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" sidered as perfectly just and proper, million after million of the fruit of their “ while the other is reproved as having labour. At that period the doctrine that " " pronounced judgment previous to in- truth was a libel, and that to hurt a man's

vestigation ? We have out now, feelings was libellous, had not been promul" however, to learn with what a total disre- gated and acted upon, much less was there

gard of delicacy and propriety the minis- any law for transporting persons convicted of

ters can occasionally conduct themselves libelling the ministers. At that time, the " towards their Sovereign. . When they Haleas Corpus, or Personal Security Act, " have any favourite object to accomplish, had never been suspended except in case of

they, without the least scruple, advise actual rebellion or commotion, much less « his majesty to contradict and stultify his had it been kept suspended for several years

own acts and expressions. Is this decent? together. At that period there was no in* Is it to be endured either by the king or stance of a ininister's having been detected " the nation? Can it fail to remind us of in lending forty thousand pounds of the " the infamous administration of the prince public money to two members of parliament, " of the Peace in Spain? The gracious re- without interest, without any authority for "ception met with by sir A. Wellesley, at so doing, and without the consent or know" the very moment the Corporation was ad- ledge of even his colleagues; and, upon "mitted, leaves little doubt as to the de- proof of this being laid beforc the parliament,

sign of this proceeding. But we trust of such minister's being screened by a bill " that a British public will not tamely see of indemnity.--Now, whether the change " their Sovereign aluseid, and then;elves is for the better or for the worse; whether " checked in the exercise of their consti- the people have acted wisely in lending their "stational privileges, without the strongest aid, or giving their silent assent, to this " marks of indignation at such mischievous change, let the citizens of London decide ; " practices."--Now, as to these instances, but, that the change has taken place is to make them applicable, the Morning certain ; that they have, tacitly at least, Chronicle should have shewn us, not that approved of the change, is also certain ; the form of the constitution of the country for it is notorious, that they have, more than was the same that it was in the years 1750 any other part of the people, supported the and 1757, but that it was in substance the funding and taxing system, which has natu. same, and, above all, that the penple were rally produced all the rest of the change ; still the same sort of people. Ai the former and, therefore, they have no reason at all period the taxes raised upon the labour of 10 complain ihat the present king does not the people anounted to about 5 or 6 mil. speak to them in the language in which bis lions a vear, and they now amount to fifiy predecessor spoke to their tailers. What! milions; that is to say, the ministers of they now whine and snivel because they are that day had five or six millions a year to not treated as their fathers were treated. expend, while the ministers, now a days, Their fathers were a different sort of men ; have, in loans and all, about seventy mil- their fathers would have demanded inquiry lions a year to expend.

At the former pe: upon other 'occasions than the prosent ; riod, the standing army did not anocnt, their fathers knew, felt, and would have perhaps, to more than thirty or forty thou- urged, their rights, at a time when they tand men, in time of war ; now, the staff were talking of their duties; their fatherg and foreign troops exceed that number, knew how to demand as well as to implore; while the whole of the commissioned-of- their fathers were men widely different from ficers, cashieralle at pleasure, amount to them, and, therefore, they merited and reabout fifteen thousand persons, and while, ceived a treatment widely different. What! in one way or another, the relations of is it till now that they have waited to disall these, as well as themselves, are, in over that they are not what their fathers sonie measure, dependent upon the ininis- were? Do they now complain of the Pitts try. At the former period a thing like the and the Hawkesburies; they, who have Income tax had never entered the mind of supported them in every thing for so many man, and, if an Englishman of that day long and fatal years of decline of national bad been told, at his children would have pride and independence! They, who havo such a tax, imposed upon them, he set up the howl of Jacobin and traitor against would have clenched his fist and knocked every one, who dared to move bis tongue down the asserier. At that period the East or his pen in opposition to the acts and des India Company were more merchants and signs of the minister of the day? They, not sovereigns; 'nota body so powerful as to who have voted and speechitied and subscrib. be able to draw from the people of England ed against every person, who talked of freg.


dom? They, who, whether in bis making is this: why did they not petition for inpeace or in making war, approved of all, quiry upon former occasions? Is this the aye, all and cvery individual act, of the first military failure that this poor natioa late Pitt? Do they now complain of the has experienced? Is this the first disgrace. operation of his principles, acted upon by ful Convention that has been made? Is this his legitimate lieirs and successors?

The first instance, of late years, in wbich quiry"!

What right have such men English treasure and English blood have been to ask for inquiry ? They, who have, a expended in the purchase of national dis. hundred times voted against the principle hopour ? If it be, then these people migh: of inquiry ; they, who have been maintain- have some ground for complaint; but, if it ing, for more than twenty years past, the be not, and if this be the first time of the: doctrine of confidence and irresponsibility; petitioning for inquiry, the answer they have they who have, upon all occasions, repre- received, so far from being barsh, was moci senied as disaffected to the country every milder than they had a right to who has wished for inquiry into the They complain of the omnipotence of “; conduct of the government? What right certain great family," dealing, as slave have such nen to ask for inquiry now in must and do, in inuendo and insinuatios particular; and with what face can they not daring to name those whom they bate. complain, that they are sharply rebuked for But, is not the “ omnipotence" of the so doing? Pity then, indeed! Not I. family their own work? Have they ever They have their just reward. If they had stirred an inch in the inquiries moved te not acted a base and degenerate part, for so with respect to the Wellesleys? Have the many, that which has now happened, not set their faces against all those who did that whii h has now at last irged them to Have not both parties; have not the natior, ask for inquiry, never would have happened. with here and there a solitary and insign EIt is " in themselves, and not in their stars, cant exception, given their sanction to wha " that they are underlings." Their humi- has been the natural cause of what they liation is the work of their own hands. now complain of? Whimpering, whining To such men the king's answer was perfect- creatures, as they are, it is truly a prepri ly proper; and, as the rest of the nation jest to hear them, at this day, calling for it has invariably followed their example in acts quiry! No, no: they must not hope of submission and subservie:cy to the mi- succeed in this way. It is too late for the Hist:y of the day, the answer to them will to assume a new character. Oh, the basa very properly become a general one. The flatterers! It stirs one's gall to hear the years 1756 and 1757, indeed ! Remind complaints. Is there a man or a woman the king of what was the language of the a child, in power, or belonging to any ese king at that time! As well might he re- in power, whom they have not eulogized a mind nem of what was the language and the skies? Have they not praised all ihat ha what the conduct of the people at that time, been done, and all that has been intended to or in foriner times. When it has been be done, by every set of men who, fortbe time urged to this same corporation of London, being, bad the expending of the axes! is nu that such and such acts were a glaring viola- this ihe case ? No mao can deny that it is. tion of the constitution of England, has Away with them and their complainis, not the answer constantly been, that the then! Let them bowl to the winds. times were changed ; that ihe present situa- There is a part of the observations of the tion of the country warranted, and de. Morning Chronicle, relating to the King manded, that which, formerly would have himself, which deserves votice. It blan's been unjustifiable; and, have we not re- the answer, but chooses to suppose, that the cently seen, from the pen of those who are mipisters forced the kiog to give such an ap well known to be the avowed advocates of the swer, and expresses a hope, that " tte Opposition party, a justification of what was British public will not tamely see the formerly called “ bribery and corruption," Sovereign thus abused.” I am at a les a justification of the purchase and sale of to kuow, whether this be meant as jrobi seats in parliament, as being suitable to this or not. If it be, it is much too gravei 1 new siate of things? And, are we, after for certainly the far greater part of reades this; after having lived so long in this state, will take it as serious, and, if so, they ina, to be called upon to bestow our compassion suppose, that the Morning Chronicle pus upon bose, who, having been mosi instru- no great conpliment to the intellects of the mental in producing it, now complain, that King." The King can do do wrong they are not treated as their fathers were? but,, the meaning of this is not that he ca But, the chief objection to their complaint wittingly and willingly do nothing which »

wrong in itself, because, being subject to “ not only on the idea that judgment would passion like other men, he might kpock a by this notion be pronounced before trial, person down ; but, that he can do nothing but also on the principle of its being ima which shall subject him to the operation of proper to offend the royal ear by a subject the criminal law. In any other sense, the presuming to give his advice in a manner words are an absurdity. They would sup- which was known to be contrary to the depose the King to have neither will nor judg- clared sentiments of the royal mind. In ment of his own; to be mere stalt pup- reply to both these points, it was argued pet, whose situation might be filled by an by Lord FOLKESTONE, HENRY MARSH, ide ot or a log of wood. To that sort of Esq. Dr. Valpy, and other gentlemen courtesy, which imputes to the ministers all who signed the requisition, that no indi. that one disapproves of in the language and “ vidual was implicated, either by the words conduct of the King, there is no objection ; or tenor of the motion ; it pointedly, no bull, to carry this so far as to call upon the “ doubl, censured the ibing; but it, at the people to avenged the King on account of same time, called for inquiry as to who what be, from his own lips, has uttered, is may be the guilty person, and expressiog really an insult upon the understanding of " the anxious hope of the freeholders, thot the public, and would be practised by no exe.nplary punishment may follow this one, whose views were not much more of or trial and conviction. With respect to the a parly than ot a public nature. BERK- second point which had been advanced SHIRE has come to a resolution to follow the

by some of the opposers of the motion, it example of the City of London, and, as I had been so repeatedly urged, and refuted fear the instances will be rare, after the re- " in the nuostable manner, that it was buke which tbe city received, I shall, as far thougöt bardly worth a comment; it was as I am able, perpetuate the memory of these a fact which was votorious to every Eng. instances. The following is an account of - lishman who ever consulted a page of the proceedings in Berkshire :-~" Read- “ his own history, that, however correct

ING, Oct. 18.- Pursuant to a requisition " the motives of the gentlemen who opsigned by a number of the freeholders of posed the present motion might possibly our county, and an order issued in conse- be, and most probably were, yet it was a quence thereof by the high sheriff, a most most unquestionable fact, that the “ dannumerous and respectable meeting of the ger of oftending the royal ear" has been nobility, clergy and freeholders, was this urged by '- most abject slaves, and most day held in the town-hall, for the par- time-serving sycophants, in the worst pepose of taking into their consideration the

“ riods of our history. On the other hand, “ ierms of the late Convention in Portugal, “ the fact was as clearly ascertained, and as “ which has been acceded to by the British generally known, that at the periods of

general officers commanding in that coun our history which excited the universal

try, and for expressing to his majesty “ admiration of the world, ihe constitutional " their sentiments on the occasion. Atier language of Britous was held to be this“ the usual form of opening the court, it " that every subject, however humble his

was moved and seconded, " That an “ station in life might be, led by the pe“ humble and dutiful aildress be presented “ culiarly inestimable blessings of the Bri• “ to his majesty, praying that he may be " tish constitution, a most unquestionable

graciously pleased io order that an in- right, and that, in fact, it was his boun

quiry should be instituted with respect to den duty, to approach ibe throue, on any " the cause of the late disgraceful Conven- greit public emergency, by which the “tion in Portugal, and also beseeching his “ national character, interese, or hononr,

majesty that he may be graciously pleased may appear to him to have been compro" to order that such steps may be taken, as “ mised, and state his sentiments thereon in " will ensure the punishment of the guilty respectful but in manly terms ; it was his

person or persons in that disgraceful trans- duty to do so, in order that the parental action, however high his rauk in society " attention of the sovereign might be more

-The motion was made by immediately, but with humility, called to "G. MITFORD, Esq. and seconded by C. a point in which bad advisers, had pre“ DICKINSON, Esq. It was opposed by Mr. “ viously had access to the royal ear. “ NARBS one of the British Critic

parsons, ". The motion w'3s then put and carried by " the other being the famous Mr. Beloe, a majority of sic to one."--The Cor." who was, sometime ago, at the British poration of WINCHESTER have addressed * Museum. Mr. Nares was seconded by a The King upon the subject ! "Mr. COBH4M.- The opposition Tested a world and it will turn again." This is

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Tread upon Fially creditable to Sir Henry Mildmay, who presume to anticipate conviction, if, op. though in a very bad state of health, did, I on mature invesiigation, is shall be found believe, attend the meeting in person. " that your commanders were compelled The inhabitants at large, of the city and by insurmountable obstacles to conclude suburbs of Winchester, have also sent an such a treaty, justice demands that they Address, of which a copy is here inserted. " should be reinstated in the good opinion I have heard, too, that the names, signed of their country ; but, on the other hand, to this address, were, many of them, such “ if they were actuated by any thing less as might have been expected to be withh!d, than imperious necessity, we are fully upon such an occasion. Really, if Win- “ persuaded, from the interest which your chester acts thus, there may be something majesty must ever feel in the fair fime like soul ret left in this county. The ac- “ and honour of your kingdom, that ibey count is as follows, and it is with unfeigned will experience such marhs of your roral satisfaction that I put it upon record.-- displeasure as may prove a severe example On Monday se'rnight the corporation of to others, and deter them from tarnishing « Winchester held a meeting, at the Guild- in the cabinet, the glory acquired in the “ball, for the purpose of considering the " Field.”- -This Address is very good icpropriety of addressing his majesty on the deed.

deed. There is none of that spaniel-like convent on Lately entered into by the of- | humility in it that we see in the London “ ficuis commanding his Majesty's forces Address. The people do not seem to speak “ in Portugal, H. C. P. Mildmay, esq. the as if they were approaching the throne of 2

mayor, in the chair. An address was life-and-death sovereign. Upon reading the

proposed by Mr. Alderman Earle, and London Address, one cannot beip figuring “ seconded by Mr. Alderman Silver, and to one's self a parcel of crouching creatures “ unanimously agreed to, praying his Ma- with knees knocking together and teeth clat

jesiy to instilute an inquiry into their con- tering in their head, as if waiting the crash duct. Sir R. Gamon, bart, and H. CP. of a roof or the fall of a thunderbolt. Vo Miidmay, esq. the representatives of this man living would suppose, that they were

city, were desired to present the sane, the descendants of the men, who obtained or attended by Mr. Alderman Earle. And the Bill of Rights and the Act of Settle

on Thursday following, a meeting of the ment. I bear that ihe county is to have a “ inhabitants at large of the city and su- 1 meeting; but, whether the answer to the « burbs of Winchester was meld at the same city will put a stop to this, is n ore than !

place (hy permission of the mayor) for shall preiend to determine.- Essex is “ the like purpose; when Dr. Liitlehales about to meet, and I am happy to perceive,

was unanimously calied to the chair, and that Mr. BURGOYNE is taking an acuve part; “ the following address was proposed by for, if I am to judge from what he has writ“ W. F. Bory, esq. and seconded by J.

ten and published, he is as sensible aud Woolls, esp. and unanimously agreed to: sound a man as any in the kingdom, though,

-To The King's MOST EXCELLENT as 10 home particular points, I dittar fruar “ MAJESTY - May it please your liajesty, bim in opinion. That county has beed, We, your Majesty's most dutiful and

as to representation in parliament, a nullity, loyal subjects, inhabitants of the city and for many years. The iwo factions, as they " suburbs of Winchester, beg leare 10 ap- chid in Westminster, bave, to save trouble

proach the tirone to express our sincere and expence, made an amicable arrange“ attachment to your rural person and la ment, by which they name each a member,

mily, and being sensible that your via- tik chitf persons in the county have a good

jesty's true glory is inseparable from that dinner, once in six years, toast the British “ of your people, we bumbly presurne to Constitution, and the people have just is

prav that your Majesty will be pleased to much to say in the matter, as the go..! 5 order a full, free, and effective inquiry people of Russia or Turkey or Geriate " to be made into the causes sol circun- have in chocsing their representatives.

siqaces of the convention of Puriugal- a Ave, here is the source; here is the reil " contention which has caused general cor- cause of all our failures abroad and of all " titication and disappointment, and de- our misery at home. There should be no

prived your brave soldiers of the expected Address, or Perilor, upon this occasion, “ result of their good and honourable exer- uncoupled with a declaration as to this fertile ~ tions-ile unconditional surrender of the cause of mischief. It is idle to talk about " whole French army. Your peritioner's reformation any where else, illa reforma

camot but deeply lament that such an tiou take place here.--As somewhat conopportunity was losi; but as we do not rected with this subject of the Courention, L" Sir;

I cannot refrain from noticing a dispute that of Chief Secretary, and it will be worth is going on about which part of the kingiloin while just to inquire, wheiber his salary of has the misfortune to have given birth to Sir five or six thousand pounds n year has been Hew Dalrymple. The Irish must own to the going on all the time he has been making Wellesleys; we here in England, and even armistices in Portugal. He is, if this acin Hampshire, I believe, to Sir Burrard; couni be true, now a minister again, and a and, from a very natural notive, we gave minister, tno, having the management of Sir Hew to the Scots, but they have thrown the affairs of a great part of the kingdom. him back, with both hands, upon York. I'll warrant it that the Irish do not petition shire. A Yorkshire-man, has however, against the Convention! There is a pretty came forward, and, in a letter which I here little act of parliament existing with respect inzert, from the Morning Chronicle, has to that country, which will bave a wondergiven us what we were so desirous to obtain, ful effect in keeping the several counties in sone account of the origin and progress of a state of perfect tranquillity. What a pity this Convention-making general.

it is that we have not such an act bere! “ Having mentioned Sir Hew Dalrymple, “ All in good time,” the reader will say ; “ though it is certainly a matter altogether but, how quiet we should be!--While all “ in different to the public, whether that this is going on, without doors, the minis" officer be a native of Scotland or of York- ters are said to have their different opinions

shire; yet as a correspondent, a Scotch- about the inquiry. This is likely; and I MAN, has thought proper to assert, for- should suppose, that Mr. Canning, who is

Daily, in contradiction to truth and fact, their prop, would be for the inquiry. I " that he is an Englishman, born in the think so for this reason; that he, feeling county of York, I shall state such

par- strong in his own talents, is not, at his earticulars as may defy contradiction. His ly time of life, likely to risk bis future “ father was of the county of Ayr, and prospects by taking a side, which, though " rose to the rank of lieut.-col, in the Bri- it may obtain a momentary triumph, or ra. “ tish service. The present Sir Hew is ther, impunity, will assuredly, first or last, " about 57 years of age, and first entered meet with due execration and punishment. “ the army as an en sign in the Royals, Mr. Canning has sense enough to perceive, " where he remained many years.

His that things cannot always go on ibus; he « mother's name was Ross; and she having, must be pretty sure, that a change, and a

as was before observed, married for her very material change, 'must, in the course “ second husband, General Sir Adolphus of a few years, take place; and, therefore,

Oughton, he, in some ineasure, adopted, to say nothing of justice, wbich I still look

betriended, and brought forward in life, upon as having some weight with him, po" his wife's son. Sir Hew hai no patri- licy world point out the path I have descri“ monial inheritance, except a small for- het. There are others, who are the crea

tune; but he married a lady who lrought tures of mere court intrigue, whose power " him a considerable accession to it. Sie has no other basis, and who, were they not

was a daughter of the late General Leigh- courtiers, would be nothing ; but, it cer

ton, I believe the youngest. These cir. tuinly is different with him; and, if the “ cumstances may challenge implicit belief. resolution should be to screen and support

-Yours,— A YORKSHIREMAN.". the Convention m:kers, I should not be at There have been men, for the honour of all surprized to see hiin, at least, quit the whose birth, cities and counties have con- ministry. There is one objection to it intended, and orhers for the honour of their deed, and that is, his connection will the burying-place; but, as far as I know, it Grenvilles ; but, be has now tried his own was reserved for the list of Englislı generals strength, and, if, notwithstanding all that to possess men, whom countries contended

has passed, they should still aubere to tlie in disowning. The Scots are to be appland- Wellesleys, he cannot fail to foresee, that ed for their motive; but, there is another they, who never were favonrites with the way, in which for them to shew and to nation, will not be a body of which he need prove, that they feel as they ought 10 do stand in diead. These are my opinion. I about the Convention, and that is, in seud. nay deceive myceli; but, if justice should ing up pelitions for inquiry; and, upless be done to the insulied and injured nation, they do that, they will, in the end, obtain Isball certainly give to him the greater part little credit from their disoxning of one of

of the credit. the men, by whom that disgraceful instru- It was my intention to have male 10 ment was framed ard ratified. ---Vellesley erposure of Dox Cevallos's Frposition, is, it seems, gone to Ireland to fill his post which I look upon as the most prime piece

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