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" the subject of that Appeal, and particular- “ wasted in learning sounds instead of sense ;

ly with respect to the Bank Notes." I “ suffer not his body and mind to be debidire say, that there will be no objection to “ litated by continual confpement and the insertion of the intended letter ; but, “ continual controul and correction. Gire I cannot refrain from apprizing the writer, "bim, God being your helper, a sound 1hut I am rather surprized, that the numbers “body and strong limbs; habituate him to of ihe Bank Notes have not been publish- “ bear fatigue, to move with confidence ed. As the Major expressed his anxious “ and rapidiry in the dark ; to fare and 10 desire to return the notes, one would think

sleep hard ; and, above ail other things in that he must still have them in his posses. the world, to rise with the lark, ibus sion ; and, the gentleman who suggested the making his year equal to eighteen months question to nie, assured me, that, if the of his effeminate contemporaries. Nest numbers were advertised, the notes would “ lead him into the patbs of knowledge, not be traced to the late possessor, with the “ minding whether pedants call it learning, greatest fuciliis. What I should do, were or not; and, when he arrives at the I in the Major's place, is this. State pub- proper age for acquiring that sort of jickly the unaubers of the notes, and offer knowledge, make him acquainted with to give them up to whomsoever would prove every thing material, as to public affairs, a proprietorship in them, than which, I am “ that has really occurred iv his country -told, nothing is more easy. The fact is, “ from the earliest times to the present day. that, if the Major does this, the public will • Open to hin the book, not of speculation, believe bis account, respecting the notes, “ but of unerring experience. That be may to be true; if he does it not, they will, “ be able to judge of what is, as well with very great reason, believe it to be a as of what ought to be, show him, in most atrocivus fulsehood.

“ detail, all the political causes and effects, Botley, December 2, 1908.

to be found in our history ; make bin

see clearly how this nation has come up, NEW EDITION OF THE STATE TRIALS. " and how ibis government has grown to0.1 Monday, the 2nd of January, 1909,

gether" will be published (to le completed in

From these, or such like reflections, sprang Thirty-six Nonthly Parts, forning Twelve that ardeons undertaking, the PARLIANDS very large Volumes in Royal Odavo),

TARY HISTORY OF ENGLAND; and, from Part the First, Price 10s. 61. of

the same source arises the Work, which I now subnyit to the judgment of theepublic


As I proceeded with the HISTORY, I found,
COMPLETE COLLECTION OF that to read discussions, relating to Trials for

High Treason and for other high Crimes and
Misdemeanors, and not to be able to refer

immediately to those Trials, they being TREASON,

intimately connected with the history of the AND OTHER CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS,

parliament, and being a detailed relation of FKOM THE EARLIEST PERIOD DOWN TO

some of the most inportant and most inte THE PRESENT TIME,

resting events to be recorded, could not fail In proceeding with the PARLIAMENTARY to be greatly disadvantageous to the student : History, which it has been, and is, one yet, to bring irto the HISTORY such a mass of the principal objects of my life to lay of legal proceedings, which admitted of coinplete before the public of the present little abridgment, was, for several reasons, day, and, in that stale, to have the satisfac

not to be thought of. I, therefore, resolved tion of leaving it to posterity, I have, for to form them into a separate Work, to be some time past, perceived that there would published during the same time, and in the still be wanting a Work like that above sanie manner, as to paper and print, with described. In putting to myself this ques- the PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY. tion, “ How shall I go to work to secure Besides the consideration of uniformity, “ the best chance of rendering a son capable there were others which had great weight in “ of accomplishing great things; fit to have a share in guiding the minds of this determination. The STATE Trials are

now to be found only in an edition of Elever others; of weight sufficient to make him Volumes in folio, a forn so unwieldy that it “ an object of respect with good, and of is impossible they should ever be much read, "dread with bad public-men ?" In putting to say Duthing of their incomplete state of this question to myself, the answer my mind of the expence; which latter alone, owing suggested was: Syfter at du time to se to the scarceness of even this imperfect edin

State Trials,






Lion, must be a serious obstacle to general relating to such points, are laid down, or circulation. So that this Work, though collected: 9. In like manner, references absolutely necessary to the lawyer and the will be made to my Parliamentary History professed politician, very curious, interest. for Parliamentary Proceedings connected eng and instructive, in itself, and, in a high with, any Trial, and to other works calcudegree, illustrative of the legal, political, lated to elucidate any part of this Collection and constitutional history of the country, is of Trials : 10. Some Trials before Courts to be met with in but very few private Martial, but those only of the greatest imlibraries, those of counsellors and solicitors portance and most general interest, and not excepted. The mere reduction of size, illustrative of the history of the times, will from the unmanageable folio of former edi. be preserved in this Work: 11. To each tions to that of the Royal Octavo, double Volume there will be prefixed full and page, which unites economy with conve- clear Table of Contents, and in the last nience, will, in itself, be no inconsiderable Volume there will be a General Index to the improvement. But, the proposed edition whole Work, so complete that I hope it will possess the following additional advan- will be found to leave nothing of any im. tages: 1. The Series will commence more portance difficult to be referred to. than two hundred years before the time of It is computed, that the Eleven Volumes the earliest transaction noticed in the former of the last edition of the State Trials will editions, 2. Many very important Trials be comprized in Nine Volumes of the New and curious matters, omitted in the former Edition, and that the Additional Matter to editions, though occurring within the period bring the Work down to the present time, which those Editions embrace, will be sup- will make three Volumes more. The whole plied; and the Series will be continued down Work, therefore, will consist of Twelve to the present time. 3. Many useless repe. very large Volumes.

The paper and print titions, ceremonials, &c. will be omitted, will be, in every respect, similar to those of but every Trial will be scrupulously pre- the Parliamentary History. In the mode of served : 4. Many unmeaning and unin. publication only there will be this difference ; structive pleadings will be omitted; yer, all that, while the History is published in those, which are either curious in themselves, Volumes, the Trials will be published in or upon wbich any question arose, will be Parts, one Part coining out on the first day carefully retained : 5. The different articles, of every month, in the same manner as the relative to each case, will be placed together, Magazines and other monthly publications ; so that the trouble of frequent references and will, like those publications, be sold by backwards and forwards, attending a perusal all the Booksellers, Law-Stationers, and of the former editions, will be avoided ; Newsmen in the kingdom. Three Parts and, where references from one part of the will make a volume, and it will be optional work to another necessarily occur, the paging with the Subscribers; to take the Parts sepaof the present work will alone be regarded, rately, or quarterly to take the Volumes so that the contusion arising from the various bound in boards, in a way exactly similar to pagings of the former editions will, in no that of the History. case, arise to teaze and retard the reader : For me to pretend to undertake, unassist6. The Trials, instead of being placed in the ed, a Work of this sort, which, to execute vexatious disorder of the former editions, well, requires the pen of a person not only will stand in one regular chronological suc- possessed of great legal knowledge, but also cession, unless where a different arrangement well versed in the history of the law, would shall be dictated by some special reason ; as be great presumption. Without such assistfor instance, where more Trials than one ance the Work was not to be thought of concern the same party, or the same trans- for a moment; and, I am convinced, that action ; for, in such cases, it may sometimes the very first Part will satisfy the reader, be thought adviseable to break through the that it has not been undertaken without order of time, for the sake of exhibiting means of every kind sufficient to carry it on together all the particulars relating to the to a conclusion, in a manner worthy of same matter or the same person :

7. Brief

matter so generally interesting and highly historical notices of the conspicuoas persons important. In the publication of the Hismentioned in the Work, or references to tory, I relied upon the sound sense of the pablished accounts of them, will be occa- public, rather than upon the prevailing lite. sionally inserted : 8. Where points of law rary taste of the times; and from the sucarise, references will be made to those parts cess of that Work, I am convinced that sucof the Law Digests, or Treatises on Criminal cess will attend this also. I am convinced, Law, in which the principles and cases, that there are readers, and readers enougba

who wish to know, from authentic sources, the manner in which the Requisition was what the facts of our history are; how our announced, I now feel it my duty to enter government really was administered hereto

my public protest against a Vote of Thanks fore ; what sort of men our forefathers really to the High Sheriff, moved at the Meeting were, and how they really acted; and who which did take place at Stafford; for, in wiil not be satisfied with ihe vague notions direct opposition to the statement made in which alone can be collected from historical that motion, I do conceive that there was at magic lanthorns, like that of Hume for least, much, and most notorious irregolarity instance, in which no one single object is in the mode of convoning that assembly. plainly or distinctly presented to us, but Under the same impressions it was judged where a multitude of inages are made right by many of my friends, not to give rapidly and confusedly to pass before our sanction to such a Requisition by their ateyes, distorted and discoloured according to tendance on the day appointed by the Sheriff

. the taste of the showman.

In this, I felt myself obliged, though unDec. 1, 1808.

W. COBBETT. willingly, to concur, as my health would *** The First Part will be published on not allow of my personal appearance in the Monday the 2d of January, 1809; and as the

county-a circunstance which I cannot sufnumber of copies of the succeeding parts ficiently deplore. For, most assuredly, had must, of course, be regulated by the degree I been present at Stafford on the 11th inst. of success that can reasonably be counted I would, at all events, have had the honour upon, Subscribers are respectfully requested of proposing to you the intended Address or to send in their Names as early as possible. Petition to his Majesty, (a copy of which

The Work will be published by R. Bag- you have no doubt seen in the Staffordshire shaw, Brydges Street, Covent Garden

-Advertiser); and notwithstanding it was a and will be sold by J. Badd, Pall-Mall; J. | Convention of the County, not at all agreeFaulder, New Bond Street; H. D. Sy ing with my own ideas of regularity, should monds, Paternoster Row; Black, Parry, and

certainly have given my Brother Freeholders Kingsbury, Leadenhall Street; J. Archer,

an opportunity of deciding upon the merits Dublin; and by every Bookseller, Law- of the Address, which it would, under such Stationer, and Newsman in the United | circumstances, have fallen to my lot to proKingdoın.

pose, and the uncalled-for Resolutions,

which, though they may probably speak the LORD ANSON

sentiments of some few of the most powerTo the Freeholders of the County of Stafford. ful interests in the county, I will venture to

Having taken an active part in the Requisi- assert and maintain, are by no means declation to the High Sheriff to call a Meeting of ratory of the real and general sense of the the County of Statford, I am induced to

people, with respect to the terms of that trespass upon your patience, to state, as must weak and disgraceful, though imporbriefly as possible, my sentiments respecting

tant Convention, upon which myself and some part of the proceedings which did

many of my friends felt anxious to express actually take place at the Meeting. Ten- our sentiments to his Majesty, in a manner tered my Protest against the form adopted the most loyal and constitutional. It may, by the High Sherif for introducing the

I know, be urged, that his Majesty has been Requisition to public notice. The form graciously pleased to institute an Inquiry. was certainly unusual, I believe unprece- It is upon this point, that myself and my dented, and a direct deviation on the part of friends on the other side are al issue. His the High Sheriff in his official capacity, Majesty (as we are informed by the public from what I humbly conceived to be strictly prints) has indeed ordered a Military Court his duty. I should be almost inclined to say of Inquiry, and the adoption of stich a that the calling together a Meeting of any mode of Inquiry may, at first view, appear County in a manner so novel, was ill-judged to some persons to be all-suflicient. But I and ill-advised, inasmuch as it might be beg leave to ask, in case that Military Grand liable to the imputation of having been so Jury should throw out the Bill, how, or proclaimed, for the express purpose of crea- from what quarter is the nation to look for ting some difference of opinion, as well an explanation either consolatory or satisfacamongst the Requisitionists, as amongst the

tory? And I very much doubt whether, other Freeholders of the County, with the in any point of view, such a. Court will be hopes, by such a manæuvre of marring the competent to afford full and comprebepsire object of the Meeting, and thus checking, satisfaction to the Country at large. It is if possible, the ebullition of public spirit. upon these grounds that myself and friends Such having been my sentiments respecting / were desirous of petitioning his Majesty to

convene his Parliament, for the purpose of yourselves, that the Address alluded to, instituting an Inquiry and Investigation breathes NO spirit, which is not most truly before that Constitutional Tribunal. Par- and strictly honourable to the feelings of liainent is said to be the voice of the People ; subjects of a great empire, and that I may by some persons it may be objected ihal stand acquitted before my Brother Freeholdit is not precisely so at this moment, and ers, of having been actuated by any other though the public expectations and anxious motives, than such as glow in the breast of wish for truth, and nothing but the truth, every true and free-born Briton.

I am might be disappointed equally, even by such proud of participating in such sentiments, a reterence, yet the people at large would and have the honour to be, “ In this matter, certainly have no right to complain, as they as in all others in which" not only “ the could only blame themselves for having “: Independence and Honour of the County elected such Representatives, as could sacri- "s of Stafford" but of “ the Kingdom at fice their country's glory and honour, either large, are concerned,"-Brother Freehold. from fear of arowing constitutional princi- ers - Your devoted and faithful Servant, ples, or with a view of promoting their own -Anson. Bath, Nov. 15th, 1808. private interest, or party spirit.-Having ihus entered my decided protest against the

OFFICIAL PAPERS. Resolutions passed at the Meeting which did BUENOS AYRES.-- -Proclamation by Don take place, I shall now say a word or two Santiago Liniers y Bremond, Viceroy, upon the Address intended to have been Governor, and Provincial Captain-Geneproposed, the object of which was. to re- ral of the Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, quest his Majesty to summon his Parliament, &c. Daled Buenos Ayres, Aug. 15,1809. and to bring the discussion of the unfortu- (Concluded from p. 864.) nate Convention before that, the only Con- 1 communicate this by special coustitutional Court.-I earnestly request you riers, to all the heads of provinces on to examine with attention the words of that this continent, that by adopting one uniAddress. No attack is made upon the forın system, they may make the greater character of any set of inen. No attempt efforts to facilitate the succours necessary to is made to prejudge any Commander. No preserve the glory acquired by a city, which allusion is made to any individual.-1 defy from its local situation, and its energy,

has the most zealous or scrutinizing prerogative been, and will continue to be, the impregstickler, to point out any part of that Address, nable bulwark of South America. But I which is wanting either in loyalty, or al- cannot conclude without impressing upon tachment to the Sovereign. It is, on the you, and yourselves cannot but know it, contrary, couched in terms of the most that no force is comparable to union of opiproper respect towards his Majesty ; at the nion and feeling, nor any means more effecsame time, that, in temperate but dignified tive to preserve you invincible than reciprolanguage, it asserts the right of the subject, cal confidence between you and the constiand expresses boldly, that just sense of the tuted authorities, who, attentive only to disgrace, which has fallen upon the national the public interest and benefit, will see character, by an event as unaccountable, with dissatisfaction and abhorrence every as it was unexpected. The Address implies thing that opposes or separates itself from distinctly an imputation of blame some- the general prosperity. --SANTIAGO Liwhere, and solicits a Parliamentary Inquiry niees.-Buenos Ayres, Aug. 11, 1808. into i be causes of an evil of such magnitude. -I shall now take my leave of you, with French EXPOSÉ.-Paris, Nov. 3 -In only requesting that you will compare care- the sitting of yesterday, his excellency inlly and without prejudice the intended the minister of the interior, accompanied Address, with those Resolutions, which by Messrs. de Segur and Corvetto, counselwere carried at the Meeting. Let every lors of state, pronounced the following man appeal fairly to his own heart, whether speech on the situation of the French enthe Address intended to have been proposed, pire :-Gentlemen, you terminated your is not more adapted to his own private sen- last session, leaving the empire happy, and timents, more consonant to the public opi- | its chief loaded with glory. The year has nion, and more congenial to the feelings of passed away, and a multitude of new cirevery Englishman, who professes an honest, cumstances have added to the good fortune though not parasitical loyalty to his King, of the country, and increased our hopes of and an attachment invincible to the laws and future benefits. All that I have lo state to Constitution of his Country:-I entreat you you, gentlemen, is already known to you ; to make this comparison in order to convince and, for your full information, I have only

to retiace to your memory the principal | enriching by the requisition of new patterns, events which have filled up the interval be- and is entitled to commendation for the tween your last and your present session, information which the pupils receive, who and to recal to you the additional advan. frequent its school of drawing and descriptages for which France is indebted to the live geometry. Reforms have been made in wisdom and valour of her sovereigu. I will the school at Chalons-sur-Marne.-The conspeak to you first of the wants of nations ; sultation chambers of the manufactures are justice, public instruction, the arts and hastening to present usefal views, which will sciences, the numerous branches of internal be taken advantage of. The institution of administration, public worship, the finances, arbitrators, for the purpose of deciding with and our principal relations with the states of celerity variances that may arise between the the Continent. The recital will bring us of workmen and their employers, render to course to this lamentable war, which we industry services which have been set forth. maintain against one single people. The Since your last session, gentlemen, several glory of our nation wounds that people, our towns have demanded them, and there are strength alarmsthem; the independence of our already some established at Nimes, Aix-lacommerce and our industry disquiets them; Chapelle, Avignon, Troies, Mulhausen, Seevery thing is again subjecied to the furtune dan, and Thiers. of war ; but the days of justice are not far Commerce. The political events have distant.- (Here follows a long detail respect- been unfavourable to commerce. It still was ing the administration of justice, the prin- 1 kept alive in the midst of the contentions cipal amelioration of which consists in the that have deluged the Continent in blood, establishment of the trial by jury, on the because those nations that were involved in precise principles of the English law. The the war preferred their n'eutrality-thac next head is that of public worship, which right deemed, even in our times, inviolable. is followed by that of sciences and literature, But the English legislation, already misled public instruction, &c.--- These articles be- by the ambition of universal monopoly, has ing of great length, and less immediate im. overthrown the ancient barrier of the law of portance, we reserve them for a future op- nations, and trampled their independeoce portunity, and proceed to the heads which under foot, substitating in the room of them are mosi interesting to the English reader.] a new maritime code. The ordinances of ---Among the arts of indusry which bave his Britannic majesty have realized these inade progress in the course of this year, innovations : that of the 11th of November, we must enumerate the manufactury of tiu. 1807, is particularly remarkable; it pro. In two of our manufactories they have at- nounces, by au universal blockade, the intained a degree of perfection, no ways terdiction of all our ports, in subjecting the yielding to that of the English. A premium ships of neutral powers, friendly and even of encouragement has been given according- allied to Great Britain, to the visitation of ly; and another is also destined to ulterior its cruisers, to be conducted to British ports, efforts in the same branch.-The mechanics, and there to be taxed by an arbitrary inquisiin their endeavours of simplifying their tion. The emperor, obliged to oppose just looms, and introdueing economy in their reprisals to this strange legislation, gave out labours, have often also improved i he quality the decree of the 23d of Noveniber, arof their stuffs. Those that are used in the daiving the seizure and confiscation of the weaving of cotton, have, for several years, ships which, after having touched in Engbeen much multiplied ; the spirit of inven. gland, should enter the ports of France. tion has brought them to perfection. There From these measures, provoked by the Briis nothing now but what we can make, and tish Jaws, she almost absolute cessation of very well. The weaving of the cotton has the maritime relations, and many privations made as marked a progress as the spinning. for the French merchants, manufacturers, These two kinds of industry are already and consumers, must have necessarily esadequate to the consumption of the empire, sued. We all know with what resignation which is for ever liberated of the grievous these privations were endured; we know that taxation it has hitherto been under to the they are already become habitual, that they Indian moufacturers and to their oppres- have awakened the genius of invention, and surs. The machines best calculated for the produced a thousand resources in substitation manufacture of cloths, are already in wide of the objects which we are in want of; we circulation; they have lately been much know, finally, that a great nation, essenencouraged by advances made to different rially agricultural, can, by possessing in manufacturers in the departments.-The abundance all articles of utility, easily foreconservatory of arts and handicraft is daily go those, which only form certain luxuries

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