- the publication of the pamphlet, in order graphs, you require, upon the suggestion of to make arrangements of property with his a friend, that Major Hogan should publish brother, who is one of the first merchants the numbers of the notes,

in the United States; the Major's agent must friend alleges may in that case be traced wait for his acquiescence, before your prowith facility, and in your second paragraph, position can be complied with. The Mayou state, that, “ if the Major does this, the jor assured me, that he would return to Enz“ public will believe the account concerning | land by February or March ; before that *s ihe notes to be true; if he does not, they period, however, I have reason to hope for “ will, with very great reason, believe it to bris answer to my request.--His compliance " be a most atrocious falsehood." If this story will, I assure you, afford me much satisbe really false, Sir, I agree with you, as to its faction, although I do not feel myself in atrocity, nay, I should consider even the the slightest degree implicated, in any part term atrocily as too feeble to describe its of the transaction, having received the character.-But if it be true, Mr. Cobbelt, whole of the statement from Major Hogan, in what terns of reprobation would you and taking it entirely upon his faith and credescribe all the hireling scribblers, and scur- dit, which I have no reason whatever to rilous slanderers, all the newspapers, pam

doubt, as I do not find the authenticity of phlets, magazines, and reviews, which have, any of the documents referred to in that for the last two months, teemed with such publication, has ever been questioned. vulgar venom against the reputation of Ma- Upon this aft:rir of the bank notes, I must, jor Hogan ?-This gallant officer's Appeal Mr. Cobbett, take leave to say, that I am by had not been long before the world, when no means disposed to adopt the doubts, several persons applied to know the numbers which seem to exist, as to the probability of of the notes. But how simple must those such an event ; for I can easily suppose, who made the application have been, or how that a woman of fashion and intrigue might simple must they have conceived the person have quite sufficient motives for doing to whom they addressed it, in supposing what is, by Major Hogan, stated to that it would or could be safely complied have been done by the person in question. with, while the agent of Major Hogan stood One of the pamplaleteers asks with pledged to give up the notes to any person some air of triumph, " what could have who could state their numbers. For, if the “ taken any person to a newspaper office, application had been acceded to, what se- to inquire after Major Hogan's address, curity existed that some callous swindler “ which could be so easily kuown, by apwould not avaid himself of the information plication at the Horse Guards?"-But the aud immediately stand forward to claim the Major, having, some weeks before resigned

his con niission, n bing about his address MAJOR CARTWRIGHT, ON THE AFFAIRS Wis krowli at the Horse Guards.--- Another

OF SPAIN. pamphleteer a:ks, why apply at a newspaper Sir, -The Proclamation from Aranjuez, iffici', when the name of a bookselier ap- bearing date the 20th of October, and pubpeared ? But the feet is, that ro bookseller's lished in the " Times " of the 3u of this De appeared to the first advertisement, instant, fully justities the conclusions drawn which was published in August.

in my letier, inserted in your Register of Now. Sir, as to the facility of trcig the the 29th of October, touching the patriota notes, I rather think your friend bas been views of the supreme junta; but if virtue too sanguine. To satisfy you of that, I need herwelt be too slow in her movements, conooly refer to the case of Lord Melville, sequences the most fatal may ensue. As the where a committee of the House of Cow- Salvation of Spain depended on the people mons, invested with powers, to send for being made politically free, and being armpersons, papers, and records, found it ex.

est, these were points on which there ought iremely difficult to trace any of the notes, not to have been a moment's hesitation. and were entirely unable to trace some The very first resolution of the supreme junta, Then, Sir, if, with the means which that and while the oath of fidelity was warni upon committee possessed, ubstacles arose, how their lips, ought to have been, that a nation. can it be so coulidently stated, that it is in al cortes, equally representing the people, the power of any individual, or even of the and annually elected by all who contribuie directors of the Bank of England, to trace to the taxes, should as soon as possible be the roles, alluded to in Major Hogan's Ap- assembled ; and that all the able-bodied of peal. --It must be obvious, that any india the whole community should be jostantly vidual may refuse to answer the applicazion trained for war, and furnished with arms a3 of the person or persons endeavouring to expeditiously as they could be procured; and trace such votes, and the probability of a to these objects the whole energies of the refusal to answer, where the answer might junta ought, in the first instance, to have betray aparis, making an improper appli- been directed. Cation of suci notes, is so strong, that I al- These being the principles I have uniforniways heard withi surprise, have the confident ly inculcated, they cannot, now that disaslanguage of those, who talked so much lits have been experienced, be called allerabout the facility of tracing these potce. thoughts; and I could appeal to a Spanish Aller ail, Mr. Cublett, let us argue this nobleman, for having, in a letter dated so matter as He Day, it must resolve itself into far back as the 21st of June, expressed an a question of faith, and then you are to anxiety for se

secing the English force with consider, whether you will atiach credit to “ The best of the Spanish in the service of the words of Nor hogan, recimended their country, in the Pyrenees. "- Wat as he is, 10 your respect, by sore of the Lave been in both counities the causes of de111 military characters in the country, or lay, and w bli boy be the fatal consequences, wierber you will allend to the mere doubts, are objects worth; investigation ; because a surmises, and conjectures, of sscophanis i knowledge uiihem might be hız lily instructin orice, and anonymous,

hibeilers.--- ive. No time, however, ought to be last Here let me conclude, Sir, with the repe. in attenfiting to retrieve pasi errors; and, tion your own words, that “ the attir fioin the heroism and constancy of the Spa. ofike Baik notes has 10 connection with nish character, much may be hoped for. If

Major Hogan's case, which clost's before the mind of Spain be not subdued, the far" this afinir occurs "-- But the motives ther the enemy leads his columns into the which uige that meritorious officer's assail. country, the sooner perlaps he may be ceants, to dwell so much upon this atlair, are stroyed. I say perhaps ; for, knowing very quise obvious. The case of Blejor fiogn little vi actu.i circumstances, I cannot judge is found inpregnabie, because the ground's what is iinely to be the event. We bave, of his complaintre undeniable, and ihere- however, seen the confidence with which tore, it is inought expedient, by his foes, Buonaparte las undertaken the conquest of to fix the public atienuon as much is possible, the Peninsula, at a time when the whole upon the business of the Bank notes, be- people were apparently hostile, and when cause it aiiurds some opportunity for cavil. ling.

every hand that had a weapon would be rais.

ed against him. If, nuder such circuma THE PUBLISHER OF MAJOR stances, we should see that Peninsula actually HOGAN'S APPEAL.

subdued, the event must give birth to two Decemler 0, 1608.

reflectivas, on which we cannot ponder with

too much or too serious allention. First, for mocking the nation with a species of trithat all the combinations of political and bunal which has all the qualities of a packed military powers, applicable to invasion and jury, and no one attribute of a court of jusoffensive war, hare, in the Fresich govern- tice or equity; and the great rival parties in ment, attained a degree of perfection far ex. the state inay still think it a season, for facceeding even those of Rome, and consequent. tiously contending with each other for power; ly whatever was before experienced among but ought not all parties, and all descriptions mankind; and that, for resisting the attacks of men, rather to consider how long it may of such an invader, nothing is to be dependo be, before we ourselves may have to contei d ed on, short of the best conibinations of po- with that invader, under whose prowess malitical and military power which are applica- ny are of opinion Spain and Portugal mu: t ble to defence. Secondly, that that national sink? disease, of which inveterate despotism and Should such an event take place, it habitual slavery are the indications, so breaks would need not the spirit of prophecy to down and destroys the constitution, the ener- foretel, that nought but reforms, civil gies, anri the very means and capacities, of and military, completely restoring to us a stale", that the mere dissolution of its de- those best combinations which are applicable testabie government is by no means a resto- to defence, could save the throne, or governratioa of health and vigour. According to

ment of vur country.

But when those comcircumstances, its recovery must be a work binations are at the same time the very esof tiine of greater or less duration ; as ge. sence of our coustitution, which, in the nius and virue bave more or less the ascend- strictest sense, is a constitution of liberty aut; and as the tr" spirit of liberty shall be

and arms,

were it not the first dury of more or less arou ed and cherished.

king, ministers, parliament, and people, to . it was at an early period of the struggle, restore whatever is in decay, and with one and in my first public letter on Spanish af- heart and one soul build up again the dilapifairs, written on the 15th, and inserted in dated parts of our constitution, and rear your Register of July, the 23d, that I used again the fallen parts of our liberties, yet, this language :-" If she fail in the attempt, as mere matter of the most vulgar prudence, “ it can only be, because she reformed and it should seem advisable, not to neglect these armed too late; AND IF SHE FALL, WE things until the Iberian peninsula nay bi

KNOW WHOSE HARXESS, FOR THE FINAL come French, until the inarine of France may

CONFLICT, MUST BE NEXT BUCKLED ON." double our own, and until ihe armies of After just remarking, in coutirmation of my France


be in Ireland or in England. second reflection, that eight months have now But Mr. Miles, in bis letter to the Prince elapsed since the worn-out government of of Wales, p. 73,

tells us of or

a project of Spain was annihilatel; and four months suspending the constitution," which piou. since the French power in the country was ject he attributes to one of whom he

says, in effect broken by the capture of Dupont's is the natural despotism of his teniper is army; which ought to have led to an early “ well known, and it has lost nothing of contest in the very pusses of the Pyrennees, " its stern and inflexible ferocity by a resiwe in England ought not to lose a moment "denice in Asia, where it has been most in effecting those reforms in our own govern:

“ wofully felt." The reason which the ment which, by equally restoring to health person alluded to is said to have given for and vigour both the civil and military branch- bis advice, is this,'that the power of Buo. es of our constitution, shall once more give naparte can only be effectually resisted by us those best combinations of political and a power as despotic as liis own. But there military power which are applicalle lo de- are some objections to this conclusion. First, fence.

in the most effective combinations of poAn attorney-general may think it a right i litical and military power, for offi:nce and season for proposing a statute, abridging the for defence, they are radical differences of rights of liberty and adding to the severities principle. Secondly, neither of the hunn. of law; a court of King's Bench may think bled einperors, nor the king of Prussia, it a right season for acting upon most ques- were at all deficient in des polic power. And, tionable precedents, in committing, for of- thirdly, if despotism is to be our defences in Middlesex, the convicted persons fence against despotism, we may as well to distant gaols, thereby grievously and ca- submit at once to that of Buonaparte himself, lamitously adding to the evils of legal impr. as that of the adviser, or any other. Nay, konment, and causing to the parties a heavy , it would be more creditable as well as more expence, althongh fine made no part of the beneficial : more creditable, because there is sentence; ministers may think it a season less discredit in submitting to a mighty cou

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queror, than to any traitorous usurper of chief, in not always selecting proper men contemptible pretensions; and more bene- for comwand, that parliamentary influence ficial, as we should not only be spared the must be yielded to. Here, is the bane of havoc and bloodshed of a contest, but, when our affairs! Here is the canker-worm preso once slaves, should at least be governed with ing on the vilals of the state! This, Sir, transcendant ability.

is " the accursed ibing" we must " iake As I am not, however, likely ever to be- away," or in the day of trial come a convert to the preachers of despotisni,

stand before enemies." so I must myself continue a preacher of I remain, Sir, &c.- J. CARTWRIGHT. REFORM.

Enfield, Dec. 12th, 1808. I have remarked, that in the combinations for invasion and for defence, there is

OFFICIAL PAPERS. a radical difference. But this requires ex. ENGLAND AND FRANCE.- king of Eng. planation and qualification. In the present land's Declaration against France. Dated state of society, standing, regular, and Westminster, Dec. 15, 1809. highly disciplined armies, are best for in- The overtures made to his majesty by vusion and conquest ; but it is only in des. the governments of Russia and of France potic states that such armies can arrive at the bave not led to negociation : and the magnitude necessary for subduing extensive intercourse to which those overtures gare and potent states ; for so long as any nation rise being terminated, lis majesty thinks it retains its liberty, its standing army must right thus promptly and publicly to make necessarily be limited in its numbers for the known its terinination.- The continued ap: security of that liberty. A free nation, pearance of a negotiation, when peace bas therefore, in these days of civilization, is, been found to be utterly unattainable, could happily, unqualified for the conquest of be advoptageous only to the enerdy.-) other powerful nations. In the rude and might enable France io sow distrust and jea. ferocioiis ages prior to civilization it was lousy in the councils of those who are comotherwise ; for then the nations most free bined to resist her oppressions: and it

, were most warlike; and countries among the nations which groan under the not conquered by standing armies, disci- tyranny of French alliance, or among those pline, and military science, but by whole which maintain against France a doubtful | nations of free men pouring into a territory and precarious independence, there should more fruitful than ineir own, and exterii- be any which even now are balancing benating or subduing nations less free, fierce, tween the certain ruin of a prolonged in. and hardy than themselves. My positions activity, and the contingent dangers of an therefore remain unshaken, that in our effort to save themselves from that ruin ; 10 own age despotism, with its unlimited stand- nations so situated the delusive prospect of ing armies, are the machinery for invasion ; a peace between Great Britain and France wvile liberly and the universal arms-tearing could not fail to be peculiarly injurious of the people, are the means of defence; Their preparations might be relaxed by the always recollecting, that the more universal vain hope of returning tranquillity; or their that arms-bearing of the people, the greater purpose shaken by the apprehension of bemay be with safery the regular army of the ing left to contend alone. – That such was, country in question.

in fact, the main object of France in the Nor, Sir, is reform, radical reform, only proposals transmitted to his majesty from necessary to our political liberty, and to the Erfurth, his majesty entertained a stroo preservation of our property from taxation persuasion.-But at a moment when results at the will and pleasure of a minister, for so awful from their importance, and so frecorrupting parliamentary supporters, and mendous from their uncertainty; might be for enlisting an immense army of civil depending upon the decision of peace or mercenaries for the support of bis power, war, the king felt it due to himself to ascerto be paid out of the pockets of ihe be- tain, beyond the possibility of doubt, the trayed and injured people; but it is necessary views and intentions of his enemies.--| for restoring discipline and vigour to every was difficult for bis majesty to believe, that department of the state; that our affairs the emperor of Russia had' devoted himself abroad as well as at home may not be con- so blindly and fatally to the violence and ducted with imbecility, and our national ambition of the power with which bis im. efforts end in disappointment, and cover us perial majesty had unfortunately become with disgrace. In " A Short English Tale," allied, as to be prepared openly to abe! written in answer to Major Hogan, it is the usurpation of the Spanish monarchy; Jide an apology for the commanders-in- and to ackuowledge and maintain the righe

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