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stitutional transaction. They read to the discretion of the court ? And, Sir, to petitioners a lecture on the first elements what does this boasted Right of Petition of British justice, as if a modest petition amount, if the subject cannot carry his for inquiry were an open violation of its complaints to the foot of the throne, principles ; they refer io some recent in. withont being dismissed with contempt and stances, to prove the general willingness of disdain ? It on an occasion, the most imhis majesty to institute inquiries, though portant to the honour of the country, that it is notorious, that these instances never has occurred in the military annals of Britain, satisfied the wishes of the country ; they an humble petition from the first.city of acknowledge the disappointment of the the empire has been thus treated with hopes of the nation, on the subject of the scorn, what is to be the fate of addresses, petition, but they loudly declare that the on subjects of less consequence, and it interposition of the city of London is suing from quarters les respectable ?-Our wholly unnecessary in this critical attention, by the extraordinary conduct of juncture of attairs. The answer in plain the ministry, is now transferred from the English amounts to this : " However cul- Convention of Cintra to the preservation or pable our commanders by sea or land may the rights and liberties of Britain. The be ; however disastrons the situation of truth is, this country is verging by rapid our affairs ; what degree of guilt may exist strides to despotism ; and it becomes the in the management of our concerns; the duty of every man, who values the birtb. good citizens of London, and consequently rights of an Englishman, to use bis utmost the people of England, have nothing to do efforts to prevent farther encroachnients. but to remain quiet, patiently to pay their The only method, that can be pursued for taxes, and leave these higher concerns to this purpose, is loudly and unanimously to the wisdom of the king's ministers, with- call for full, effectual, and parliamentary in. out troubling his majesty with their com- quiry, not only into the Convention of plaints.”—This, Sir, is the real substance Cintra, but into the conduct of those of their answer ; a fair commentary on a who were the advisers of this singular most ungracious, harsh, and repulsive text. Answer to the Petition of the city of 100In the records of ministerial pride, I have dou. The cry of “NO ENEMIES TO never found such an answer to a modest THE RIGHT OF PETITION !" should petition. Napoleon would not have ven- resound from one corner of the empire to tured to insult his good people of Paris in she other. Our ancestors dethroned a so$0 pointed a manner. T'he public will vereign for invading our rights; their de. jodge, whether such language, dictated by scendants cannot do less than dismiss and the servants of the crown, be not injudicious degrade an administration, who have evi. in the extreme to the valuable Right of dently attempted to abridge and render Petitior, secured to us by the wisdom and nugatory what was then claimed, demanded, steadiness of our ancestors at the era of the and established. In supporting the cause of Revolution. A wicked and unprincipled this great city, we shall contribute to the minister, who openly invades our liberties, security of our glorious constitution, and becomes much less dangerous, than he, who we shall afford a lesson to all furture minis. silently and imperceptibly gains ground by ters, however fortunate, not to deviate thwarting us in the exercise of our rights. from a constitutional course in the tide of We are naturally on our guard against the prosperity, but to remember, that there open machinations of ihe former; but are rocks, on which, whoever splits, must against the secret designs of the latter, inevitably perish. - POLITIAN. — London, what can secure us ? What am I benefited 12th Nov. 1808. by the frequest panegyrics of Lord Haw. kesbury on the glorious Revolution, if,

OFFICIAL PAPERS. amidst all this ostentatious display of patriot- ENGLISH COMMERCE WITH SPAIN.-Lel. ism, I am to be robbed by him and his ter of Admiral Morla 10 Mr. Duff. associates of one of the most useful privi- The supreme junta of Seville declared to leges secured by that event? Or at least me, under date of the 13th instant, as folif I cannot resort to the exercise of it with- lows:-“ Most excellent Sir,--The suprenie out experiencing the most poignant insult ? junta of Seville is adopting measures for Where would be the advantage of the grand forming a regulation, under which English palladium of personal liberty, if the judge commodities are for the present to be im. were to tell the prisoner on his application ported in the country, on which subject your for a writ of habeas-corpus, to remain

excellency presented a note to the said junquiet in prison and leave his case to the ta, under date of the 3d inst, in answer to which the said junta has resolved to declare vour is to be extended to such ships as shall O pour excellency, that with regard to the arrive in future, since it is not for me, as Femminess which have already arrived, they you desire in your last report, to decide that eive it entirely to your own judgment to point. -God preserve you many years.determine in your wisdom and prudence THOMAS DE MORL 1.---Cadiz, Sept. 19. what duty they ought to pay, the junta being lesirous to testify to the English nation the AMERICAN EMBARGO.--Petition of the Subrigh sense they entertain of their friendship scrilers, Officers of Merchant Ships, leand generous support. - In pursuance of the longing to the Port of Philadelphia : 10 order received, I have this day communicat- the President of the United States. ed the following instructions to the director Respectfully sheweth, that, in consequence general of the customs : -Authorised by an of the present embargo laws, the situation order of the supreme junta of the 13:11 cur- of yur petitioners is grievous and afilicting; rent, touching the importation of English that they have been engaged in the ner gooils, hitherto prohibited to be imported in cantile service since their infancy, with to this country, and the duiy payavle on few exceptions, and accustomed only to congoods of the like description, found on board duct ships or vessels across the ocean ; that, of such ships of the said nation as are at pre- from the operation of the present restrictive sent in the Bay, I have determined after laws, they find themselves cut off from having heard the opinion of their lordships their usual employments, and, of course, with regard to the duty payable on the same, the means of subsistence are gone.--Your that ihey are to pay 15 per cent, royal cus- petitioners are well acquainted with the dutoms; 5 per cent. if destined for inlandi con- ties of conducting ships from pori to port, sumption; and all the other duty payable on well versed in paval tactics, but unable to foreign goods, the importation of which is handle the harrow or the plough.-Your permitted, the shipment of the said goods petitioners have for a long time borne, with for our possessions in America, being of patience, the privations incident to those course free and unprohibited, since, in this restrictive laws, without murmur or comrespect, they ought to be considered as free plaint; but, when imperious necessity comgoods, on payment of 7 per cent, ad valorem, pels them to disclose the cause of their the proper officer adhering strictly to the or- grievances, they humbly suppose they have dinances issued on this subject. You will at- a right so to do in a decent and respectful tend to the execution of the present order, er.-Your petitioners therefore pray, and make it known to the trade through the that your excellency will take their case in, competent board, with this proviso, that to consideration, and adopt such measures clothes made up, articles of wood, or any as may relieve the wants of your petitioners ; other material perfectly finished, are not to or, if there are vacancies in the navy, to give be imported on any consideration whatever. your petitioners, or some of them, an op-I inform you of the premises for your own portunity of serving therein ; as they think information, and for the direction of the themselves capable of performing services individuais of your nation, that they may

of that nature. They, however, submit form a correct opinion of the high estima. their whole cause to your consideration, tion in which the Spanish government holds hoping your excellency will adopt such meathe worthy subjects of bis Britannic majesty, sures as wisdom and justice may point out, and perceive how anxiously that government and as in duty bound will pray, &c.desires to give proofs of its gratitude for Philadelphia, August 10, 1808. their faithful alliance. God preserve you

President's Answer. many years.--THOMAS DE Morla.--As Sirs, --In answer to the petition which you in the order which I communicated to you delivered me from the officers in merchants under date of the 16th instant, the supreme vessels belonging to Philadelphia, I must junta of Seville says only, that it is adopting premise my sincere regret at the sacrifices measures for making regulation with regard which our fellow-citizens in general, and to the importation of English cominodities, the petitioners in particular, have been obwhich bicherto it was not lawful to import, liged to meet by the circumstances of the it is not in my power to form any other de- times. We live in an age of affliction, to termination, but with regard to goods of which the history of nations presents no the above description, which are found on parellel-we have for years been looking on board of ships actually arrived in the Bay, | Enrope, covered with blood and violence, and you must therefore apply to the supreme and seen rapine spreading itself over the junta, for instruction, how far the same fa

On This element it has reached us,

manner.

ocean.

and at length in so serious a degree, that I employed in idle conjectures, the fathers of the legislature of the nation has thought it the country, your magistrates, and the chief, necessary to withdraw our citizens and pro. who has repeatedly conducted you to glorijas perty from it, either to avoid or to prepare triuuphs, were incessantiy occupied in defor engaging in the general contesi. But vising the best means for maintaining your for this timely precaution, the petitioners character, interest, and tranquillity. From and their property might now have been in an examination of the contents of all the the hands of spoilers, who have laid aside dispatches, it appears, that the emperor of all regard to moral right. Withdrawing the French has been compelled to recognise from the greater evil, a lesser one lias been the absolute, independence of the Spanish necessarily encountered, and certainly, could monarchy, and also that of all its transmathe legislature have made provision against rine possessions, without retaining or disthis also, I should have had great pleasure, membering the minutest portion of its doo as the instrument of its execution, but it minions; and to maintain the unity of re: was it impracticable, by any general and just ligion, our properties, laws, and usages, which rules, to prescribe in every case the best guarantee the future prosperity of the nation ; resource against the inconveniences of this and though the fate of the monarchy w 24 new situation. The difficulties of the not entirely decided, the cortes were sumncrisis will certainly fall with greater pressure moned to meet at Bayonne on the 15th ci on soine description of citizens than others, | June last, whither the deputies of cities, and on none perhaps with greater ibanon and other persons of all ranks in Spain, who our seafaring brethren.

Should any means repairing, to the number of one hundred at i of alleviation occur within the range of fifiy.-His imperial and royal majesty aiter my duties, I shall with certainty advert applading your triumphs and con-tancy, esto the situation of the petitioners, and in horts you to maintain with energy the bordel availing the nation of their services, aid opinion which you have acquired by your 12them with a substitute for their former oc- lour and loyalty, offering you at the same time cupaiion. I salute them and yourself with succours of every description; and I have livt sentiments of sincere regard. --I'mos. Jef- hesitated to assure him in reply, that the

fidelity of this city to its lawful sovereign is

the character which chiefly distinguishes it, BUENOS: AYRES.

-- Iruclan ilion by Don and that I shall thankfully adinit every deSantiago Liniers y Bremond, Viceroy, scription of aid, consisting of arnis, arsGovernor, and Provincial Captain-Gine. munition, and Spanish troops. In times su ral of the Provinces of the Rio ile la Plzla, calamitous nothing can so much COCAE'c. Dalid Buenos syres, viug. 15,1503. bute to your security a3 union and Cuo

Brave and tuithiul inhabitants of Buenos incidence of sentiment on a point so in'eAyres.-Since the arrival of the last vessel teresting to the public happiness. Let us from Cadiz, bringing advices of the events imitate the example of our ancestors in this which have occurred in our mother country, happy land, who wisely escaped the disrelative to the abdication of the crown, exe- asters that afflicted Spain in the war of the cuted by our beloved monarch, Charles IV. Succession, by awaiting the fate of the muand his son Ferdinand VII. and the remo. ther country, to obey the legitimate authoval of the whole of the royal family to France, rity which occupied the sovereignty.-MeziI consider you as anxious to fix your opinion while not possessing orders sutficiently au. mpon a matter in which your loyalty is so thoritative, to countermand the royal cedu. deeply interested. This anxiety niust bave las of the supreme council of the Indies for been greatly increased by the arrival of the proclaiming and taking the oaths to Don Fes: French agent, who brought over various dis- dinand VII. as already announced in my p:0. 'patches for this supreme government. Thecla, clamation of the 31st of July, I have re inours of the unthinking have reduced your ac. solved that those measures shall be pris credited enthusiasm to a state of irresolution. ceeded in with the forms and solemnities The not immediately declaring to you the ob- already agreed upon, flattering myself that ject of his mission may, perhaps, have appear- in the midst of the public rejoicings and ed to you a want of confidence very contrary to happiness we shall prepare ourselves for nex that whi h I place in you, and which your triumphs. patrictism has merited. But whilst you were

(To be continued.)

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FERSON.

Printed by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydres Street, CoventLüieca, wline former Numtes may be bad: sold also by j. Eudd, Crown and Niue, Pall-Mall.

VOL. XIV. No. 23.) LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1808. [Price 100.

" Sir Arthur Wellesley, in fact, privately protested against the Armistice, in the strongest terms; he dis"tinctly declared his objections to the Commander-in-Chief, and triat all in his power to prevent him from

granting the terinis he did to the enemy. Sir Arthur Wellesley neither approved of, nor had any concern ** whatever in writing the Armistice. It was negociated with Kellerman, by Sir Hew Dalıymple himself, " and was afterwards signed by Sir Arthur Wellesley, in obedience to the positive order of Sir Hew Dalrym“ ple."MORNING Post (or Nabobs' Gazetre), Sept. 22, 1808. 885] ]

(866 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

the same sentence. Rur, observe, there . Court of INQUIRY. If there can be was, in neither of those cases, a

- Court of any such thing as unquestionable pre-emi- Inquiry." The former, though he had, nence in absurdity, it is this thing, now with an inferior force, beat the enemy and going on at Chelsea. Flinging stones against taken two of their ships, was sent, like the the wind; eating hasty-pudding with an latter, who, with a superior force, had awl; drinking out of a bottomless pot; beea shamefully beaten ; the former, like singing to the draf; asking questions of the the latter, was sent, at once, to a court dumb; exhibiting pictures to the blind': al} martial; a court invested with all the pow.. those, and every other thing that ever was ers appertaining to crimiual jurisdiction, not seen, or heard of, yields to this matchless exceptiog that of sentencing the accused to absurdity. A court, destitute of all legal | suffer death. Well, then, these being the form and authority ; the members of which recent occurrences manifestly alluded to in are under no obligation to perform or to ab. the king's Answer, had we not a right to stain from performning any thing ; destitute expect, that the men, now accused, would of the power to demnand evidence or compel have been tried in a similar way? And can Attendance; destitute of the power of putting

there be a doubt, in the mind of any man, any question upon oath, of enforcing obe- what was the real olject, which the minisdience to any one of its coinmands, of ters, or part of them ar least, had in view, issuing its cenare, and even of pronouncing when they advised the ting to give such a judgment, in any manner whatever, which, Answer, and to make, in that Answer, such if hostile to the feelings of the party adjudged, an allusion ?--The result of this court will would not, according to the present practice, be, the collection and publication of a mass subject it to a criminal prosecution for a of matter equal in bulk to that of the Old libel. Is this the sort of Inquiry, of which and New Testament; a mass that no man the Rev. Edmund Poulter was speaking, will ever have the patience to read ; and a when he came forward, at the Hampshire mass, which, I will venture to assert, will, meeting, and, upon the express authority in the minds of the nation, leave the question of Mr. Sturges Bourne, assured the people of guilt, or innocence, just where it now is. present, that an Inquiry, of the most satis- Of course, it will leave the complained-of factory description was ther actually insti- grievance unredressed, and the people, in tated ? Is this the sort of Inquiry, to which their different districts, will, if they be not the king was advised to allude, and which bullied or corrupted into silence, renew the partizans of the ministry, asserted to their applications to the throne, or to the bave been promised, in the king's famons parliament, or to both, for a legal and rigid and never-to.be forgotten Answer to the Inquiry. In the meanwhile, the public city of London ? Is this the burt of Inquiry should, it appears to me, seize upon, and that will, or that can, satisfy the indignant treasure up, certain prominent facts that are Dation ? Be it remembered, that the king, transpiring at Chelsea, casting aside all that in the answer which he was so ill-advised as mass of detail, all that insignificant babble, to make to the city of London, referred all that miserable small-talk, dignified with them to recent occurrences, as a proof of the name of evidence, which can possibly be his being, at all times, ready to institute of no other earthly use, than that of bewila Inquiries, in cases where the interests of the 1 dering and confusing their minds.---- First nation and the honour of his arms were con- then, it appears, supposing Sir Arthur Wel, cerned. What were those occurrences? lesley now to speak ibe truth, that all the nuWhy, the trials of Sir Robert Calder and of merous and positive assertions, made, as will General Whitelocke, though, I hope, the be seen, in part, trom my motto, in the Morntormer will excuse me for naming ibem in ing Post, and by the friends of Sir Arthur

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Wellesley, respecting his PROTEST,“ were thing without consulting Sir Arthur Wellesdownright lies. All The stories, which came ley. More was meani than met the ear, in before the public (as relating to this Protest) this case, and that Sir Hew would clearly in the shape of " letters from officers of high perceive. What a man must be made of, to rank and reputation in the army;" all the accept of a command on such conditions, numerous extracts of this sort; all the asser- will leave the reader to say ; but, the fact tions about Sir Arthur Wellesley being forty clearly enough is, that it was meant, that miles distant from the scene of negociation; Sir Arthur Wellesley, who was the seventh all, all and every one of these assertions, are in command; who bad six senior officers now, from Sir Arthur's, from the reported over him, should, in reality be the Com. protestor's, own lips, proved to be lies. mander-in-Chiet'; that his should be all the Observe, as connected with this point, an praise that might become due ; his all the assertion of Sir Hew Dalrymple ; that a pa- renown; and, as far as saving appearances per, from England, was actually circulated would permit, his all the reward, of every in the army, to the same, or nearly the same, sort. Accordingly, it is said, and I bare i purport with these now-acknowledged lies. from po bad authority, that the head of the Sir Arthur Wellesley denies having had any high family is offended, that Sir Arthur is hand in the promulgation of either; but, as not created Viscount l'imeira! To this my correspondent, R. L. in a late number, conduct, on the part of the ministers, and of very pertinently asks, why did not Sir Ar- Lord Castlereagh in particular; this creating thur, who “ came home on leave of absence of an unnatural sway, a confusion and conso long before Sir Hew was "o recalled ;" Rict of authorities, where nominal rank was why did not Sir Arthur, give a contradiction set in opposition io confidential trust; to his to these atrocious calumnies against his ab- unwarraniable partiality; this poisonous illsent Commander-in-Chief, especially as the fluence at home, no small part of the indelievident and necessary tendency of them was, ble disgrace, and of all its consequent misto exculpate himself at the expence of that chiefs, may, probably, be attributed; and, absent commander? No: it may be, that all other points apart, the having instructed he had, himself, no hand in hatching, or a Commander-in-Chief to be, in fact, ruled in promulgating, those malignaut lies; but, by an interior officer, being the seventh info I may venture to leave any man of sound command, is not only a fair, but necessary i moral principles to judge, how far, under subject of parliamentary inquiry; for, on such circumstances, to wink at such lies of two things must be: either the nom. makes him an accomplice with those, by nal Commander-in-Chief was, by the mi• whom they were hatched and promulgated. nisters, thought incapable of that post, Had I been in the place of Sir Arthur Wel- or he was, without any necessity, insulted lesley, I should, I hope, upon landing at and disgraced from motives of favouritism Plymouth, and upon finding how things towards another. The next point, me stood at home, instantly, before I got into riiing the notice of the public, is, that it my chaise; before I saw the face of ihe mi. now appears, from the statement of Sir Hew nisters; have taken care to send to the most Dalrymple, that the whole of the documents, rapid and inost extensive channels of circula- reaning to the disgraceful Convention, were tion, a declaration of iny opinion, " that transmitted to Lord Castlereagh in the French " the Convention was a wise measure; but, 13:15

nage. Men of spirit; men who had fell, " that, at any rate, whatever degree of as ibey ought to bave felt, upon such an ce“ blame it merited, a full share of it was Casion; men, who had had a proper notion “ mine, I having aseisted at the negociation, of what honour required, and who had had - the Commander-in-Chief having done no. the wisdom to perceive the great effect

, thing of importance without my advice which, in certain cases, is produced by arand concurrence, and I, so far from pro- parently trifling causes; such men would " testing against the Armistice, having most not, in the face, and under the very poses, “ heartily approved of it." It appears to of the Portuguese nation, have put their mne, that this is what I should have done. I hands to any document in the French lanthink, I could not have slept an hour, 'till I guage, though, aftur acknowledging the had done this. It is certainly what honour, legitimacy of the title of the " Duc truth, and justice demanded; and it certain- d' Abrantes," and of the “ ly is what was not done - The next point poleon 1.” this is hardly worih potice. worth particularly attending to is this : that, So it was, however ; the documents were it now appears, from a document, produced not only drawn up, and signed, in the French by Sir Hew Dalrymple, that he, by the in- language ; but, in that language they were struction of Lord Castlereagh, was so do no- all sent home to Lord Castlereagh. Now

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