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serve you as the most dutiful son.--2. That When the Emperor re-established order in there a cortes shonld be asseinbled; or, if France, great difficulties were removed, and your majestye should object to so numerous I saw new motives to continue attentive to a body, that all the tribunals and deputies of the former system of alliance. When Eothe kingdom should be convoked.-3. That giand declared war against France, I happiin the presence of this council my renun. ly endeavoured to continue neuter, and to ciation should be executed in due form, and preserve to my people ihe bappiness of peace. the motives stated which induced me to England afterwards possessed herself of four niake it. These are, the love I bear to my of my frigates, and made war upon me, subjects, and my wish to make a return for eve, before it had been declared ; and then their affection lowards me, by securing their I was under the necessity of opposing force tranquillity, and relieving them froin the to force ; and the calamities of war, to my horrors of a civil war, by means of a renun- subjects, were the consequence.--Spain, enciation, having for its object your majesty's vironed by coasts, and indebied for a great resumption of the sceptre, and your return portion of ber prosperity to her ultra-marine to govern subjects worthy of your love and possessions, suffered by the war inore than affection.--. That your majesty should not any other state. The interruption to ber be accompanied by individuals who have commerce, and all the destruction incident justly excited tbe hatred of the whole na- 10 such a situation affected my subjects, tion.-5. That should your majesty, as I am and some of them had the injustice to attri. informed, ve neither disposed to reign in bute these events to my ministers.--At last, persou, not to return to Spain, in such case, I had the happiness to see my kingdom tranthat I should govern in your royal name as quil within, and free from inquietude, so your lieutenant. There is no one who can far as respected the integrity of my dominihave a claiın to be preferred before me. Ions, I being the only one anong the kings am summoned thereta by the laws, the of Europe who sustained himself amid the wishes of my people, and the love of my storms of these later times. Spain yet ensubjects; and no one can take more zealous joyed this tranquillity, not then obstructed by and bounden interest in their prosperity. those councils which bave miuled you from My renunciation, confined wiihin these li- the right path. You have too easily permitmits, will appear in the eyes of the Spated yourself to be misled, by the aversion of niards ew proof of my preferring their your first wite towards France; and you preservation to the glory of governing them, have thoughtlessly, participated in the injuand Europe will deem me worthy of govern- rious resentments indulged against my minising a people to whose tranquillity I have ters, against your mother, and agains myself. shewn myself ready to sacrifice whatever is -It was now necessary to recollect my own most flatiering and alluring in human esti. rights as a father and a king. With this mation. That God my preserve the im- view, I caused you to be arrested, and I portant life of your majesty

' for many happy found among your papers the proof of your years, is the prayer of your loving and crime. But at the commencement of this dutiful son, who prostates himself ar your career, I melted at seeing my son ou the royal feet.-PERDINAND.-- Bayonne, Muy sc.fuld of destruction, and I admitted my 1. 1809.

sensibility to be excited by the tears of your No. VIII.-Lutter from Charles IV. to his mother. I forgave you, not withstanding Sun Ferdinand.

my subjects were agitated by the deceitful My Son-i'ie perfidious counsels of the expedients of a faction, of which you have men who surround your person, have placed yourself been the declared leader. From Syain in a critical situation. The Emperor thai instant I resigned all the tranquillity of alone can save her.--Ever since the peace of my life, and was compelled to add to the Basle, I have been firmly persuaded that the distresses I felt for the calamities of my essential interests of my people were insepa. subjects, the afflictions occasioned by the rably connected with ihe preservation of a dissentions in my own family.--My minisgood understanding with France. No sacri- ters were calumniated to the Emperor of the tice has been omitted by me in order to French, who believing that the Spaniards obtain this important object. Even when were disposed to renounce his alliance, and France was under the direction of ephemeral seeing the discord that prevailed even in the governments, I suppressed my private feels bosom of my own family, under various preings and listened only to the dictates of po- tences, inundated myprovinces with his troops. licy, and the welfare of my subjects.

(To be continued.) Prinicu wy wux anu Baylıs, Great Queen Street; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, Coventfireden, where former Numbers may be bad: sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall Mall.

Vol. XIV. No. 17.) LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1808. [Price 10D

our

In the London Gazette Extraordinary, in which were published, by the gosernment, the several documents se la ing to the late Convention in Portugal, the Armistice, which was the basis of all that follcwed, and wnich, as far as it was departid from, in ihc subsequent ne zociations, waz rendered less injurious and disgraceful; this Armistice, which was, on our pürt, negociated by Sir Arthur Wellesley, and which bore his, signature; this Armistice was published, was, by the government, communicared to the people of Englars', in the French language only, while all the other documents were, in the very same Gazet.e Extraordinary, published in the English language only. 641)

{642 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. triumphal arches in India, and to the hur.CONTENTION IN PORTUGAL. Sir dreds and thousands of gilded barges, that Hew Dalrymple is arrived. He landed at used to attend him and his high brother, in Portsmouth on Tuesdav last, the isth in.' their excursions upon the rivers of “ stant ; and, if I am rightly informed, bis 1 cmpire in the East." I dare say, that he reception was not a bit more favourable than began to wish himself back again in that that which the citizens of London lately

country of

glorious wars ;" in that counmet with at St. James's. The reader knows, try where we always come off victorious ; in that Portsmouth abounds in government de- that country where we are great conquerors; pendents of various sorts and sizes ; yet, in that country where there are no FrenchSir Hew had to pass through hisses more men to fight against ; in that country where loud and general than ever assailed the ac- there is no “licentious” press, and whence tors of a damned play. It is said, that so any man, be he who he may, is liable to be great was the indignation and so violent the transported, at a moment's warning, if he apparent intentions of the populace, that it dare to print or speak any thing displeasing was thought necessary to surround the Ge. to the Commander-in-Chief. If the late neral with men, armed with pistols and Convention, or one like it, had been made swords. This was but a scurvy reception in that country, no man would have dared for a commander of an expedition; and, I to utter even a whisper of disapprobation. must say, that I give the populace but litile In a country so situated as to iis laws, it credit for it, seeing how silent they have is very easy to be a great cominander. The been upon former occasions, when a simi- newspapers, and all the things printed in lar feeling was called for. Sir Hew Dal- that country, are, before they are struck off, rymple is looked upon as a man without taken to a person appointed by the ruler, who powerful friends. Therefore it is that he is strikes out with his pen all that he disapa assailed. It is base to complain of him proves of, sometimes inserting other words without, at the same tinie, complaining of in the stead, and, in short, leaves not one those, whose example he has followed as word, even in the advertisements of books, closely as circumstances would potuit. or of any thing else, that he thinks will be There is, it seems, to be a treating in the displeasing to the Governor General. Oh, County of Hants; but, no address, or pe- what a fine thing it is to be a hero in that rition, will have my voie, unless it point ac country! But, I think it may be as well all those, whose deeds have 'bronght dis- for us not to expose ourselves to the congrice upon the nis of England. ---Sir tempt of the world by talking of the gloArthur Wellesley came to Plymouth, and ry” which our armies acquire in Iodin, he had the discretion not to make any great especially now that we have seen ore of noise upon his landing. He snugged it in, ibese Indian beroes pitted against a general in the Plover sloop, and off' he went, as fast of France.- Nooody bas inquired, bow as post-horses could take him, to that place Sir Arthur, how the “ Chevalier du: B2in," where one man is not known from another; who beat “ Museigneur le Dric d'Abrantes and where a man may walk about and be “ en personne;

how this gallant gentlehidden at the same time. This must, how. man came to come hoine ; how he came to ever, have been a little mortifying to the quit the field of glory. Nobody has inade bigh Wellesley. It was not hus that he this inquiry, and yet it is an inquiry very used to enter Calcutta. He must, upon

necessary to be mode We were told, that burying out of the wherry, at Plymouth, in one great object of the Convention was, to order to bundle himself into the post-chaise, gain time;" to get our'army, as soon és have looked back, with longing eyes, to the possible, into" the passes of the Pyrennees,".

there to meet the French and to stop them in did not like. The middle course was de. their way to Spain. Has a man of our army termined upon; and, it was, too, of great yet moved in that direction, though it is importance, that he should have an oppornow two whole months since the Conven- tunity of telling his story first. This accords tion was signed, and though it was not pre- with all the rest of the proceedings. There tended, even by Sir Hew, that Junot could has been, from the first, an evident intention have held out more than two or three weeks? to screen Wellesley, let what would come of Has a man of our army moved in that di- the other parties concerned ; and this interrection ? · No; and this, at the time, in tion becomes, every day, mure and more my very first article upon the subject, I said certain.--As to our army in Portugal, so must and would be the case. I knew that far from being disposed of in the way that we should not send away our army if we was expected, and that it was pretended it could. I knew, that we should not leave would be, it is, it appears, taking possessivo the Portuguese people to do anything in tbe of different towns and districts in Portugal; way of settling their aftairs; and, besides, seating itself quietly down as in a country it was easy to forsee, that a sea conveyance that it has won ; while our generals are would be wanted for the troops, which con- issuing proclamations for the keeping of the peyance we had male over to the French people in order. It is said, that we have There the army is, then, at the end of two forty-seven generals there. What a deal of months, just where it was the day after wine they will drivk! What a fine expence Wellesley's “ glorious victory." What time they will be to us! General Hope (of the has been gained, then? How has the Con.' úrdent-minded" family) has issued a provention ausweted the purpose of hasiening clamation that wouid not have disgraced the our army towards “ the passes of the Pyren- late Lord Advocate of Scotland himself. " nees?" Blit, how came Wellesley to The fact is, that our whole army in Portugal come away, when it was so necessary to is now employed in keeping the people of push on to meet the French? “ He is noi re- Portugal in order ; that is to say, in pretestcalled." O, no; he is upon leave of ab. ing ten from forming assemblies of represence."

." What! get leave of absence, at sentatives and choosing men to conduct their the very moment when the army was to be affairs, as the people of Spain have done. pushed on towards the passes of the Pyren- Who did not suppose, that, as soon as we nees ! “ The conqueror of Vimeira " get should have beaten the French in Portugal, leave of alsence 'at such a time!

Leave to and relieved that country froin the presence be absent from fighting! No: he will not and the oppression of its invaders, we should like this ground. Well, then, will he say, have left the Portuguese to take care of their that there .was no prospect of the army's own affairs and marched off to the assismarching towards the passes of the Pyren tauce of the Spaniards? Was not this what nees, or moving towards any other point of we all supposed? And was it not under the real war? Will he say this? If he do, pretence that our arny would be set loose to then we ask him what was meant by gaining march into Spain ; was not this the sole tine, in making the Convention, and what pretence under which-a justification, or an. that same service was, which was in con

was found for the Convention! templation at the time when the Couvention Now, it appears, however, that our army was made? Admitting, then, that he is has got into such snug quarters, that it has come home simply upon leave of absence ; no desire to inove. It has been moulded that, the fact is as his partizans say; he into a superintendant of the police; a sort stands in this dilemma: either he is come of Gendarmerie, or of Holy-brotherhood, heme for the purpose of avoiding another established in Portugal. Are we to!d, that meeting with the Tartar Duke, or any of the security of the monarchy of Portugal his like; or, the pretext of gaining time by requires this; for that the people, if left to the Convention was a false one. The real themselves, might fall to work to make a truth, however, I take to be, that the mi. goveinment of their own? Let us be told nisters, or some of them, when they found this plainly, then. Let us be told, if this that nothing could reconcile the country to really be the motive, that we are fighting The Convention, they, knowing (what the and labouring merely for the support of the public did not at Grst know) that Wellesley old royal families against the new royal fahad been the ehief instrument in making milies, and not at all for the freedom and the Convention, sent off, with all possible happiness of any people in any part of the speed, an order to Sir Hew to give him a world. Let us be told this; in so many leave takes us, Ito keep him there they plain words, and then we shall know how to wordad

recall him they think and to feel. The king's reception

excuse,

EINI (INV

has excited a little discontent in the minds " be considered as highly disrespectful to the of many persons, even in this humbled “ legitimate authority of that country:country. But, before we proceeed to make “ We therefore humbly pray your majesty, any reinarks upon this, let iis insert the “ in justice to the outraged feelings of a. documents themselves. " To The King's brave, injured, and indignant people,

MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY. The hum. " whose blood and treasure have been this " ble and du iful Address and Petition of expended, as well as to retrieve the " the Lord Mayor, Alderman, and Com. “ wounded honour of the country, and to

mons of the City of London, in common remove from its character so foul a stain " council asseinbled Most GRACIOUS “ in the eyes of Europe, that your majesty " SOVEREIGN, -We your inajesty's most “ will be graciously pleased immediately 10 " datiful and loyal subjects, the Lord Mayor, “ institute such an inquiry into this disho" Alderman, and Commons of the city of nourable and unprecedented transaction,

London, in cominon council assembled, as will lead to the discovery and punish" most humbly approach your majesty, ment of those by whose misconduct and , " with renewed assurances of attachment to incapacity the cause of the country and its

your majesty's most sacred person and “ allies bave been so shamefully sacrificed. government, and veneration for the free

We beg to assure your Majesty of principles of the British constitution ; to our unalterable fidelity, and earnest desire express to your majesty our grief and

to co-operate in every measure conducive “ astonishment, at the extraordinary and to the peace, honour, and security of your

disgraceful Convention lately entered into Majesty's dominions Signed by order

by the commander of your majesty's " of court, -HENRY WoodTHORPE.' " forces in Portugal, and the commander of To which Address and Petition his Majesty " the French army in Lisbon. -----The cir- was graciously pleased to return the follow

cuinstances attending this afflicting event ing answer "I am fully sensible of

cannot be contemplated by British minds your loyalty and attachment to my person 15. without the most painful emotions; and ." and governinent.

--I give credit to the * all ranks of your majesty's subjects seem “ inotives which have dictated your Petition " to have felt the utmost concern and in- " and Adc!ress, bit I must remind you that

dignation at a treaty so humiliating and " it is inconsistent with the principles of

degrading to this country and its allies. British justice to pronounce juilgment with" After a signal victory gained by the valoor out previous investigation. I should " and discipline of British troops, by which " have hoped that receiit occurrences would

the enemy appears to have been cut off “ have convinced you, that I am at all times " from all means of succour or escape, we

" ready to institute inquiries on occasions in " bave the sad mortification of seeing the " which the character of the country, or " laurels so nobly acquired torn froin the " the honour of niy arms is concefed, and " brows of our brave soldiers, and terms " that the interposition of the City of Lon. " granted to the enemy disgraceful to the don could noi ve necessary for inducing ." British name, and injurious to the best me to direct due inquiry to be made into "iaterests of the British nation.- -Be

“ a transaction, which has disappointed the " sides the restitution of the Russian fleet

hopes and expectations of the nation." upon a definitive treaty of peace with - They were, as the newspapers state, all " that power, and the sending back to graciously received, and had the honour Their country, without

exchange, so TO KISS HIS MAJESTY'S HAND. large a number of Pussian sailors, by this What, all? Ali a kiss a-piece ? Mír. Waiidie ignominious Convention, British feets man, who moved the Address, and who, in are to convey to France the French arıny

making the mition), talked about Dunkirk " and its pluoder, where they will be at and the Held'r ; did he get a kiss too? I

liberty immediately to recommence their would give i trifle for the ascertaining of "active operations against us or our allics. this fact

They kneel, I think I have heard, " The guarantee a'id safe conveyance of when the kiss. This must have been a as their plunder, cannot but prove highly

bighly diverting scene to Sir Arthur Welirritating to the pillaged inhabitants over lesley, who was at court, and who, as ap" whom they have iyrannized, and for " who e deliverance and protection the Bri

pears from the newspapers, was ihe first

person presented to the king on that day, tish ainy was sent, and the full recognition of ihe title and dignity of Emperor

upon his return from Portugal, on leave " of France, while all mention of the go.

of al'sence.” He must have enjoyed this

The thing was perfect in all its

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scene,

parts. Nothing ever was more so. The Lon- “ by whose misconduct and incapacity the dozers •

most humilly approach" with a cause of the country and its allies bas most humble and dutiful” expression of “ been so shamefully sacrificed :” the an.

assurances of attachment to his Majesty's swer to the Petition of 56 was as follows: " most sacred person and governinent ;

“ I thank you for these professions but, then, immediately afterwards, they fall of your duty to me ; my concern for to expressing opinions relative to the Con- the loss of my island of Minorca i vention in Portugal, and to pray, that some- great and siricere ; my utmost care thing or other may be done about it. Where- "" ard vigilance have been, and shall be upon they get a good hearty slap; and then, " exerted to maintain the honour of the being of the true breed, they all kneel down “ nation, and the commerce of my sob. and fall to kissing the band, by which it has jects. The events of war are uncer. been bestowed. Towards such people the tain, but nothing shall be wanting oo king certainly acted with great propriety ; my part towards carrying it on with for, if not only his person

was the

most vigour, in order to a safe and honour“ sacred" person, but his government also "" able peace, and for recovering and the “ most sacred” government; if this securing, by the blessing of God, th: was the case, what presumption was it in possessions and rights of my crown these citizens to interfere in the exercise of ««-I shall not fail to do justice upor the functions of either? And, it this was any persons who shull have been want. not the case, then the citizens told a bare- ing in their duty to me and their coun. faced lie, and, as having done that, were ""try; 10 enforce obedience and disci. well worthy of the rebuke they received. pline in my fleets and armies, and to They first say : you are the most sacred of support the authority and respect due human beings, and your government is as "" to my government."- - In the year sacred as you ; they appear to approach with 1757, when the immortal Chatham was fear and trembling not to be described by at the head of affairs, after the failure of words; and then, all of a sudden, they be- " thae Rochford Expedition, a member of gin to sport their opinions about the opera- “ the common council had given notice of lions of the army and the conduct of the a motion for “ an address and petition generals, seeming to forget that the army is to his majesty on the miscarriage of under the absolute command of this most the late expedition to the coast of “sacred” of persons, and that all the ge.

“ France. The Lord Mayor acquaint. nerals have been selected by this “ most "ed the court, that on Monciay ihe 1s “ sacred” of governments.- lam glad, day of October, 1757, William Blair, however, that they kissed the king's hand Esq. one of the clerks of his majesty's after he bad given them what they de- most honourable privy council, came served; because it showed, that they were "to the Mansion House and acquainted penitent; that they were

coine to their “the Lord Mayor, that he waited on his senses ; that they had seen the folly, not to “ “ Lordship to let him know, his Majesty say the impiety, of presuming to dictate to had given proper directions for an is. beings the “ most sacred” here below.

quiry to le forthwith made into the le The Morning Chronicle has taken part with

haviour of ihe Commanding Officers in the citizens, who, after they go! a great the late expedition against France, and way of, seem to have grumbled at the " the cause of the miscarriage of the saiá King's answer, notwithstanding they had " " er nedition, and that such inquiry wou'd kneeled down and kissed his hand.' This " le carried on and prosecuted rih ti? print has quoted some instances of the con- utmost expedition, vigour and effect." duct of the late King, upon similar occasions. -Now, why it should be more incorThe passage is as follows: “ A very strong. "sistent with the principles of British jus“ Petition was presented by the Corpora- tice, to petition for an inquiry of this

tion of London to the King, in the year " kind in 1808, than in 1756 and 1757, it " 1756, respecting the attair at Minorca, " is impossible to conceive, unless indeed *?“ praying for such an inquiry as may lead we should suppose, that lord Han kesbury ri

to the discovery and punishment of the “ is a much better judge of the principles “ authors of the late losses and disappoint. of British justice than lord Chatham. " ments," almost the same words of the “ The Address presented on Wednesday,

prayer of the Petition presented on Wed- " and that of 56, are the same in spirit, " Tesday; the words of which are, to os and almost in terms. How then are we “ institute such an inquiry as will lead to to account for the difference of their re: “ the discovery and panisiimont of those “ception? Why should the one be care

ro " the

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