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where witnesses are examined upon their " into the conditions of the Armistice and oaths. The delicate, honour-saving mole “ Convention, and into all the causes and of a Court of Inquiry was not, in this gen- “ circumstances, whether arising from the teman's case, thought necessary; and, I “ previous operations of the British army, should be glad to know what there is to jus- or otherwise, which led to them; and tify this mode of proceeding in the present “ into the minduct, behaviour, and proceedinstance. It was made evident in the sequel, ings of Si VIcw Dalrymple, and of any that there was no wish to spare Colonel “ other commider or commanders, or of Cochrane Johnstone ; it was equally evident, any other persog or persons, as far as the that ibere was no wish to spare Sir Robert same were conded with the Armistice Calder; and, indeed, unless there be a wish " and Convention."- -Wellesles, you see, tu spare, there appears, in cases of impor- though he negociated the Armistice; and tance, no reason whatever for a previous though he had had the previous command of Court of Inquiry. Of such a court the mem- the armiy, is not named. His conduct is, bers are
not sworn; the witnesses are not doubtless, included, in the descriptioa of sworn; the public are not adınitied; all is the subjects of inquiry ; but, why noi name secret; and, at last, a report, decided on by him? Why nanie Sir Hew Dalrymple the majority, without liabity to public pro- why hold him up to the world, as a persoa test, is drawn up and laid before the king, accused, any more than Sir Arthur Wellesupon which report a Court-inartial is order. ley? Sir Arilur fought us the fanious batue ed, or the whole proceeding is at an end. on the 21st of September, he negociated us
I do not know how others may view the famous Armistice on the very next day, this matter, but to me it appears, that a man, and yet he is not named as a person whose conscious of innocence, would not be con- conduct is to be inquired into! It appears tented with a trial of this sort, being con. impossible; to me, at least, it appears imviuced, as he must, that, if an open trial possible, that Sir Hew Dalrymple can be so does not follow, the world will always have much to blame as Sir Arthur Wellesley; its suspicions of his guilt. It was said, that and yet the name of the former is held up Şir Hew Dalrymple would not submit to any to public notice as that of an accused person, thing short of a Court-Martial; and, if he while that of the latter does nowhere appear. was misled by the information of the person The motive for this is too evident to deed previously in command; if he be able to being pointed out to the reader; and I hope prove that, as I am inclined to think he is, that it will not fail to produce a proper im. there was a very solid reason for his object- pression, and lead to a strict attention, 00 ing to a mode of proceeding, by wbich his the part of the public, to every thing, re. comparative innocence could not be establish- lating to this transaction, that is now going & ed, or, at least, by which the knowledge of forward. I do hope, that the public will it would be kept from that public, whose re- not suffer its attention to be diverted by the sentment has hitherto been directed chiefly numerous stratagems, which will be reagainst him, and who, for a considerable
sorted to for the purpose.
All manner time, were, through the abominable arts and of tricks will be played by the partizans audacity of the partizans of Sir Arthur Wel. of the high Wellesley. The thing will lesley, induced to regard Sir Hew as the drawl along like a snail. Misrepresentaperson who alone was guilty.-- We have tions will be made day after day. In the before had to remark upon the circumstance hope that the public will be wearied, its of the Armistice, (the only document, relat- patience will be assailed in all manner of ing to the transaction, bearing the name of ways, while other topics will be pressed Sir Arthur Wellesley) being published by upon its attention, new alarms will be raisthe ministers in the French language only ; ed, and the passion of fear will be pitted we have remarked upon the circumstance of against that of resentment. But, if the Sir Arthur's coming home, upon leave of ab- people have one grain of sense left, they will, sence, while Sir Hew was recalled; we have in answer to all ihese attempts at diversion, remarked upon the gracious reception which say: stop; for, 'till we have settled the Sir Arthur Wellesley met with at St. affair of ihe Convention in Portugal ; James's, and we have heard nothing of Sir " 'til we have clearly ascertained, whether Hew being received there at all; and, if “ such an use can, with impunity, be made what has been published, as a copy of the
"s of the blood and treasure of the nation, Order, for holding a Court of Inquiry, be " it would be folly in us to take an interest correct, the same spirit and motive still ac- “ in any thing that is liable to happen." tuate those, who have the assembling of that This is the answer which every man should Court. “ That an Inquiry shall be made give ; for, what is it to us that we wake
exertions and sacrifices, if they are to be of ther of these men, still the knowledge of no avail ? No: let us have no diversion. these facts should be circulated, especially Let us bave this matier fully and fairly ceto as the partizans of Sir Arthur Wellesley tled; and then we shall know what to vish bave endeavoured to make the world believe, for and what to hope for and how to act. that the opposition, in the places above-men
While this-Inquiry is going on, endea. tioned, arose from motives of pure loyally. vours are not wanting to reconcile us, little But, at any rate, no justification has, until by litile, to the terms of the Convention. now, been attempted. Many have been There will be found, in another part of this the attempts to shift the blaine from the number, a defence of the Conveniion, and back of Sir Arthur to those of Sir Harry of Sir Arthur Wellesley, at the same time. and Sir Hew; but, until now, when thą The reader will see how pitiful it is; he hour of exposure is approaching, no one will see that all its arguments bave been long has attempted to justify the act itself. Such ago refuted ; but, I beseech him to bear in justification, however, we must now expect, mind the fact, that Sir Arthur Wellesley's in all manner of shapes. The evil consen friends, asserted, at first, obat he was quite quences of the Convention, which daily be innocent of any, even the smallest, share in come more and more manifest, will, as in the transaction; that he, as an inferior of the following paragraph from the Morning ficer, was compelled to sign the Armistice; Post (ihe Nabob's news paper) of the 8th in. that he remonstrated against the order so to stant, be imputed, not to those who made the do; that he was, at last, induced to do it Armistice and Convention, but to those who for fear of exciting a mutiny in the army; reprobate them, and who call for the pubut, that he privately protested against it in
nishment of their authors : “ The French the strongest terms. Now, however, when writers are naturally delighted at the these abominable falsehoods can no longer proceedings of the English Addressers, hope to obtain belief; now, when it is evi- “ which we regret to find, have excited the dent that he must come in for a large, and “ flames of discontent and disorder in Portu. even a principal, share of the blame ; now, “ gal, to a most alarming degree, though in the Armistice and Convention are things to be " the first instance all was joy and ecstacy defended, and are defended, by the very same at the result of the campaign in that counpersons, who swore that he had protested. try.-" The Convention of Lisbon," says against those acts, and by this very writer, who " the Argus, “ continues to occupy the accused me of barshness, because I asserted, "! " minds of the people in London. It is that the story of the Protest was a miserable " not only individuals among the lower fabrication. I do beseech tbe public to bear " " closses who loudly deprecate that Con. in mind this fact, than which I remember "" vention ; even the commou council of nothing exhibiting a more complete proof of “ “ London presented to the king an Ad. a want of principle.The opposition, dress against the generals who signed it, which, at any place, has been made to pe- " " We are sorry to be unable to give titioning the king upon the subject, has been our readers the details of the long made, not upon the ground of justification so o debate which took place upon that of the act. No man has, until now, at- occasion. It is the finest eulogium of tempted to set up such justification. In the " " the courage of the French and of the county of Berks, the Address and Petition "“ ability of their general."— The present Was opposed upon the sole ground of their " alarming situation of Portugr! fords the not being necessary; and, even that oppo- “ best elucidation of the mischievous consesition was confined almost exclusively, to " quences of the recent proceedings in this Mş. Nares, who is one of the editors country ; nor was it difficult to foresee (along with Mr. Beloe of Museum memory) “ that those ill-judged proceedings, in the of the British Critic, who has recently re- " very face of his majesty's promise of due ceived a fat living from the hands of Lord “ invesvigation, must lend to create dissen
and to Mr. COBHAM, late a purser « tions between Great Britain and her ally, in the East-India Company's service, and to sow the seeds of jealousy and distrust, who is closely allied to persons dependant and give the Portuguese an unfavourable upon the government. In Essex, where “ opinion of British honour and integrity.-the meeting was so abruptly dissolved, and 6. Such, in fact, has been the consequence where a second requisition has been rejected, of the outcry, which, without waiting the High Sheriff is also a person, who was, "s for the promised inquiry, has been fac1 an informed, very recently in the East “ tiously raised among us. We sincerely reIndia Company's service. Now, though we gret to find that many bighly respectable, are not justified in impuțing motives to ei- “ and most worthy individuals lave by the
“ wiles of party, been seduced to gire on silent, though we are expiring under the “ this occision i temporary countenance to Jash, lest, by uttering our complaints, we " the designs of a faction, whose prime ob. give pleasure to the enemy. In the present
ject it is to discredit his majesty and his case, as I have slewo), our complaints mest government in the estimation of the necessarily give pain to the enemy; the
country and of its allies, and to lring enemy does us the justice to say, that we are " lack 10 the council of the nation a set of all discontented thal more hos not leen done
men, who have proved themselves alto- ' against him; and yet these vile defenders of gether inadequate to direct the affairs of a Sir Arthur Wellesley, these base birelings
great nation, under any circumstances, of the press, would thin persuade us, that to “ much less to conduct to a hapisy issue the express our discontent upon this occasion is ' glorious struggle in which we are at pre- to excite doubts of our attachment to our " sent engaged." This is an old, well ountry and its cause!--Now, 10" the tried trick of Pitt, who, upon pressing emer- clarming situation of Portugal." For this, gencies, always resorted to it. --.-The French too, it seems, that, not our Conven. writers, we are told, are delighted at the pro- tion-making generals, but the people of En. ceedings of the Addressers in England. They gland, are answerable. I say, the people of do not, by-the by, express much delight at Englund, because, whether Addressers or our proceedings; nor is their reasoning cor- noi, all have expressed their dissatisfaction rect, that, because our generals are accused at the Convention. We, it seems, and not of not doing their duty, we are of opinion those who made the Convention, are answerthat the French generals were superior able for the " dissentions, the jealousy, and in ability, and their soldiers in bravery. The distrust," now existing in Portugal. What, contrary, as to the soldiers, is not only the then, such is the faci, is it? Such is the obvious conclusion, but has been, and is, the suate of Portugal. The Portuguese are dis. express assertion of the Addressers. And, I, satisfied with what our generals have done leave the reader to say, whether the fact, and are doing ; this fact is now acknow. that the people of England, of all ranks, are ledged ; but, the cause of their dissatisfacdiscontented, because our generals did not tion is the Addresses of the people in En. send Janot and his armiy prisoners to Eng. 1 gland. They were very satisfied with the laud; whether our all being discontented Convention, at first, they thought it a very because enoug' has not been done against the good Convention ; but we, by our Addresses enemy; I leave the sensible reader to say, to the king, and by persevering in these Adwhether the knowledge of this fact is likely dresses, " in the very face of bis Majesty's to give "great delight” to that enemy,
promise," have made ibem believe, ihat it to encourage him in the hope of succeeding is a very bad Convention, and, accordingly, in his hostile designs against this country. their country is in a most" alarming state of
But, suppose the firinative of this aiscon!ent and disorder." This is ail true, question ? Suppose a case in which our dis- is it? Well, but how does this bear upon content should be guarded on to the pitch the advisers of the king (for we will keep of actual insurrection ? That would certain- clear of the king himselt), if the Portuguese ly please the enemy, because he might hope are really in such a situation, and from such therefrom to profit. Yet, the conclusion a Cruse? The people call for inquiry ; they insinuated by ihe Morning Pust might be are rebuked; they appear to distrust the sinfalse; because the fault might originate urith cerity of those who advised the ansaer ; aut, the ministers; with those whose conduct bow could ibis “ influence" the Portuguese, drove the people to insurrection. Suppose wless they distrusted 100 ?-But, it is a proclamation were issued to compel us all wrong to wanie one's time in this way. It to wear whiskers upon pain of forfeiting our is rank absurdity to suppose, that, if the goods and chattels. Suppose we were, un- people of Portugal had “exulted at the reder a similar penally, to be ordered to “ sult of the canpaign," they should have 'burn off our fingers, 10 tear ost our nails, or hern mode discontented by our Aduresses and knock out our teeth. Would you accuse Pentions. It is a bardiaced and a base false. the people of giving pleasure to the enemy, hood to say, that they crer rejoiced at that if they rose in opposition 10 such preciar result. On the contrary, it is notorious, mation ; or, would your accusation be le. that their general remonstrated against the Pelled against those who advised the procla- | Convention, tie moment he heard of it; mation to be issued ? Accerding to this doc- That the Portuguese caused our fiag to be trine of the Morning Post, which is only the pulled down as soon as our generals had had old backnied doctrine of Piit revived, we the folly and the arrogance to hoist it ; tbat are tw bear any thing, resent nothing, to keep great delay in the embarkation took place
owing to the opposition which the Portu- and though, in ihat bare fact, we have not guese gare to the french being allowed to conclusive evidence, that the latter was the carry ort their plunder ; that a board of com- cause of the former, it is not bad presunippussioners was formed in consequence of tive evidence, and, when we take into view that opposition, wit afterwards, when a the facts before mentioned, the unequivocal part of the French were drived into Oporto, marks of disapprobation bestowed upon the the people se zed upon their baggage and Convention, there can remain but little plunder, in contravention of ile
doubt of the present dissentions and calami. which our generals had agreed upon.
ties having arisen entirely from the Conventhese are nuiorious fauts; and yet this tion. Ten or üftecn thousand men, who wretched East-India hireling has the impu. ought now to be in Spain to meet the l'rench, dince to assert, itsat the people of Portugal are, from this cause,' kept in Portugal. were very well satisfied, and even delighted The friends of ibe French would naturally at the rerous of the Convention, till they recover their boldoegs upon finding the heard of our Addresses to the king!
So far people discontented with our conduct; com. from leading to create dissention in Portu- parisons would not fail to be made, and, as gal, ihe Adiresses of the people of England the French were gone, it would not be at all must naturally tend to produce a suspension surprising if our army supplied their place, of discontent. The Portugne e would natu- in the opinions and wishes of the people as rally say :
though we have been injured well as in the forts and barracks. The great " and in ulted by the English generals, the object should bave been so to act az to be
people of that country have taken up our able to leave Poringal in itself. We should cause, and we shall have justice done us have so conducted ourselves as to have had upon the heads of those generals, therefore, Portugal for a friend and not for a dependant,
we must not confound the nation with its Give to the thing whatever name we please, “co.unanders." I leave it to the judgment the Portuguese nation cannot help perceive of the reader, whether such would not be ing, that, as the matter now stands, they the probable effect of our Addresses. When, have made merly an exchange of masters. indeed, the Portuguese shall see how these We are disposed to act justly by them, I Addresses have been received, I will not say, believe; there is, I think, no doubt, that that our addressing may not tend to inflame our object is to secure Portugal for the Prince them ; but, then the fault will rest with Regent; but, in the meanwhile, we are those, fruen whose council that reception masters of the country;
to be proceeded, lithe answer had been, that afraid to leave it to itsel; and, this fear Buch an inquiry would be made, such a arises solely from those indications of hosmode of proceeding adopted, as woulinsure tility, which the Convertior , is brouglit a.nple justice to us and to the Portuguese forth. And, if this be the case in l'ornation; then, indeed, ihere would have angal, what must be the effect of the Conbien gooit teason for the latter to suspend vention upon the feelings of Spain? The their resentment.-----Who, after we heard Spaniards have ailelong shown great suspiof the remonstrance of the Portuguese gene- cions of us. They have heard of our condict ral, and of the general indignation of the in Portugal; they have seen general Hope's people, expected to see them tranquil?” Proclamation ; they must know all about
Rejoice ! Aye, they did, poor creatures, our Holy Brotherhood ; and, can any man illuminate their houses in Lisbon ; but, it innigine, that they will not be shy of us? was after our generals had established their The Spaniards, if :licy succeed, must have military police! It was after our army had no sparing of the French ; thy must have buen converied into a Holy Brotherhood. I, no Conventions of Cintra. This they know better than any man living, kiw how easy well, and, therefore, they mat be satisfied, it is to inspire a city with joy; and our gene- that our commanders will act 11's such part rals, our WELLESLCYS and our Hopes, as that acted in Portugal. They caust have seem not to be grat masters in the.it of novain blown-up tellows to talk about“ D:103 producing this sort of disposition to illumi- d'Abrantes in person." To give .hem this nate, indeed! Poor souls! What a shame satisfaction; to give them an assurance that it is thes to insult thein. Read general Hope's they would be in no danger from such a proclamation; and then
say, whcler suurce; to excise in then a periect conii. they were likely to retuse
dence in the future conduct of our generals;. thing that might be hinted to them as being to do this, it was nec-ary 10 (ouvince the wish of our commanders. Discons Them, that the government as well as the tent and disorder never appeared in Portugal, people of Englanit, held in abborrence ina 'aill after the Convention was concluded; transactions in Portugal. But, what hav
to do any
they now before them? A Petition of the “ situation, we are a mere barthen, and people to the king, praying that the causes “ something worse; but, Sir, recollect, of ihat transaction may be inquired into, " that we are here merely in a state of reaand that the guilty may be punished; and an “ diness; and, that when we are called Answer of the king, advised by his ministers, upon actually to serve the nation, ours is rebuking and reproving his people for ma- a service wherein we venture our lives for king the application. This is what the
which consideration ought to prevent Spaniards have before them; this is the you from complaining that we are not security which they have for the good beha- alurays at work." Nothing would be viour of our generals, and for tbeir heartily more reasonable than this answer; but, co-operating with them against the Duc then, this venturing of lives is clearly the d'Abrantes and the other potentates and nation's due. Besides, as to the officers, nobles of Buonaparte's creation. Since one and more especially the generals, and other of our generals has acknowledged the empe- considerable commanders, not only do they, for Napoleon I. (whom the Spaniards call an in venturing their lives, do no more than usurper and a rolber), how shall they be render the nation what is its due for having sure, that another of theni, acting under maintained them, for years and years upon the same ministry, will not, upon the first the staff without any danger to even a hair fair occasion, acknowledge Joseph Napo- of their heads; but, they have, moreover, Jeon, king of Spain? They have seen Sir honours and rewards awaiting them for every Arthur Wellesley, after acknowledging the distinguished service that they, or the solDuc d'Abrantes and the Emperor Napoleon, diers under them perform. Is all this graciously received by the king, in a few nothing? And, shall military officers not minutes after the petitioners against him be as strictly accountable for misconduct as bad been rebuked by the king. This they other men > Shall there be honours and reknow, if they know any thing that passes wards for glorious deeds, and no punishhere; and will this encourage them to ex- ment for disgraceful ones? - When the rect from our generals ibat determined hos- question of flogging the soldiers was before tility, that implacable hatred, against the parliament, I did not observe that either the French, without which no one can be zea- ministers, or the military officers present, lous in their cause? -- - An appeal, in be- urged this feeling of compassion, or gratis half of these generals, has been made to the tude. If the soldier acts amiss, he is Hoge compassion and gratitude of the people. It ged : and, punished, in that, or some other has been said, that we should consider, that way, be ought to be, and must be; but, the armý venture their lives for us, while we then, is there no punishment to await the remain at home in security; and that, misbehaviour of generals ? Are we, when therefore, we ought not to act too strictly their conduct is in question, to hear of towards the army. It is, I hope, far appeals to our compassion and gratitude, from me to be wanting in any of those feel. because they venture their lives for us! ings, which are due to the soldier or the Does not the private soldier venture his lite sailor. But, I consider, that, from 'em, too? Aye, and that without any hope of somelling is due to us; I consider, that, obtaining honours or rewards.
Yet, if a after having been paid for years, the soldier private soldier, after twenty battles, and actually serves but comparatively a short covered with scars, were found sleeping (a space of time. If I were to go to the pa- his post, or were to sufer a prisoner to råde at St. James's, or to any of the nume- escape, would he not instantly be brought rous, the fea: fully numerous inilitary stations to trial, and, if his life were spared, wond in iliis country, and were to say: “What there be an inch of skin left whole from bis are you all doing here?
What use are
nape to his waist? Such punishment would of ? Here we are taxed to our last be necessary, though terribly severe. But, “ shirt to maintain you, a parcel of fellows, then, is not severity equally necessary in the
who do nothing in this world but prune case of the general ? Divers lectures bave " and black-ball your whiskers, hang mon- been read, in the parliament and elsewhere, "' key's tails to your backs, pipe-clay your upon the absolute necessity of strict disci
belts and your breeches, sirut aboui during | piine. Such opinions are become fashion► the day, and get drunk at night.” If I were able, and have been maintained by ao set to say this; if I were to complain of being of men with more earnestness, tban by the taxed to support the soldiery in idleness, present ministers and their military adheor in useless parade, the answer would be rents. But, now, it seems, we are to re• this: 's It is true, that, just at this time, probate these notions of severity; or, at
We are of no use; it is true, that, in this least, we are to entertain them as applicable