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and if it had been merely a severe lecture up with what, according to his principles, upon their past conduct be owned he would might he called an unnecessary address, auch not bjave been sorry.

During the last 20 yet he treated thissubiect with levity. How, years, a period distinguished for the most in the present circumstances of the country, momentons occurrences that ever called for a manier of this importance could be so the in orposition of any body of men, the treated by a person in his senses, he was at court of commun council had scarcely ever a 'oss to conceive. When our arms by land exercised its right of petitioning or were attended with such constant disasters, monstrating, except some years ago on the and these sometimes following victories, it occasion of the high price of provisions, was time to exercise our consutional prin when they petitioned tor convening ihe par- vileges of penuoning for inquiries with liament. But during all that time they not vigour and perseverance, But it was said, only did not omit, but eagerly sought for that recent circumstances might have occasions of congratulation.

'They were

convinced us that buis majesty was at all ever forward to shew their zeal for preroga- times ready to instituie inquiries, on tive and the rights of the crowy ; but no casions in which the character of the anxiety appeared to guard the privileges of country, or the honour of his arms were the other branches of the constitution. coucerner; and that the inierposition of “ The glorious independence of ihe crown” the ciry of London was sunecessary.' He was the cohistant crv ; but when load their supposed the allusion must be to general voices heen raised for the glorious indepen- Wbitelocke and sir H. l'opham.

Bul yet it dence of the houses of lords and commons? was perfectly well known, thuc thuugli che Occasion was then taken in the answer, to greatest attention and ingenuity had been remind the corporation, so that it was in- strewn in squeezing money Cult of the consistent : with the principles of British pockets of the peopic, it is found almost justice to pronounce judginent without impossible to prevent the embezzling of previous investigation." How it was possi- their property, or

get the offenders ble to construe the Address, so

brought to justice. The strongest attempts imagine that it had pronounced judgment had been made to prevent the bringing of previous to investigation, he did not kudw. lord Melville to trial; and the business of It called for inquiry certainly; it called for Alex. Davison has not as yet been publicly punishment on the guilty, without pretendo investigated. He had been told that miins to point ont where the guilt rested. nisters would institute an inquiry into the That was the matter to be intesiigated ; and business at the Helder, but no investigation if no guilt was found, then, of course had taken place : and would they be more there could be no punishment. He himself earn :st to institute an inquiry into the bad novel a petition for an inquiry into che causes of the Convention which they had business at the Heilier ; and this was op. announced as a victory,

than into the psed on the ground that the ministers of business of the Heider, which had been The crown would certainly iristirute one allowed to be a great calamity? The sitie without

call froin the court. A worthy

ation of the army in Holland had been, colleagte of his said, 1110 the motion was accoriling to the account of vificers who rotortunately full of trubs, but then it was were there, the most borrid that could well 11100ecessary Another member however be imagined: meo perishing in the snow, moved a resolution, that the motion was a ainidst plains where they could have no disgrace to the court, and an insult to the shelier, with other circunstances almost toe crown), aneh, incredible as it might appear, shocking to de-cribe. Yet no investigation the court WAS so constituiert at that time had taken place into the calises of the evu. that be carried it. Fraili the nois anit cuation of Hollanat. What need be meligestures of the gentleman opposite (5. uon the case of Quiberon, where arms tur Dixon), he s:apposed he would bave done 25,000 had been delivered by 115, and afterthe same thing with respect to the last wards íurned against ourselves? What need Atress, it he dorst have done it. When he mention the attir at Ferrol, where the We were told that the church and our holy inhabitants were seen coming out bumbly religion were ia danger, th: court went up with the kevs. by 19,000 men who had with an Actress, alihough the danger, slip-lander, as if to take a survey, brit where posing there had been idy, was known to the keys being taken for gilus, the whole be over, for bis majesty had by that time was bastily einbarkec? dismissed his then ministers, and chosen has been instiinted into these disastrous tre present “No Poopery " administration. events. Expensive expeditions were every Thai entieman liad iben no objection to go now and then proposed, trusting to clance


No inquiry

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for an object; and were the people who bore -o act as Britons, and have shewn them. the expence to be obstrucied and reproved selves unsusceptible of that patriotis en so es. for calling for investigation as to the misma sentially necessary for the preservation of nagement of these expeditions ? Many other their liberties--the maintenance of their nacases might be mentioned, if it were neces- tional honour-und the independence and see sary. As to general Whitelocke, it was not curity of his majesty's crown and to minions. to ihis day known who had procured his ap- - They cannot, therefore, sufficiently express pointment. All that was known was that he their cor.cein, that they should, by any surga had been appointed under one administration, gestions, have met with ol'struction and rer and brought to trial by another. Sir H. prehension in the exercise of this undoubted Popham had been appointed by one, brought and invaluable right.--That they particular. 10 erial by another, and after being repri- | ly regret that his majesty should have been manded by a court-mariial, was again taken advised to express a hope, Thai recent ec. into favour by a third. Lord Melville, to be currences would have convinced thim,

chat sure, had been acquitted- very properly, no his majesty is, at all times, ready to institute doubt-he could not now contest that - but, inquiries on occasions in which the character not withstanding the very considerable nino.. of the country, or the honour of his arms is rity against him, and the resolution on the concerned; and that the interposition of the journals of the house of commons, he was city of London could not be necessary for in. taken into favour at court, and had a consi- ducing his majesty to direct due inquiry into derable share in advising the measures of a transaction, which had disappointed the the present adıninistration.

If the same

hopes and expectations of the nation,'-Busystem were pursued in our army as in our cause it appears, that during the eventjal Davy; the same consequences would follow. period of the last 15 years, various enter The men were the same; the difference was prises and e.xpeditions have been undertaken, only in the way of managing them. Sepsi- i in which the character of the country, and ble of the importance of promoting in- the honour of his inajesty's arms were come quiries by every possible means, he could cerned, which have griciously failed, and not but think the answer to the petition of disappointed the hopes and expectations of the city of London very ill-judged, to say the nation,' and into which ' due inquiry, the least of it. He would therefore move has l'een made. That in one of the recent the following RESOLUTION, viz.-

occurrences to which his majesty's Ansuer te Resolved. Thathis majesty's Answer le en- fers it is not known, even at the present mo tered upon the Journals. That at the same ment, by whose advice the commander in. time this court cannot forbear declaring it as chief was appointed, or on wha! account such their opinion, that the Address and Petition commander was selected.That during all presented to his majesty ly this court, on IVed- these calamitous events, and wasteful profenesday, the 12th instant, u'as conceived in sion of blood and treasure, the public turi the most dutiful and respectful terms ; that thens have been patiently lorne, and his ul. it is the undoubted right of the subject to jesty hus not leen called upon by the intera petition, and that this right ought at all position of the city of London (if their limes to be freely exercised in all matters of humble supplication must le so ter med) to in. pullic grievance without obstruction or re- stitute inquiries into these failures; althouza proof. That they are, therefore, at a loss it appears to them that such inter position to know ly what construction of their said I might hare been highly necessary and leme Pelition, however struined or perverted, his cial to the country, and by promoting due majesty's advisers could attribute to them inquiry' precluded the necessity of their late any intention or desire to pronounce judga application.-That during these unhappy rement without previous investigation.' - That verses, and while his majesty's siidjects sukthey are equally at a loss to know why his mitted to so many privations, the most shame majesty's advisers should have deemed it ne- Jul and scandalous aluses and peculations cessary to remind them, That it was incon. have prevailed; into which due inquiry sisteni with the principles of British justice, has not been made so as to bring to justice unless to throw an unmerited ouium on this

such great public delinquents. That whoever corporation, and raise a larrier between advised his majesty to put so unfavouralle then and the crown, on all .ccusions where und unwarrantable a construction on their their object is free and constitutional inqui:y. Inie Petition, has alused the confidence of -Thaibad this court refrained from express- his sovereign, and is equally an enemy to his ing to his majesty their ferings at the limi- majesty und the just righis of his people.11.12's lermination of the campaign in Por- Tlai they do not attribute guilt to any one, liigrii, they must have ceased to fiet-o ilink much less do they pronounce judgment with

ut previous investigation. They ask for in- ' spect to an affair, which was stated in the cestigation, prompt and rigid investigation, concluding part of the answer itself, “ to ena ine punishment of guili wherever it may have disappointed the hopes and expectations Ee found.

of the nation?' The second point was Mr. S. Dixon insisted, that the Answer the observation, that, “ recent occurrences ought to be entered separately, and asked might have convinced the city, that his mahe recorder, whether ilois was not the jesty was at all times ready to institute insual practice? The recorder replied, that quiries." An investigation had indeed taken

was the practice to propose the motion place in the en:e of sir Robert Calder, whose or entering the Answer separately first; old age had been rendered miserable by a and if any thing was intended to be arided, sentence severe in any view of the matter ; o more it as an amendinent.--Mr. Waith- but most severe when contrasted with the man observed, that he would contend against easy escape of many others. Did the noble all the lawyers in Westminster Hall, that lord, who delivered the answer, recollect the che court might do as it pleased, as there transactions of the last fifteen years ? Did was no standing order on the point. This

he recollect the retreat at Dunkirk, and his was at any rate an extraordinary occasion,

own projected march to Paris? In looking and required an extraordinary proceeding.

at these events and their consequences, .did Mr. Quin said, that he offered himself is not appear necessary to call for inquiry? to the notice of the court, divested of all The royal duke at Dunkirk commanded prejudice either for or against ininisters. 40,000 men. was discovered at length Of many of their great foreign measures he

that heavy artillery was wanted; and when approved; he

was sorry
he could not say so

this was sent, it was found that the balls did much for their domestic proceedings. He

not suit the calibres. Why was there no inappeared simply as a representative of the quiry into all this? When Holland was citizens of London, to gnared their honour

evacuated, the army had in December perand protect their privileges as far as Jay in

formed a march of ten weeks to Bremen-a his power. The answer to the Address was

thing in them equal to the retreat of the ten undoubtedly to be regarded as that of the thousand ; and all this while the royal duke ministers, since, constitutionally speaking, was at lead-quarters at a considerable disthe king could do po wrong.

The sources

tance. On anoiher occasion, when an expeof the prerogative were so pure, that it was

dition was sent into Holland, it was found given only for the good of the people. It

that the army wanted a cominander, the was then the answer of the ministers, and royal duke being in London. The command he believed it might be considered as the

was taken by one who had since gloriously answer of the noble Jord, by whom it was

fallen in his country's cause (Abercrombie) delivered. That was a melancholy day for

and success attended his course. the court in one sense, but it was a glorious

duke at length arrived : he had 50,000 men one in another. They had left their own

under his command; the conclusion was a place of meeting to tell the truth; they had capitulation, with a stipulation to deliver up left the advisers of the answer, not with

8000 French captives, and these their best sorrow, but disdain and contempt, The

seamen! Why was there no inquiry into cause for which they had petitioned was

this? Why was there no inquiry inio the great and noble. They had done their duty

causes of the failure of Ferrol ?' Our solin presenting the address : the shame of

diers were of the same character with our th answer rested with others. There were

seamen ; but the effects of their exertions three points in tliit answer, which appeared

were constantly liable to be tarnished by the to him to call particularly for animadversico.

mischievous system of secret courts of inIn the first place, he should have thought quiry instead of open courts martial. The that it was unnecessary to tell the corporation

third point was,

" that the interposition of of London, "s that it was inconsistent with

the city of London was unnecessary." What the principles of the British constitution to

strange crime did the noble lord suppose pronounce judgment without previous i.).

the city to liave committed by this interposiestigation." This was a truism with which

tion? Other places, however, in spite of every one was acquainteri; and if the an

his intended check, had chosen to partake cover should appear without the address,

in the guilt. Winchester bad interposed -posterily would be apt to think the common

so bad Westminster, Berkshire, &c. In concil of this day destitute of common

1621 the parliament remonstrated with be:1se. But perhaps it was thought that the

James 1.* who had come from Scotland re: opinion of the corporation on the transacctives in Puridigal had been too strongly ex- Seu Cobbett's Parliamentary History of gpressed; but could this be the case with re. England, Vol. I. p. 1333.

The royal


pleie with despotic notions, about the system sat down had informed the court, that their of policy whicle pursued. The reply was, Addresses went in general to tell his majesty ibatihe par iament ought not to interpose what he aiready weil knew, namely, of the in any prerogative marier, except the king attachment of that court to his crown and was pleased to resire it.” This prerogarive diguity. The taon. gentleman, however, extended 10 ill points of the king's public

with all his declaination, had only told duty Such was the notion of the right of the court what they already koew, and what interposition under the Stuarts; and the no- a boy at school deserved to be a bipt if te ble lord who delivered the answer appeared

did not know The other gentleman bad, to have taker his ideas on the subject from

as usual, been lavish of his abuse of bim. this source. The city of London, iherefore, He turgave him for it on this day, on every ought not to interpose unless his majesty day past, and on every day to cumle ; all be was pleased to desire it!

But it ought to be begged of that genileman was, that be re collected, that bese despotic principles would never praise him! He contendet, sirove the Stuarts from the throne. Had Mag.

that it bad been the invariable práctie ci na Charta-bad the Bill of Rights, and the that court, on every occasion when an Atina other great documents securing our liberries,

wer to an Address was rtceived from la been forgotten ? Hac the noble lord looked majesiy, to move simply ihat--the 70swe! at the first of William, where the right to

be entered on the journals of the court; and petition was recognized ? Iu Russia a regula if any declaration were meant to acconiJatiou had once been made, bar no petirinn

pany the answer, then to more such resowas to be presented in ihe first instance, ex- lucion, as an addition or amer:doceni to te cept to a minister. It was then to be pre. original resolution.

Heread a cae in point, sented to a second; arid Jastly, it nright be

to sbew that this irad been the practice. 1 presenied to the oereign himself, but it was not his intention, at piochit, to edit: was at the peril of the life of the petition

into the merits of ide resolution ; will: Were we to be driven to this pass? In

0!t signifying either assent or disapprothe reigns of Herry and Elizabeth, ever

bation to the terms of that resolution, while the constitution was finating between

he should conteni biuseli with now moring. life and death, the answers were less insult

that the whole of the resolution after tix ing than that now read. Even Charles i he

word -- that " be contred for the purpose of firre had treated the Remonstrance of the inserting the words that bis majesty's nu City of London with more respect

To gracious Answer be entered on the jour : keep ibe truth irom the ear of the sovereign

" hals of the court." After this resolutice was the surest way to bring a government

should have beeu agreed to, it would still it into contempt. This bad lately been ex- in the power of the hon. gentleman to fe's ensplified in the case of Spain. We ought low it up will his present resolution, or any to learn wisdom from experience. The mi

other which he might ibink propei to pri nisiers received flatters with smiles, but pose. 'turned up their noses to ibe truh. It be. The Recorder here again read the origin ! came the court, however, to have a due and amended resolutions. In doing so te bis sense of its own dignity, and to act as be. a lap-lis described bis majesty's abster came the representatives of the city of Lon- griesous" instead of "gracious," and don, not with a view of pleasing any minis. thereby occasioned considerable laugiter ia ters, but with a single eye to the conimon

the court. weal. This, he hoped, it would do on the Mr Alderman Birch appealed to the sopresent occasion. The whole of the motion lid sense and good understanding of the of his worthy friend bad his heariy con- court, and hoped they would not allow

themselves, in the heat of the moment, en Mr. Dixon said, that no person could pass a resciution which they might other be more anxious than he was to sup wards look al with a considerable degree port the dignity of that court, but, at regret. The resolution bore that it was the The same time, he was anxious not to de- privilege of the court, and of the subjetis tract from the dignity of the crown, and of these kingdoms in general, to put the respect it was entitled to receive fron the throne withont obsiruction, and wide every denomination of the subjects of these out leproot. rtalms. The hon. gentleman who had just

(To le continued)


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" It is true, that some m:n lave been kici ed into courage ; and this is no ba! hint to give to those who are

na forvant and liberal in bestuwing insults and outrages on their passive companions,"- -BURKE: Letter 1. Rigicide Peace. 737)

1708 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. for what was called their unnecessary interCONVENTION IN Portugal, From a position ; and, they received no positive

1.0.1 of a mere military nature, assurance, that even an inquiry of any sort 1.';?

irnoduct, the merits, or the de- should take place, much less an assurance, neiiis, vi i Arthur Weilesley, Sir Harry that such an inquiry, that an inquiry of a Burrant, and Sir Hew Dalrympie, this has, kind calculated to insure them justice, is consieure of the subsequent conduct should be instituted. Here, then, the mic Oiliumnisters, grown into quesiion of nisters and the people were at issue. The grat political importance. From the first, question now became, whether the mi11.11) tie tardy reluctant publication of the nisters were able to do that which the wholo Estaordinary Gazette, and especially from nation disapproved of, or not; which questhe partial manner, in which that publication tion still remains to be determined.- -A was made, it became evident, that the mic COURT OF INQUIRY is, indeel, said wisters, though they had not the courage to s to have been ordered ; that is to say, an dutend the Convention, had determined 10 ingairy to settle the questior, whether there berte!, if in their power ;' had determined ke any grounds for pulling the parti: s upon to endear our 10 screen, their colleague, their trial. This is something gained by Sir Arthur Wellesley; and, from the mo- the people and the press froin a ministry', meat that the citizens of London received who had caused a firios of cannon and an the rebuhing Answer, all men were con- | illeninating of herecs at the receipt of the Vicced, that the king had been advised to intellirence of the Convention ; this is m in conformity with that determination. something gained fi·m those, who, from It then became a clear question, whether the outset, appeared resolved on screen one, Le ministry had the power of defeating the if not all, th: parties, concerned in mahir Bisnes of the whole nation, or not. The the Conventia. But, it is not what the

viib voice unanimous ; with an | nation wished and expected. It is only in anumity as periect as that of their sorrow cases whera there exist slight ground; to turiga o'rnid of Lord Nelson ; with such presume guiit, that Couris of Inquiy are al unanimity, the nation declared the Con- held; and the only use of such courts, is, veniira io te infamons, and with a like to save unnecessary troulike; to sare the manimity, they called for a speedy, fair, trouble of putting upon their trial paranne: impartial, and open trial of those, who had against when there appears 10 me that Cmention, who had done the evidence of guilt worthy of attention. In derd, which they deemed to be infamous. The cise of SIR ROBERT CAIDER, who Sich, and no man will attempt to deny it, with an infirior force, be it ine enemy and were the trelings and wishes of the whole took two of their ships, the delicate mode Dation ; feelings and wishes entirely uncon- of a previous inquiry was not acopled. lu necied with any motives of a party or political the case of COLONEL COCHRANF JOHNnature. Having but too much reason, STONE, gairist whom nit a particle of bowever, to suspect, that the ministers, evidence tending to crim nase liim was proKom moures of their own, wished and in- duced; who was not only not proved guilty tended to screen one, at least, of the parties of any, even the slightest otience, bntubo Concerned in making the Convention, that proveit himself to be innocent af dery pist of the nation, which generally takes charge the bad been hatched and bred ? the lead upon such occasions, appealed to against him; in the case of this gentlethe justice of the king himself ; laid before : man, the Duke of York did not advise the dim, in Inozuage and manner the most I king to institute a previous Cori of 1!-respectful and humble that could possibly '' quiry. Colonel Cochrane Johnstoue, wło be conceived, a statement of the nation's proved uit and every one of the alle, dion s wrongs, to which they added a prayer, that against him to be t4ise and malicious, was he would take measures to do it justie. sent, at once, before a COURT MAR. To this they received an answer of rebuke TIAL, where the members are swarnad!


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