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any man of cominon discernment, that men

N. B. It has been suggested to me, that, who have no:bing to call their own, are, in if MAJOR HOgan would advertise the Nufact (whatever iney may be called) slaves. bers of the four Bank notes, they could be In the East Indies, the critivators of the easily traced to their: Jate possessors; and, as hund have all the produce taken from them, his not baving done this, is, by many intelexcept just enough to keep them from actu-ligent and respectable persons, regarded as ally perishing. When the harvest approaches just ground of doubt with respect to the to ripeness, troops are set round the fields to truth of the history connected with those prevent the husbandman from smuggling notes, I confess, that I should be much away any part of the fruit of his labour. All pleased to see it done. is sized on by the accursed Aumils, or 9:?ter's of taxes; and a miserable pitiance

MR. POULTER'S LETTER. howed back to the cultivator for his bare

Meonsloke, Nov 10, 1SOS. subsistence. This is slavery the most abject; SIR,-My immediate view in thus ai. ten th Susand times worse than that experi- dressing you is, through your favour and enced in Algiers. To this pitch we, thank candour, to correct some of the errors ttGid, are put come; and, it is our duty, a specting my part in the late Hanse duty we owe to the memory of our fathers, County Meeting, which hare bee en as well as to ourselves and our children, to in your journal, as well as in moso take care that to this piich we do not come, newspapers,

on the report In all our thoughts and deliberations, this others, of whose partiality I shall berea ought to be the tirst object. When, as in speak.--First, with regard to whai I sa . the approaching election for this county, we Mr. Garnier, whom I am erroneouslv started have an opportunity of choosing a person to to have termed, my relation, I desire to redefend our righis, we should first of all peat my words which were tbese, “I reconsider, whether he be, or will be, a " frained from speaking to order before, watchful and faithful guardian of ibe fruits

is because it concerned the case of a perof our Jabour; or, whether he be a man son, with whom if I may not call myself likely to avail himself of his power, not to connecied, yet to whom I feel my self so defend us, but to enrich bimself at our strongly attached that I might appear, ai expence. No matter what party he belongs I am, partial to a character which howto, or has belonged to. This is a question ever I admire, I leave to speak for itself beneath our notice. We nast resolve to " to all who know him." I have to add, break through these trammels, or we shall in answer to yonr subsequent journal, that continue to be the sport of desiguing knaves, I am now desirous of speaking for him, to who have so long succeeded in persuading all who know him not; to wbich latter dethe people, that to be consistent they must scription I think you belong. You therein continue their support of whatever man they state your object at the meeting to hare bave onee been leu to support, though all been, to give his friends an opportunity to the circumstances inay have changed, and answer you-a fair object I-admit

, and though that same man may have falsified all give you credit for its being so intended by his professions and promises. The occur- yoll; but contend that it was wholly un. rences at the last meeting gave me a proof, attainable in the manner proposed, because that the spirit of the country is dormant, but no such opportunity was thereby given; not dead; and, though I know well how for all discussion of the case was so absumigiity corrupt influence is, in this county lutely inadmissible, that had I, or any other in particular, I am persuad :d, that, in spite person, as well inclined and better enabled of the whole power of that influence, any to do it justice, attempted it, his discussion gentlenian of known fortune, of known of it must have been prevented in the same good moral character, would succeed to the way, and for the same reason, that you vacant seat, if he came unpropped and un

introduction of it was interrupted, as being polluted by party, and stvod upon the firm entirely out of order ; and herein I come groond of the Constitution. For such a man, plain of your introducing a case, in the every man, whose vote was worth having, nature of a charge, at a place and time would vote; and, that freeholder, who where and when it could not be discussed in would vote for any other sort of candidate, defence ; thereby leaving a reflection, which, must be either destitute of sense or of prin- however false, could pot be then removed. ciple.--I am, Sir, your most obedient Since your journal does now afford chat op. servant,

portunity of answer, which your speech,

however so introded by you, did net, ! WM, COEBETT.

trust you are now as ready to give it by Bosley, 16th Nov. 1809.

your insertion as I am to take it by my sug

gestion of the following answer.- Though In proof of his virtual independence of siyour subsequent information, and almis tuation, I produce the following statement sion, in part anticipates my objections 10 of his case. -Mr. Garnier's Patent Place, your previous refie-irns, yet your conti- of apothecary general to the army, was nued arguments and assertions, and still granted to him in reversion, during the life 112re the public impression, which being of his father, who had a former grant, once made by you requires being removed dated March 1735; Mr. Garnier's patent by me, make me persist in this necessary bears date the 19th of January 1747, the communication to you and iden.----If, .as yer in which he was at Eton School, from you argue, Nr. Garnier's situation has a wiience he proceeded to Trinity College, natural tendency to his general de per:dence Cambridge: It therefore appears thui this and to his particular attachment to war, he patent has been in the family 74 years, has the more extraordinary mei it for being, during which time, the business has been as you partly admit, and as he wholly is, in transacted by deputy. There is no salary effect, free from both those natural lailings, annexed to the office, but the patent otlicer for which you allow he has sufficient cause, is considered as belonging to the staff of the nud therefore excuse; of which, however, army, and receives ien shillings. a day.-de deed not avail himself, for it is notorious No other profiter perquisite is derived from o those who know him, that of all men the public treasury.-Nr. Garnier's emolu. jou conld have singled out, he is the most menis arise wholly from the contingent proore and tender on the subject of war ; the fits to which any commercial man is en ery name and nature of which he loaths tiiled who irades with a large capital.-- It is ind abhors, both from his general feelings necessary to undeceive you and the public, f bumanity, and his particular sofferances by stating, Mr. Garnier does not receive of calamity under it. For you and the pob. twelve thousand a year, out of the public ic are to learn, that in all honourable and

money : give me leave therefore to explaint ensible estimation of loss and gain, such as his particular situation, from which, I am vould never be denied to any indifferent persuaded, you will agree with me, in think.. verson, niuch less to him, he is on a ba. ing, he is not overpaid, for the great risk, ance of feeling and fortune an infinitely and responsibility, which has frequently Teater loser than gainer by the war, which been to the amount of £150,000 a year. seither you nor they will be surprised to Mr. G. is, by his patent, to furnish the lear when I mform you, that he has lost four whole British army with drugs and medical ons, in the service of his country ly the stores ; and must always be prepared 10. vor, and most happily would he repay the meet the demands of an immense army, ac noney he has gained, could you restore the any muinent; he is bound to keep a great blood he has lost; for of all men, he is the stock of articles solely for the service of the ast, who from his liberal education, gene- army.-- Mr. Garnier's profits and perquisites, ons habits, and parental feelings, would you staie to amount to £12.000 a year ; uarter affections for interests. These may liis estimate you have taken from the prode called my speculative inferences from his fits of the three last years only, and I con, itpposed feelings, though even in that

ceive, you give a false impression of the view I cannot think them over strained; but place, when you assert the apothecary gene.' he facts themselves confirm my supposi- ral receives thai som annually; whereas the ions, for in the first place, so far is he trom general arerage would not amount to onebeing actually a particular approver of the fourth of that sun.--Mr. Garnier, wlio is war, or even a general supporier of govern. incapable of managing any part of this ment, that nothing has ever induced him, great concern, employs agents to carry on or if I can judge from what he has said or the medical trade; and the better to ensure done on that subject, ever will induce him, the faithful discharge of the duties of the to sopport the war by any thougit, word, place, be bas always given up one half of or deed. In the next place, so far is he from bis own profits, (whatever they might be,). having been an uniform supporter of gorers- as a remuneration to thein ; as also to se. ment, as you suppose, that he has frequen'. cure justice being done to the been in opposition to it. As a common This, then, reduces Mr. Garnier's personal. case in point, which is better than any other profit to one half of your statement, and... single instance I could give, I adduce, his with it, the degree of influence and comlong and constant support of Mr. Jervoise mand, which you secin to think are alway's during his continued opposition to several in proportion to a man's income.--The fact different administrations ;-50 much for is, Mr. Garnier's patent place, is as much Mr. G's. actual independence of conduct. his freehold, as his estate at Wickham; of

neither the one nor the other can he be disa argiiments for and against the Address. But possessed; he is at full liberty to take any it so turned out, that neither arguments por political part be pleases, his judgment, not numbers were of any avail. The sherií his interest, directing him in bis choice. thought proper to decide against us, and to In firness to the present government, it give us reason to complain ; Ist. That he put should be mentioned, that they bave not the question of adjournment, before several been indifferent to the interests of the pub. gentlemen who signed the requisition had lic, aud hive maturely weighed the pro- spoken, though they were very desirous to priety of giving Mr. Garnier a compensation deliver their opinion; 2d. That be refused ta for the purchase of his patent, (which he order a shew of hands, but direcied those was, and is, reidy to relinquish on any fair who were for the adjournaient to go to the terms); biit after due investigation, il ap. left and those against it to the right; 34. peared, that the army could not be better, That he did not put bimseif in a situation or more reasonably supplied, than under the where he could see the numbers, but decided present arrangement; as the charges made precipitately, before the freeholders could by the apothecary general to the army are place themselves as he directed; tih. That less than those of the Apothecaries Com- he declared the majoriiy to be in favour of pany to the Navy.-Mr. Garnier's emolu- the adjoutunient when it was clearly appainents depend wholly upon the success at. rent to impartial observers who were in a tending wholesale purchases, and retail situation to see, that the majority was against prices : he has ofien a great profit 01 some the adjournment; 5th. That being apphed to articles; so has estry merchant in every by several gentlemen to correct his mistake branch of trade ; and the merchants may by taking the numbers with more exactness, with as much propri-y, be said to be drains be hastily ordered his carriage, wbicb bad on the public purse, as that Mr. G. is in been waiting for him, to drive on. A 000. the receipt of a large income from public siderable number of freeholders met and taxes - You will now see, Mr. G. derives no requested the gentlemen who signed be readvantage from any support be may give the quisition to protest against these proceeding present government; that he has repeatedly of the sheriif. They have prutested, and de opposed administration; tbat he does not re- manded another meeting, but have met with ceive from the taxes £12,000 a year, during a refusal : in consequence of which they the war ; that by agreement with his depu- meet on Tuesday next to consider what sjes, he divides the profits with them ; that further steps they should take on this extrarhough not professionally employed, he is ordinary occasion. I agree with you, responsible often, to an ipmense amount, concerning the county of Essex. It has arivancing money from his privale foriune to certainly been a nullity' in its representatica discharge the debts of the public; and that for the last thirty years : and if majorities he never was an enemy to peace.On the are to be construed into minorities, it is likely whole, I am entiiled to conclude, that in to be also a nullity in exercising its conthis case no blame attaches to the adminis- stitutional right of addressing his majesty tation, no corrupt motives 10 Mr. Garnier, on the subject of the most ignominious treatly and no injury in effect to the public. The that ever disgraced the page of history – above being the first part of my proposed I am, Sir, your obedient servant, -MONTAcommunication, which I have first seat, Gue BURGOYNE.--Mark Hall, 31st Oct. from being of a personal nature, I postpone 1808. the second part, being of general relation only, to the proceedings and report in ques.

SPANISH REVOLUTION. tion, and remain, Sir, your very faitblul Sik ;-) have read with no inconsiderable servant,-EDMUND POULTER.

degree of surprise, your observatione opor

the Spanish revolution, in the Political Re Essex MEETING,

gister, of the 13th of August, cytreal. SIR,I thank you for the handsome man. From some of your former writings on that ner in which you have introduced my name remarkable event, I had concluded, that in your Register of the 22d. inst. I certainly you were zealously interested in the cause of bave been active in advising the freeholders the Spanish patriots; it is therefore with asto attend the county meeting at Chelmsford tonishment that I find you deprecating in on Friday last : but I do not plead guilty to a such strong terms, the favourite object of charge brought against me, at the said meet- the Spanish people, to place Ferdinand upoa ing, of having canvassed ibe county for that the throne, and declaring your opinion, purpose. My solicitations were contined to should that object-succeed, it will do harm the attending the meeting and bearing the io every nation in Europe, and particularly


to this nation. In expressing this opinion, into, in waging war only for kings, and we you have not even the merit of consistency resolved, on ihe present occasion, not to a quality essentially requisite in every jour split on the same rock. Thongh Britain nalist, wbo would preserve his credit with thus disclaimed all interested views in The the public, and particularly so, in the au- assistance which she resolved to give to thor of the Political Register, which has Spain; yet she was, in fact, wisely follow. obtained so .extensive a circulation, and is ing that line of conduct, which was nost kaown to possess so much influence over the conducive to her owu interest, audihe genepublic mind. When intelligence of the in. ral welfare of Europe. Whatever forin of surrections in Spain first reached this count- goverurnent might be established by the try, you listened to it with an incredulous Spanish people, was a matter of no imporar; the news you thoirght was too good to tance to this country, in comparison of prebe irue, and that the people of Spain were venting Spain from being subjugated by too deeply sunk in apathy, to rouse at the France ; and if in that she succeeded, call of liberty ; but wben further accounts she knew she would procure inestimable arrived, which left no room to doubt that the advantages, both to herself and to Enrope. indignation, which the treachery and tyranny She knew that she would, thereby, give an of Buonaparte had excited, was general effectual check to the inordinate ambition of throughout Spain, that in almost every pro- Buonaparte, the effect of which must be vince of the kingdom, the people were fly- the emancipating of the powers of the Coning to arms; vowing to defend their free. | tinent from thai debasing state of servility dom, or perish in the attempt; when we and dependence, under which they have so found them talking of their liberties, of long groaned. These circumstances I menreforming abuses, and restoring the Cortes tion to shew the wisdom of the advice which or real representatives of the people, you you gave, not to intermeddle with the interthen formed a more favourable opinion of nal affairs of Spain, or 10 attempt to trusa the success of their cause, and congratulated trate, directly or indirectly, any plan of your countrymen on an event so glorious government, that Spain night choose to to the Spanish people, and so auspicious to adopt. Since that time, however, the mass the liberties of Europe. You concurred in of official intelligence, which we have rethinking, that the consequences of this ceived from all parts of Spain, leaves is no event would not be confined to Spain ; you room to doubt, as to the wishes of the peohoped that it would be properly iniproved by ple of that kingdom with regard to their the government of this country, and you form of government.

From Gallicia to An. were of opinion, that it presented the most dalusia, from the Atlantic to the Meditera feasible opportunity of checking the exhor- ranean, the voice of the people is unanibitant power of France, that had occurred mous for Ferdivand VII. That the people, during the last fitteen years; but, at the same or their leaders, have, in thus choosing Fertime, that you earnesily recommended that dinand, discovered any intention of re-estaevery assistance should be given by this coon- blishing the old government, with all its de. try to the Spanish patriois, you gave his fects, there is not the least reason to believe ; majesty's ministers a piece of wholesome though from the batred you bear to that advice, the propriety of which was felt and unfortunate prince, and to all the family of acknowledged by every prudent man in the Bourbon, you cannot help identifying Fera country.

Do not interfere with the internal dinand VII. with the ancient government of affairs of Spain. Send them arms und am, Spain; excluding the possibility of any momunition, men and money, every succour to dification of the power of the crown, as enable them to preserve the freedom and in- well as of all reform of abuses, or amelioradependence of iheir country, but leave the tion in the condition of the people. It is, people to of government endig be most agreeable to them. This second wiwever sufficiently apparent, that the

wishes of the Spanish nation are in favour ed to be the line of conduct which ministers of a monarchical government, and that all had resolved to adopt; and every considera- ranks of people are enthusiastically bent on tion of prudence, pointed it out as the most having Ferdinand for their king. All their proper to be followed. We at that time edicts and proclamations run in his name'; knew little of the wishes of the Spanish they call him their beloved sovereign, and, bation, on the subject of their government, in their addresses, the Juntas of the different or of the opinion which was generally, en- provinces, who must be well acquainted tertained in Spain, of the conduct of their with the sentiments of the people, call upon royal family. We seemed to be conscious them, in the name of their amiable Ferdiof the errors which we had formerly fallen na: d, to die in detence of their country

their religion, and their king. And such ness to their guests, totally unbecoming the audresses their leaders, certainly, never character of Englisiimen,-a piece of rudewould have published, had they not known ness which could have been equally foreiga that the people were enthusiastically aitached frou sound policy, as contrary to every rule to their prince. -Since it thus so evidently of civility and politeness. They would have appears, that the governments of the diffe- been, thereby, taking upon themselves, to rent provinces, as well as the people of express their disapprobation of the conduct Spain, have given their voice so unanimous. of the Spanish nation, and to interfere with ly in favour of the prince of Asturias to be the internal affairs of that people, which their king; upon what principle is it, that you must admit, would have been high preyou condemn the gentlemen at the City of sumption in a set of gentlemen assemblei in London Tavern, at the dinner given to the their private capacities. They would also Sprmish deputies, for baring drank The have been setting at defiance, the whole ome baith of Ferdinand VII? On the promoters advice which you gave to the government of this dinner, you have poured forth a tor- and people of this country, not to interfere rent of the most unmerited abuse : for what with the Spanish people, in the choice of reason it is ni very easy to conjecture; for their government. This advice, wbich you I cannot conceive, wisy a dinner, given by were so anxious to impress upon others, you the bankers and merchants of the city of yourself hare lost sight of, as if you had London to the Spanish deputies, as a mark been the only person in the nation, on whom! el repect for them, and of attachment to there was no obligation to follow it. If the Limit Caese, shonld be more a subject of Spanish patriots, instead of declaring for

Cibowo iban : dinner given by any corpora- Ferdinand, had resolved to establish a re tion, in a p rt of this country. Of your publican form of government; if the Bri-, remarks on this dinner, it is foreign from tish ministry, taking alarm at this step, had may object to take any notice, ihough there remonstrated against it, and threaiened 10 is due observation I ca:not pass over in si- withdraw their succours, and to leave Span lence; talking of the quantity of turtle on to contend alone with Bronaparte; in what te tat'e, you exclaim : “how many hun- terms of severity and reproach, would yca “ dreds of wre:ches have worked like galley I have deprecated their conduct? You would “ slaves, upon bread and water, to supply have told them, that, by such an unjustina " this gluttonous repast!" If you mean by ble interference, they were sacrificing the this to insinuate, that the expence of this best interests of the country, and throwing dinner was defrayed from taxes, wrung from away the most favourable opportunity tbx the earnings of the poor, you have made a hasi ever been presented to them, of resista most unjustifiable attempt to mislead the ing with effict, the exorbitant power ignorant part of the public. If this is not France. But, impolitic as such conduct the meaning of the passage, it can have no would have been, it is the very thing wbich meaning at all ; for i presone that the ta- you, by the means of your Journal, are yern-keepers, waiters, cooks, under-cooks, now endeavouring to effect. By the opinion turnspits, &c. employed in cooking and you have expressed of the choice of Frie serving up this dinoer, were acting in the dinand VII, and by the arguments with way of their business, and that they were which that opinion is attenipted to be sup as much obliged to the gentlemen by whom ported, you have done what lies in your the expence of this dinner was paid, as the power to thwart the cause of Spain, and to paper-makers, stationers, printers, printers- assist the tyrannical attempts of Napoleon devils, newsmen, &c. &c. engaged in get. I do not, however, dread, that the publish. ting up the Political Register, are indebted ing of your sentiments will be attended h 10 you, for the employment you give then, so alarming consequences; it will only prove in printing and publishing that meritorious your owo inconsistency, and how little teJournal, by which you and they earn so gard you can pay to your our advices and comfortable a subsistence, and the people opinions. Your Journal will not in all proof this country derive so much entertain- bability reach Spain ; and there is no gir t nient and instruction. But to return-if risk that any tbinking people in this coud'y the gentlmen at the London Tavern knew will be misled by your arguments. But, 177 what were the sentiments of the depuiies, so far as your power goes, you have aanoi of the Spanish nation, and if at this tempied to raise a jealousy of this coul'st, dinner, given in honour of them, and 35 a in the breasts of the Spanish leaders ; 110 mörk of attachment to their cause, they had have attempted to render the people ii omitted to toast king Ferdinand VII, they England lukewarm to their cause ; File would have been guilty of a piece of rude- haro alempted to mislead the people et

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