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appears, that there actually are, in the House Keeper of the Records in the Exchequer of Communs, 78 members, who are place. for which he receives £400 a year ; and men or pensioners ; that they enjoy amongst next, his younger son, Mír. Willian Surart them 112 places and pensions ; that these Rose, hus a sinecure place in the Exchequer, places and pensions amount to £ 179,994 a for which he receives 22.137 a piar. year, which sum, if it were equally divided, Which sums put together, make €10,130 a would give to each member of the whole year, which Mr. Rose, and his sons receive House, £272 a year ; and, I am convinced, out of the taxes annually raised upon us ; that, if all the emoluments had been annexed, and, he having, upon an average, received and all the names brought into view, the sum about five thousand a year for office salary, would have been double what it now ap- besides sinecures, since the year 1783, I pears. What, then, would you say, if you, am far within the compass when I assert, could behold the long list of places and pensions that he and his sons alone have received out enjoyed by the relations of the different of the taxes of this back-broken country menibers ? Suffer me now to state some THREE HUNDRED THOUSAND particulars from this list; because they very POUNDS STERLING.-Such, Gentle. nearly concern ourselves. First, Gentlemen men, is, in part at least, the company, inta of Romsey, there is your noble neighbour, which we are going to send either Mr. Hermy Lord Palmerston, who receives L1,000 bert or Mr. Heathcote. Does it not, then, bea year. Secondly, Gentlemen of Bishop's love us well to consider, what sort of map that Waltham, there is your neighbour, Mr. is, whom we thussend: Weare about to serd, Sturges Bourne (who was standing amongst according to the language of the constitution, some tall men in the crowd, at the time) a person to be the guardian of our moner, receives £'1,500 a year. Thirdly, Genile- a check upon the minister in all things, but men of the Isle of Wight, there is your more especially to be a check upon his conGovernor, my Lord Fitzhurris, who, as go- duct as an expender of our money ; does it, vernor of the Island, receives £1,379, and, i noi, therefore, become us to be as sure as observe, le bas taken care to have a grant we possibly, in such a case, can be, that of this place for bis lifl', sick or well ; this guardian whom we choose, will not himthongh, I must say, that in all probability, self receive any of this money from the mihe is as able to command a military force, nister ; and is it not to be guilty of the gruse being bed-ridden, as if be were actually on sent self-abuse to pretend to believe that he the back of his charger. This lord will be a check upon the minister, if he bimhas, besides, secured a further grant of the self be permitted to receive a share of what public money to the amount of £1,200 a the minister may choose to expend or give year for life, to commence after bis father's, away? But, Gentlemen, there would be, Lord Malmsbury's, death, and Lord Malms- in such conduct, on our part, something a bury has received fortifieen years past, and great deal worse than folly. There would isto receive for his life, a pension of £2,300 be in it the basest treachery towards the rest a year. This, Gentlemen, is the new Lord of our countrymen ; for, you are to remem• Lieutenant of our county. A pensioner, ber, that there is not one man in five hutpaid out of the fruit of our labour, industry, dred who can, as things now stand, vote for ingenuity, and economy. Fourthly; and members of parliament. With the interests now I must beseech you to enlarge your of persons, of this description, in this counmindsin a degree proportioned to the increase ly, we are charged, as well as with our own; ing magnitude of my subject : He that has and, therefore, if, in choosing a menice, ears to hear, let him hear; for I am about to we consider only our individual interest, we speak of the suns enormous, which Mr. are guilty of dishonesty ; and, if we, from George Rose and his sons have received negligence, choose an improper person, we and do receive and are to receive ont of the are guilty of a flagrant and shameful want of pockets of Wis' taxed nation.
First, as duty towards our neighbour.—The way, Treasurer of the Nary, lie receives, 24,324 Gentlemen, in which I think I shall besi a year ; next, as Clerk of the Parliamelis, | discharge my duy, is, to tender to the canwhich place he has for life, and in which didates the pledge, of which I Lave already he has never performed an hour's duty, spoken, for the requiring of which I have, he receives, and lias received ever since with your great patience and indulgence, the
year 1783, the sun of $3,278 given my reasons, and the words of which, a yeni ; next, this place is granted to with the confident hope, that they will his son, Mr. George Henry Rose for life, meet with the approbation of every truly who is also a member of parliament ; next, honest and independent man who hears me, Mr. G. Ruse has another sinecure place, as I will now conclude with reading : “ That s he will never, either directly or indirect- “ for ; but I know of no services which can * Jy, either by himself or by any person " be performed by a member of parliament, " related to him or dependent upon him, " which ought to be paid for.” “ receive a single shing of the public MR. HEAThcote said nothing that could
money, in any shape whatever, so long be heard, except as to the proposed pledge,
as he shall live ; and that he will use ihe which he refused to give, though he said, « utmost of his endeavours to obtain for that “if he knew his own mind, he never " this burthened people a redress of all “ should receive a farthing of the public * their manitold grievances, and especially money as long as he lived " of that most crying grievance of having MR. BARHAM perceiving that Mr. Her. " their money
voted away by ibose, bert's explanation as to his conduct, in resamongst whom there are many who re- pect to ile petition from Lancaster, had not " ceive part of that money."
been clearly understood, came to the winAfter this, a person), whose name was said dow, and, in a very clear and satisfacto be Brown; who was stated to have been
tory manner, showed, that Mr. Herbert's a purser, or something of that sort, under conduct, upon the occasion referred to, was LORD KEITH ; and who now lives, it was not only blameless but deserring of the said, at Purbrook-Heath, having begun to highest prai-e. Having completely removed speak below, wai called up to the window, the impression produced by the erroneous were, having read from the report of the construction of Mr. Brown, Mr. Barbam Debates in the short parliament, a passage said, that he had a test, whereby to try the wherein Mr. Fierb.irt was represented as candidates, to whom he put this question : having proposed the disfranchisement of the " Will you, if the Inquiry, now going on, borougli of Lancaster, on account of their respecting the Convention of Cintra, conduct relating to their member, COLONEL " should end in a blank report of merely CAWTHORNE, he, Mr. Brown, inferred “ all's well, bring forward, or support, in that Mr. Herbert had proposed to disfran- parliament, a motion for another and chise the said borough, merely because the more satisfactory mode of Inquiry?". the voters had presented a petition disagree- Mr. Herbert answered distinctly in the affirable to the House.
mative; Mr. Heathcote gave no answer at all. MR. HEREFRT then came forward, and The Sheriff now put the question to the began by detending bimself against the Freeholders, which of the two candidates charge preierred by Mr. Browr ; but, owing they cho e 10 put in nomination; and the to the inarticolaie sound of his voice it was majority appeared in favour of Mr. Heathimpossible to catch more thja a very smail part of what he said. He defended the cona
*** I must put off, till next week, what duct of himself and lois friends; stated that
I int nded to have sail, respecting the Inhe had never, in any single instance, shown
come of the Duke of York; the proceedings himself dependent upon the ministry, and
of vie Court of Inquiry; and the conduct challenged any onetofrove the contrary. He
of the Mayor of London. condemned the conduct of the present ministry, with regard to the Inquiry now going
NEW EDITION OF THE STATE TRIALS. on, and complimented the country upon the spirit it had shown, in seconding the laud. On Monday, the 2d of January, 1809, able and constitutional efforts of the City of will be publisired (to le completed in London. With respect to the proposed Thirty-six Monthly Parts, forming Twelve pledge, he said, he would promise, in the very large volumes in kmal Oitavo), most distinct terms, that he neper would, as Part the First, Price 10s. Od. of long as he lived, accept of sinecure or pension,
CODBFTTS and that be would reject, with scorn, the
COMPLETE COLLECTION OF viter of either ; but, that he would give no piedge, that, if the king should, at any
STATE TRIALS, lime, think his services useful to the country, he would not accept of a proper compensa
TREASON, tion for such services; and this, he trusted,
AND OTHER CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS, would be satisfactory. Upon perceiving, that Mr. Cobbett signified his disent from this proposition, Mr. Herbert asked, what In proceeding with the Parliamentary His. objection he had to it? 10 wbich Mr. Cob- toiv, which it has been, and is, one of the beit answered, " Those servires I have no principal objects of my life to lay complete " objection to, nor to their buing well paid before the public of the present day, and,
FROM TUE EARLIEST PERIOD DOWN TO
in that state, to have the satisfaction of leave them into a separate Work, to be pubished ing it to posterity, I have for some time during the same time, and in the same manpast, perceived, that there would still be
ner, as to paper and print, with the Parliawanting a Work like that above-described. mentary History. In putting to myself this question : “ How Besides the consideration of uniformity, “ shall I go to work to secure the best chance there were others which had great weight “ of rendering a son capable of accomplish- in this determination. The State Trials are " ing great things; fit to have a share in now to be found only in an edition of Blaen
guiding the minds of others ; of weight Volumes in folio, a form so unwieldy that it or sufficient to make him an object of res. is impossible they should ever be much read,
pect with good and of dread with bad, to say nothing of their incomplete state, or
public men ?" In putting this question of the expense; which dotter alone, owing to myself, the answer iny mind suggested to the scarceness of even this imperfect ediwas : Suffer not his time to be wasted in tion, must be a serious obstacle to general
learning sounds instead of sense ; suffer circulation. So that this Work, though ab.
not his body and mind to be debilitated by solutely necessary to the lawyer and the proor continual confinement and continual con- fessed politician, very curious, interesting, « troul and correction. Give him, God and instructive, in itself, and, in a high
being your helper, a sound body and degree, illustrative of the legal, politici,
strong Jimbs ; habituate him to bear fa- and constitutional history of the country, is “ tigue ; to move with confidence and rapi- to be met with in but very few private
dity in the dark; to fare and to sleep libraries, those of counsellors and solicitors “ hard ; and, above all other things in the not excepted. The mere reduction of size,
world, to rise with the lark, thus making from the unmanageable folio of former edi“ his year equal to eighteen months of his tions to that of the royal octavo, double “ effeminate contemporaries. Next lead
page, which unites economy with coute. “ him into the paths of knowledge, not nience, will, in itself, be no inconsiderable
minding whether pedants call it learning, improvement. But, the proposed edi on “ or not; and, when he arrives at the pro- will possess the following additional advas per age for acquiring that sort of know.
]. The series will commence moje “ ledge, make him acquainted with every than two hundred years before the time of
thing material, 23 to public affairs, that has the earliest transaction noticed in the forme
really occurred in his country, from the editions. Many very important Trials and " earliest times to the present day. Open curious matters, omitted in the former edirs to him the book, not of speculation, but of tions, though occurring within the period
uneiring experience. That he may be which those editions embrace, will be “ able to judge of what is, as well as of supplied; and the series will be continued “ what ought to be, shew him, in detail, down to the present time : 2. Many useless “ all the political causes and effects, to be repetitions, ceremonials, &c. will be om i" found in our history ; make him see ted, but every Trial wili be scrupulouse
clearly hiw this nation has come up, and preserved: 3. Many unmeaning and 012" how in government hasgrown together." structive pleadings will be omitted; yet all
From these such like reflections, those, which are either curious in them. sprang ibat arduous undertaking, the Parli- selves, or upon which any question aruse, ameniary History of England ; and, from will be carefully retained : 4. The different the wine source arises the work, which I articles, relative to each case, will be placed now submit 10 the judgment of the public. together, so that the trouble of frequent Así proceeded with the History, I found, that riferences backwards and forwards, aliend. to read disclons, relating to Triris for bigh ing a perusal of the former editions, will be Treason and tor other high Crimes and Misde- avoided; and, where references fioni one mladors, and not to be able to refer imme
part of the Work to another necessarily acti?, diately to those Triais, they being so intimate. the paging of the present Work will alare le lz cunnected with the history of the pardı- regarded ; so that the confusion arising from ament, and being a detailed relation of some ihe various pagings of the former editions of the most important and most interesting will, in no case, arise to teaze and retard events in be recorded, could not fail to be the reader: 5. The Trials, instead of being greatly disadvantageous to the student : yet, placed in the vexatious disorder of the fo:to bring into the flistory such a m255 of legal mer editions, will stand in one regular chroproceedings, which aumitted of little abridg- nological succession, unless where a diferent nient, was, for several reasous, not to be
arrangement shall be dictated by some spe hought of. I, therefore, resolied to form cial reason; as, for instance, where mile
Trials than one concern the same party, or for a moment; and, I am convinced, that the same transaction; for, in such cases, it the very first Part will satisfy the reader, may sometimes be thought adviseable to break that it has not been undertaken without through the order of time, for the sake of means of every kind sufficient to carry it on exhibiting together all the particulars relating to a conclusion, in a manner worthy of t the saine matter or the same person : watter so generally interesting and highly 0. Brief historical notices of the conspicuous important. In the publication of the Hispersons mentioned in the Work, or refer
tory, I elied upon the sound sense of the ences to published accounts of them, will public, rather than upon the prevailing litebe occasionally inserted: 7. Where points rary taste of the times; and from the suicof law arise, references will be made to cess of that work, I am convinced that sucthose parts of the Law Digests, or Treatises cess will attend this also. I am convinced, on Criminal Law, in which the principles that there are readers, and readers enough, and cases, relating to such points, are laid who wish to know, froni authentic sources, down), or collected : 9. In like manger, what the facts of our history are; how our references will be made to my Parliamentary government really was administered hereraHistory for any Parliamentary Proceedings fore; what sort of nien our forefathers really connected with any Trial, and to any other were, and how they really acted; and who work calculated to elucidate any part of this will not be satisfied with the vague notions Collection of Trials : 9 Some Trials before which alone can be collected from historical Conrts Martial, but those only of the magic lanıhorus, like that of Home for greatest importance and most general inter- instance, in which no one single object is est, and illustrative of the history of the plainly or distinctly presented to us, but imes, will be preserved in this work: where a multitude of images are made 10. To each volume there will be pretired rapidly and confusedly to pass before our a full and clear Table of Contents ; and in eyes, distorted and discoloured according to the last Volume there will be a General the taste of the shown Index to the whole Work, so complete that Nov, 20, 1808.
W. COBBETT. I hope it will be found to leave nothing of *** The First Part will be published on any importance difficult to be referred to. Monday the 2d of January, 1809; and as the
It is computed, that the Eleven Volumes number of copies of the succeeding parts of the last edition of the State Trials will must, of course, be regulated by the degree be comprized in Nine Volumes of the New of success that can reasonably be counted Edition, and that the Additional Maiter to upon, Subscribers are respectfully requested bring the Work down to the wesent time, to send in their Names as early as possible. will make three Volumes more. The whole The Work will be published by R. BagWork, therefore, will consist of Twelve shaw, Brydges Street, Covent Garden ; very large Volumes. The paper and print and will be sold by J. Budd, Pall-Mall; J. will be, in every respect, similar to those of Faulder, New Bond Street; H. D. Sythe Parliamentary History. In tbe mode of monds, Paternoster Row; Black, Parry, and publication only there will be this difference; | Kingsbury, Leadenhall Street; J. Archer, that, while the History is published in Dublin; and by every Bookseller, LawVolumes, the Trials will be published in Stationer, and Newsman in the United Purts, one Part coming out on ihe first day | Kingdom. of every month, in the same manner as the Magazines and other monthly publications;
Courts of INQUIRY. and will, like those publications, be sold by SIR,-The observations of Major Cartall the Booksellers, Law-Stationers, and wright at the Middlesex county meeting, as Newsmen in the kingdom. Three Parts given in the Times of yesterday, to shew will make a volume, and it will be optional that courts of inquiry are not only illegal, with the Subscribers, to take the Parts sepa- but political weapons which are dangerous rately, or quarterly to take the Volumes to the constitution, having ibrown new light bound in boards, in a way exactly similar to on the conduct of ministers relative to the that of the History.
transactions in Portugal, it is now to be For me to pretend to undertake, unassist- hoped the intended course of proceeding ed, a Work of this sort, which, to execute will be changed to that which is alone conwell, requires the pen of a person not only sistent with the administration of justice. possessed of great legal knowledge, but also The case is one that admits of no possible well versed in the history of the law, would doubt; the law is plain ; the path to be walked be
great presumption. Without such assist- in perfectly straight. There can be no deviaance the work was not to be thought of tion without criminal design. Au act so
atrocious as to have shocked the whole na- tended with some nije an! dificult circuntion, and giveli case of deep dignatisfaction stances, nothing short of the powers of a reto our allies, hus beea perpetrated in open gular court, with full antisority for compelday, in the presence of two armies, in the Jing atiendance, and all the powers of saw tace of Europe. The nation denando a over witnesses, Cali extract the truth, and trial, and justice. You are prenature;' give the party his acquittal. If such a party says the minister, you prejudge the parties is to be called before such a inock trilepal concerned, but you shall have “ due in- as I have described, and there, for the walt quiry.” “ Dhe inquiry," Sir, is legal in- of due means of legal investigation, is quiry; and, by the converse of the propo: judged a proper subject for trial before sition, that which is not legal inquiry, is court martial, will this circumstance have NOT “due inquiry." It is in the mouth no effect to his prejudice? Is not this a crue! of every despicable quibbler, that calling the prejudging of his case? --How, again, Armistice and Convention a crime, is to pre- may it be in the case of a guilty person : judge. If to accuse, be to prejudge, and on May not niceties and difficulties in the case that account is not to be listened to, now is so embarrass the members of a “court of any criminal to be brought to justice ? AC- inquiry," conscious of the extreme de. cording to this doctrine, I may see one man fects of their appointment in all its parts, kill another, and apparently without autho- and not bound by the sanction of an oathi rity, without accomplices, without provoca• to administer justice, when attended with tion, but I am not to accuse him of murder, severity, that they may not venture to because that is proudying. He may have say the accused person ought to be put been doing his duiy, or acting under a legal
upon his trial?
And would not this be u authority, or on self-defence.
Is such rea- prejuilging favourable to guilt? To prisoning to prevail, and the trial of crimes to judge, is to pronounce upon any act, as 10 be stayed, until guilt is first proved? or its being criminal or not criminal, lejere it what else is the meaning of this quibbling? has been decided op by the proper court i --That I might not, Sir, be niisled by the law. To acuse, and to pronounce upo), assertions of the Major, I have consulte the are very distinct things. But mini ters authorities he quoted, namely, Blackstone sharply rebuke those who only accuse, ar ! and the Mutiny Act, and find him perfectly call it prejudging; while they themselve correct. Blackstone, 1.3, c. 3, says, “the first assume the arbitrary power of in “ LAW hath appointed a prodigious varie- posing, between accusation and trial, an ath
ty of courts,"-" alt these in their turns surd and monstrous species of tribului " will be taken notice of in their propir which it is not alwtul for his Majesty ? ) “ places," which he accordingly puiturc... erect and constitute," and a tribu The Mutiny Aut now in existence, herein whici Cannot possibly do otherwise tha. copying, as I believe, the very worús of porez nagyon the case at issue. Is this, ST, every preceding mutiny act, $. 31, 575,- nendrec!? liibe nation can tamely sui “ for bringing offenders against sich articles italf cute thuis insulted, I will not say it " of war to justice, it shall be laurul for is prepared for slavery, but it is alreaweza “ his Majesty io eiect and constitute courts saved, for none but slaves could si en
martial, with power to try, hear, and di- subojit to such indignity. --- To make a “ termine, any crimes or ortences by such shew of impustiality, and to ward off from. " articles of war, and to inflict, &c.” but thun:elves the suspicion of packing a court the act no where s.:y's " it sul la liwal for skreening their colleagues, nzinisters are “ for his Majesty to erect and constitute said to have put upon their court of inqe. courts of inquiry; in which neither mem- a certain poble lord, and to have ordt bers ncr witnesses are to be upon vaii, in that the court shall be an open court. E. which a witness may or may not answer a Sir, when a court is not only illegal, bat question, at his pleasure, and before which the minist in sile appointment, I am als no persuli can be brouglat as a witness, un- Uus to know how it can be otherwise ja less he ihink fit to a:tead, and the sunrmons Scriber', thin is a packed court; and is det to whicieron the accused muy treut with a p chid court as ocious and revoltin, as . contempt. The law, Sir, has bir it done any packel iury, to the stelings of English: thing so absurd and monstrous as ail this. And
, Sir, those who would liken a shall, iben, any minister be permitted to do court of inquiry to a grand jury, and pre: so absurd and monstrous a thing without tend to recommend it on that account, ought law? ---Now, Sir, let us see who are the to recobject that a grand jury is not an open prejudgers. Au innocent officer is accused court; and ibat it can examine no witnesses of a very serious crime, which, being at. but on the side of the prosecution, Here,