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or conveniencies of life, particularly when councils of department, formed in commis. ts independence and glory should be put at sion, are also called upon to give their advice take. These circumstances have favoured on a project of the greatest utility, that of one of the greatest scourges of commerce, a rural code, so important to the prosperity muggling. But it has been strongly repress- of agriculture, and so closely interwoven ed. The government is preparing new means with national prosperity:-In the meantime, against this foe to the public revenue, and one of the principal improvements of which national industry, the great emoluments it agriculture is capable, is daily effected by procures excites the most ardent cupidity. the re-organization of our repositories for Those, who ought not to be bonoured with the breed of horses. Eight new repositories the approbation of merchants, lest we of stallions have been formed this year. should degrade commerce, are still devoting Premiums held out to the owners of the themselves to criminal peculations; they best borses brought to the fairs, rewards think that they are only braving the shame decreed at the departmental races, are so many of an ordinary transgression ; but the pub- | additional means of favouring the production Jic indignation and vengeance will overtake of the most eligible species of this animal. them, and teach them that under circum- -I'wo new sheep-farms have been introdu. stances where thd nation employs for its ced. Six hundred Merinos, of the best defence, in an unexampled war, the breed, have been ordered from Spain, and interdiction of all commercial relatione they are already arrived in France, notwithwith the enemy, the violation of thess standing the variety of obstacles that have dispositions is an hostile declaration, a true occurred on their passage. They will be alliance with this same enemy; that con- divided in two new establishments, as yet in sequently every sinuggler renounces the embryo. The multiplication of the flocks benefit of the municipal laws, to be sub- increases rapidly, and we may consider the jected solely to those of war, and that he happy revolution introduced in this branch ought to dread the terrible and rapid applica as completed.-May it one day be so also tion of those laws, which authorise the in- with the culture of cotton. In spite of the vasion of his fortune and personal castiga contrarieties of a hardy spring, and a toler. imeti tion.--The government, penetrated with the able coid autumn, the attempts made still situation of the French commerce, has strove give rooni to hope for ultimate success. We to mitigate the evils, to provide for its wants. are justified to augur well also of the attempts -Abroad, a treaty with the kingdom of made on the subject of the syrups of the Italy secures to France all the advantages grape. The rich culture of tobacco is daily which are compatible with the reciprocal | extending ; that which is gathered in the justice. In the interior, various sums, vicinity of St. Malo, equals in quality that which have been advanced to manufacturers of America., France will one day, to judge and proprietors of produce, which public | by appearances, not only supply its own Events bad accumulated or cramped in their wants with that production, but also export stores.--The Caisse d' Armortissement has it to her neighbours, interfered io the outfittings of adventurers. The Public Treasure and Finances.-Re--A law has limited the bounds of the in- gularity, and a judicious administration, terest on money ; offices established at Lyons prevail in every department of the public and at Rouen are prelusive to a grand sys- treasury.---The national accounts are reduced tem of facility in the circulation of the to a system the most scientific and lumipous; numerary and merchandize -The exchange it differs from the mode adopted by the most and the commercial tribunal of Paris see ris- intelligent merchants, only in the extent and ing for their accommodation a stately palace, necessary complication of the transactions on the scite of the nunnery of St. Thomas, of government. The finances have been --Conformably to the new code, an orga- i gradually brought by the emperor, from a nisation of the tribunals of commerce of state of dilapidation and confusion, to a the empire is prepariog. The prefects, the state of order and prosperity unknown in courts of appeal have been consulted on the The governments the best administered. It most eligible scites for these tribunals, as is a trophy raised by vigorous exertion, by well as on the subject of their number, the combinations the most judicious, and by a judges and their surrogates. A general pro- perseverance wbich bas upravelled the most jece has been submitted to the discussion of intricate details, and surmounted incredible the concil of state, and to the sanction of difficulties. The nation enjoys the benefits

which result froni tbis new sort of conquest. Agriculture. --The prefects, the courts of Since France has generously consented to appeal, and of the members of the general the adoption of indirect laxation, the finan.

his majesty.

ces have really been consolidated, and the just and reasonable has heen effected.utmost facility of carrying on the functions remains only to limit to the sarvey or regis. of every department of the public service.- ter, without which the unisorın progress of The finances in modern times may be consi. the scale of increase or diminution would be dered as the security of states, and the mea- deficient, in proportion, and would contince sure of their stability. If they furnish to affect the proprietors of the funds actuaily government only with inadequate, preca- surcharged; the making up of this register, rious, or oppressive resources, its energies which ought to efface so much inequality, become paralyzed, individuals insolvert, and to repair so much involuntary and inevitable if war, or any other calamity, should visit injustice, is pursued with so much cona nation under these circumstances, it must stancy, that those who disbelieve the practisubscribe to its own dishonour, or be involved cability of this iinmence work, no longer in irretrievable ruin.-The finances of a state doubt of its speedy execution. I must no are not essentially and efficiently good, until liere omit, gentlemen, the creation of the they become independent of circumstances court of accounts, to the establishment of -until they can be maintained indepen- which you co-operated in your last session. dently of the ruinous expedient of resorting We wanted a new institution, powerful in to loans and excessive contributions--antil, its unity, present to all the depositaries of in fine, they are so connected and identified the public property by the rapidity of its with national prosperity, that they constitute action, erbracing ai: the responsibility of a direct emanation from it; then only can inferior accountants connected with the pubthey be deemed solid, efficient, permanent, lic income and expenditure. This court and essentially national, and, particularly, ought, by the distribution of its duties, and if they have received an organization suffi. the number of its members, to be adequate ciently simple ; so that in an extraordinary to all the occasions, and responsible for all emergency, all the property, and all the the labours, that may be entrusted to it.

individuals may be called upon, promptly, The principles on which this establishment to furnish their respective quotas in advance. rests, the choice of its members, the comis-The endeavours of his majesty have been deration in which they are held, every thing incessantly directed to the attainment of this guarantees the success the government has desirable object, and they have been crowo- promised itself, that of a salutary controul ed by the most complete success, and the over the several accountants. finances are calculated in future to meet with Administration of the War Department equal effect the exigences of war and of -The same principles of order, and the peace.-In a period of peice, 600 millions same views for the acceleration of the serwill be sufficient to defray the public ex- vice, have influenced the general direction pences, and will leave a large surplus for of the commissariat, whose first essats national improvements. The receipts, which justify the expectation that had been forned. amount at the present moment to 800 mil- This administration renders the supplies of lips, will, according to this arra:gement, the army independent of contractors, who be reduced one-fourth.--In time of war, it have so frequently done injury, at the same is not in the contemplation of his imperial | time that it secures the advantage of our majesty to resort to the illusory expedients i economy, very sensible to the public funds. of imposing taxes of a novel description, or Marine.--Though during the present to hold out temptation to raise new supplies. campaign the government has limited ifş The contribucions on the recurrence of war maritime operations, still a squadron armed will be brought back to the war standard – at Toulon, as if by enchantment, and coni. e. 800 millions, and even then raised only ducted with skill, has been able to defeat, by 100 or 150 millions at a time, in case of by able manquvres, the combinations of the need; and this will be done by a simple enemy, by conveying to Corlu two years scale, or table of proportions, which will supplies of men, artillery, provisions, and enable every citizen to judge of the share be ammunition. After having thus rendered has in the good or bad fortune of the state.- useless the expedition with which that barrier Obserre, gentlemen, that this simplicity of the Adriatic was threatened, the fileet of has no affinity or connection with that so Admiral Ganthesume returned safe through considerably extolled as the result of a single all the difficulties of a boisterous navigation, direct contribution ; it is, on the contrary, and all the dangers of continued tempests. founded on a conviction that taxes ought to The colonies have in like manner been sucbe laid on various objects, that our laws of cessfully supplied with provisions, by square finance include all the taxes which it was drons of frigates and correttes, which, while expedient to establish, and that all that is they fulfilled that important object, bad,

like the squadron, that went to Corfu, the continent constantly under arms; but thus advantage of making prizes of a great num. detaching the maritime powers, she had the ber of the enemy's ships, richly laden. In art to profit from the divisions she fomested India, prizes to the value of 15 millions among neighbours, in order to forward her have been the result of the cruises of our distant conquests.-In this manner she exfrigates, one of which only surrendered, tended her colonies, and augmented her naand that after a glorious contest, against a val power ; and, by the aid of that power, superior force.-Our cruisers, in all parts of she hopes henceforth to enjoy her usurpéthe world, and above all in the seas of India tion, and to arrogate to herself the exclusive and Guadaloupe, have proved them elves possession of the seas. But until these latformidable to the enemy. But it is not so ter times, she paid at least some respect to much with a view to what it has done, but the laws of nations; she seemed to respect to what it may do with time, that our marine the rights of her allies, and even, by som e otiglit to be considered. Ten ships of the returns towards peace, allowed her enemies line, constructed in the docks of Antwerp, to breathe.--This conduct is, however, 110 and fitted for sea many months since, are longer suitable to the developement of a 2waiting their destination. The flotilla of system which she can no longer dissemble. Boalogne, kept up and equipped, is still in All who do not promote her interests are her readiness to undertake the operations for enemies. The abandonment of her alliance which it was originally created.-Twelve is a cause of war; neutrality is a revolt; and ships of the line, and as many frigates, have all the nations that resist her yoke are made been launched within the year, and twen:y- subject to her cruel ravages.-It is impossible tive more, and as many frigates on the to foresee what might have been the consestocks, attest the activity of our dock-yards. quence of so much audacity, had not forOur ports are preserved in perfect order, tune, on our part, raised up a man of a suand the creation of that of Cherbourg is so perior order, destined to repel the evils with far advanced, that its basin may be expected which England threatens the world.—Hebad to be in a state to contain squadrons before also to combat the allies of that power on the lapse of two campaigns.--Spezzia is the continent, and to conquer the rising eneabout to become a second Toulon. The mies she succeeded in creating. Always atunion of almost all the coast of the Mediter- tacked, always threatened, he found it neranean to France, secures to our arsenals and cessary to regulate his policy by that state of our ships, abundant supplies of provisions, things, and felt that to lay the contest it was stores, and men. Venice, Ancona, Naples, necessary to augment our forces, and weakand all the means of Holland and Italy, are en those of our enemies.-The emperor al. in motion.

ways pacific, but always armed by necessity, The Present IVar.–At the epoch of your was not ambitious of aggrandizing the emlast sitting, gentlemen, every thing com- pire. Prudence always directed his views. It bined to deliver Europe from its long agita- became necessary for him to relieve our antions; but England, the enemy of the world, cient frontiers from the too near danger of stiil repeated the cry of perpetual war, and sudden attacks, and to found their security on war continues. What then is the object-limits fortified by nature; finally, it became what will be the issue? The object of this necessary so to separate France, by alliances war is the slavery of the world, by the ex- from her rivals, that even the sight of an clusive possession of the seas. There is no

enemy's standard never could alarm the terdoubt, ihat, by subscribing treaties of bon- ritory of the empire.-England, defeated in dage, disguised under the holy name of The disputes she so often renewed, profited peace, nations may obtain repose; but this however, of them to increase her wealih, shameful repose would be death. In this by the universal monopoly of commerce. alternative, the choice between subm,sion She had impoverished her allies by wars, in and resistance could not be long doubtful. - which they fought only for her interests. The war which England has provoked, which Abandoned at the moment in which their she continues with so much pride and obsti- arms ceased to serve those interests, their fate nacy, is the termination of the ambitious became the more indifferent to her as she system which she has cherished during two preserved some commercial relations with centuries. Mixing in the politics of the them, even while she continued at war with coptinent, she has succeeded in holding Eu- France-Even France herself left to the rope in a perpetual agitation, and in exciting | English the hope of a shameful subjugation against France all the envious and jealous to the want of certain objects, the privation passions. It was her wish to humble or des- of which they believe our generous poputoy France, by keeping the peuple of the lation could not suport. They thougli that

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if they could not enter the territory of the , affront, the impunity of wbicb, for above a empire by their arms, they might penetrate century, would bear testimony against your its heart by a commerce now become its courage, if the weakness of your goreromost dangerous enemy, and the adınission ment had not been alone to blame. You of which would have exhausted its most ally yourself with the English, who bave se valuable resources. The genius and the pru- often wounded your pride and your indepec dence of the emperor have not overlooked dence, who have so long ravished from you. this danger. Involved in the difficulties of by open violence, and even in time of peace, the continental war, he ceased not, however, the commerce of your colonies; who, to repel from bis states the monopoly of order to intimate to you their prohibition e English commerce. He has since comple- | your neutrality, caused their decrees to be ted the measures of an effectual resistance. preceded by the plunder of your treasures, ---No one can now be deceived on this sub. and the massacre of your navigators; wb.! ject, since the English have declared this in fine, have covered Europe with pronts new kind of war, all the ports of the conti- their contenips for their atlies, and for nent are blockaded, the ocean is interdicted the deceitful promises they had mau to every neutral ship which will not pay to to them. You will without doubt recover the British treasury a tribule which is meant from your error. You will then groan to be imposed on the whole population of for the new perfidies that are reserves the globe.--To this law of slavery other

But how Oruch bloot will for nations have replied by means of a reprisal before this tardy return to your senses? The and by wishei for the annibilition of such English, hitherto absent from all great con a tyranny.--The English Dation has sep1.. flicts, try a new fortune on the continen! raicis it seit from every other nation. Eng. / They ungarrison their inland, and leave i Band is fixed in this situation. All her social almost without defence, in the presence of relations with the continent are suspended. an enterprising and valiant king, who comShe is smitten by the excommunication mands a French army, and who has alreads which she has herself provoked.--The war snatched from them the strong position o will henceforth consist in repelling from all the island of Caprea. What then will be points the English commerce, and in em- the fruit of their efforts ? Can they hope ploying all the means calculated to promote to be able to exclude the French froro Spa: that end. France has energetically concurred and Portugal ? Can the success be doubtful in the exclusion of the monopoly of coin. The emperor himself will command bis in. merce ; she has resigned herself to pri. vincible legions.

What a presage does th: vationis which long habits must have render- heroic army of Portugal offer to us, whici, ed more painful. Some branches of her struggling against double its force, has been agriculture and her industry have suffered, able to raise trophies of victory on the rery and still suffer, but the prosperity of the land where it fought to such disadvantage great body of ihe nation is not affected: she and to dictate the conditions of a glorious reis familiarised with twat transitory state, the treat? In preparing for a new strugzie hardship of which she beholds without fear. against our only enemy, the emperor bas

The allies of France, and the United States, done all that was necessary for the mainto sacrifice like her, and with a resolution Dance of peace on the continent. He mus! equally generous, their private convenien- reckon upon it without doubt, inasmuch i cies. England was on the eve of the mo- Austria, the only power which could disment when her exclusion from the continent turb it, has given the strongest assurances of was about to be consummated : but she her disposition, in recalling her ambassadur availed herself of the last circumstance to from London, and desisting from all politi spread the genitis of evil over Spain, and 10cal coinóunication with England. --Stik excite in that uphappy country all the rage Austria had recently made armaments, but

furions passions. Sh has sought for they took place certainly without any hos. alliances even in support of the inquisition, tile intention. Prudence, nevertheless, dicand even

in the most barbarous preju- tated energetic measures of precaution. The dices. Unhappy people, to whom do you armies of Germany and Italy are strengthconfide your destiny? To the conten- ened by levies of the new conscription. ners of all moral obligations to the enemies The troops of the confederation of the Rhine of your religion---to those who, violating are complete, well organized, and discitheir promises, have elevated on your terri- plined. tory a monument of their impudence, an

(To be continued.)

Printed by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, CorentGaiden, where former Numbers may be had : sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Páll Mail.

1

Vol. XIV. No. 24.) LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1808. [PRICE 100.

Justice gives sentence, many times,

Complaining screly of the bicach O4 01 man for a other's crimes.

Of logue, heil torth by Brother Patch, Our Brethren of New-England use

Against the articles in fo:ce Chic: Malefactors to excuse,

Between both Churches, his and ours, Authang the Guiltless in their stearl,

For which he crav'd the Saints to render Of whom the Churches have less need;

Into his hands, or hang, th' offender; Aialey's happen't in a town

But they, maturely having weiglı'd There lis'da Cobbler and buc one,

They had no more but him o'th' trade, That out f Doctrine could cut use,

(A man the seri'it then in a double And mend men's lives as well as shocs.

Capacity, to teach and cobble) This precious brother, having slain,

Resolv'u to spare him; yet to do In eines of peace an Indian,

'The Indian lloghan Moglian 100 Not out of inalice but mere zcal,

Impordial Justice, in his stead did (Because he was an infidele)

HANG AN OLD WEAVER that was bedrid, The iogaty Tottipoitymoy

HUDIBRAS. Sent to our Elders an envoy,

(898 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

in the New Forest, of which he is the Duke of YORK's Income. At the Ranger, or Warden, I forget which.Hampshire meeting for proposing an address Now, as to the profits of the Colonelship, and petition to the king, upon the subject of though this writer talks of a Report upon the Convention of Cintra, I made a state- che subject before the House of Commons, ment of the sums, which the Duke of York it would puzzle him, I believe, to point alinually, receives from the public taxes, out that report. Thirty years ago, the prowhich statement was as follows: . fits of a battalion of 400 men, were consi

Pension to himself and Duchess 18,000 dered wurih £700 a year ; and, I ask the As Colonel of the Guards .... 6,000 reader if there be the slightest probability, As Commander-in-Chief .... 8,000 that, taking the depreciation of money into Worth of public Lands &c.

view, the protits of 3,000 men should not granted him..

16,000 now exceed £5,000 a year? The mere pay Interest upon 54,0001. lent him' 2,700 of the Commander-in-Chief is not the thing

to be looked at. We must include the houses, £50.700 the firing, the candles, the equipage of

every description; because all these are paid In the printing there was an error of for in consequence of there being a Coma 2,000, under the head of Commander-in- mander-ia Chief, who is benefited by tlie Chiet, which, as appars from the total, as use of them all, and who, while he is using stated in print, should have been eighe thou- them, cannot use his own.

I reckon no. und; and not ten thousand. --- In contra- thing for prironage, because I proceed upon diction to this statement, which the Morning the supposition, that no money, os pecuniPust, I think it was, charged upon me as ary advantage, in any way whatever, is greatly exaggerated, another statement has derived from it; but, it must be evident to appeared. I have not the paper now at hand, every one, that, supposing all appointments but, the substance of it is as follows: That and promotions to be inade without impro. the profits of the three battalions of Guards, per motives, such immense patronage must, of which the Duke of York is Colonel, do in any wind of moderzie munificence, sup1.1 exceed £3,000 a year; that his pay ply the place of many of the purposes, for 2:d allowances as Commander-in-Chief do which a great pecuniary inconie mighi be But exceed £3,300 a year; that, for being wished for. It is poi to purchase eatables Color el of the Wib Pegiment (four or five

and drinkabies that a robleman, and espebuiaiiuiis, I believe) he receives only about cially a prince, can want, or wie's för, mo. *227 a year for paper, pens, and ink ; that, ney. Such a person naturally wishes to ai to the grant of landi, wbich I valued so bave power ; power consists in the goodhighly, Oatlands was bought with his own will, or oüedience to your wishes, of other They ; and that, with respect to the Forest men; and, one or the orber of these ibe appointmenis, h: received not one tarthing, almost unlimited power of advancing others and that all he was entitled to, upon this in life cannot fail to insure you.- -With score was, a portion of the venison, killed respect to the forest oflices, the reader will

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