Page images

England, by making them believe, that to repel the foreign invaders, when they they are to be taxed for carrying on a war must have known, that wherever that end in Spain,' for a qurpose which, if it suc- was effected, they would have to wage a ceed, must be productive of harm to this civil war among themselves, for the settlenation, and to every nation in Europe. It ment of the government? Such a measure is for you, Mr. Cobbett, to reconcile such would have given rise to a fourth faction in conduct with sound policy, and wiin your the nation, and that too in favour of Joseph former opinions on the subject of the Buonaparte. Prudent people, and such as Spanish revolution --But, if the question bad estates and property in the country, were whether tic Siramards had acted pru- dreading the anarchy and confusion, which dently in choosing Ferdinand for their king, must necessarily enstie on a total dissolution it would be no difficult matier, not only of the government ;-calling to mind the to prove the aifirmative, but to demons- awful scenes that have been acted in France, trate, that it was the only possible measure, under the government of a Convention ; which could erable them eifectually to re. and unwilling to run the risk of bringing sist the power of France. When the siuvlar distress and misery on their country, juntas of the provinces were called to aims, would have quietly subiniited to the usure a people so circumstanced as the people of ! pation of Buonaparte; and to the bappiness Spain then were,-suddenly deprived of of the people, sacrificed their liberties and their king and government, -it was neces- independence. These evils have all been sary, in order to insure unanimity, to shew prevented by adhering to Ferdinand; and to them not only what they were to fight in so doing, the Spaniards have followed against, but what they were to fight for. To the prodent example of England in the defend the liberties of their country, against year 1658. When James the Vllah abdicated the base attempts of a ireacherous and persi- ibe throne, and carried his son along will dious tyrant, was no doubt a cause sufficient him, England did not make choice of a of itself, to rouse to arnis, a people so new family, but conferred ihe crown upon brave and so gallant as the Spaniards. But the daughters of their late king, and on to render the rising of the people general ; their demise without issue, the parliament to secare unanimity, and prevent the seitied it on the nearest protestant, heirs.growth of faction, it was necessary that an You say that to restore ibe house of Bourultimate object should be pointed out 10 bon to the throne of Spain, without any them, -that the people should know the limitations whatever, will do harm to every band destined to sway the sceptre, when nation in Europe, and particularly to this their exertions had freed the country from nation. But surely you do noi mean to say, ita foreigo enemies ;--- and to whom could that it will be productive of equal harm to They so naturally cast their eyes, as to Fer- this country, as the establishment of Jose; ha dinand, to whom the people were so un- Buonaparte on the ilirone of Spain? We animously, and so enthusiastically attached? had, herefore, but to choose between Let it be supposed that the Spanish leaders, these two evils ; prudence would surely dice illuminated by the same enlightened policy tate to us to choose the least. The conwhich distingnishes you, sir, had declared sequences of the latter to this country, you that the royal family bad forfeited all right have so well described in the 4th No. of to the crown, and had merely called upon the

present volume of the Political Regi: ter, the people to take up arms to repel the that I cannot do beiter than give the puzinvaders of the couniry ; promising when save in your words : « Napoleon once in that should be accomplished, to call a na: secure possession of Spain, would easily tional assembly of the people, to choose a keep us in a state of continual alarm : constitution, and frame a governinent for “ all hopes of resistance would be extinthemselves; what, in all probability, would guished upon the continent of Europe, have been there wit of suimprudent a step, which, uvited under one head, wouli, what, but dis!pion, ruin, and deteat? The " and must, harrass us in a way that ke people no doubt would have armed; but could not support, for any number of one party would have declared for Ferdi- years." If this, Sir, be your real opiDanil; another for king Charles, and a nion of the fatal consequences that must third for ibe proposers of the Convention ; ensue to this country from the subjugation and from parties infuenced by so different of Spain, let us hear no more of the harm ties, and actuated by principles so hostile to every nation in Europe, and to this nato each other, could any union in council, lion in particular, which the restoration of or cooperation in action, been expected? the ancient government of Spain must ocWould they have juided, with one wesent, casion, --refrain from declaiming on the

[ocr errors]

folly and absurdity of England, spending | intercourse will be the object of the goher blood and treasure, to carry on a war vernment, as well as the wish of the people in Spain for the restoration of the Bour- of Spain. - have the honour to be, Sir, bons ;-—and try not to damp the ardour of your obliged humble servant, -SEMPRO the people of England, in behalf of the NIUS. Furth-Bank, ?uth of August, 1808. Spanish patriots, when our assistance is of

N. B. - This letter has been mislaid, or so great importance to them, in the glo.

is should have appeared long ago.-W. C. rious cause for which they have taken arre and when the consequences of their

OFFICIAL PAPERS. want of success must be so fatal to England. -I do not believe, por do you believe, if

HOLLAND. Dutch Commercial Decree, we can judge from what you have formerly dated 18th October, 1808. (Concluded written on ihe subject, that the ancient go. from page 800.) vernment with all its defects will be restored They are further anthorised to cofby the entbrovement of Ferdinand the Vikin. respond direct with ourselves, in such But even if it should, if Spain succeeds in Cascs where they have any information driving out the French, the advantages to of great importance to communicate to this country, political as well as commer- us, and particularly to acquaint ns with cial, will be very great.

The influence any instances of neglect or backwardness which France has so long retained over the on the part of the civil or military agents. government of Spain will be destroyed, The Daval and military force shall alse and S;;aio will be thrown into the arms of be at their disposal, in all that relates to the England. The family compact, which had watching of the coasts and porés. The existed so long to the disadvantage of Eng. telegraphs are likewise placed immediately land as well as of Spain, was annihilated under ibeir orders.--Art. IV. Fishing-bosta by the expulsion of the Bourbons from shall be compelled to return to the havens France. It is true, that the inthience of from which they sailed. They shall, upon France still coniinued to operate,

even no consideration, be admitted elsewhere, down to the day that Ferdinand arrived at Dot eren under the pre:ext of having sofferBayoone, but that was occasioned by the ed damage ; and wherever any trace shall be terror, with which the power of France discovered of a communication hasing takea inspired a weak and cowardly government. place with the enemy, such as persons being But if Spain succeed in defeating the at- found on beard, not belonging to the crew, tempts of Napoleon, and securing her inde- or the smallest package of merchandize, pendence, the dread of the power of letters, or newspapers, the boat shall be France will no longer operate on the Spa- come the property of the civil or military nish government; Spain will have become authorities who shall have contributed to her conscious of her own strength, and will no seizure, as soon as a decree of seizore is longer submit to be the tool of France, or pronounced by the judges, which shall be sacrifice her dearest interests to the views wiithin 14 days at the farthest. – Art, V. and caprices of Buonaparte. Gratitude to All nations or foreign merchantmen entering England, and hatred of France, which -tbe any of our havens or roads of any descrip present perfidious attempts of the latter tion shall be warned by a boat to keep off, must inspire, will naturally occasion a close and that if they do not they will be fired at -connexion betwixt Spain and England. It No excuses can be admitted, letters received is well known that there is a great simila- or any intercourse entered into with tbem. sity of character between the two nations ; Ships of war and those of friendly nations, and that the people of Spain have always are alone excepted.--Art. VI. All decrees, been remarked for a strong predilection in regulations, and other dispositions, heretofavour of England. The peculiar wants of tore adopted, relative to the sbatting of the each other, and their mutual ability to havens, and the prevention of communicasupply those wants, would prowote a com- tion with the enemy, shall remain in full mercial intercourse equally beneficial to force.-- Art. VII. Our members of finance, both nations. Such an intercourse has been marine, colonies, justice, and police, are slong earnestly wished for in Spain, as ap- each in his respective department, charged pears by their well known adage : “ Con with the execution of the present decree.todo el mundo guerra, y paz con Ynglat- Given at onr Palace at Utrecht, 18th Octoterra “Peace with England, and war withber, 1808, in the third year of our reige. all the world ?" ani to establish such an (Signed) Lodewyk.

Printed by Cux and Baylis, Great Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, CorentGarden, where former Numbers may be had: sold also by J, Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall Mall.


" Pes, while I live, no rich, or noble knave,

Shall walk the world, in honour to his grive."- -POPE. 833]


Johx Pollen, Bart, recommended Those For the nomination of a member to serve FREEMAN HEATHCOTE, Esq. a son of Sir in Parliament, in the room of Sir Henry WILLIAM HEATHCOTE, which recommendaMildmay, Baronet, deceased; which meet- tion was seconded by Sir NATHANIEL HOLing was held at Winchester, on the 23d of LAND. November, 1809, in consequence of the These formalities having, in the course of follosung Requisition and Noritication. a few minutes, been gone through, Mr. Pora To the High Sheril of the County of TIL, a friend of Mr. Herbert, came forward, Southampion

and began an address to the fieeholders, with " Winchester, Nov. 15, 1803. observing opou the unfairness of the con" SIR :-The much lamentul death of Sir duct, which, upon this particular occasion, HENRY LET ST. JOHN MILDMAY, Bart. the Sheriit had been induced, from the having occasioned a vacancy in the represen- party purposes of those who signed the refation of this county, we earnestly intreat quisition and others connected with them, you to call a mee ing of the gentlemen, cler- to pursue. He said, that the notice to the

y, and freeholders, to consider of a pro- freeholders was so short, that it was imper person to be put in nomination to suc

possible, supposing every one of them to ceed to him as early as convenient.

see the newspapers in due course of their H. Drummond, Williain Garrett,

publication, all the freeholders could have L. B. Wither, Wm. Deacon, been apprized of this day's meeting ; be. Wm. Heathcote, George Garrett, cause, the provincial papers do noi bear P. Williams, James Deacon, date till the londay ; ar: bot, in fact, deJohn Garnett, David Lance, livered till the Monday, except in places John Blackburn, Wm. Fitzhugh, locally favoured in this respect ; are noi deJ W. S. Gardiner, S. Harrison.

livered in many parts of the county till the "In compliance with the above request, I Wednesday morning; and, therefore, it do hereby appoint a meeting of the genile- was very probabie; and, indeed, almost inen, clergy, and freeholders of the county certain, tiat there were many of the free. of Southampton, to be holden at the castle holders at home, reading the notification of Winchester, in the said county', on for the holding of this nieeting, at the very Wednesday next, at twelve o'clock at noon, moment that ibe meeting was bolding. He for the purpose above-mentioned.--G. 11. appealed to all who beard bim, whether MITCHELL, ' Sheriff.---Titchiekl Lodge, such a notice ivas not unprecedented; wheNov. 17, 1908."

ther any meeting, of this sort, had, by any At twelve o'clock, the sheriff opened the Sheriff, ever been before called, without, business, having adjourned from the Court- at least, two weeks notice ; and, he exhouse (which was considered as tuo small to pressed his hope, that no Sheriił wouid hold the Freeholders assembled upon the oc. hereafter, from any motives whaterer, and casion) to the Grand Jury Chamber, into especially from motives such as those wbich which persons, who wished to take an active hd evidently prevailed in this instance, be part in the proceedings, were admitted, induced to do what liad now bee! coce while the assemblage of Freeholders re- Mr. Portal then called the atiention of its mained in the Castle-yard, and were ad- meeting to the periinus situation of Europe dressed from the windows.

in general, and of Spain and Turtugal in The Sherill having read the requisition,


He said, that the question was and stated his intention finall; to tile the now to be decided, and that there appeared sense of the meeting by the slew of hands, to be litile time left for the decision, Sir Thomas Miller, Baronet, camie for- whether the brave, the gove is, and the ward, and recommended, as a proper per- noble Spaniards were to be delivered from son to represent the county, The Hon. the grasp of the unprim pled, upsparing WILLIAM HERBERT, which was seconded and ferocious tyranny of the spot of by Sir Charles Mill, Bart. Then Sir Trance, or whether they were

u venisbe




under that grasp, and with them the last

generally enr:ployed by those, remaining hope of the deliverance of who,

as yet, condescend

to designate Europe, He said, that


us, for one week in seven years, by the tidiout a numerous and gaillant army; that tering name of gen:lomen," but who, 13the nation, with an unanimous voice, prayed less we now make a stand for our rights and for their success; but, that, numerous and liberties, will, all the year rourd, and dur. brave is our arınies and our fleets were ing all the seven years, bestow upon us the kuown to be, still there was need of a di. better-merited appellation of slaves. But, recting mind at home; need of able men, Gentlemen, I am not without hope, that the and men of habits of business, in the House result of this day's proceedings, notwithstandof Commons. He said, that, since the ing the unusual and unprecedented and uiproceedings with regard to the Convention jistifiable shortness of ihe notice for assemof Cintra, it became more than ever necessa. | bling; a notice grown out of a requisitior. ry to provide a check upon the conduct of signed by those who called the honourable the ministry, who had shown, in a manner baronet lately deceased, by the endearing almost unequivocal, that they meant to screen name of friend, and who bave now hastere. those, whom the people, of all ranks and to seek for some one to fill his place be fere degrees, had, with an unaninious voice, ac- his corpse was scarcely cold ; a requisiiito. cused of having injured and disgraced the from persons who call themselves gentlenen country. Mr. Herbert, he said, had, during of “liberal education and generous habits," the short time that he had the honour to re: though it is impossible to form an idea of any present the county, fully proved, by his eon- proceeding more illiberal, more ungepers stant attention to his duly; by bis indepen- discovering a more complete want of all jest dent conduct; and by ibe great talents he and gentleman-like feeling; in spite, 1 s21, displayed, that he was a proper person again of the shortness of the notice to the free to be chosen for the county, under the pre- holders in general, while secret means bard sent awful circumstances, and that, there- been long using 10 procure and insure a pă: fore, not only because he thought Mr. Her- tial attendance, I do hope, Gentlemen, that bert to be, for several reasons, the fittest the result of this day's proceedings will persou of the two, but, also because the convince those, who have been the other candidate was already (though they diate cause of our assembling, and, indeed might never have heard of it) a inember of which is of much more importance, parliament, he strongly recommended 10 nation at large, that, though the freeholders ihe Freeholders of the cunniy to show, by a of Hampshire, bare, in common with a decided majority in the show of hands, that rest of their countrymen, lost much of this the sense of the county was in his favour. rights and liberties, yet, at any rate, 114

MR. COBBETT, who stood at another they have sense enough remaining to krok window, then spoke as follows :-" Gentle what those rights and liberties, we have just been reminded of the Before I have done, Gentlemen, it is my necessity there is of our rúaking exertions for intention to submit to you a proposition, the deliverance of Europe. The livile, with respecting a PLEDGE, which I deem it my which I shall take the liberty to trouble duty to obtain from one or the other of the you, will be of an humbler case, having candidates, before I give my vote for eithery for its principal object, to effect, in tine, and, if I should succeed in convincing you and in some small degree, at least, the de- that to require this pledge is reasonable, fair, liverance of Hampshire.

In certain na- and conformable to the principles of the tions, where the great body of the people constitution, I shall, of course, hope, that were slaves, it was a custom with the slave. you will, in this respect, follow my holders, to give them, at certain fixed pe- ample. There is a doubt, Gentlemen, opam riods, a holiday, and to ply them plentifully the question, whether, after a member with drink; one of the principal purposes returned to parliament, he is bound to abide of which appears to have been, that the chil- by the subsequent instructions of bis cocisti dren of the slave-bolders, from witnessing tuents; but, I take it, there can be to the beastly behaviour, the senseless noise, doubt at all, that before we elect a member, uproar, and confusion, that seldom failed to we have not only a right to ascertain, but prevail amongst the degraded wretches, up- that it is our bounden duty to ascertain, that on these occasions, might, at an early age, his intentions are to act agreeably to those contract a deep-rooted abhorrence of the leading principles, the adhering to whib odious vice of drunkenness. Too nearly re- may, in our opinion, be essential to the sembling the means, but with an end well-being of our country. The purpose, in view soinewhat different, are the for which we are met, Gentlemen,



stated in the requisition, and as you make; what solemn promises would tioned by the Sheriff, is this : ' to con- you exact, before you would intrust any one “ sider of a proper person to be put in with the absolute care and management

f “ noinination" serve the conoty as your purse. Would you not be quite cera member of parliament. Now, Geotle- tain, that he wis possessed of integrity men, this is a serious and solemo occasion, enough to secure it from the light fingers of and so, I hope, you will consider it. We are the pick-pocket, and of resolution more than not net for the vile purpose of ballooing and sufficient to defend the open assaults of the hooting at the holding up of the finger of a highway robber? Yes; and how many party leader ; we are not met to de years of probation, would you require, before grade ourselves beneath the beasts that pe- you ventured to cutie pe to bin the icking sisid, but to exercise our judgment; 10 out of the purna just kunilie piny Send? decide upon an important question, agreeably Besides, Gewilemen, in @pie tuinonder what to the dictates of reason and of conscience. is the company, amongst whom we are Apparently, all those, whom I have the about to send either Mr. Herburi or Mr. honour of addressiny, are the friends, some Heathcote; for, unfurnished with that of one of the candidites and some of the knowledge, it is next to impossible that we other ; and, I can assure you, that I am should be able to judge which of them is the enemy of neither. They are both gen- best calculated for the duty we are about to tiemen of fortune and of respectable family ; impose upon one or the other. It is a rule and, of such members of parliament ought in common lite to fit the person, or the anito consist. I am for choosing neither vaga- mal, to the service: we use a dog and bonds nor upstarts, who, in general, when pot a sheep for the driving of calile. Let possessed of power, prove the worst tyrants. us see, then, what sort of company that I object to neither of these gentlemen ; but, is, into which we are going to send one of before I give my vote, I must have an assu- the two gentlemen, who have been this day tance, that the person for whom I vote will presented to us, as proper to be entrusted do, upon certain great points, that which I with the holding of the strings of our think is essential to the public good; and, purse. --And, here, Gentlemen, I must, in order that you may see the reasonable- with your leave, refer to a written memoness of the assurance that I require, I will, randum of names and sums. The House of with your indulgence, now state to you Commons, which now consists of 658 mein. what the constitution says respecting the bers, aintains persons, who enjoy the emo. points which I have more immediately in lumenis of 112 places and pensions. But, view.-- First, then, Gentlemen, the con. before I proceed further, sufier nie to state stitution declares, that “ the election of to you upon what authority I am about to lay "menubers to serve in parliament shall be before you these interesting facts.They

free" ; thereby meaning, that no ondue are drawn from a Report presented to the influence of any sort shall be made use of 10 House of Commons, in consequence of a bias the minds, or obtain the votes of the motion, made by that intelligent, upright, e'ectors ; and next, which is what I more disinterested, and valiant nobleman, LORD particularly wish you to attend to, it declares, COCHRANE, who, having so often defeated " that no person, holding an oflice, or the enemies of England at sea, appears to " place of profit, under the king, or having have wished to contribute towards defeating " a pension from the crown, shall be its more dangerous enemies on shore. His " capable of serving as a member of the lordship's motion, which would have brought

House of Commons.” And, Gentlenuen, into view all the placed and pensioned relaif you consider the duties, which members tions of the members, was, in a great meaof parliament have to perform, you will see sure defeated; but, we have, at any rate, the justice and reasonableness of this excel- got some information from it. The list, eren lent rule of the Constitution, of all which of the members themselves, is very income duties, the first and greatest is, to see that plete. It is acknowledged to be incomplete the people's money is not improperly granted, by those who make the report. Many of and, when grantei, not improperly expended the offices, out of mere modesty, I suppose, The House of Commons are called the guar- have not the amount of the emolumenis dians of the public treasure ; and, some- placed against them; and, there are several times, still more emphatically, the holders placemen and pensioners, owing to the want of the national purse-strings. Now only of the returns from the di partment wherce think, Gentlemen, ,of the great importance their emoluments arise, who are not mella of this office. How long would each of you tioned at all, in any part of the Report. But, deliberate; what scrutinizing inquiries would even from this Report, imperfect as it is, is

« PreviousContinue »