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the dethronenient of that king; another, the “lance to the preservation of our liberties, appointment of a successor; and a third, " thai this right shoulu at all times le freely thie passing of a positive law, enacting " ererciser! in all matters of tablie uiterand establishing the right of the subject to ance, without obstruction or rep? Ont, perition. This ight was declared, clamd, humbly pray thut your mujesly will be asserted. and en icted, by an act passed in the graciously pleasid in instituie sur la un lu. reign of William and Mary. The house of “quiry reactive to !he said Convention, es lorus being assembled, first drew up a De- “icill secure a full and open developement claration of the crimes of king James, state of the real causes of a transuciion, which ing, that he had is endeavoured to subvert “ hus brolight so find a stain upon the kaani extirpate the laws and liberties of this hour of our country, and has rendered kingdom; first, by assuming illegal powers;" unavuiling tile valir of your majesty's and second,“ by committing and prosecut- “ troops, and the vast pecuniary sacrifies ing divers worthy prelates, for hunibly pe- " of your frithful, heavily burdened, and
si titioning to be excused from conchiring to panitel people. And this application to the the said assumed powers." We know, fromí justice'un puternal care of your minjesty history, that they afterwards declared what al'e decu the more necessary at this 11182, their rights and liberties should be here- “ because, during the eventual period of after. Tiey ciuined, kiinta: ded, and insisted “the last fifteen years, various exter prizes upon them, as the sole condition opon which "6?! Popedisjons have lisen undertaken, in they would acknowledye Wamaad vary; ** athrich the character of the country and the and one of them was this: ? That it is the
“ honour of your mojesty's arms were con" Right oj the subject to petition the king." “ cernel, úhich have grievoustu faried and This is one amongst the express conditions disappointed the hopes and regrelatius af upon wiich ihe present king's family were “ the nation, and into which uw inquiry called to the throne They bargained, not
" has not been mucle." only for the preserving of those rights
The Rev. Mr BAKER seconded this froin violation. But fiv.in all attempts up.
Amendment; by saying, that he wouldn't on tbem. Such is the language of the
do it it he did noi concene tha: every honest constitution and law of England, and upon
Engliohinen showd hearlily concur in it. this strong ground it is, that I sobmit to
'The Rey. Mr. PouiTerliest offered hicyou, Gentlement, the following Address :
self to the meeting- Mr. High Sheriff and TO THE KING'S MUST EXCELLENT MAJESTI. Gentlemen, lvise for ihe purpose or rept:- The numele Address and Ptition of the ing to some of the observations which have
“ Nobility, Gentry, Clergy. Freeholders, finden iruor the individual who has last ad. “ and Inhalitunts of the County of Soutic- dressed you.' In doing so I feel it iny duty ampton.
to limit ilyself to that part of bis argumells We your majesty's most dutiful suljects, which are applicable to the subject for which "the nib:lity, gentry, clergy, freehuudee?s,
we are convened, and which shill serve to " and in a'itants of the county of South- lead to the quesivo before us. Much stress ampion, humbly upproach your majesty
has been laid upon the Answer which the with an expression of our deep Tigret at corporation of the City of London bias reso ché Coriventiou latriy entereal into ly thie
ceived from his majesty..All endeavour las communiters of your majesly's forces and
been made 10 prove, that it gave no positive " the commander of the Frencia forces in promise of an acțuiescence in the object " Portugui, a Convention where we deen sought by the address of that corporation. ! disgraceful to your majesty's arms, greut.
contend for the contrary ; and feeling as I ly injurious to the interest of this nation, do, that his majesty's Auser on that point " and still more injurious to the interests
was complete, explicil, nl Satisfactory-“ and the glorious cause of your majesty's
rivo! No! No !)-This being my opinion, fuithful ullies, now engaged in a perilous
I am not bound to refer to the other part of conflict for the recovery and preservation that Answer, which was alone applicable to w of their rights and liberties.- Hindfill the trije spirit of the A duress, In that Ad" ikat at the happy perio:l when those inws
dress was introduced exitaneous natter, in were ruite, by winch yorir inujusty's free
my mind is an ill-advised, intemperate, and mily was placed upon the throne of this indiscreet manner. To the address just real,
kingdon, it was claimed, demanded, and there is, 'I confess, no such objection, in... " insisted upon, solemnly assented to, and much as it limits its prayer to investigation, Lgally enacted, thit il was the right of and
prays for justice alone! There is so call " the subject to petition the king; and fully for punishment before investigation is insti. Cilvinced that it is the utmost impor- ( tuted, as in the Avaress fiona the Citizenset
London. But, with the answer to these Ciii. Cubber), althougli it has been iny lot to zens before the country, let me ask the ne- bave smarted under their application. Cessity of petitioning at all? Have we not (Hear! hear! I only ask in return the the highest autk stity in the king loin plochy- sane right to form my own opinion, which ed to us, that to inquiry will be promptly he claim; for himself, and, when necessary, instituted into the causes which led to an to asseriit mantully and without constraint. event ** that bas disappointed the hopes and That ihe right to petition our sovereign expectations of the country ?" Could I for is a great paramount privileye, secured a noment believe that such an inquiry would by law to the subjects of ibis country, not take place, there is no man in this as- is what I trust no
will ever presembly why wult exert his utmost erforts sume to sleny. Were that birthright of 10 obiain thyt object in re willingly than Brirons invader, most cheerfully would I myself.--Bui, with the king's Anwer before shed the last drop of my blood to recover me, I must declare that I am satistied ou and to re-assert it. But, although there can that point, and, therefire, think any appli- be no question a, 10 the right, there be cation to the shrine, for that wbich is alrea- a question as to the exped ency of exercising dy promised, quite unnecessary, and objec- it.' luis because I deern iis exercise at pretionable. In calling upon this meeting to sent inexpedient, that I oppose the resolution abstain from an unnecessary address, I repose of the noble lord, and the Address of the last 10 uniistitiable confidence in either his ma- speaker.-And, let it be remeinbered, ibat if jesty's Answer to the corporation of London, ever there was a part of the royal prerogative or in the sincerity of his maisters ; but! which the constitution of this kingdom treats cail npon you to grant to in public instrument with most delicacy, it is that very part coming from such high avihority, the same which the proposed Address calis in question, reliance as you are in the habit of observing namely, tbe conclusion of treaties and conin the ordinary intercourse of life. I know ventions and the appointment of officers. that it has been asseried, and I have seen it Il inclined, I could also speculate, as the witten, ihat this instrument does not expli- friends.10 petitioning have done, on the citly promise investigation. In order to re- specific relation and general tendency of mive all doubts upon that point, I ain in this Convention, which has been so much possession of a fact which must be believed, reprobared. But so enamoured am L of fair if I am entitled to the common crecience of and public investigation, that I will abstain society : I therefore declare, in the most from ??ypoiherical witeipenes, and commit unqualified manner, and ao: couiented to be the developem:ut of the ticts to that milibraoded wirb the character of falsehood and try tribunal, which is the only one now legalduplicies if it prove otherwise, that an in- ly competent to come in a stir decis or upon qary is n, it only determined upon and aboni
Sbuild ther', from such deveWomence, but that it will be carried on lopement, appear circunstances which aifect in the runost open and public manner. for the responsibility of his majesty's advisers, this information, 1 ozve the highest autho- There is no charist but lliut the zeal of party, tily, though not from one of the cabinet, an liadeed of every member of the legislaPetrom a gentlema closely connected willi ture, will institute, willi respect to them, ile and holding a contilenial oifice in, the ad- tullest parliamentary investi: ation.-Thelust ministration.--This authority Lam ready to speaker itas attempted to impeach the chanaore it called up... ( Vuine, name', name !) racter of general Sir Arthur Wellesley. Oii la obedience to the wishes of this ineeting, I ihst poini l pit myself in direct opposition will maine ny authority, but be; leave to io bim (.111. Cuneti). Whether ihat distina premise, that with ministers I have no con- guished onicer bis his civil situation in irenection whatever, although noch attached to land with advantage in the public I shall not them. Tam indebied for the fact to which I stop to inquire. I am not in pussession of hive alluded to my frieni and 1-ighbour ani mean, 10 form an opinion upon that Mr. 'Sturges boumne (Louil lunghur, subject. I am contideuribut it stands as mired with disupprobnion). I now pris. high athore, as in the country where he Ceed to observe on a part of the speech of has been so gallarly serving. If it should the gentleman who preceded me, with pe- stani rather higher in Portugal, it is because. culiar satisfaction ; because I there fully amongst bis brave companions in arms, bis coincide in his opinion. Indeed, to differ character is so respected and established that from a man of undoubted talents, a powere nothing in the shape of charge... even inful and argumentative writer, is not the 21st simmation has ever presumed to approach is. gratifying occurrence. -Those great qualities (heur ! Ilear!) Ask any one of that bruve an always ready to attribute to lim (ili. aruy where general Sir A. Wellesley was to
such a case.
be found on the day of the battle, and the our character should be fully and openly answer will be,“ in the hottest of the fight." developed. What! if a foul murder be con(Hear! Hear!). In reviewing the conduct mitted, do we not call iç murder? We of any individual, common justice enjoins certainly do : and shall we be subjected to us not to anticipate guilt, nor to subject our the imputation of prejudging, because we judgments to the influence of prejudice reprobate a Convention wbich all admit And surely if ever there was body more to be disgraceful to the British pame, add entitled, not alone to the benefits of im. prejudicial to the interest of our allies? partiality, not alone to your protection from Can any man who views the whole, or any prejudgment, but even to your indulgence, part of this transaction, deny that it does they are those military and naral men who fully merit all the reprobation which it bas brave every danger, subinit to every priva- received ? We first fiod, that the French tion, and are continually risking their lives commander, apprehensive of our army in for the defence of your interests, and the Portugal being reinforced, did practice advancement of your prosperity and glory. every expedient, by collecting his whole -(Hear! Hear!)-Should it unfortunately force, marching out from his entrenchhappen, that a disgraceful event should oca ments, to bring tbe British troops as quickly cur, such as has taken place under general as possible to an engagement. Yet, noi. Dalrymple,-(Not fuir, exclaimed Mr. Ba- with standing all his activity and address, ker, to accuse one officer, in order lo screen he is completely beaten by one half of the the other.) I do not accuse, but call upon you
British force. With this victorious army, to forbear fronı being influenced by your in monentary expectation of considerable prejudices, and to wait until you know the reinforcements, a large Portuguese army result of the inquiry which has been insti- co-operating with us, in a country. hostile tuted. With respect to the state of this to the enemy, almost to any extreme of country, I will say but little. I admit that vengeance, what was to be expected ?every possible check ought to be given to the Surely, nothing short of unconditional progress of corruption. In fact that des- capitulation, (Hear! Hear! Hear') Did tructive stalking horse, and I do believe, any man dream of any other result? (Hear! that reform is in a course of proceeding-(A Hear!) Yet, the very next day after this laugh. No! No! No!)
i do deprecate brilliant victory, we learn that the British any factious attempt to alienate the people at commander concluded an Armistice or prethis peculiar crisis from the executive govern- liminary treaty, by which the defeated meni; for our safety must depend upon our French army was to be conveyed to France union : united we cannot fall, and divided in Britisb ships, there to be immediately we cannot stand. I therefore feel it niy forwarded to fight against the heroic Spaduty to propose as an Amendment to the niards, engaged as they are in the most Resolution proposed by the noble lord, not glorious of all causes, the emancipation of an adjournment, but a motion to this effect, their native country from a vile and base That not withstanding the disappointmentex- usurpation. There is something still more perienced throughout the country in conse- extraordinary-our commanders gave maquence of the late Convention, yet, that numission and pardon to all the traitors in bis majesty baving already pledged bimself Portugal. That is, we have marshalled in to institute an Inquiry, it is expedient on the that country a depót of French spies kept part of the people to forbear any further under Britisha protection, and guaranteed by interference until the result of such inquiry
British faith. (Hear! hear!
hear?) be known.
Why, instead of delivering Portugal, which Mr. PORTALL.-" Gentlemen, since the was our object, from plunder and aggres. Resolution was proposed by the noble bord, sion, we have delivered the French army an Ainendoient has been subniitted, directly from destruction, in order 10 afford it contrary to ibe tendency and object of the fresh opportunities for enterprise and hosformer. The grounds upon which this triity.- (Hear! hear!), I have not meaamendment stands are, that our Address is tioned the part of this disgraceful event, unnecessary-and next, that by our inter- which went to affect the interests, nay, ference we are guilty of projudging. To the safety of our Swedish ally. It ii nc such a conclusion I never can subscribe ; upon an occurrence the most dark, mysa because I am impressed irresistibly with the terious and inscrutable ihat ever was latched, propriety of expressing to our sovereign our that the people of England ought to remain de p regret that this disgraceful Convention inert. For my part, I never will by my sbould ever have taken place ; and next, silence become a foul participator in this act that the causes which led to this stain upon
of disaster and disgrace. No; I contend
that this is the moment when the people of The Amendment, as proposed by the England onght to declare to 'the world, the Rev. Mr. Poniter, was then read, amidst segret, indignation, and mortification, which
stiong murmurs of disapproval and was they feel at this ignominious event that seconded by the Rev. Mr. Garnet; who wherever the poison goes, the aniidote considered the country bound by every tie of should follow. (Hear ! hear! heur!) But, gratitude to an aged and venerable monarch, my reverend friend tells us, that inquiry is to await the fulfilment of his gracious propromised positively. I deny it in toto : to mise for investigation. be sure, there is in the Answer to the corpo- The Sherife then put the question on ration of London, something in the shape the Amendment, as proposed by the Rev. of a petty composition, from which such an Mr. Poulter, which was negatived unaniinference may be extracted ; but even what mously, with the exception of about ten kins of inquiry is that?--A due inquiry !
persons in that crowded assembly. The What is a due inquiry? The ministers will Resolution of Lord Northesk
was then tell you, one that does not affect 05. The unanimously carried. generals will answer, such a one as will Mr. COBEETT.-" Io pursuance of the acquit us.-(A laugh.) The people will Resolution now carried, I move, That the frame their opinion of it, as it accords with Address and Petition read by me, and now their particular impressions on the subject. in the hands of the Deputy Sheriff, be the Bat, we have this day been apprised, from Address and Petition of this ine-ting." the authority of Mr. Sturges Bourne, that it A desultory conversation then took place, wilbe not only a due, but a public inquiry. in which it was considered a point of eliNow, I say, that if we had Mr. Sturges i quelle to receive the Address from the proBoume, or even iny Lord Hawkesbury,
of the Resolution, here, and if, atrer examination and re-er Mr. COPLETT.-" I stand here in the minacioni, we could extract no other infor
exercise of a right, and cannot wre it upon mation, I would not be satisfied. Courts of
a point of courtesy. I come liere with my Inquiry', or Courts Martial, cannot satisfy, neighbours, the slaves of 10 party, and in because they cannot embrace the deve- order to afford to independeut men an opopement of all the
portunity of asserting their opinion. In jusconduct of all the persons to whom iice, iherefore, I must persevere in pressing his disgraceful measure may probably be the motion which has been duly poit.” Attributable. The country wants, and ought The Address of Lord Noribesk was then o have, a full, open, and parliamentary read, as well as that of Mr. Cobbett; and bvestigation. The opposers of the Address the question was pilt, which of them irgue, that the inquiry which we seek is the meeting would approve.. On the first promised, and will certainly take place. If shew of hands, the numbers were so bahat be so, if we only ask what ministers
lanced, that the High Sheriff could not deire disposed to give, we do no harm by our cide. It was then proposedi, that they should nterference, nor can our application to the
into the onter hall to be divided, and, achrone be considered offensive.--(Hear! cordingly, several departed. Some converYear!)-But, when I see this anxiety to sation took place between the two parties. prevent peritioning, and that there exists
It was proposed to Mr. Cobbeit, by Lord n a certain quarter such uneasiness on that Northesk’s frinds, to appoint a comarittes iccount, my suspicions are aroused; I doubt
for the purpose of combining the two Adhe sincerity of the proinise, and think it dresses, or rather forsving one out of the he duty of the people to exercise their two; but Mr. Cobbeti thought proper la nvaluable and undouvied right.--(Hear ! decline al compromise. The Sheriff pro. Hlear!)-The people of this country ought posed that the vole should be taken upun 100 to remain inactive, because the city of the two Adresses by the bulaing up of 'a:3. London bas petitioned and received an Those who remained in court, accordingly, Answer. That great body may be far our held up their hus; vhen it was devivid, superiors in a commercial view, but that is
that the majority were in tatour of the folno reason for our acting similarly in our Jowing Address, as proposed by Ln Nur plain country way.- (A laugh.)- It is upon thesk, and seconded by Si Thi bid, 11 }!": these grounds that I consider it the most " To The King's M.ST CLIENT joyful act of my life to support the Resolution “ MAJESTY - May it sletio 13" Testy, proposed, because I conceive, 'by so doing, -We, your Majesty siz isted I endeavour to rescue my country, in the “ loyal subjects, the nubil.
1:"], opinion of the world, from any participation "clergy, Freeholders,
!";iin ikis fo!1! transaction.
tants, of the county of Sout! je bog
leave to approach your Mi jesty's thione,
CITY OF LNDON. with the sincerest assurances of our rea- RESOLUTION RELATIVE
THE KING's " lous aitachment to your royal person and ANSWER. (See the ANSWER at p. 010). “ family; and kuowing that your Majesty's On Thursday, the 27th of October, the
true glory is inseparabile from that of your Common Council of London assembled to people, we hun:biy beg leave to express receive the Auswer to tbeir Aditress, on the
our grief and let it the Convention subject of the Convention which teron maled “ laiely entered into by the commanders of the campaign in Portugal. The Recorder
your Majesty's forces in Portugal, and the having reid ihe Answer:
commander of be French army in 1's. Mr. WAITHMAN rose and addressed the • bon; and further, humbly to submit to
He could, he said, not allow iba your Majesty our earnest and anxious Answer to pass without some observations, prayer, that your Majesty will be gra- stating it at the same time tu be bis intenciously pleased to instiinte ouch fuil, pub- tion to propose such a Resolution founded
bic, and client 1.quiry int, this trans- upon it, as the nature of the case appeared “ action, as will icad to the discovery of all to bini, lo demand. , He confessed that this “ those cause, which have produced an event was a subject of some celicacy, and it was
so injurious to the honour of this country, probable he would hear several objections to " and the interest of ihe allies.”
the course he was pursuing from the gentleAfier a motion of thanks to the Higl. She- man opposite (Mr. S. Dixon), and others, siff for his pright and impartial conduct, who seemed much more anxious to avoid the Meeting dissolved.—The evening con- whatever mighi be disagreeable to the crown; cluded with dinners at the George and than to guard the rights and privileges either Wbite Hart Lons. - Lord Nortbesk's friends of the democratical or aristocratical branches dived at the former; Mr. Cubbelt's at the of our constitution. But the answer was laiter.
constitutionally to be considered as tbat of
his majesty's advisers, and as such he felt MAJOR HOGAN'S APPEAL.
himself perfectly at liberty 19 coinment The demand for this Pamphlet continues upon it. He therefore thought it unnecesso to be such as migbe naiursily be expected ary to say any thing further on that point. from the extraordinary nature of the case. With regard to the Answer itself, he. It appears froin ihe advertisement to the certainly thought it a most extraordinary disin eticion, that no less than 5000 copies He conceived that the corporation of have been trendy disposed ot. What an London had a right to approach the throne evidence of the publie feeling, and ut the with petitions and remonstrapces, even ai.' snierest which has production is calculated though his majesty might bave expressed aa 10 excite! Sired il licks buve been puo- inteviion of adopting such proceedings as Bibed against Majur Hogan, in culisequence they might recommend.
It was proper of his vigorons Appeal. Bilt thrise aitacks that the king should be acquainted with the 4peal oliy unworthy of ditem100; turit siale of public opinion on all occasions, sivuild be consient with that gentleman's wheilier fur or against ite measures of the (Duracieranijinyent, to notice wbut can ministers, and was the duty, as well as out bike the sizin est impression upon any ile privilege of the subject to give what man of connuon canduur ui common sense. information to the crown. It was the mude To those who communi no parucularly upon established by ilie constitution, for conseythe final Litter, the publisher very properly ing the trail to the ear of the sovereign, il obidity," that ildi letter has to connee- spite of the niachinations of those around
Hon with the case of Major Hogan. The lm who might wish to keep him in dark. case, Il fuel, cioses bezore ticis latter is ness. This was not a riglit conceded by the Purtseittuil; and it uves not bear ini dily crown its a favour; but one required and degree upon the grounds of that meriiu- demanded at the Revolution as essential 10 vious otiicer's complaint; which com. our civil liberties, and to be exercised with plaint rests entirely upon documents, the out obstruction or ceasure. It appeared avihenticity of which is quite a question- from the records of the court, that they had able; namely, the letters of the Duke of often gone up with peritiuns and reYurt's Colvnel Gordun."
monstrances to the throne, drawn up in a
Style and spirit much less humble than their ERRATA in the last Register, p.700. lute Address, and yet the answers had not In the last paradraple of Major Cart. been of so repulsive a description. But the wrabi's Letter, read-wrecutit'e sürerei, n) ; degrading reply which they had just heard 4..., dupleme t'il te wine power.
read, they had drawn upon themselves;