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[514 SUMMARY OF POLITICS

“ Some cannot find words strong enough to CONVENTION IN PORTUGAL. When

express their rage : others barst forth inco, his is the subject of discussion,or remark, I such a strain as this: “Oh. England ! 119lan take no morto; for I have endeavoured, happy England! all thy struggles are a vain, to recollect a transaction, teigned or “ vain! Thou mayest assemble thy courts. pl, of so detestable a character History “ Tartial, but, it is all in vain ! Sme powbiples us with nothing like it ; nor bas the er, niore than human, smites thy compaginuing of the port, as far as I am ac- " manders wish Hindness, as, at the praver painted with poeticai works, yet invented " of Elisha, God smiote' tbe Syrians. Oh, bei of acts and circumstanres bearing any " thou incomprehensible Being! in whose semblance to those couriecied will this hands are the destinies of empires, if cocious Convention The public have “ thou hast doomed this kingdom to sink If, and do feel, properly upon the sub

co beneath the overwhelming power of Ft. Iudignation so universal was cer- “ France, yet let not the wisdom of her siges, nly never expressed upon any former the piety of her saints, the blood of her casion within the memory of man. The “ heroes and her martyrs, plead with thee antry people, who are, in general, very “ in vain. Let her not fall the victim of pwio moving, and amongst whom there are " baseness! but if she must sink for ever

few political events that are capable of “ into the ocean of tine, suffer a solitary citing an interest sufficient to prod: ce a ray of glory to mark the spot where irmih of expression, have been complete- once was England !"-Let Europe and the roused by this event; and, even down to world judge from these specimens how very labourers, they vent their execra- deeply the whole empire feels and mourns pns upon the heads of the miserable au- " its "irretrievable disgrace."-Yes, I

pr. It is right that the ill-treated, the hope, thai kurope ard the world will acquit tayed, the sacrificed, Portuguese and the prople of England, at any rate, of any

vedish nations ihould know, that such is share in this unparalleled infamy. They pop feeling of the people of England; that hesitatud 1.0t, ont moment, to express their

many places, the bells of the churches indignation ; it came forth, at once, from ove been rung muffled, as upon occasicus every mouth; and the press has been the

public mourning; that many of the pub. faithful reporter and recorder of what was prints have assuined the signs of mouin- uttered by the tongue. The people of is and that every public paper in London, England and the people of Portigal have

excepted, and that one the propery of both alte hien ingred; ties have both pmpany of persons chiefly East Indians, been abused ; thuy hare bulteren in suited: reprobaied, in the most decided manner, but, the former have it in their power to in a language evidently coming from the cause justice to be done upon their injurers, pant, all the articles of the Conventions, a povor which the latter have not. To

especially those articles which contain show, therefore, that we are in earnest; to palations injurious to the interests and the convincero Europe and the world,” that our bour of our allies. There is a paragraph indignation is not feigned ; to prove our sin.

the Courier newspaper of yesterday, cerity, we ought, from all parts of the king. ich I cannot refrain from putting upon dom, to address ile king, or to petition bim, Lord, as a 'nongst the means, which may, and, in our addres-l3 or petitics, to implore I hope, in time, wipe away this national him to take merswes for speedily bringing pramy." In this period of general bu- to trial all those, who may have taken a share

miliation and disgrace, the provincial pa- in the hated transactions in Portugal. This pers vie with those of the metropolis in was the mode torinerly pursued by Englishthe expression of their surprize, their men, under similar circumstances; this all sorrow, and their indignation. Many the world knows we may do if we will; and, that we have received have encircled the if we have not the will to do it; it ve have Extraordinary Gazette with a brond black not the spirit to move one inch in the wa, of line. One tas prefixed to it several gal- practice, the world will give us very little Jouses, with bodies hanging to thein. credit for all our line professious. The

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plain state of the case is this: we all say, fact clear in our memories, that it is more that our co.nmanders hare affixed lasting than two months, since almost all the disgrace upon

our country, and have counties, cities, and bororghs in the kingmost basely injured and insulted our al dom, did actually address the king upon the lies, whereat we express our sorrow any subject of the military measures he was our indignation in words almost too big for adopting with regard to Spain and Portugal ; utterance; our right to petition the king they thanked him for his speech, wherein to cause those commanders to be brought to he expressed his intention of aiding the trial is notorious; and, if we do not exer- Spaniards and Portuguese ; and ibis, oba cise that right, upon this occasion, the serve, was done with the approbation, and world will, and ought to, look upon us, at the notorious instigation, or the ininis, not only as hypocrites, but as accessories, ters of the king. And, shall we not, now after the fact, to the deed which we have that this promised and applauded aid, this cursed, in erery form of words in which aid, for the intention of yielding which the a curse can be conveyed.- -In the City of king was ihanked; now that this aid bae London, I perceive, that that very public- by what we all deem the misconduct of out spirited and excellent man, Mr. Waithman, commanders, been rendered abortive, afte has given notice of his intentiou of moving, costing the nation sums so immense ; shallw at the next Common Council, an address to not now approach the king with our prayet . the king, upon the subject. The City of that he would cause legal and public inquit London may, perhaps, give the tone to oiher to be instituted in order to ascertain to what places; but, I must confess, that the coun. if to any, degree those commanders 12 try anpears to me to be very tardy in this grilty? This we have a right to do; respect ; much more so than it was in ad. bids us exercise the right; no man, of ere dressing the king, in the tone of congratu- the most slavish principles bas ever call lation and applause, upon what, amongst the right in question ; and, if we do other things, this same famous army of ours exercise it, in vain shall we have used high was intended to do. For my pari, resolved sounding words of sorrow and of rage; that no portion of the disgrace, bowever by the common sense of mankind, we sh small, shall adhere to me, I, as a freeholder be set down as pretenders and hypocrites. of Hampshire, hereby invite other freehold- What I have now said, is what I sho ers to join me in a requisition to the High have said in my last sheet, if I had Sheriff of the county, to call a county meet- time. And, if it would have been pro ing, for the above purpose. I request any then; if the active, the decided, the pa freeholders, who may be disposed to join rical condemnation of the lare Conventi me, to signify such their disposition hy let- in Portugal, would have been necessary eG ter, directed to me, at Bouley, near South the restoration of the natiopal charac ampton. I will go to any part of the couniy under the knowledge then possessed by the to concert with any five or six other freehold- public, how much more imperious is .ers, if no greater number should offer: or call upon us beco.me, now that we are I will do any thing in my power to effect the quainted with facis, of which we were object in view. I shall be much beiter fore ignorant, and which render the trai pleased to see the thing original: elsewhere, action beyond all comparison more digt and with leading nen in the county ; but, ful to our country and more injurious if no one at all join me, and if no re- our allies than it before appeared to quisition be made from any other quarier, though it then appeared to be too bad previous to the fifteenth of October, I my- admit of reprobation commensurate self will then make the requisition ; and, iis demerits? It appears, from a if a meeting be not thereby obtained, I will lication in the newspapers just recent then present, in my own name, and in my that the Portuguese Enibassador in Los owo person, if possible, a pe:ition to the has received dispatches fron the Reçeng king for the purpose above-mentioned. Let Portugal, commanding him to make the infamy fasten where it will, none of it strong remonstrance against the con shall stick to me. Will any one tell me, tions; that the people of Portugal were that, in these military matters, the Crown less indignant at the ferms of these con is to be left to itself; and will any sycophant tions than the people of England are ; tira pretend, that, to interfere in such matters any Portuguese of any description were is to encroach upon the royal prerogative? sulted upon the subject of the Cou Without resorting to reasoning, or to any of tions; and that, so great was the dis the numerous precedents that might be faction in Portugal, that appreber cited, we know this; all of us have this were entertained, that, if our gene

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attempted to suffer the French to carry off Chronicle bas remarked, that it must have their plunde“, open and violent opposition proceeded from insanin, and that, if veriwould be made by the Portuguese. But, hed, the authors onghi to be brought home, i here are other alledyed facts of a still more bled, blistered, and put into dark cells. serious nature, which facts I find stated in This is one way of avenging ourselves in the Times newspaper of the 26th Septem-them for their mischievous arrogance, ther ber, and which, if they shall prove to be insolent prestimption; but, I ain vet for well founded, cannot possibly leave a doubt any thing bearing the resemblance of a jes', in the mind of any man living, as to the upon a subject so serious, so replete win motive, by which Wellesley, at least, was matter of national grief, shame and dis actuated. The facts, as thus giveni, are, grace. What! Admitted as auxiliaries 1. that Wellesley, when he first landed, up- received as assistan's in the work of delive on being applied to for the arms, sent out rance; landing under professions of disinte for the use of the Portuguese patriots, restedness and generosity, we not only refused them, in consequence of which re- make a convention without the advice, with fusal more than three fourths of the patriots out the consent, without the knowledge, of were prevented from taking part in the ac- the regency or of the commander of the Portion against the French ; 2. ihat, ev-o those tuguese forces or of any Portuguese in authopatriots who were armed, were not brought rily; but, having so done, we, in virtute of into action, but, on the contrary, in one that convention, hoist our Hags upon the case a body of 1,500 of them were pur ramparts of Portugal, with as little regard aside to make way for a corps of British, for the feeling of either the people or sheir and, in another case, during the battle of sovereign, as if we had been in the country Vimiera, the whole of the patriot force, on- of the Tanjoreans or the Polygars. And, der their general Freire, was removed to then to draw down the flags by the way of the distance of more than six miles from the compulsion. First to raise the emblem of scene of action ; 3. that no meril has bezu, valour for the purpose of basc insolence, by our general, ascribed to any of the in- and then to love it from motives of fvar! dividual exertions of the patriots, but, on Verily, if this be turgiven, the ass of Isathe contrary, that, in some instances, the cher greatly yiek's to us in the virtue of pamerit, due to thein, has been given to the tience. Why, the fines, used upon this ocEnglish soldiers; 4. that, at the battles so casion, onghi, is the fact be true, 10 be much talked of, there were 18,000 English | barut by the hands of the hangman, or put to 12,000 French troops, and that, while to uses the most vile that tie imagination the Portuguese tbink that victory in such a can invent.-----f, however, ihe previous case was no subject for boasting, they deny, facts be true, for which I do not, as yel, that, the Convention taken into considera- take upon me 10 vouch; if it be true, that tion, any conquest was achieved ; 5. that, the arms were refused, that the patriots just before the last engagement, the patriois were studiously kept in the back ground, having consumed all the bread they had in that their merits have passed unnoticed, and their train, their general applied to Welles- that a day's brexit was refused them in the ley for a single day's bread, but that this hour previous to the action; if these facts application was rejected, though the army be true, the hoisting of our flag over their of the latter had a great abundance, upon beads is no more than a suitable winding up which rrjection the Portuguese general of the climax of insolent contempl; and the shortly observed : “then we will fight with- whole series, as well as the concluding aci, " out bread;" 6. that, as soon as ihe Cin- prove, that, from the outset, it was revention had placed the forts and capital in solved to treat the Portuguese after the manour hands, our precious commanders isoisted ner, in which we have treted the miserathe British flag in them, as if we had been the ble sovereigns and slaves of the ludian peprincipals in the war, nay, as if we had been niusula. ihe re-captors of the country, and the Pora The Portuguese general, FREIRE, basentuguese people liad been consigned over to tared a formal Protest against the Convennew.masters, and that this trait of in

tions made by our generals and admiral, sulence had exrited such loud and gene- which protest I here insert, as I find it in ral expressions of indignation, that our the Times newspaper of the 29th of Sep. banners were, as it were by compulsios, tember.- I protest, in gene al, on actaken down soon after they were raised. count of this trea!y being totally void est Upon this last-mentioned fact, this most " that deference due to his royal highness of all cutting indigoity upon the Portuguese " the Prince Regent, or the government nation and their sovereign, the Morning ! " that represents him; ou account of what

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may be hostile in it to the sovereign au- ! " 1803."- -Now, before we make any

thority and independeuce of this govern- remark upon this protest, which, of itself, " ment, and for all that may be against the proves how worihy this general was of be“ honour, safety, and interests of the na- ing consulted, and of having great deference “tion : and, in particular, I protest against paid to his opinions and his wishes, I beg “ what is stių ulated in the following anti

leave to recall to the mind of the reader a ARTICLES I, IV, and XII, fact, which he may have forgotten, bat " Because these articles determine the sur- which is of great importance as viewed in “ render of Portuguese fortified places, connection with the facts now come to light. “ stores, and ships to the English forces, It is this : that, some days after the news " without solemnly declaring that this sur

of the battle of Vimeira arrived, a report “ render is momentaiy, and that it is in- prevailed, that a convention had been made “ tended they should be immediately re- with Junot ly the Portuguese Regency and " stored to the Prince Regent of Portugal, Commanders, which convention was de

or the government that may represent scribed to be nearly what the real conven“ hiin, to whom they belong, and in whose tion has turned out to be. This report was “ aid the English forces came as auxilia- stated in all the English newspapers;

and, “ ries ! -ART. XVI. Because it permits in their comments upon it, they expressed “ the residence in Portugal of the indivi- their hopes, that our commanders would “ duals mentioned in it. ART. XVII. not consent to its execution. They called “ Because it attempts to tie down the go- it's a French trick;" they expatiated on its

vernment of this kingdom, not to bring invalidity; and they threw out hints not “ to justice and condign punishment those very complimentary to either the sense, the

persons who have been notoriously and courage, or the integrity of the Portuguese

scandalously disloyal to their prince and Regency and Commanders. Well, then, “their country, by joining and serving the this supposed act of theirs, is the real act of “ French party : and, even if the protec- our commanders. Good God! where, if " tion of the English army should be al- these men are not brought to trial, and that " lowed to screen them from the punish- speedily, shall we hide our heads ? — The “ ment they have deserved, still it should protest speaks for itself. It would be use “ not prevent their expulsion, whereby less to go over it in detail ; but, there is one ~ this country would no longer have to thing, of which, from the bare perosal of “ fear being again betrayed by the same this paper, the public must, at once, imbile FIRST OF

perfect conviction, and that is, that it is im. ARTICLES. This article can by no means possible, that there can be any harmony be “ bind the government of this kingdom, as tween our generals, our Convention-making no reciprocal conditions are stipulated. Commanders, and the Commanders of the

-I protest finally, on account of the Portuguese forces ; and that, if Portugal “ want of attention to the safety of the were again to be attacked by the French, “ inhabitants of the capital and its envi- the defence of it, by the forces and the " rons, nothing having been stipulated in commanders now there, would be a " their favour to insure their not being thing not within the compass of probability

. “ still vexed and oppressed by the French Nay; it is not at all improbable, that what

during their stay --not even an equi- | bas here been supposed may be the least of “ valent for what is established by Art. the mischiefs to be apprehended. It is hardly “ XVI and XVII, in favour of the French possible, that, in the necessarily exasperated "s and their followers. And to these state of the public mind in Portugal; in that “ beads I limit my protest, in order not

state of mind described to us in pretty, " to make too long a list, passing over other authentic intelligence ; it is, in such a state objects of less importance, such as the of the public mind, hardly possible, that concession of 800 horses, which was

our army should be suffered to remain there, " made without considering that they al- under their present commanders, in security, “ most all belong to Portugal, and thus can- from insult, to say nothing of the danger of not be considered as properiy of the actual assault. This being the case, it is maller " French; that of the magazines of the of some surprize with me, that the ministers

army, filled at the expence of the coun- have not taken the earliest opportunity of

try, and consequently only belonging by apprizing the public, that they have recalled fact, not by right, to the unjust occu. the makers of the Convention ; for, that

pants of the country. -(Signed) Ber- they have not done il would be shocking to NARDIN FREIRE D'ASDRADE Hial

suppose, Yet, when I think of the partial " quarters, at be Eiscarnation, Sept. 14, publication in the Official Gazette; when I

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think of the learing out of the translation in any 'hing; that they could stipulate legal. of the armistice ; and when I observe, that ly for nothing which they had not, ont of not a word is said, in any of the minisierial their own means, and without contravening papers, about reculling the generals, I must the rights or the wishes of the Portuguese, waless, that I have my fears of some in- the power of fulfilling. Why, good God! vention being resorted to for the purpose of suppose they had stipulated to give England screening them. That Wellesley cannot be to Napoleon, Wellesley's recognized - Emgreened alone is evident. He must take his “peror and king ;” must we have suffered date with Dalrymple ; nay, my opinion is, him to come and take it? The idea is too that the last-named old gentleman will be absurd to be entertained for a moment; yet able to produce convincing proof, that he they had just as much right to give away was a mere tool in the hands of Wellesley. England as they had to give away Portuguese If this be the case, the very bottom of the property.---They must, if the Portuguese sink of corruption will be stirred up, in or- resist the fulfilment of their base Convention, der to bring them all off clear. The first be in a fine stew, as the old women call it. thing to be thought of, however, is the state I dare sny, Sir Hewy would give his mull of things in Portugal, where there can be and his boois into the bargain, had he never weither peace nor safety as long as the con- quitted Gibraltar; and our dashing “Chetention-making generals remain there; and, " valier du bain would part with a trifie, let it be observed, that, though our minise had he remained amongst the tawny slaves jers might not be able to prevent the con- of Hinciostan, where men are mowed down Jusion of the Convention, they will be an

like wheat-ears. Should this resistanco werable for whatever mischief may arise (which God send !) take place, how the rom our Convention-making generalo re- baughty Wellesley must be amazed! He paining in possession of the command be- will not be able to treat the Portuguese after fond the earliest moment, at which they the manner of treating the poor souls in had it in their power to deprive them of it, India. How disconcerted be must look! I after they received the accounts of the think I see him now. What! the people shameful transactions, of wbich we have whom he did not deen worthy of partaking been speaking. Let them, iherefore, look in the glory of his battles, forbid him to exto this. If they persist in keeping such ecute his Convention ! men in the command, they ought to be, We have now, amongst the other docu. and they will be, objects of general exe- ments that have come to hand, a letter from cration. There are, doubtless, many ex- Wellesley to the Bishop of Oporto, which aggerated reports ; but, it is by no means letter, when the reader bas seen it, will incredible, that the Portuguese army may,

convince him of the truth of all I said, in as has been stated in some of the public my last, respecting the participation of Welprints, “have taken a menacing position, and lesley in the transactions of the 22d of Au. " bave distinctly intimated to Sir H. Dal- gust It is dated at the camp of Ramahal,

rymple, that they will resist the fulfilment on the 24th of August, and its contents " of the Convention; nay, more, that they are as follows: May it please your * will consider any movement of the Eng. Excellency: I have the honour to inform "lish army, with a view to facilitate the

your excellency, that the army under my " embarkation of the French force, as an command defeated general Laborde's di" hostile act." If this be so, I wonder how " vision on the 17th instant, and, on the 21st the old gentleman felt at olie intimation? I " instant, the whole of the French army unitBey nothing dishonourable, nor at all un- “ed, under the command of General Junot, fair, in the Portuguese doing this. They at Vimiera. The loss of the enemy in were no parties to the Convention. They " those actions was very considerable. Last never were consulted upon the subject. They night he sent general Kellermann to conter had invested our generals with no diplomatic “ with General Sir H. Dalrympe, who con. powers. They had never put

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cluded an agreement with the said General under their command. They never recog. for a suspension of hostilities, until the connized them either as rulers or representatives. “ clusion of a Convention for the total evacuaSuppose, for instance, the Convention had ~ tion of Portugal by the French troops This contained an article recognizing the kingiy agreement contains nothing remarkable, authority in Junot. Is there any man upon with the exception of a provision for securearth, who will contend, that the Porruguese “ing the neutrality of the portof Lisbon and would have been bound to acknowledge him " the Russian squadron. Permitme to cougino as their lawful sovereign? No: it is clear, tulate your excellency on the approaching then, that our generals could not bind them "' conclusion of the misfortunes which have

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