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VOL. XIV. No. 25.) LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1803. [PRICE ICI.

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of rascals, who gloss over their treasons to their country by high-sounding declarations ; raising one hand with energetic enthusiasm, vowing their eternal vengeance on the french tvrant; while “ the other is actively employed in rummaging the Public Pocket."'- -POOR WATCHMAKER'S LETTER. E 929)

(930 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. I doubt; and, when our king came formally SPAIX-l have, for some time past, to appoint a representative of himself to go) left ottihe title,“ Spanish Revolution," be- to Spain, that representative was appointed, cause I perceived, that nothing worihy of not to the Spanish nation, or to the Junta'; the name of revolution was intended. I do Oh, no! to nothing short of “ His Most not say, that the reverses, which the Spa- “ Catholic Majesty, Ferdinand the VIlth.” niards have experienced, bave proceeded It does, and it did at the tinie, appear clearly wholly from their new Junta having disco- to me, as, I think, it must have appeared to sered no disposition to suffer any change to the public in general, that all this amounted take place in the form or system of the go- to a declaration, on our part, that, unless vernment, or to cause a radical reform of the war was a war for the king, we would abrises ; but, it cannot be denied, that it have nothing to do with it ; and, that we was, by many persons besides myself, fear- wouldl, by no means, have any hand in aided, that, unless the people of Spain were ing and abetting a democratical revolution. let completely loose ; unless they were con- The reader will judge, wherher our conduct vinced, that the war was for themselves, and and language did amount to this; that may not for any single person or single family, be a question ; but, it it did, there can be no they would not make much exertion against questions, that we were principally instruthe French. The example of other nations mental in making the ca'ise a kingly instead was added to the reason of the case, in order of a popular one. The proclamations of the to convince the public, that such would be the Junta are now styled Royal Proclamations," effect of obstinately adhering to a war in the They breathe no longer that popular enthuname of Ferd pand VII ; but, the hirelings siasm, which characterized the Addresses of of the press vociferated ; the London mer- the several separate Juntas. They talk of chants and the king's ministers dined and lite but the ill-treatment and the rights of toasted ; and the fatal measure was resolved that “ beloved sovereign Ferdinand VII.” on, to make war for the king of Spain.-- whom to restore to the throna a; pears to be I shall be told, perhaps, that it was the the principal object of the persons in power. choice of the people of Spain to fight for They declare, in one of these " Royal Pro Ferdinand. In answer to this I say ; that, " clamations," that they never will make when the Spaniards first took up arms, their peace with Nnpolron, until their “ beloved declarations against France were little less vereign Ferdinand be restored to 10 vehement than their declarations against their rs throne," than which, I think the reader "la!e infamous government, and against will allow, nothing could, at such a crisis, the numerous “ abuses, " that it,engendered be more impolitic; that is to say, supposing and maintained. While the people were in long continued despotism not to have totally this mind, Spanish deputies came to England, deprived the people of their senses; for, and, soon afier, at a public feast given to with what heart could they possibly go to them, the king's minister for foreign affairs the war, if they were never to have peace gave, in the way of toast, “ His most Ca- but upon conditions, which, however beateu tholic Majesty Ferdinand VII," which, as I by them, Buonaparte, unless they conquerremarked at ihe time, amounted, consider- ed France itself, migbt refuse them ? de ing from whom it came, to a declaration, people of Spain, when they took u;) arms that, if we gave any aid to the Spanish cause, against the French, while they were engaged it would be upon the condition of that cause in expelling the French, declared against their being the cause of kings in general, and of " late infamous government;' and, was in to the king of Spain in particular. That be supposed, that they would be urged to see this or something very

much like this their blood by a declaration, on ihe part of was the language of the Deputies, or what- those who now manage theatfairsofthenaton, ever else they might be called, who were that the object, theultimate object of their toile sent to Spain, with a view of offering and dangers is to restore that government? the people assistance, there can be little In the midst of all the melancholy re

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lations that are daily reaching us from Spain ; ment. - As to the conduct of our minis. while we see Buonaparte, like the destroy- ters, in their military arrangements, I am ing angel, sweeping away armies and not disposed to find fault with it. The spreading desolation over the land, and Morning Chronicle does, indeed, L.se some while we are trembling for fear that the next very powerful arguments to show, that they mail may bring us the sad assurance, tbat might have acied more for tbę benethe bodies of some of our own countrymen, fit of the Spanish cause;

but, the friends, and relations, have been trampled worst of it is, these arguments come after beneath the hoofs of his horses: in the the event. It was all along quite clear, midst of these tidings, is it not enough to that we could do notbing, unless the Spanisting one to sadness to be gravely informed, ards themselves were in great force, as 19 that, on the 14th of November,

numbers at least; but, it would now seem, "' cellency Don Juan Hookham FRERE," that the French have the superiority even in upon being introduced to the Central Junta, that respect. Therefore, the accounts, delivered a speech, in which “ he stated which we before received, about their num" the extraordinary complacency and fat- bers, were false, or those numbers have, of " tering satisfaction, wbich he felt in the lait, diminished, which diminution, if that “ bonour granted him by the king, bis be the case, must, I think, be attributed to

master, in appointing him his representa- the change, which, by the altered language "" tive near the august person of his most Ca- of the Junta, has been produced in the “tholic Majesty, Ferdinand VII?" It re- minds of the people. The blame, due to ally makes one's feet and fingers itch ; it sets the ministers, appears to me to be that of one all in a twitter, to read this, at a time having royalized, if I may use the word, the like the present. - Near the august per:

Spanish cause. This is a subject well worth the “ son," indeed! Why, what more could serious attention of Parliament, but, as to the we do, were we to study for years how we military part of their measures, it will be should furnish food for ridicule in the French very difficult, I imagine, to make any blame newspapers ?--Of a piece with these stick to them.--I could not help observ. proceedings was the proclamation to check ing, in the Courier newspaper of Saturday is the licentiousness of the press," of which last, a letter, said to come from one of our proclamation it is by no means difficult to officers in Sir David Baird's army, who, guess the origin. It was so exactly accord- after complaining of the lukewarmness of ing to the taste of certain people; it was so the Spanish people, and their backwardness like them ; it was the very thing one would to make exertions against the enemy, says, have expected from them. Keep the peo. " this is a njiserable people, the French must ple down. Keep their tongues and pens in do them good." I really did wonder to order, Don't let them talk too much. meet with a sentiment like this last, in a Well, according to all appearances, the ministerial newspaper. You see, how things Junta may now issue as many proclamations strike even our officers, This gentleman as they please against " the licentiousness seems to have a high opinion of the truefits “ of the press :" for, it is to be feared, that of French fraternization. Is it any wunder, they will soon have little else to do.--Mythen, if great numbers of the Spaniards are decided opinion is, that the present disasters of the same opinion ? No, no : say what in Spain have chiefly, if not wholly, pro- we will, it does not necessarily follow, ceeded, from the change of feeling in the that the French must be hated by the people, produced by the change of language Spaniards, because we wish it to be so.in their leaders. It was always obvious, to I do not yet give up the Spanish cause as those who reflected upon the matter, that lost, because the great dangers of the Spain, to avoid the embraces of the Buona,

country may rouze the people; a truly repartes, must be thrown into a state of revo- volutionary spirit may arise, and, in that lution; revolution or King Joseph appeared case, the French may be defeated; but, if to be the only choice for the nation ; and, a king at all, there is, I think, but lite unfortunately, those who obtained the lead, doubt, that Joseph Napoleou will be that resolved not, at any rate, to have a revolu- | king. tion. They resolved not to suffer “ the li- Davison has, at last, been tried. He bas

5. centiousness of the press.” I, for my been found guilty. Well, this is some: part, shall always think of that. I know thing; and now, I hope, that refunding will what sort of folks those are, who talk about follow, that the poor abused and cheated “ the licentiousness of the press” in this people may obtain, from this proceeding, country and in Anverica ; and upon this i little, at least, towards, defraying the knowledge I do, and must, form my judga expences of the Boarus. of Commissioners,

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which have been created for the purpose of is to support the loyal man, while his work detecting and bringing to light such frauds is going on? Mr. Dallas is an able lawyer, upon the public purse. Without refunding, I have heard; but, he did not, I think, I think little of the prosecution, or the sufficiently dwell upon the uncommon loyverdict. Squeeze the purse, that's the way alty of his client, - The newspapers stare to make them feel. I

squeeze you, that Sir Andrew S. HAMMOND, Sir Evan sponge, and you are dry again.”- NEPEAN, Mr. Huskisson, the Righi Hoshall be very anxious to hear the result nourable Charles Long, the Honourable of these proceedings. If I were a member WellesLBY POLE, and LORD Moira, gave of parliainent, I would never rest, 'till I evidence to Davison's character, and, I dare had the pounds-shillings-and-pence picture say, not without quite sufficient reason. of the whole affair clearly before the public. Why, under the late ministry, Lord Moira -----Davison is, however, a person, after made him Treasurer of the Ordnance; and, all, it seems, of a most ercellint character.

think of it, I was threatened with a His sponsors, npon this occasion, were mu- prosecution for a libel, because one of my

I marvel that he did not bring his correspondentsinveighed inost bitterly against corps of Loyal North British Volunteers," the project, then much talked of, of making who inhabit about St. James's Square. He him a taronet. “ Sir Alexander Davison is famed for his loyalty; and, really, litto " and the heirs male of his body lawfully frauds upon the public, if committed by so " and loyally begotten !" I am in tribulaloyal a man, might meet with a lenient tion for his corps of Volunteers. They construction. Who knows but that he will now be just like sheep that have loss might have been tempted to add now and their shepherd. Aye, the disaffected may then a pound to the price of his articles, sneer; but, St. James's Square may yet rue for the sake of acquiring the means of the day when loyalty thus suffered in raising Volunteers, in order to keep out

of one of its most famous the French, and to keep down the wicked champions. About the time, just menand seditious at home? We are told, tioned ; that is to say, the time of the indeed, by the disaffected, that the detected baronet project, I remember some pompous peculators are all fanious for their loyalty ; accounts, that were published of "grand for their attachment to regular govern Dinners," given by Mr. Davison, to very "ment, social order, and our holy religion." | distinguished personages. It would be curiBut, while the truth of this is, and must ous to ascertain the probable cost of one of be, confessed, it may be answered, that those Grand Dinners," the motive of loyalty, like every other lofty virtue, subjects | giving them being too obvious to become a the possessor, or, more properly speaking, subject of inquiry with any one at all acthe professor, to the charge of some petty quainted with the movement of the wheels vices.

Besides, who is to be loyal for of the political machine. I never hear of xothing? Godliness, we are told, is great one of those festivals, without reflecting on guir; and, is there to be no gain attached the distress and misery, which they occato loyalty? Is a man to be loyal, while sion. Oh! how many wretched families others are disloyal, or while others are said have spent their winter evenings supper-less to be so, which answers his purpose full a.. and fire-less to furnish the means of carouz. well, if not better, and is he to get nothing ing at “Mr. Alexander Davison's hospitaat all by it? The loyalty of my little friend, " lle board," as the paid-for paragraphs in Thomas FitZGERALD, the small-beer poet, the newspapers termed it! • Hospitable is almost proverbial. He has written more “ board," indeed! Are entertainments like verses against Buonaparte than any man these ; entertainments furnished from such living. If the Corsican's carcass had been means; given from such motives; and assailable by doggerel, he would have been received upon such implied conditions: are killed long ago by my little friend, whose these worthy of the heart-sheering name of attacks upon him have been truly bloody- hospitality? Where is the sycophant; where minded. Accordingly, little Thomas bas is the loyalty-affecting hypocrite; where is a pension of one hundred and fifty pounds a even the hired editor or reviewer, who is year, duly paid him out of the fruits of the bold enough to stand forward, and justify people's labour. The disaffected may say, this abominable perversion of the use of ihat the pay ought to have followed the words? For the last three years, the service, and that Thomas's pension should daily press has teemed with paragraphs, not have begun, 'till after he had killed praising this now-convicted man. The Baonaparte ; but, with their leave, this is topics of praise have been of great variety ; not fair, Soldiers are not paid thui. What but, all the paragraphs have had for their ident object the cansing it to be generally unfortunate merit, go to support the idle believed, that Mr. Davison was a most and the vicious; and, of course, to fuster liberal and Inyal and benevolent man. To and perpetuate vice. The splendoor of exhibit all the marks of liberality, loyalty, '| the metropolis, the increase of houses, of and benevolence, having such means in his carriages, of scenes of amusement, of er. hanis, was very easy; and, if the people, pences and luxuries of all sorts, in that in every part of the country, could see to all-devouring place, have their rise, princithe bottoni of things, they would find, that pally, in causes such as we have now been dio small pat of what they term liberality contemplating. The wealth of the whole and charity, is little more than a triling kingdom; that part of the fruit of all its per-kertage of what is derived from their Jabour and industry and ingenuity ; that part Jabour and privations. Even the praises, of these, which onght to go to the proriding the nauseo!is printed flatteries of this man of assistance to the unfortunate, and to the Davison, have, in fact, been paid for by procuring of a small portion of general conthe people; by the very people, whom they ) venience and pleasure; all that part, is were written and published to deceive. ---- drawn up to the metropolis, through the Take this man's wealth : see the amount of claunel of taxation. One such man as it; and then consider how many of those, Davison takes away the conveniences and who now live in misery, it would, if added the pleasures and the voluntary alms of to their present means; make comfortable. several parishes. This is the scourge, under How many hungry bellies the interest of it which we smart, and under which we shall would fill for ever; in how many families it smart, till a constitutional reformation in would change water into beer; in how the Parliament take place, till those, whose many tire-less hearthsit would makeachearful office it is to take care of the people's blaze ; in how many cottages it would eke money, be no longer suffered to receive out the scanty day-light of winter. This is from the king's servants a part of that same the true way, in which to view the effect of

money. -1 know very well, that the gethese accumulations of the public means, in neral herd, in imitation of that of the forest, tie hands of individuals ; for, disguise the will now stand aloof from Davison ; will thing how we may, it is lexury, which is now disclaim him and swear they never the great cause of misery. When the few 13sted of his dinners. But, the people destroy, by themselves and their idle retione, onght to be upon their guard against this: a great portion of the products of the earth, they ought to look upon him as one only there must be less than suficient for the amongst the numerous herd ; they ought many. That there must, and ought to be, not to join in any cry against this particular gradations in society we all know. They man ; they onght to be fully aware, thar, are necessary to the very existence of society; however great and numerous the fraudis that but, is it, therefore, necessary or right, that he may have committed, those franels, all one man should, by the means of taxes put together, do not amount to a fraud so raised upon the labour of the community, great and so wicked as the single fraud.me be enabled to consume the fruit of the attempted by those, who would make ite abour of thousands, and that, too, without uninformed part of the people believe, that any corresponding services rendered to that he is the only, or the greatest, pecnlator : community ? Let us suppose, for instance, they ought to look upon Davison as a seinde, that Darison has a fortune of twenty thou. rather than a singularity, and to bear in sand pounds a year, which may be about mind the old saying: “as is the sample so the mark, and that this fortune has come as is the sack." ont of the taxes, This twenty thousand MAJOR Hogan's ArPEAL. In anotber pounds a year is so much taken from the part of this sheet will be found a letier means of enjoyment in the community at from Major Hogan's publisher, from which large. View it as taken from a hundred it appears, shat the Major himself is in gentlemen ; each of these have so much the America, whither he went some time after jess to use himself, and, of course, his pamphlet was published, and whence he much the less wherewith to give into them is expected to return, in the space of iwa who need. I shall be toll, perhaps, that or three months. This circumstance of the the power of giving and the act of giving, Major's being in America does, indeed, in such cases, only change hands; but, alter the case. It totally does away the besides that such a change is injurious to the ground of that reasoning, whence ) drew the former possessors, the objects of benevolence conclusion, that his relation, as far as belorg. are also changed. The superfiuities of for- ed to the Bank Notes, was false. Before we Tune, iustid of being used for the relief of come to such a conclusion, upon such ground,

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we must see the Major in England again ; or' pecially to gallant men, who are bound give full time for his agent's receiving his across the Atlantic ocean, Besides, there instructions upon the subject.

- There was the “ dasbing barouche" to hire; there certainly is a good deal of reason, in what were a coachoian and a footman to engage the Publisher says, as toan objection to make to secrecy, a sort of gentry who are not the numbers of the notes known ; but still, very apt to hold their tongues for a rrific, I think, it would be safe enougi, if there when they become possessed of saleable was a proviso for proving the property to be knowledge. Major Hogan must have been thatof the claimant.- As to the probability nearly a stranger in London.

Was it not a of a woman's doing what is ascribed to the difficult thing for himn to set to work and " female in a dashing barouche," it is hard produce this equipage of barouche, lady, 10 say what is, or what is not, probable

and servants? It is, I am told, very easy to amongst such persons. But while the im- trace hundred pound bank notes ; but, probability has been urged, on this side, it would it not have been much easier ; way, is bas always appeared very odd to me, that no. it not much easier now, to trace the baibing bas been said of the improbability, rouche, lady, and servants? The waiter on the other side. As to the fact of the at the hotel took in the letter. He says he , strumpet's going to the newspaper office took it from such a person, with such an and to Frank's Hotel, there can be no doubt, equipage; and, if he was bribed to tell a and, indeed, no such doubt has been start- lie, can it be believed, that, especially now ed. This fact being admitted, we have to when the Major is gone abroad, he could inquire, whether it be prolablı, that such a not be induced to tell the truth ? Let it be

was employed so lo ac! ly major observed, too, that, if a sham lady and Hogan ? In the first place, what motive servants, it was to such people, that the could he have for taking so much trouble Major had confided his four hundred pounds, and running so great a risk? Not to recover Is it probable, that he would have done his rank in the army, which he had quitted, this? Is it probable, that a man, capable and from re-entering which he might be of such a deep-laid scheme, would have well assured, that such a device would, entrusted four frundred pounds to such for ever prevent him. There appears to keeping ? Bor, the great thing of all is ; have been no possible motive of gain, the striking fact is, that the lady, barouche, which could have acitated him. Revenge, and serv?!!to have not been found out, in a ilien ; sheer revenge must have been the inun where there is sucit å puice as now motive, if he really did commit the act. exinis in London. It is notorious, that the Ravene is a very powerful feeling; it will most arstuland experienced'swindlerscmnot, Carry a man very fir; some men much for any length of time, escape this police, farther than gain will carry then ; indig. The ciiicers of which, when ouce laid upon vation, rage at what the party conceives to the trail, however cold the scent, however hue been gross ill-treatment fron irre- stale the haupt, des, ninety-nine times out sistible power, will, I allow, be very apt to of every hundrei, discover and hunt down set a man's wits to work to find out the their prey. To me, tharefore, it is matier nieaus of vengeance, and will greatly

and will grearly of great astonishment, and so, I think, it tend to make him set risks of all sorts at must be to the reader, that the lady and her defiince. But,'after all, I cannot see, fur equipage lave not been yet discovered; that my life, how the Major coul hope to grati- is to say, upon the supposition, that they fy his vengeance from this scheme. I can. were hired by Major Hogan. There aphot sce, why he should have hoped to do, pears to have been, upon this occasion, as with this scheme, what might be leftandone strong motives for the vigilance of the poby the other part of his urrative. Grant- lice, as ever existed upon any occasion. No ig, however, that revenje did set him one will doubt of the power of the parties to work, it must be allowed, thai bei interested to set the police at work. The look time to reflect about i! ; it must be al detection and exposure of the imposture. lowed, that there was much of craft and it was one, would have been worih fitry invention in his conduct. Well, then, millions of the paragraphs of hireling wriwould such a man readily couenit binseif ters, in newspapers, pamphlets, magaz nes, ij the hands of a strumpet, who, the very

and reviews. Yet, has the police not stirieri, day after she had received a reward froni that we have heard of ; yer, has there been him, night, and, in all probability would, no endeavour, that I have peiceived, i, a betray bini for a much greater reward ? public offer of reward to "the lady or serWis the struinpet his owo mistress. Such

to come forward and make the dispersons are goi famed for their fidelity, ez- covery. This cannot fail to bare great w.ight

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