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so much afficted your country, and to the in the different papers, which paragraph " recorery of which your excellency's zeal siated, that, in consequence of Sir A. Wel" and solicitude have so much contributed. lesley having been superceded, and his ad“ I have the liovour to be, with the ligbest vice having been rejected, the victory of the “ consideration and respect, your exceilen- 21st was not followed up, and the enemy

cy's most humble and obedient servant, was enabled to concentrate his forces and in " ARTHUR WELLESLEY."- -Now, where take strong positions. This is the identical are the liars with their letters from the lie, which has since been repeated, and

army," and their “ protest" \ There which was, I trust, completely detected was nothing even remarkable, except the and exposed, in my lasi, where it was part to which even Cotton would not assent; shown, that Wellesley had, agreeably to and he congratulates the Bishop upon that, Sir H. Burrard's dispatch, the whole ard against which his friends liere swear that he sole active command during, and bill oftet, solemnly profesied.---'ray, reader, bear the battle of the 21st. But, observe the with me, while I trace along the course of tiine of this lie's appearing. It was a day, these villainous lies; while I ferret out the if not two, after the ministers had received political vermin that are gnawing at the heart intelligence of all that had been done. Welof the country. On the 16th of Septem- lesley's friends had got hold of it; and they ber the news of the disgraceful Convention instantly set to work, with their usual activia was published in an Extraordinary Gazeite. ty and impudence. On the 16th, when the

By recurring to the newspapers, it news, as communicated through the Mayor will be seen, ihat, as far back as the 11th, of London, made its appearance in the puba rumoir of the Convention prevailed. On lic prints, it came side-by-side with parathe 12th it was stated that there had been graphs, stating, that there had been a misa Convention made ; but, that it had been understanding amongst our commanders in done by the Portuguese Regency; that it was Portugal. But the best way is to take one a clever French trick, and that our generals of these, with a particular reference. The were not (no, no, 'faith!) men

to be

Morning Chronicle of the 16th, had this imposed upon by any such device. On paragraph : “ These accounts seein 10 justhe 13th, the Courier had the following re- tify the reports which liave been for some

this supposed Convention : days in circulation, respecting a misunThough we have been unable to trace derstanding which is represented to have this rumour to any authentic source, yet “ taken place between our military com.

we must confess that it is a manoeuvre or manders in Portugal. Sir A. Wellesley trick perfectly in the French character. “ in particular, is mentioned, as being er. “ Junot might hope by such a capitulation tremely dissatisfied with the proceedings to get off with his plunder and save the " which have taken place since he was são Russian squadron, and he might think perseded in the command, and it has been “ that, however we might object, we could " said even that he was about to return “ not refuse to abide by il. Nothing to be “ home in disgust. But whatever founda.

sure would be weaker in the Portuguese tion there may be for the former part of

Regency, knowing of our approach to “the rumour, the high character of this " their assistance, than to conclude a Con. distinguished and gallant officer makes it “ yention of such a nature. The very pro- impossible to believe the laiter. We w

posal to capitulate on the part of Junot " derstand, that when the capitulation was

would, we should think, have made signed, he uns at above twenty miles dis" them perfectly sensible that he had no tant from head quarters." -When, “ hopes of making an effectual stand against however, the Gazeite came out, and exbi. " the British force advancing against him. bited to us the name of this same

high" Besides, our character as allies, and allies “ charactered and gallant officer," at the " acting with such vigour and DISIN, bottom of the most infamous of the docu“ TERESTEDNESS, would have dictated ments, a circumstance of which his friends,

to the Regency the propriety of entering even those of the highest rank, could not be “ into no terms to which we should not be aware, until they saw the documents ;

a party and have given our consent." when the Gazette came out, it was tine 10 Reader, does not your blood boil upon read- change the lie ; and, it was then asserted, ing this? Thus did this paper, unwitting- with as much assurance as his absence had ly, but very justly, pass sentence before before been asserted, that he was compelled 1: Md upon Wellesley and his associates. to sign the armistice ; that he had solemnly On the same day, where appeared, in several protested against it; and that he was, thereof the papers

aute irying its shape fore, not at all responsible for what had been

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done. Corresponding with these assertions, have not yet done with this sort of feeling. there were published several pretended We have yet new indignities to encounter. " letters from the army," insinuating, that I am told, indeed, and from what I dtem Dalrymple and Burrard were fools, at least; good authority, that the ministers and the saying that their arrival had spoiled all; and king are as indignant at the conduct of praising Wellesley to the skies. But, now our commanders as I am." . It is very we have, under Wellesley's own signature natural that they should be so; but, I am, again, a proof that he approved of what he nevertheless, fully prepared to witness a had signed in the armistice, and that he series of the basest arts to which villainy, considered the terms of that document, backed by a heavy purse, ever yet resorted. which terms have filled all England as well That these arts will not succeed, I think as all Portugal with grief and rage ; that he very probable; yet, again I beseech the considered those terms, which his friends public to be upon their griard against them. take the devil to witness that he pre- With respect to the consequences of the tested against at the same moment that Convention in Portugal, some of them have he signed them; we have now, as if be already been pointed out; but, there is one had been resolved to raise a blush upon the which forces itself upon us in a way not to cheek of even his hardened advocates; we be denied immediate observation, and that have now, under his own hand, the proof is, the delay in sending part of the troops to that he regarded those terms as a matter of the assistance of the Spanish patriots. Sir congrutulation. And, observe, that he Hew told us, that the bastening off troops writes this letter to the bishop, before he to Spain was, in mind, the chief advan

the neutrality of the Russian fleet and of the was signed between five and six weeks ago. port of Lisbon. It is the thing in all its Is there any man who believes, that a single worst light that he approves of, and upon English soldier has yet left Portugal for which he presents his congratulation. --Spain? Three weeks, we know, bad been And how came Wellesley to be the person spent without any step being taken to fulfil to write to the bishop? Why not Sir Hew the Convention ; or, at least, without any Dalrymple ? This circumstance, though, of the French troops having been embarkat first sight, it appears trifiing, is of great ed; and, should there be no impediment importance; because, it shews, that, though from the Portuguese, it will, in all human superceded in form, he, in fact, did keep probability, be a month from this time, bethe command of the army

How came he tore a regiment can be marched off. But, to write to the bishop? Whence should this if there should be an impediment, what arise, but from thai arrogance, wbich had will, in that case, be the delay? Why prevailed over, and borne down, every per- fuur times as great, perhaps, as could have son and every thing that came in its way? arisen from a reduction of the French lo short, there remains not, in my army, and a sending of them to England mind, the smallest doubt of bis having been prisoners of war.

But, why are not the chief, nay, the sole cause, of all the the Convention-making generals recalled ? mischief that has been done. There are Can any one affect to believe, that our some who asciibe å still worse motive to him army, under these men, either will or can than I am inclined to ascribe, and, it must do any thing good, in Spain or Portugal ? be confessed that the acknowledgment of Spain and Portugal have made common "the emperor and king of Italy" together cause against a common foe; the latter with that of the Dukë d'Alrantes," might has potested against our conduct; it justify any suspicions; but, the motive I has, in the person of its chief commander, think imputable to him, supposing him not accused us openly of having usurped the to be either a downright fool or coward, is rights of its sovereign and having sacrificed that of a deternrination to gratily his own its interests to the safety and impunity of its insolent ambition, and to keep all others in foreign and doinestic foes.

This protest the shade, cost what it might to his country,

has, by this time, been read in every town to the country of our allies, or to the great of Spain. Is it to be believed, then, that Cause of Europe in general -- Dearly has the the Spaniards will suffer the Conventioncountry paid for this arrogance; this inso- making generals 10 enter their territory? lence; but, when we cast our eyes back but No time should, therefore, be lost in recalla little, we must confess, that, great as is the ing those generals

. For want of one to punishment, the country richly deserves it. take the command, the Serjrani, who is Ah! we now feel, do we, what it is to pro- said to have refused the watch and purse of fect, cherish, and pamper such men? We general Bernier, as a bribe for setting that

general at liberty, would do very well. os of the castle, which, by means of powder, That man, I'll engige, would never have “ is now levelled with the ground. The signed the armistice of the 22d of Septein- rock, there are blown down into the road, ber,--.It is clear, that the recall of these “ which in many other places is rendered men ought iminediately to take place; and, impassable to artillery without a very I repeat my astonishment, that it has not heavy loss of men, if they determine to alrea:ly been announced to the public, as a “ repair them.-I inclose to your lordsbio measure in the course of fulfilment. But,

a list of the prisoners and of the naterial there is more besides this to be done, in part of military stores; all thal couldia order to reinstate us in the confidence of the of use to the Spanish militia have l'een des Portuguese and Spaniards, who will hardly " livered to them." This is the manner, be satisfied with the disclaimer, however in which a brave, a wise, and modest man strongly and generally expressed, of the acts and speaks. He leaves his commander public in England. They will require a and his country to determine the degree of bis dis laimer on the part of our government; merit and the importance of the particular and, surely, they will not have to wait service. Oh, had we had my lord Cochmany days for a formal, a public, a solemn rane at Ramahal, we should now have had Deciaration, in the name of the king, ex- Junot and his army in England! The con. pressivg his grief for what his generals in duct of Sir Samuel Hood, in the Baltic ; his Portugal have done; giving the strongest judicious proceeding after the action ; erery assurances, that the like shall not again be thing that we now see of gallantry, or wise done ; and, to give weight to these assuran- dom, or modesty, in our commanders, serces, a distinct intimation, that the parties, ves as a contrast to what has taken place is against whose conduct the Portuguese have Portugal, where, more than in all other places protested, shall, with all the speed that the put together, we stood in need of the practice impartial administration of justice will of these virtues. To be overbe ring and vain. admit of, be brought to trial. Nothing glorious is, too, so opposite to our short of this will afford us a chance of res- character; it is so to belye our coop'ry! toration to the confidence of the nations in Well, we have now a pretty good lesson po question; paricns upon whom ibe eveniy is on the consequence of commitung our in. pon pouring down with inmen e force, and terests and our brnour to the keeping of a who, if they need our aid at all, must fighter of nabob vizitrs; and, if from that need it at this moment. What a wide les on we do not profit, we merit to be treatdifference there would now have been ed like the subjects of those same nabob. in our prospects; how different would viziers. they have been from what they are, if this Here I should have dismissed this subject, shameful Convention had not been made; until, at least, it had been seen what the and, if our commande's had, from the ministers really intended to do; but, I must first, acted with the discretion, with that add a few words upon the conduct of the respect for the feelings of the Portuguese, Niorning Post newspaper of yesterday 1: which the circunstai ces of the case rendered will be remembered, that, in ny fast, ! so peculiarly appropriate. I perceive, in siated a fact about ihe proprietorship of that the Gazette which has reached me, paper, which fact was of great in:pritance, an account of a voy gallant exploit of my considered in connection with tte deterce LORD COCHRANE ; but he does not take all which that paper has aliempted to trake for the merit to himself ; you hear from him Wellesley. Instead of any thing in asker not a word of bragging; he talks of po to that statement, what do I find? Why, a wonders that he and liis crew have performe silly letter of iwo columns and a balt in ed; but he takes care not to omit the length, controverting my opinions olont the mention of the good conductof the Spaniards. Spanish Revolution, and which letter iis “ The castle of Mongal,” says he," an editor acknowledges to have had in bis hards " importani posi, cumpliitly commanding for a month pasť; as it, by controvering “ a pass in the roari from Barcelona to those opirious, he should prove my stale« Gerona, which the French are tw be- nent, relative to his paper, to be untrue. " sieging, and ihe only one between those in the same paper, there is a long ar< towns occupied by the enemy, sur- cicle, the object of which is, to cause it to

ren ered this morning to his majesty's be believed, that the censure now bestowed • ship order my command The Spanish upon the conduct of Wellesley proceeds “ miilia lehaved admirally, in carrying solely from a spirit of party.

Now, let the an outpost on a neighbouring hill. Lieut.

ministry betake them quickly to political reHone, with the marines, took possession peniance, if this be true: for, of lie



"party" are the whole nation, sume half nish mind, we may be contident that such hundred of nabob beaters excepted; and, of books and public papers of England, as ca coarse, their exit is at no great distance. be serviceable in their present struggle, will But, as to the fact; is it not notorious, that find their way thither. The best of our all the papers, without a single exceprion, newspapers will be imported for the relations gure Sir Arthur Weniesiey great praise for they contain of public events; but as they bis victories? And, as to myself, I put are heavily laden with advertisements, and them, in point of consolences, upon a

sitiffed wiih frivolous trumpery, which we level with ite balie of Tratalgar. I also ourselves could not endure were it not pinappedit the reader, whether oll the edi- ned on the back of public intelligence, tors did nui, until they saw the Gazetie, while your Register is free from any such pablish. in 60.1e shape or other, an alloy, is wholly devoted to political discuspresion of beir opinion, that he had bad sion and state papers, and is conducted with no land in the Convention. Let us take a degree of principle to be looked for in one instance, however. If it be vain in the other papers alluded to, it may the work of pariy, then it must be the work be expected that it will not be overlooked of b ar party, which is opposed to the party by the Spanish Patriots; on which account Di the Wellesleve; that party, then, is the it is to be hoped you will continue your obOpposition; it is well known, that the servations on Spanish; which is the Monning Chronicle is the oicial print of Ile more desirable, as, in the common cause in Opposition; and, in the Morning Chronicle which we are now embarked with that naof the 16in, the day lefore it could see the tion, it will be difficult to imagine any disGazette, there was a paragraph, as has be?) cussion on governnn'nt which can benefit already seen, stating that Wellesley was dis- Spain, that will not at the same time benefit satisfied with the Convention, and that he England also; a circunstance which can was " alove twenty miles from head-quar. very rarely occur, in respect of those despo"ters when it was signed."-Dd this governments with which our own is but look like parly work? It is a false and 100 fiequently allied. base pretence. There has appeared nothing Since my last, Sir, new and brilliant facts of party-spirit in the discussion; and now, have arrived from Spain, in confirmation of as in the case of Lord Melville, an attempo the doctrines laid down in the Egis, on is made to draw men's minds from the me- the subject of the arms-bearing of a peorits of the case by inpiting motives of par- pie, towards proving •hat an armed populaty to those who are calling for justice upon tion, insteal of being to regular armies ana the person accused. It is of great conse- “ unresisting medium,” is in reality a wall quence, that the pablic should be upon its of adawant. If a truth so 'founded in naguard against this sinister design. The mind ture, and so apparent to any unperverted of a good man naturally revolts at the idea of mind, be, in the defence of Spain, thus party per secution. This ludable feeling in already manifested, the author claims no the Englizh public has often proved a shield merit' for having maintained the doctrine. for the guilty; anci, therefore, we should be All he does claim, is, not to have incurred very careful to ascertain that we have grounds the demerit of suffering, witho't resistance, for such a feeling, before we adivit it as an in- truth to be beaten down by the presumpmate It is not, observe, pretend-d, that tuous dogmas of the adversaries of public poor Hew or Burard have been assailed from

liberty, nor to be silenced by the vociferaparty motives ; and why not they as well as lions of the corrupt pancers of despotism ; their associate? This same Morning Post who, in the service of one faction or anoaccuses them most boldly; aye, and it does ther, have not only monopolized a large it, because there is no other way of difeniling proportion of our newspapers, but have well Wellesley.--Let us, however, keep !pun stored with their pernicious writings the our guard against deception ; let us keep our shops of our booksellers. eye upon those who have power to act etti. The facis now in my thoughts are those ciently: let us see what they do; and then contained in the dispatch of the Count de let os pass our judgement.

Caldagues, to the captain-general of CataBotley, 29 Suplemler, 1809.

lonia, transmitted from Tarragona, and in

serted in the “ Times" of the 24th instant. MAJOR CARTWright ON NATIONAL The French, it seems, besides having the Derence.

command of the Pyrennean Pass near the SIR,–Now that the press of Spain has Hay of Roses, were in possession of the become free, and that we see both emula- fortress of Figueras, very near the inoun. tion and controversy enlightening the Spa- tains, and also of the city of Barcelona, at

the distance of about 15 or 16 leagues, with are defeated, they perish, or fly under the the strong fortress of Manjui by which it is impulse of terror."--They attempt to rally, overlooked ; and had now laid siege to in order to reconquer' what they bad so Gerona, situated in the intermediate space ignominiously lost; but it is impracticabetween those places. Under these circum- ble. Although a rempant of their force is stances, and keeping in our recollection the preserved by their protecting cavalry, yet, vicinity of the scene to France itself, the leaving behind them artillery, small arms, Count advanced for the purpose of raising ammunition, wheat, and plunder, and carthe siege. “ On his arrival at the town of rying off “ 30 waggons filled with their Castilla, he found that he could muster wounded,” in the course of the night after about 6000 men in arms; and though there the battle, which had “ commenced at 7 were among them only about 300 veterans, in the morning and lasted until late in the and but a very few more that were fornied evening," they seek for satety in flight. into companies of miquelots, he did not But here again, so keen was ihe pursuit

, hesitate a moment to attack the enemy, that they had to sustain " various encousupon a system adapted to the nature of his ters on the road to Barcelona, in all of and their force." The enemy is stated to which they proved to be in a state of comhave been “ from 7 to 8000 infantry, and plete disorder, and, at every step of their from 8 to Goo cavalry," under General progress, many of them paid the forfeit et Duhesme.

their lives ; so that their dead alınost touchNow admitting, (even against the express cd each other as they tell, until their arrival evidence of the dispatch), that the French Barcelona, with a remnani of about 800, might not have been superior in number to for the preservation of which a corps adthe army by which they were attacked, and vanced from that city.” Of what befel the admitting likewise that the besieged Gero- other division which ficd to Figueras, in an nians themselves were to be accounted as opposite direction, the writer of the dispart of the Spanish force, yet, ?ccording to patch does not appear to have been acthe doctrine of an armed population being to quainted; but he had informed us that both a regular army an "unresisting medium, "

divisions were

“ pursued by Milans and the Spanish Patriots who attacked this army Glaros, in the routes which they had respecof accomplished regulars, in a position be- tively taken ; ” whence we may naturally tween two strong fortresses in their pos- suppose that those who fled to Figueras did session, and very near the French gate into not escape unpunished.--Such, Sir, are the Spain, and protected also by a body of ca- facis: but what is the moral ?-It is tbat valry to which they themselves had none to which is everywhere inculcated in the oppose, ought to have been put to a shame- Ægis, that a regular army, necessary as it fal flight, or, had they been mad enough to may be for invading other countries, or for have rushed upon destruction, cight to have foreign service of every kind, is not necesbeen cut to atoms and annihilated. But, on sary for a nation's defence. Nor will it be tbe contrary, these reguiars, having every any impeachment of this doctrine, should advantage on their side, are borne down by Spain, now she has got a general Junta of “ the skill and valour" of the patriots, Regency, increase her regular force in any their line of battle is broken, one part seek- degree to which her finances inay exteod. ing their safety in Figuieras and the other The raising of the siege of Gerona and the within the walls of Barcelona. It seems defeat of Duhesore will still remain opon probable that the “ 300 veterang" of the record to prove, that a regular army is nol Spanish were no part of a disti:ci corps, necessary for the defence of a nation. but individuals who, in consequence of the I am, nevertheless, Sir, well aware of rule of the Spanish army, of enlisting for sound reasons why Spain, under her prelimited service, were found among the po

sent circumstances, may adopt the expe. pulation now arıned and organized; but, dient of increasing her regular force. Her be that as it may, and whether serving to- militia is on a bad model ; she never had gether, or (as more probable) in the capa- such a system as the English posse comitacity of non-commissioned officers, here is an Perfect as in its owu nature that sys. army of volunteers with as few veteran in- tem is, yet even in England a plan for re. dividuals in its ranks as can be supposed storing it to " full vigour and energy," acever to happen, and yet, so far is it from cording to the wish of Sir William Jones, being a mere “depositary of panic," that has got no nearer adoption than being in it “atacks the enemies' batteries with the manuscript, as the draught of a parliamenbayonet, with such ardour and celerity, they tary bill. Meanwhile, Spain has not a moc hare scarce time to think of resistance, they ment to lose. Although armed patriots,


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