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to the soldiers only. Oh! this is shameful. object to get the French out of Portugal ; This is base to the last degree. There is, but, the means were to be taken into view; in this appeal, and the nation will not fail for, it was not our object to accomplish to perceive it, something strongly indicative

that purpose with a total disregard of the of conscious criminality. When a man, means. Suppose, for instance, our wise accused of theft and threatc sed with prose. and valiant comnianders had got Junot to cution, reminds you of bi: distracted wife quit Portugal, in consequence of a Convenand starving family, what is your conclu- tion, that should have sent him, at once, sion? And what are not to think by the nearest cut, to Bilboa; would that of those, whose p:irtizans make this ap- have been to attain the intended object? peal to our compassion and gratitude? Suppose such Convention bad put him in No:.

:: we are not to be diverted from our possession of our feet off the Tagus and demand of“ strict discipline,” our demand of had put Cadiz harbour into his hands ; or justice, by any such puling appeal. We suppose, it had stipulated for the surrender gare most liberally. We grumbled not at to him of Guernsey, Jersey, and the Isle these generals being kept upon the staff for of Wight. There can be no doubt, but so'mariy, many years: without running the Junot, for either of these, would have consmallest risk of hearing a ball whistle by sented to leave Portugal, panicularly as he their heads ; 'we grumbled it that the har- was to have ships to carry him away.

The vests have partly rotted upon the ground for French would have been got out of Portugal; want of the hands, which were kept in in- but, will any man say, that it was our in. activity; we said, take our last perny, but, tention, that it was

" main object," fight, when the day of fighting comes. to get the French out of Portugal upon such That day has come ; and, from an expedi- terms ? No: it is a crafty, catching sotion, which has probably cost us more, than phism, invented to prop a vile cause. To the whole of one year's poor-rates, we have get the French out of Portugal was regarded derived nothing but injury and disgrace. as the proof of the success of our efforts ; And, shall we not now look for strict justice? | but, our main object was, to defeat the Shall our demands of strict justice be an- French, to humble them in the eyes of the swered by appeals to our compassion and our world, and, at the same time, to raise our gratitude ; gratitude towards those, from own character for good faith as well as for whom, in return for our unsparing liberalli- military prowess and skill. This was the ty, we have received nothing of which we main object; and does not every man's comare not ashamed ? In another view of mon sense teil him, that no part of this this matter, who can fail to foresee, that if great object has been accomplished ?justice be now denied, or withheld (which As to the now.magnified numbers, which is exactly the same in effect), the people the French army in Portugal has assumed, will, or can, continue cheerfully to contri- it is such a slavish imitation of Falstaff's bute towards the means of supporting the lying story of the men in buckram that it war? If they see expedition after expedi- were a shame to waste ove's time in a refu. tion fail ; if they see one year's taxes wasted tation of the falsehood ; but, I will just put after another ; if they see, battle after bat- this question to my reader: whether he betle, and even victory after victory, lead, in lieves, that, if Junot had had 25,000 fight. , the end, to nothing good, but uniformly to ing men in Portugal, be would not have something bad ; if they see that, having been instantly shot, upon his arrival in now reached what appears to be the lowest France ?There is yet one topic remainstage of the military bathos, justice is with- ing. -I beg the public to note the held from them : if they see this, is it, I arts, which are now making use of, lo ask, possible, that they should still chear- excite doubts, at least, in the public mind, fully contribute to the continuation of mili- with regard to the conduct and merits tary expenditure ; an expenditure amount- of Sir Arthur Wellesley.

Scarceing to nearly one balt of the taxes now ly a day passes, but we see some pararaised Before I conclude this article, graph, in the Nabobs' newspaper, having it occurs to me, that some notice is due to

evidently this object in view. Take the folthe argument, grounded on the assertion, lowing two, for instance, from the Morning " that our main

object was to get the French Post of the sch instant. • Sir A. Welies" out of Portugal." This argument is ley had a party of his friends at a grand plausible, because it evidently was one of " dinner at his residence in the Phonix our ohjects to get the French out of Portu- “ Park, on Tuesday Jast, being the first gegal; but, the conclusion, at wbich this fact neral invitation given by him since his res points, is not the less fallacious. It was our turn from Portugal. The Lord Lieule

nant of Ireland gave a grand military din- officers to the Duke of Marlborough or Lord

ner in honour of Sir 1. Wellesley, ai the Nelson, or to any other of our justly re. “ vice regal lodge yesterday se'nnight, to nowned commanders. They left it for the " which all the general oficers were invited." malion, the counties, the cities, the boNow, whether the facts be true or false, the roughs, and other bodies of the people at intention, obviously, is, to make the public home; they left it to the admiration and grabelieve, that Sir Arihur has done nothing titude of those whom they hud served, io prethat he is ashamed of, and that the Lord sent them with Addresses and tokens of reLieutenant of Ireland and “ all the general gard. The Addressers in Portugal did oot " officers " a are of the same opinion. But, think of a sword to present to their hero. A whatever this Lord Lieutenant (the Duke of piece of plate they seem to have thought Richmond) may be, in other respects, we more appropriate; and, to say the trul, all know, that he is one of the ministry; and their taste was not a litile commendable, therefore, his honouring of Sir Arthur Wel. though a man of the right stamp would as. Jesley ought to have no more weight with suredly have used it for the purpose of knockus, than if ihe honour had been bestowed ing their teeth down their ihroats. Had they, by Lord Hawkesbury or Lord Castlereagh. indeed, presented hiin with any of the standThese lords honoured him by presenting him ards, wbich, doubtless, during such a ricto the king, on the very day, and in the tarious baitle, they took from the enemy, very room, when and where a petition was the example of a great captain of the last presented to the king against an act, in century, who, with such trophies, made a which he had a principal share ; but, that bed of honour for the king of France, migbe honour did not silence the nation, who still have been cited; but, to present him with continue to censure that act, and to express a piece of plate, bought out of their pay, their indignation that any attempt should be that is to say, out of the taxes; to come made to screen its authors from justice.- to him with a thing, the like of which is But, the most barefaced trick of this sort, given by underwriters to a master of a ves. is, the Address, which has been published, Sel, who has saved a cargo from the waves; as presented to Sir Arthur Wellesley, by a thing which is given to a meritorious steepthe officers of the army in Portugal, eulo- feeder, or a discoverer of the means of kil. gising his character and his conduct. There ling the fly in luinips; to furnish him with are persons, who have had the impudence 10 an article symbolical of thrift, a commoa; peal to this Address as a proof of the meri- dity for a pawnbroker's shop ; tous iu torious conduct of Sir Arthur Wellesley, and fit him out! Why, it was very well for even as a proof of his innocence of the mis- them and for him ; but, let them not inj. conduct, which he nation in putes to him. gine, if another thought of the same ciasi -In the first place, this is something should come athwart their brains, that the quite novel in the army. The army has not people of England are thus to be duped. No, been looked upon, since the days of Cron- 10, gentlemer, we beg you to leave to wi well, as a body proper to delilerute, and es. the agreeable task of making due acknowpecially as to matters relating to the merits ledgıneni of the merits of your commanders. of those who are to command it, or who We, who have long and most patiently been have commanded it. Next, we nay be paying you, desire to be left to jedge of pretty sure, that where sucli means of ob. your merits by your deeds, and noi by your taining praise are resorted to, there exisis a words. We wish to hear less of your wriconsciousness of a want of what is really de- ting and more of your fighting. Send us serving of praise. We see how cas; it is home standards; club your swords for that for the ministers, at any time, and upon any purpose, and do not club your shillings to occasion, to obtain t'attering Addresses from buy pieces of plate for those, wbo are able their creatures: and, let it be remembered,

to obtain you promotion. We hare sere that Sir Arthur Wellesley was not only enough left to perceive, that the general, known to be one of the ministers, but one who is least fond of dangerous enterprizes, of the most powerful of them. People in may frequenzly be most in farour with hs the army are, as well as other people, saga- officers. And, as a closing hint (in casa cious enough to discover which is the road to this sheet should reach you) you may be aspromotion, and if the reader should happen sured, that much more acceptable to us, to think, thay none of the officers of our

tlan your endless list of endless letters, abspunerous army, have any thoughts about sing the French, would be one single letter any thing but fighting, he is egregiously de- of woree lines, letting us know ibat you had ceived. We never heard of any Addresses learn them. pr pictts of plate being presented, by their

Burley, Nov. 10, 1808.

*** The Letter be ow ought to have been stead of parliament being prorogued till inserted last vek. It is no longer applica- Christmas, I cannot but thiok, as a prelible to its immdiate purpose ; but, it con- minary 10 an effectual inquiry into this tains so many just and appropriate septi- mysterious business, that it mostundoubtedly merts, thai I cannoi prevail upon myself to ought to meet.as soon as possibie, at least omit altogether.

on the day originally fixed upon in next I beg leave to poi: : on to the readers of month ; tbt ministers may have an opporthe Register two adurable letters, signed tunity in their places of serving the public X. Y. which were published in the COURIER righi, wheider their doughty generals or newspaper of the 8th and oth instant, espe- themselves, are ihe tiitest objects of blame, cially the latter.

I, therefore, Sir, with the deepest indigna

lion af the whole proceedings (the more pare CORBETT'S

ticulars of which we come at, the worse

the Case seems to be) do thus formally Parliainentary Debates.

accept your invitation to remonstrate in the The Eleventh Volume of the PARLIAMEN

strongest language, and to demand in the TARY DEBATES, comprising the period from firmest tvne, we earliest and the most rigid the 11th of April to it close of the last inquiry of the vation assembled in parliaSession, is ready for delivery. In the Ap- mient, 10 rescue, if possible, the insulted pendix 10 this Volume, besides several va

and prostituted honour of the country; and luable Reports will be found all the Annual on whomsoever the base-born act shall evenAccounts relative to the Finance and Coin

wally attach, that his or their dastardly heads merce of Great Britain and Ireland; docu

may tall, as a poor compensation and satisments which are not to be met with in any faction for the gross suojection and prostraother work extant. Complete sets of the tion of Old England, to the insulent prc. Parliamentary Debates, from the commence- tensions and intrigues of this execrable ment in 1803, may be had of the Publishers.

Corsican. It is impossible to lind language The Fifth Voluine of COBBett's Par

to express one hundredth part of one's feelLIAMENTARY HISTORY OF ENGLAND, ein

ings on the subject; and how these generals bracing the period from the Revolution in

could forbear jumping down Kellerman's 1038, to the Union in 1707, will be ready throat when he had the consummate impufor delivery on the 20 h of December.

dence to presume to dictate to those who

bad but the day before drubbed himn soundly, CONVENTION IN PORTUGAĻ.

I cannot for the life and soul of me conceive. Woodcote House, Hands, Oct. 2.1. I have not yet heard it asked, how KellerSIR ;-Had I not concluded, that your man came to have such free egress and invitation of the ļst of this monih, to the

regress to and from his téle à léle with Sir freeholders of this county, 10 join you in a Hew, without (as has as yet appeared) any requisition to the high sheriil' to call a

previous leave or introduction a-ked; but cuunty meeting, upon the present most ex- without even a “ by your leave" or " with esperating and moriitying occasion, the in

your leave," he seems to bave cooliy explicabls infamy of this Portugal Conren- dropped in upon Sir Hew's head quarters tion, would, of course, have been accepted with all the easy familiarity of a b:other by scores of indignant individuals, I had oficer, instead of the cautious and cereolocerta.by answered your challenge to remon- vious adoitance of a treacherous and vealen sirate, as soon as I had iead your Register of foe. And how Sir Arthur Wellesley (if he that day. Suce, however, I rather collect

really telt as he protessei, and wishes us 10 from your li gister since that date, that believe he did, confident of having lune such has hit becit the case, though I am his duty) how fie could possibly think of Iwt in the habit of putting myself forward quitting the army immediately after two on suchi occasious, I cannot forbear, though such creditable victories, and get leure of thus late, (it none oiher has or will) to ul.sence to come home, I can as little conCose with your invitation 10 petition the ceive, as for what purpose; unless (if he king, in respectul, but tirm language, tor felt that be iind acted right) impatient perthe earliest and the strictest scrutiny into haps tv roceive the plandits and homage of ibis panseous transaction; to the end that his movie relation the most noble Maiquis the author or air: hors of such an indelible Wellesley, and his Eastern admirers ; or disgrace and scannial to our country, and 10 rather, it be felt (as I suspect he did fiel, manhood itwell, may be brought to summary and must have feli), that on the contrary he justice, and the most condign panis lent; had blasies bis military laurels, in his civil les then curn out to be who they may. la- ca acity as a conventionist; in which case he would very naturally wish to get smuggled CONVENTION IN PORTUGAL. home, that he might get (as he did) the first SIR;-As I have noticed in one of the word with the ministers, and make his now Jate Addresses to his majesty, a wish exstory good. Under the singular predicament pressed, that those who are guilty, with regard in which he stood on his return, I should to the late unfortunate Convention, may have thought it would have been more na- experience the royal displeasure ; and as I tural for the “ mens conscia recti," to have think it natural to suppose, that a man been at least anxious to ciear itself to an would rather subject himself in die displeaindignant public by some address to them, if sure of all the potentates in Europe, than not to have courtell and demanded an in- submit to lose the juist of his little finger, quiry, rather than coasent to be agrin I thin it my duiy to request the insertion smuggled off to his post i: Ieland, leaving of the inciused plain statement of facts in bebind him a most un atuuril,!cm your justly popular.paper, or something of amainst him from this very c'rr*siance, in a similar nature in your own energetic lanaprire to the violent prejudice previously guage. For my own part, I ain so well er herevel of bis conduct in the Portugal, convinced that in cases of this nature, indi

Huw tuin patrons will justify their videial mercy is public cruelty, that I donc Coudare in most nun niiy obtruding him hesitate to affirm my belief, that h:) !. Politiet, was actuar presenting in the same the Convention of Cintra never tellida de ym.:7, 10 have his conduct inquired into ; received the sanction of a B: iti k osticer; c", and then, is it should seein, in mere con- at least, he must necessarily have been pog. tempt and defiance of the avowed sense and sessed of more courage than I ever kreat nun feeling of the nation, not only screening, possessed of, who would dare even to listen to but honouring and rewarding him (while lu- such an infamous proposal. And as the bouring under this public stigmajby re-dubbing reason which deters the northern counties him a member of the Irish cabinet, I con- from addressing his majesty on this subject, fess I have some curiosity to see.

With is a belief that a petition with respect to the respect to the Address of the city of London, Convention is a censure on his Majes!y's however the good citizens may have, from ministers, I have conceived it necessary to their previous conduct, nerited a rap on the remove this prejudice and without the smallknuckles, it is no justification whatever of est injury to truth; for, if ever there was a the most insulting folly in the ministers in time when the honour of the country and their palming so thoroughly ungracious, not the preservation of the constitution required to say harsh a reproof upon the king, with the sacrifice of partial interests, it never the additional preposterous aggravation and was more necessary than at this moment.contradiction, of caling ito luis majesty's I am, respectfully, s:r, &c.-M.-- London, most gracious A:swer. I trust the witty wags Nov. 4, 1808. will not by-and-bye pretend to say it was only meant as a neat piece of irony on the TO THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND. Corsican's manner of baptizing his replies to To be truly loyal; my countryoien, it is his good city of Paris. Though there be not always necessary to be passive; circumamong the ministers, some three or four, stances sometimes, nay frequently occur, deeming themselves cleverish lawyers, surely on which, it is the indispensable dnty of all my learned friends have in this instance tra- honest and loyal Englishmeň to make known velled out of the record; if not gone beyond their sentiments to his majesty. First, betheir instructionslikewise.- Hitherto, when- cause his majesty, being a human being ever I have thought upon the annual threat like ourselves, is not infallible; and second, of invasion, I have always been disposed to because it sometimes happens, that the parconsider it as impracticable : but, if this tial interests of the nobles are put in comkind of tunnel be carried under the bed of petition with the true interests and permathe constitution, if this species of subterra- nent security of his majesty and his peo. neous and internal passage be made through ple: in the latter case, it surely is the duty the bowels of the country, if this sort of of the people to support his majesty against fatal shaft be sunk to the heart and vitals of the undue and improper influence of the its existence, as this Portugal Convention is nobles, and to express unanimously and pubcalculated to do; if it be not instantly and licly this their determination. Whether the effectually dammed up, nothing more prac- Convention of Ciotra is one of those octicable than our invasion, nothing easier than currences which precludes the necessity of Old England's ruin !-1 remain, Sir, yours, publicly addressing his majesty, I leave you R. L.

to determino; but certain I am, that it is

the true interest of his majesty, and of his ject. In thus addressing you, I am neither majesty's people to endeavour to prevent a actuated by party motives, nor private feel. repetition of the alarming, dreadful, and dis- ings. I am by no means dissati-fied with graceful disasters, which have so frequently his majesty's present ministers ; on the conoccurred with respect to the military expe- trary, when I corsider the nominal opprisje ditions of this country : this can only be tion of their enemies, and the real oppo rion accomplished, by a discovery of the causes of their friends, I am compelled to appisod which have produced such fatal effects. their conduct, and on the whole, from my own It is neither my intention to inflame your knowledge of the vast abilities of some Bria passions by eloquence, nor to sway your tish generals, their secretaries, commissa. judgment by argument; but I shall take the ries, &c. &c. I heartily acquit ministers liberty of stating a few memorable facts for of all charges which have been urged against Four consideration. Previous to the battle them, with respect to the late dismal and of Minden, British soldiers were invariably unfortunate Convention. I now imploro successful in the field; the victorie, obtained you, oh! my countrymen! no longer to by British armies in those days, were victo- remain silent, and passive spectators of events ies; expedition was then expedition; and which involve the dearest interests of your nerit at that time was merit. Since that pe- country ; but to make known, in a respectful iod yoa cannot be ignorant, that victory manner, to a justly beloved sovereign, the las frequently assumed the disguise of de: disappointed hopes of a loyal people.—&c. eat; that expedition has become a mere JNO. HomesPUN. reeping thing; and that merit is now undertood to mean, rank, fortune, and influence. DEFENCE OF THE CONVENTION. Do not imagine, my countrymen, that I SIR.- The penetrating genius of Hudi. onsider the result of Lord George Sack- bras discovered that one spur was sufficient ille's trial the (sole) cause of these extra- to make both sides of a horse go; wisely rdinary“ occurrences ;" indeed I really do reasoning, that while one side of the animal ot: at the same time I must state, that had was in action, the other could not be at he people of England, during the progress rest.--You appear to have also made a dis

Lord G. S.'s trial been animated with the covery, though not equal to Hudibras'; his ame laudable feeling with which they are reasoning was incontrovertible ; yours will low animated - or bad ihe members of that only convince those who conclude without ourt martial been sich men as I could have invi stigtica; and who will consequently vished, -I am perfect.y convinced, that the read iy believe, that you would not devote requent repeutions of similar misfortunes a dozen lines of your Register of the 15th inst. vould not have disgraced the pages of Bri- to explain what you intended by the expresish history. I shall not affirm that Lord sion next arrival," unless your meaning 1. S. escaped just and salutary punishment, had been misrepresented ; that you would ecause the truth is, that at this moment, not contend, unless opposed ; appeal, un. am not qualified to decide whether disgrace less resisted ; or triumph, unless victorious. 3, or is not, a punishment: however, for But, it is impossible to repel where no he purpose of forming a just conclusion on attack is made, and ridiculous to attack his subject, I am now studying moral philo- where no vulnerable point presents itself ; ophy,' aod should I find it proved to my and I felt perfectly satisfied that it was imposatisfaction that men who deserve extreme sible to extract from my letter to you of the punishment, are capable of feeling disgrace 301b ult. any one sentence from which, when is the greatest of “ all possible punishments," properly considered with its context, you, I shall immediately communicate the impor- possessing no moderate share of ingenuity, tant discovery to his majesty's attorney ge- could make it appear, that the fair and natural Beral, who will without doubt recommend inference coincided with what, in your exit to the consideration of the judges at the planation, you state you never intended. Old Bailey. I have long been of opinion, My meaning evidently was, that “the pubthat disgrace to an innocent, to an honour- lic could not reasonably expect that an unable man, is the greatest evil which can conditional surrender of the French forces possibly befal him; and I am confirmed in in Portugal would be the immediate con. this opinion, by the demonstration of an sequence of their defeat at Roleia and eminent moral philosopber, who also assures Vimicra," that “ the defeats sustained by the me, that what is an evil to the innocent, is French on the 17th and 2130 Sept, did nct not always a punishment to the guilty. How- materially increase the probability of evenever this may be, I shall not at present ha- tually expelling them from Portugal more zard any remarks upon such a tender sub- speedily, or on terms more advantageous,

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