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them.-VI. No individual, whether native Portugal, occupied by the French troos, of Portugal or a couniry in alliance with shall be delivered up to the British army, France, or of France, shall be molested for the state in which they are at the period i his political conduct; they shall be protected the signature of the present conventionin their persons, their properties respected, The French troops shall evacuare Portugal and they shall be at liberty to remí ve from with their arms and baggage; they shall net Portugal with what belongs to thein within a be considered as prisoners of war, and, al stipulated time.-VII. The neutrality of their arrival in France, they shall be the port of Lisbon shall be recognised with liberty to serve. II. The English gorers regard to the Russian fleet : that is to say, ment shall furnish the means of conveyane when the British army or fleet shall be in for the French army, which shall be disa possession of the city and port, the same barked in any of the ports of France Aeet shall not be molested during its con between Rochefort and L'Orient inclusively tinuance there, nor obstructed when leaving --IV. The French army shall carry with it, nor followed after it shall have quitted all its artillery of French calibre, with that port, before the time prescribed by the horses belonging to it, and the tomber maritime laws.--VIII. All the artillery of supplied with sixty rounds per gun. French calibre, as also all the borses of the other artillery, arms, and ammunition, French cavalry, shall be transported to also the military and naval arsenals, siall France.--IX This suspension of arms given up to the British army and navy, shall not be broke without forty-eight hours i he state in which they may be at the perig notice --Made and agreed upon by the fore- of the ratification of the convention. mentioned Generals.-- (Signed) Arthur The French army shall carry with it all WELLESLEY. KELLERMANN, Gen. of Di- equipments, and all that is comprehende vision.
under the name of property of the army Additional Article.-- The garrisons of the that is to say, its military chest, and carriage places occupied by the French army shall be attached to the field coinmissariat and fiel included in the present Convention, if they hospitals, or shall be allowed to dispuse shall not have capitulated before the 25th such part of the same on its account as instant. (Signed) ARTHUR Wellesley. commander-in-chief may judge it unnecessa KELLERMANN, Gen. of Division. (A true to embark. In like minner, all individus Copy)—A. J. DALEYMPLE, Captain, Milie of the army shall be at liberty to dispose tary Secretary.
their private property of every descripti Définitive Convention for the Evacuation of with full security hereafter for the purch
Portugal by the French Army. sers.-VI. The cavalry are to embark !! The generals commanding in chief the horses, as also the generals and other British and French armiesin Portugal, having cers of all ranks. It is however fully under determined to negociate and conclude a stood that the means of conveyance treaty for the evacuation of Portugal by the horses at the disposal of the British come French troops, on the basis of the agreement manders are very limited ; some addition entered into on the 22d inst. for a suspension conveyance may be procured in the poil of hostilities, have appointed the under- Lisbon ; the number of horses to be et mentioned officers to negociate the same barked by the troops shall not exceeds in their names, viz.-On the part of the hundred, and the number embarked by the general in chief of the British army, lieut. staff shall not exceed two hundred. Ata col. Murray, quarter-master general; and events, every facility will be given to the on the part of the general in chief of the French army to dispose of the horses belong French army, M. Hellerman, general_of ing to it wisich caiinot be einbarked.—117 division, to whom they have given authority In order to facilitate the embarkation, 10 negociate and conclude a convention to shall take place in three divisions, the ks that effect, subject to their ratification res- of which will be principally composed d pectively, and to that of the admiral com- the garrisons of the places, of the cavalry, nancing the British ficet at the entrance of the artillery, the sick, and the equipmebi the Tagus. Those two others, after ex- of the army. The first division shall em ehanging their full powers, have agreed bark within seven days of the date of the upon the articles which follow :-Art. 1. ratification, or sooner if possible. All the places and forts in the kingdom of
(To ie continued.)
Printed !vy Cox and Buylis, Great Queen Sirett; published by R. Bagskaw, Brydges Street, Covent
Garda's swhere former Kurvers nlay bead: seld also by j. Budd, Crow'n and Mitre, Pal. MaB
Vol. XIV. No. 15.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1808.
* The merit of the ministers in sending out this expedition, in their plan of operations, in their choice of a
546, SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
ment any expedition is on fopt; that is to CONVENTION PORTUGAL.
say, the moment any lucrative and honoura, ohject may 110 v, until the makers of, the able appointments are to be made, that h. vention return home, receive its dis. moment is he assailed with applications, 15:2!, Elery material question relating to it backed by such arguments as are not to be Ning been diseussed, and having been treated with contemps, unless he choose to perty clearly decided in the public mind. run the risk of being out voted, and of is setiel, that the thing was, in iiselt, losing his place, his emoluments, and his graceful to our arms; that it was, in its power. This being the case, it is quite lects, injurious to our allies of Portugal reasonable that there should be a check
particular, and to those of Spain and upon him, in this respect. He appoints, teden ; that it was insulting, to the last at last, whom he pleases to appoint; but, gree, to the Prince Regent of Portugal then, it being notorious, that his interest d to his faithful adherents ; that there may be a ficted in his appointments, he bekted, not only no necessity for making it, co nes responsible to the public for the dis.
that obviois policy pointed out an ex- grace or the injury it may sustain from the ly contrary course ; and, lastly, that the misconduct of those whom he selects, and ine is equally divided between Sir Hew inresis with commands.- - Upon these alrymple and Sir Arthur Wellesley, the principles the public have always proceeded. ter, if any difference, meriting the The late ministers were blamed for the Pitest share. We have, however, to folly, or the cowardice, of their co monand.
Jer what share of blame attaches to the ers i E..ypi and in South America ; and, misters, and particularly the war minister, why should not these ministers be blamed r having made such appointments; and, for the conduct of Wellesley and Sir He'? hink, the words which I have taken for As to Sir Hew, I had never heard any i motto, and which were written before harm of hiin, to be sure ; but I had never y one has the smallest, doubt of the final h-ard any good of him, because, until the Cess of the expedition, will fully justity Portuguese expedition, I had never heard in imnuting to them no small share of his unconth name pronounced in my whole 1.ne. lib.is always been the practice lite. His being utterly unknown to every the public to blame rhe ministers for the body, excet, perhaps, that silly part of bez or vices of those whom they appoint the public, who waste six or eight minutes command ; and, that this is generally every day in reading what is called "the & no one will deny ; bec.lase, in a state court news," was of itself a reason for lings, where there are so many temp- his not being appointed to the cmmand of Lions for them to seek, in such appoint- an expedition of such immense inportance ents, their own or their party's interest, to the country.
It is said, willa what preference to that of the public, there truih I do not know, that he is a relation of got to be some check upon them, whic Mr. George Rose. If this be the fact, we luck is to be found only in that respon- Deed not wonder so much why he was setity, which the public hai a right tude. lected. Bui, be this as it may, the ministers and at their bands. Were there no knew him well, or they did not know him 110e, in cases of this sort, to aiiach to weil : if the former, they sinned in aptem, with what reason can we expect that pointing a man whom they kuew to be untit jey will ever make good appointinents, for a great command ; and, if the latter, niess we choose to suppose, that wisdom, they sinned in committing the honour of Orige, and integrity are inseparable from England and the welfare of her allies to thie ailiainentary interest ? That every minister hands of a man, whom they did not well list wish to see his military and naval plans | know. It is their business, they are paid veceed is evident enough ; but, the mo- well for it, to examine into, to ascertain,
to make themselves sure, as to the character cient office) of a third part of the kingdom and abilities of those whom they invest to bis hands; they must know his character with high anthority, and on whom they and every part of his character well
, or they bestow large emoluments. When we coin- were too stupid to be entrusted with the mas plain of ihe weight of taxes, and of the nagement of the affairs of a parish. And, great sumns which public men receive out of shald they not now be responsible for bis the fruit of our labour, we are always re- conduct? He was, I repeat it, one of them. minded of the arduous duties they have to selves He went out as their immediate re. perform and of the weight of responsibility presentative. Shall they not, then, be anthat rests upon their shoullers ; and, we are swerable for what he has done? - Theol. asked, whether any man, possessing great ta. timate consequences of the Convention canlents and high rank, can be expected to exert not yet be known; bu!, we know, that it t'ho e talents for the public and to incur such has filled our allies in Portugal with disgust heavy responsibility, without the security of a | and indignation, and that these must operate suitable compensation. I appeal to the read- to the injury of both nations is certain. We er, whether this be not, upon such occasions, know also, that the sending home of fire or the argument constantly used. Well, ther, six thousand Russian officers and seamen if the men, whom we pay at such an enor- must be injurious to Sweden as well as to mous rate, and who, if ihey serve us but ourselves. And, as to Spain, we have the for a few years, are saddled upon our devot. strongest reason to believe, that our conduce ed ass-like backs for life, accompanied, per- in Portugal, must excite suspicion and disa haps, with paniers containing their wives trust amongst all our allies, more especially and children ; if these men be so wonderful- amongst those in Spain. There, if our troops ly gifted as to merit all this, have we not a are now sent, our commanders will, in all right to expect, and even to demand, at their human probability, have little or nothing hands, the selection of proper commanders? confided to them. Spain, who looks up to Have we not a right to demand proofs of us for assistance of every sort, is just in thate their discriminating powers, of their judg- state, in which distrusi is most likely to be ment, and of their firmness in resisting ap- falal. Can any man reasonably hope, that plications, which, if yielded to, would be we have not excited distrust of us, by ourne injurious to us? And, when is it that we conduct in Portugal ? And, if we have are to call upon them for their far-famed who will take opon bim to say, Ibat, from “ responsibility," if not when we have suf- the date of the Copyention, the ruin of the fered an injury from the conduct of persons Spanish cause began? We see, that Boon appointed by them? If this be not the true parté is making great exertions for the reduce meaning of ministerial responsibility, what tion of Spain. The people of that country is its meaning? If they are to appoint cannot be unaware of the danger. If they whom they please to command our troops ; distrust us, they will cool in spite of all the if they are to commit our honour and our toasts at i he London Tavern and all the odes safety to the hands of their own relations, or of poet Fitzgerald. How different would to those of others who will vote for them in the feelings of Spain as well as of England the parliament house, and if, when that ho- have been, at this moment, had we captured nour and that safety have been sacrificed, we Junot and his army? In short, if the Spani are to be told that the ministers are not res. nish patriots should be subdued; if their ponsible, I beg leave to be informed of the cause should now begin to be deserted, A cases, wherein they acknowledge responsi- may, in great part, be fairly attributed to bility. ----Wellesley was well-known to ibis Convention. And, shall the people of them. It is notorious, that he was an in- England call upon no one for responsibility mate with them. I believe he is, even now, Shall those, who appointed the commanders, one of the principal officers of the government and who had so many persons amongst of Ireland, They must have known him whom to choose, plead not guilty to tbil well; and, as to their saying, "who would heavy charge? If Spaiu fall, let England “ have thought" him capable of taking the
“ Colonies ! Napoleon josephal lead in such a deed as that committed in Por- is not fool, is not ass, is not stupid beasti tugal, we are not so to be answered : "I enough to set any value upon them. Geri " should have thought; many others would bim Spain, and he will very willingly leare “ bave i bought it; and, at any rate, it was in our hands the mives that have biti erto
That is enough for us.' Wellesley proved a curse to Spain ; and will leave us, as was one of themselves; chosen from their
a make weight in the bargain, all the feuds, own boly: they had previously commiled the con motions, the expensive and bluray The gov rnment (for lis was the really di- wars, which would inevitably arise cul
of our possession of those colonies. Should | that, in the Official Gazette, which con. Spain fall, is there any man who will tained the documents relative to the Consay, that that fatal event has not been acce. vention, the armistice, which was the most lerated by the Convention in Portugal ? important of the documents, becalise it was And shall not the ministers be responsible the basis of all the rest, was inserted in the for the conduct of those who made that French language only, while all the others convention ? - Why whom were they were inserted in the English language only.
to choose?" Oh, insulted nation! It is It was Sir Arthur Wellesley who negociated pot for them to ask thee whom they were and signed the armistice; and, the ministo choose ; but for thee to ask them, whe- ters at home, his colleagues in office, pubther they could not have made a better lish that document to the people of England choice out of a Staff establishment that costs in the French language only. One other thee nearly a million slerling a year. It | fact, pray note down and remember ; that was for thee to ask them, whether that we pay a man, called “the GAZETTE Staff, which exceeds in number the whole • Writer," three hundred pounds a year of the standing army of England in the reign out of the taxes; though, as you must perof Charles Ii, would not afford generals ceive, he has nothing to do but merely to enough for the command of thirty thousand see that publications of this sort are correct. men, without taking one of the ministry of Neither ihe ministers, nor any of their wri. Ireland for the purpose. This is by no ters, have attempted to say, that this partial means the least mortifying part of the story. insertion was owing to mistake, or to the We are a nation be-generalled from head to misconduct of their underlings; we have, Foot. There is scarcely a parish wherein therefore, a right to conclude, that it was ome general does not reside. “ The gene wilful, and to draw, from that fact, the al and his aide-de-camps" make the dust natural inference, which is, that they mean ly from oue end of the country to the to shelter Wellesley. This, however, they sther; and yet, when we find fault of an cannot do, unless they shelter Sir Hew. ppointment of generals, we are asked, Sir Hew will speak in his own defence, I why, wbom were the ministerstochoose?" warrant him; and, he will find, at his back, We baye sent only about a tenth part of our the same interest that procured him the force to Portugal, and if we could not find command. Come, come, then, Sir Hewy, good commanders for them, what is to bc- and let us hear
“ Had I three ears I'd wme of the rest? “ A military nation," “ hear thee;" but the ministers will, I adeed! We are a pretty military nation, dare say, take care, that none of us shall f, when only a tenth part of our force be hear you for some time yet to come. They sent out, and that, too, upon a service the
will let us cool first. Their study, at prenost important, we are unable to select ge- sent, seems to be, not so much to overcome ierals better than those, who made the Buonaparté as to overcome us. Instead of Convention in Portugal, and when one plea the defence of the country, they seem to be n favour of the ministers, is, that they had thinking of the defence of its generals. Poor lot the means of making a better selection. Whitelocke, had you no friends at home! -There has been, as far as the public What! could you not muster up a single half an perceive, nothing done yet in the way dozen ot bags to rattle over the pavement of recalling. Nothing has been done; not and intrigue for you? Unfortunate and sven the previous steps, have been taken, careless man, not to provide for a safe ibr the purpose of doing the nation justice. retreat, in case of disaster! Another time There has dropped from the ministers not (for there can be now no earthly objection one word, tending to shew, that they have to your being sent cut the chief in command) a design to do us justice. Their intention you will, I dare say, profit from the expeappears to be, to let the thing remain quiet ; rience now before you, and will, above all to say nothing and do nothing ; to let the things, take care, that you vegociate in public rage exhaust itself, and when it has French. Below will be found two letters died away, to smuggle in the commanders, upon this subject, which I beg leave to having given them and their friends an abun- point out to the attention of my readers. dance of time for the contriving of excuses The first touches upon some points that had of all sorts and sizes. This may, very pro. escaped me, and puts several questions, to bably, succeed; but, if it should, it will which I should like to hear an bring with it one source of consolation, at given. His praise of my endeavours might any rate, that, in future, the success of Na. have been spared; and, upon a future occapoleon will become a matter of indifference. sion, if he should think proper to address
Remember, reader; always remember, the public through me, I shall be obliged to
him to refrain from the like, because a plain for “ the late Mr. Pitt." No matter that unvarnished declaration of acquiescence in [ publish well-known facts ; that I extract opinion, and of approbation of my conduct, fioin official reports or accounts; that I is belier calculated to answer the purpose in quote their own speeches or pamphlets ; view, and is much more gratifying to my- that I prove by the fairest and clearest of self.-The serond letter is the vchicie of arguments: still the answer to me is, not sentiments precisely the opposite of those that I hare stated falset voids, not that my contained in the one just mentioned. It reasoning is unsound; but, that I farbour evidently comes from a friend, if not rela- a rancour against the party on account of liis tion of Wellesley; and, though, for the attachment to “ the late Mr. Pict." I begreater part, is consists of a repetition of the lieve from my soul, that, if, being driven statements and reasoning, which I have al- froin bigger gaine, one of the peculating ready quoted from the Nabobs' Gazeite
gang were to be taken in the act of robbing (commonly called the Morning Post), and a hen-roost, or picking a pocket, he would which I have, I trust, pretty completely plead in his defence, that his p osecutor refutel, there is a point or two, upon which was actuated, not by his love of justice, but it touches, that I cannot let pass unnoticed. by bis haired of the offender, on account of
-The writer appears to be of opinion, that offender's attachment to " the late that what I have written is likely to produce “ Mr. Pitt." This is coming to a fine pass, an etlect hostile to his friend, therefoie lie indeed. Why, we shall be toki, anon, endeavours to find out for me a motive for that the cuckoldom, which has, of late, nisrepresenting his conduct. He says, that been, unhappily, so rife amongst the sect, 11y batred of ile Wellesleys for having been is to be ascribed to the same malicions mo. the firm friends of the late Mr. Pitt has in- tive. It is base and silly to talk of party duced nie to distagare faces in order to injure motives in such a case ; and, it is always a Sir A. Wellesley in the public opinion. proof of a bad cause, when the defendant Now, in the first place, I never knew ide answers ihe proofs or arguments of the Welleslegs as adherents of Piit, that famous accuser by a were inputation of malicious ta'ker being, fortunately for the nation, motives. I may be a very malicious and dead before they came flocking home from implacable man, and I may hare ihe Wel. India, where they liad been so long engaged | lesleys; but, the question nov is, whether, in glorious wars against the native Viziers with respect to Portuguese Wellesley's con. and Aunils. But, how does this imputation duct I have reasoned fairly apon acknowtally wilh the notorious fact? Did I, when ledged truths, or not? If the latter, let it the news of the victory, in Portugal, came, be shown ; if the foriner, this writer may seem grudging of iny praises of the com- be assured, that his client will derive but mander's conduct ? Did I not attribute the little advantage from any imputation of movictory to him alone; and did I not put tives that his imagination is able to invent. the viciory upon a level, as to its pro- -This writer says, that Wellesley did bable consequences, with that of Trafalgar? protest privately against the Convention, Should I bave done this, if my batred and, fur proof of his assertion, he appeals against the Wellesleys, on account of their
to the many
private letters that have been attachment to Pitt (or rather to their own received from the army," which private selfish views through Pitt) had so completely letters I had, as the reader will bear in mind, subdued in my mind all sense of impartiality represented as base fabrications. Nor, and of justice. There were two lights, in says this acute gentleman, you
have called which the Portuguese victories might have “ them lies, but you will find it difficult ta been spoken of; there were two lighis, in “ make the public believe that so many which Wellesley's dispatches might have persons of high honour would have con been exhibited to the public; and, if I “ curred in the statement of what was totally chose that which was, in both cases, most “ false." So I should; but he forgets, that favourable to Wellesley, will the public it bas not yet heen provell, that any letter believe, that I have since been actuated by from a person of high honour, or that any motives of personal or party hatred? When leiter ai ald, has been received from the an I to bear the last of this hatred of imine
armr, containing such a statement. Extract against the friends of “ the late Mr. Pitt?" upon extract from such described letters I cin pablish no account of peculation, of bave, indeed, been published in many
of folly, or of cowardice ; I can detect or the news-papers, and particularly in the expone no rascal whatever, but I am instant- Nabob's Gazette; but, where have we seen ly accused of being actuated by notives of any voucher for their authenticity? Has batred on account of the party's friendship there appeared one with any nane to it?