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ticable-weak and insufficient, certainly, | its tranquillity, and add to the calamities of as its own resources are without the prompt its situation? Your noble conduct corresand efficacious aid which it promises itself | ponds, 'as might be expected, with the vafrom your excellency.--With respect to the lour and virtue which form your character, nueasures of another kind whion without The council rejoices that you follow the addaubt will be necessary for the salvation of vice it formerly gave you, and that you trust the country, and its elevation to that rank to in its paternal solicitude. Continue, faithwhich it rose in the times of its prosperity, ful Spaniards, to be calm, that the worthy it belongs to the council merely to rouse and chiet, and the magistrates who' preside over excite the authorities of the nation, with you, 'may meet all the dangers which can which it will co-operate by contributing for occur, and tolal with exactness all their obthe general welfare, its influence, its coun- ligations. When fame admires and publishsel, and its knowledge. As it is not possible es the victories of our valiant countrymen io adopt, under the present extraordinary cir- over the invincibles of Marengo, Austerlitz, cumstances, the expedients pointed out by and Jena, it is not possible that you could the laws and customs of the nation, the cominit the shameful act of warming yourcouncil will not occasion delay by elaborately selves by the conflagration of their houses suggesting what might perhaps be the fit and efi'ects. Such actions would fill with means of fixing the representation, and horror the virtlious armies which are surascertaining the opinion of the nation; and rounding us for our protection. They have confines itself for the present to the indica- left their properties to detend ours; they tion of a measure in which it would concur have abandoned their hearths, and been lawith the greatest satisfaction, viz.--that your vish of their lives, because they would not excellency would be pleased to send, with endure the slavery of our good king, and the greatest dispatch, deputies who enjoy the death of the monarchy; and it is your entire confidence, and who, acting in through their efforts only that we are free concert with the persons named by the from a perfidious enemy who persecuted us. Jantas of the other provinces and the We are not so perfidious (you will answer), Council, miglit confer on this most impor- that while they are approaching, covered tant object, making such arrangements that with glory and i he blood of the enemy, we all projects and expedients proceeding from should forget our obligations, and oecupy this common centre may be as expeditious ourselves solely in judging arbitrarily of the as the end to be attained may require.- fidelity and conduct of our fellow countryYour excellency has displayed such striking men. This is the language of honour, preofs of your constant aitachment to the which characterizes you : do not forget it. king whom Providence has given us, and of Yes! it is the malevolent, who cover their your

ardent zeal for the honour and, fidelity depredations, their confingrations, and their of the nation, that the council cannot but homicides, on such mournful occasions, expect with entire confidence, that your with the pretext of justice, without reflectsentiments will concur with those of the ing, that it is not lawful for any one to be, other provincial Juntas, to whom it has this of his own authority, the adorinistrator of day transmitted the present manifesto : and justice. The supreme tribunal assures you, that you will continue to evince the same that if there have been among us any traisolicitude and zeal you have hitherto shewn, tors to their sovereign and their comviry, it as well in dispatching to the council and will avenge their crimes, and if they merit capital the prompt aid of troops, which will it, cast them away, as unworthy of the shelter them from fresh oppression, as in name of Spaniards. Judge no one, for upiting the aid of your authority and ability that renders yoa liable to sacrifice many into that of his supreme council, in concerting nocent. Adore Divine Providence, which measures for the defence of the whole nation. has known how to humiliate in an instant May God preserve your excellency many the proud, and which will as little suffer to

remain unpunished incendiaries and assassins. Proclamation of the Council of Castile, 10 - Worrhy citizens: good men ! and tri

the People of Maarid, on the Departure patriots! Arm yourselves against the inof the French. Aug. 5.

quity of those who purpose to grow rich Generous and worthy people of the ca- with your property, the price of the sweat pital of Spain! The council addresses you; of your brows. The council watches for and betore it states its sentiments to you, it

your safety. Lend them sid, and impeach asks are you capable of arailing yourselves those who assume the false title of neigh. of the misfortunes of your country in the bours, but are mere vagabonds, who, flyirg critical state in which it now is, to periurb

from before their own magistrales, conceal'

years.!

their vices amid the confusion of the capi- , await you, to embrace you, and proclaim tal. Already your victorious countrymen you our deliverers. Ohow happy ibat day? are near, crowned with laurels, which will how true that joy! Wipe away your tears, not fade in the course of future ages. All Europe you disconsolate widows, and you wretched has been surprised at the progress of their rapid orphans, who have lost those whom you lot. victories. Arragon, Catalonia, Valencia, An- ved! Your fathers, and your faithful husdalusia, La Mancha, Estramadura, Murcia, bands, died in tho field of honour, in the Carthagena, Castile, Leon, Asturias, San- defence of their country; they perished, tandur, and Gallicia, have shed around them but their rhemory shall not perish. Here never fading glory. Already they have rais- you will meet with generous and grateful ed numerous armies ; already they have de- souls, who will provide for your maintefended the principal points of Spain; alrea- nance, as your liusbands and fathers provi: they have secured the chief maritime ports, ded for theirs. The Spanish nobility are and captured ships and squadrons at Carthe- distinguished for their generosity and greatgena. We owe all to God, and our Lady, ness of soul, and will not deny a debt as the Virgin, who have protected our cause. Let Aattering as it is just. God grant that no us, therefore, cast off our lethargy, and pu- evil-minded persons may frustrate, by theit rify our manners, which were arrived al- excessės and rapine, such laudable inten. most at the pitch of complete corruption. tions, and fill this city with lamentation and Let us acknowledge the calamities which mourning. Worthy neighbours ! it is for the kingdom and this great capital have en- you we act live in confidence that the dured, as a punishment necessary for our council and all the magistrates of this capi. correction. The innocent victims, whose tal will protecť you, and will deliver over blood has streamed from their native soil, the guilty to the severest punishment. God have implored forgiveness for us. The one grant that there be no occasion to draw the immortal and omnipotent God of armies has sword of justice ; let it be employed against heard their supplications, and is appeased. the enemies of the nation against the op. Will.it be just that we should now commit pressors of our liberty, and against those new abominations, robberies, insurrections, who, violating their promise, avail themand excesses? There cannot be a being of selves of our defenceless state to sacrifice vs. 50 great ingratitude as to think this. Unite, May it please Heaven to grant, speedily, virtuous Spaniards, to receive, as soon as the fulfilment of those desires which are possible, the reward of your heroic fidelity. engraved on the hearts of all Spaniards, and

The government, and the faithful pro- those of its council ! -_D. BARTOLOME vinces, will be filled with joy, when the Munoz. council exhibits before you and all Europe Proclamation to the Biscayans.-Dated the constant firmness with which the men

Bilbon, Aug. 6. of honour, the most elevated nobility, the Noble Biscayans !--The bitter grief which superior tribunals, and the chiefs of the oppressed your hearts, at seeing your native nation, have sustained your cause, and the land threatened with the odious yoke of the rights of the throne. Not a few individuals most croel slavery, has at length broken among them have been led by fraud and through the barriers which the irresistible force far beyond the limits of Spain ; and, force of circumstances had imposed upon though without liberty, and exposed to the you; yes, your sufferings are now at an severest insults, they have proved the in- end; and a generous youth, full of holy flexibility of their loyalty, and the religious ardour, are flocking with eagerness to their purity of their opinions. Distrust even standards. -You called for chiefs to command their signatures, which have been circulated you; and you now see placed at your head among you, and wait with patience for the men celebrated for their talents and military testimonies of their conduct. The princi- knowledge, who will conduct you as it pal author of these calamities is free, and were by the hand to victory. The creation beyond your jurisdiction ; but heaven will of a presiding junta, to direct your operanot permit him to remain unpunished. | tions, has been one of the principal objects And you, ye victorious armies of Spain ! of your careful attention. Here you possess fly and protect this capital which longs for it, addressing you in the language of truth. you. Till then it has no other defence, than --Inhabitants of Biscay! cast your eyes in the heart of the kingdom, and the recent back on the ages which have passed, and departure of the enemy. Let us together you will see your ancestors at one time reprostrate ourselves before the sacred altars pulsing the Carthagivians; at another deof our God, and return him thanks for his se-nying the hosts of Rome; at one period wonderful mercy. Here your fathers, your granted to them the honourable distincmothers, your brothers, and your friends, tion of serving in the vap of the armygat

1

common,

200ther, the privilege of citizens. Irnitate church, to whom he had sworn fidelity at the glorious examples of your so worthy her altar. Bat let us draw off the veil that progenitors.-Yet know that absolute sub

covers so great iniquity. The first victim ordination to your chief, and severity of that was sacrificed to bis ambition has been discipline, are the first of martial virtues, your shepherd. Rome, the centre of faith without which none can present themselves and the sbield of religion, has been prostiwith the bape of success in the plains of tuted. The idol Dagon has been united to bonour. The junta promises itself that you the cruel Antioch of our days to accomplish will possess them in an eminent degree.-Let the destruction of religion, which is the the unholy voice of party passions for ever great bar to his perfidious designs. However, disappear from among you : and let the do not despond. The successor of St. Peter suggestions of envy hold no sway in your is still extant, though overwhelmed with bosums. No; let a perfect and indissoluble affliction ; groaning under his chains, he pnion reign among you. Your interests are lifts his eyes and tremulous hands to heaven, the same the sentiments which animate imploring incessantly the protection of the fou alike--and the cause which you defend, God of hosts over his flock !-Oh! the

Will you, therefore, seek to happy effects of religion! In this fatal siurn your force against your brethren and Ination, my soul, penetrated with Christian ountrymen, and to give the victory to your feelings, learns with transport and surprise, nemies? Perish so, disgraceful an idea ! that Spain, lappy Spain, has remained true Jet the liberty and property of individuals to her religion and king. I hasten, my be

most religiously, respected, and let the loved chiluren, to surmount the shackles by forince of Biscay preserve the purity of its which I am depressed, to transmit to your justoms, even in the midst of the din of kingdoms the circular that will testify to fans.-Biscayans! The religion of your you

of my gratitude. Arouse, and combat, Whers, according to whose holy maxims like David, the imperious Goliath of our bu have been educated-the country to times.-Valorous Spaniards, sons of the thich you owe your existence the Lord church, come and break the chains of your Sovereign) which the constitution and shepherd. Already my heart assures me of Laws have prescribed to you—these are your gensibility; do not tarry ; raise the important objects which claim your at. standard of faith ; victory invites yo'l; como antion, and oblige you to march out to the then to your brothers in bondage. Raise ferious confict. Can you bear to be the your tents, and pursue the usurper of naictims of one man's ambition who lias en- lions. Eoter into the beart of his doini. zavoured to enslave all Europe ? No; nions, and follow him to the remotest li.

u nere not born for slavery.--Hasten then mits of the earth. Shew to the nations of igire the most undoubted proofs of your

the North that oppression is in its agony, Lour and patriotism, and rely upon all the and let the Spanish sword strike the decisive istance

, which the junta can afford you. blow on the guilty head. Compassionate by your temples be surrounded with lau- the ill-fated kingdom of France, condolo of victory, and your name be immor- will its people, and they will assist you to in the annals of Biscay! (Signed) overwhelm her traiterous tyrani. Oh, with MATHIAS HERRERO. Prieto D. JUAN what transport will the Catholic Ferdinand SEPH DE YERMO., D. FracisCO Borja learn the intrepidity and beroic loyalty of

DF. . Corcuera, &c. D. Jose his soljects! The streight situation to AVIZR DE Goitia, Secretary of the Jun a: which he is, like myselt, doomed, prereclamation of our Holy Father Pope Pius cludes the means to bio of manifexting the

VII, to the Catholic Spaniards. sentiments of his magnanimous here. I Beloved Children ;--You who deplore at feel vot the strength of saying more. If I. 23 e foot of the aliar the wounds given to survive the calamity, and you spill your

fig100—You who are still mindful that blood for religion, your country and moform one people of brethren, join we, march, to whom I supplicate from beaven all vicar of Christ ; approach ye families, | happiness, the world sball be witness to my le remnant of vast destruction, to the gratiaide. trone of my predecessors, to see ine, like The Supreme Council of Castile to the Capt. Taniel, surrounded by lions ; preserved hi- General of Arrogan.-dug. 4, 1808. perto by tbe iuscrutable designs of Provia SIR-After having lahoure! for four suo. ince I see the vessel of St. Peter entrust- cessive months under the post grievous op

to my care combated by she tierce apos. pression, this capital has at last been so forle, whom nyself have placed on the rinate as to be liberated from the mumerous Tone, and who, like a degenerate son, French troops, which bad invaded its prefets for the destruction of his mother, the cincts and vicinity. The council which

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has groaned under their galling yoke, would, or even taken part against their own country: deein itself wanting to its duty, if, accre. of this I have had sufficient evidence, and diting you and your gallant companions in to my inexpressible sorrow have I known arms as the deliverers of the country, it did them direct the operations of the enemy, not hasten to manifest to you its satisfaction, and witnessed then approach with effrontery and the sentiments with which it hath been the walls of Saragossa, write inflammatory constantly animated, and has the happiness papers, and propagate doctrines dishonourto express at present. From the first mo- able to the Spanish name, I am aware that ment of its liberation it has taken all the the council has not been at liberty to act measures, that circumstances have allowed, tieely, and that they have been constrained to direct to the common cause, the loyalty to serve only as organs of the dispositions of and ardent rows of shis faithful capital and that execrable government; but the general its whole district; these however, for the will of the nation having once been express present, will not be such as the zeal of the sed, it would have been highly important council and of this city would wish; they they had transferred theniselves to the prom will be insufficient to the putting them free vinces, and made common cause with them, from fresh opression. The council doubts were it only to withdraw their sanction from not but your excellency will coincide with the circulation of the scandalousand deception there in this request, and cuntribute to the writings which have made their appearance: safety of the capital and its public depart. and to this no insuperable obstacle appesti ments, with all the erficacy in your power ; to nie to have stood in their way; or hat and the illustrious proofs of zeal and conduct there been any, the common interest ant already must amply by you manifested, welfare of the nation ought at any rate Á sufficient assurance to them that you will have risen paramount to every private specta adopt the means to the exigevey of the cir- lation.--It is now nearly two months the cumstances. --To bis excellency the Captain this city has been encompassed by the ene General of Arrogan, Don Joseph de Palafox my; by the baseness of whose conduct y Melzi.-By command of the council.- discern that they make crime their study ARIAS Mon.

To rapine, violence, turpitude, and iniquity Answer of his Excellency the Captain Ge. they have added ferocity, by sacrificing eve

neral of Arragon, Don Joseph De Pala- infants--the sick and wounded; nay, the for y Melzi, to the Council of Castile. very benefactors. They have bombarde The notification which you, under date this heroic city in a cruel manner; at of the 4th instant, have communicated to though their irruption into this kingdo me in the name of the council, and of has been well avenged, we have, neverthe which I had already the knowledge, has less, not repulsed them without spilling afforded me the most heartfelt gratification. blood of many a brave and virtuous defende Considering that the inbabitants of the ca of the country, and without involving ma pital, who have endured the most intolerable ny others in distress. Regarding myself, vexation, owing to their loyal attachment have been more critically situated than a to their sovereign, which will eternally re- other commander, being without one sing dound to their honour, are now freed of soldier, and placed within immediate reae their invaders, it gives alike to me, and to of the enemy, from my proximity to h the good inhabitants of this kingdom univer- frontiers, and liable to be attacked at one sally, cause of happiness and exultation.- from Catalonia, Castile, and Navarre ; bư

The unalterable integrity of the council, the in despite of all, our love for king, country dignity of its ministers, and the wise policy and religion, has made me contemn all dan of w.ich there has been ere now ample de- gers, considering timidity and irresolutia monstration, has rendered that court respect- as tantamount 10 the greatest crime. I bay able even abroad. In the inelancholy cir- spared some assistance to Catalonia, to N cumstances in which Spain has been placed varre, and other provinces, who have cheer by the most unparalleled treachery recorded fully acted with me, and claimed my pre in history, this court has not fulfilled its tection, and I have happily been enabled duties; many of the individuals of which repel the 'enemy, which I trust shortly it was composed have most satisfactorily jus- put to flight, if any part of the wred! tified themselves, whilst others, perhaps al- shall remain. Then I shall fly to the sure lured by the seducive promises of the eneniy, cour of the capital, if needful, which tre or enstrained by the perversity of their dis-quest you to represent to the council fd position, have either remained irresolute, promulgation.

Printed by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, Corene

Garde:., where former Numbers may be had: sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Mall,

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COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER. .

VOL. XIV. No. 13.} IONIDON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2+, 1908. [Price 10r,

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[482 SURIMARY OF POLITICS

statement respecting the positive apont of CONVENTIONS IN PORTUGAL. There the French force in Porivgal. The u is an irksomeness in beginning to write upon which I, were I a comander upon such a subject, which has already been fully dis- a. (ccasion, should proceed, would be this: cussed, more especially when the wole of Tlie enemy bad, in this country, such and those, to whom one's remarks are addressed, such ti, cos; they were distribuced bus and have ma le np their ininds upon it, and when this: my force was sich and such and there appears nothing to be offered in op:0). 11:45 21 thus was it diuiributed. Then I sition to their opirion. Neverth-less, tiom should come to a 1 account of my preliinithe consideration, that the Register may be nary operations; next to a uctil of the enpreserved, owing to its bookish form, some- gagerent; and should conclusie with a view what longer than most of the other periodi. of the strength and situation of each piriy cal publications of the political kind, I shall after the engage vent. This is the course siale m, opinion of thuse transactions, which Burnly purs' ed by the French in their are recordedinihe Government Gazetie, is- accounts of their military operations, which, serted in another part of this sheei, and in every quality, except ist of falseliood, whien hive excited so general a feeling of are well worthy of our imiiation, but which, di siisfaction -When we took that view upon this occasion, we have, I am afraid, of the situatio vof affairs in Portugal, which imitated in the exception and not in the was exhibited to us in the official papers of rule.From such an account, ubich is Sir Arthur Wellesley (inserted at page 407

too confused to be readable nere it not for of this volume); when we bebeld the prow- the sake of the exhilirating substance, one ess of our soldiers, in the batiles, of wbich. cannot pretend to say what was the exact those papers speak; when we were told, force of the French in Portugal. Those that the French bad, besides the advantage who have taken tbe pains to collect the fact of a perfect knowledge of the country and from scraps, here and there di persed, state of long preparation, the still greater ad sanje the French, force at 'fourt en thou and men tage of an excellent positiou whence to prerious to our attack of them, and at ten mike, or where to sustain, an attack ; thousand men after that attack, which ended when we were told, just in so many words, in a “ signal de cat on their part. Sir that, “in this action, in which the whole Arthur Wellesley's force was seventeen “ of the French force in Portugal was em- thousand men. Ile did not lose a thousand;

ployed under the command of the Duke and, since the battle, he has been joined by of Abrantes in person, in which the ene- other generals and their troops, raising our “ my was certainly superior in cavalry and army to the strength of thirty thousand

artillery, and in which not more than men, or thereabouts. -Well, then, if it " half of the Brilish army was actually en- be true, that Sir Arthur Welleslov, with “ gaged, the French sustained a signal de. only nine thousand men (the hull" of his

feat, and lost thirteen pieces of cannon, army), beat “the u hole" of the French " twenty-three ammunition waggons, with force, in spite of all the advantages enjoyd “ powder, shells, stores of all descriptions, by the former, of previous local familiar, " and twenty thousand rounds of musket long preparation, open retreat, choice of " ammunition.” When we were to all postion, and choice of the moment of atthis, and were informied, that, immediately tark; if this be true, had we not a right to after this brilliant success, our army was ang. expect, nay, had we not a right to claim mented to nearly double what it had before and to demand at the hands of the com, been, we naturally expected, that, by the mander in Portugal, when he had thirty next arrival, seeing that the enemy could thousand men, the capture, or the loial teceive no supplies, either by land or by destruction, of the remains of the French sea, we should be informed of bis surrender arm in Portugal? Had we not a right to al discretion. ---Sir Arthur Wellesley's ac- demand at his hands, the sending of Junog couat has been praised for its clearness. I and his army prisoners of war to ibat Enmust confess, that I saw nothing like clear- giand which they had so often tbreatened 10 ness in it, I saw do where any explicit invade, or this making of them food for

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