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Spaniard, I should be for punishing the old abuses," were, by them and their hireling peculators at any rate; for while they re- news-papers,' represented as harbouring demain unpunished it is a mockery to talk of signs to overthrow the government, to any measures for the public good. There destroy all order, properly, and law; I is still another reason for wishing the strug. dare say they were considered as demagogues, gle to be of pretty long duration : it will libellers, and traitors, whom it was the give time for the principles of the Patriots bounden duty of every man in authority tą to spread over other countries; it will give stigmatize, harrass, oppress, persecute, time for discussion in those other countries ; and, if possible, take off by some means men will hear that such or such a change or other. Ol! that king and his family has taken place in Spain, that the reason of are, at this moment, an excellently useful it was such or such, and that the effect will example. In their fate may be seen what it be this and that; and, as the Spaniards pro, is for kings and princes to take sycophants ceed in their work of renovation and " and panders to their bosom, while they form of abuses,” there will be other nations
cast a scowling eye upon, and drive from · rady to make a comparison, and to feel their presence, all those wbo.come with shame at being behind hand with them, es- femonstrances in behalf of the people, pecially if there should exist an intimate in- Here is a prime minister and his whole tercourse between them and Spain. There shoal of underling courriers gone over to are some persons, who seem to be delight- the enemy in a body; and, what is still ed with the resistance of ibe. Spaniards, better, being formed into a Junta to deregarding it merely as the means of resto- liberate upon what is to be done, their very ring every thing to its situation of twenty first act is a declaration, that the late goyears ago. But, they may be assured, that, vernment was become so bad, that nothing if such were the object of the Spaniards, could mend it, and that even a change of it would fail. Things can never be brought the dynasty was become indispensible. Vil. back to that situation, and, the event will Jains! As if it were any but themselves, who prove, I trust, that the resistance of the
had rendered the government so bad ; and as Španiards will bave precisely a contrary if they, when in power, would not have put effect. Buonaparté was bringing the state to the rack and forn piecemeal, any one who of twenty years ago back again as fast as should have but half insinuated what they possible. He meant, and still means, to have now openly declared and proclaimed. make a mere change of dynasties all over In dismissing this subject, for the present, Europe, and then to have sitten down I cannot refrain from pointing out, as worquietly amidst a world of slaves; but, the thy of uyqualified approbation, the very Spaniards, from whom he expected no re- great, the apparently unparalleled exertions, sistance at all, threaten totally to frustrate which our ministers are making for giving his views, and to give to the other nations ibe Spanish patriots assistance. To be sure an example well worthy of their imitation, they must sleep neither night nor day, if I , pace
the attack upon England as should give rise to was there any thing so popular, any thing an opinion that he would finally become its that inspired half so much enthusiasm amaster, the first to join his standard would
inongst the people, as the cause of the Pa-, be thuse sycophants and panders, who now triots of Spain ; whence the ministers and accuse others of a wapt. of loyalty. This their master may learn what is the real has been exactly the case in Spain. The taste of Englishinen. Our government, as whole of this infamous tribe, with the late
will be seen from lord Castlereagh's letter to prime minister at their head, are now in the the Mayor of London, acknowledges the court of Buonaparté, having first, been existence and authority of a “ Provisional bribed to betray their country, npon the government' in Spain. It is not a regency, vitals of which ihey have so long preyed, or a lieutenanıy, or a commission; it is a into his bands. Infamous miscreants ! I
government, erected by the nation, for the dare say, that they have, for years, claimed managing of its affairs; and, therefore, a monopoly of loyalty ; 1 dáre say, that while our ministers are laudably making such the virtuous and brave men, who now com- great exertions to assist the cause of the Paplain of " the late base and infamous go- triots, I hope they will steer clear of the “vernment,” were, by them, considered embarrassment that would inevitably arise as being enemies to their country; I dare from any thing meddling, on their part, asay, that the men, whom we are now bout the king of Spain. If Buonaparté finds, assisting, and who declare for "fa reform of that he cannot beat the Patriots and impose
his brother upon them, be will, very likely, før, under such circumstances, Jonathan is set up the king of Spain, or the prince of a very Hector of Troy. Florida, under a Asturias, again ; and, then he will be fightwise and spirited government, will be a foring for the king of Spain as well as we, if midable neighbour to Jonathan, and that we are foolish enough to adopt this line of neighbour, it we have the wisdom to encouproceeding. No : send the Patriots arms, rage, by all the means in our power, the ammunition, provisions, money, ships, and forming of an entirely new government in men; but, send them no commands as to Spain, will and must be our friend. Let what they are to do in forming a government Jonathan ponder well upon these matters, for themselves. If the statements, in the news- for they are closely connected with his fupapers, be true, the preparations weare mak- ture fate. ing for sending off aid to the Patriots are of Botley, 7th July, 1809. a magnitude worthy of the cause and of ourselves. - I repeat the expression of my
OFFICIAL PAPERS. thanks to the ministers for this, and I am
SPEECH sure they will receive the thanks of the Delivered to the Parliament ly the Lords vyhole country, with the exception of those Commissioners, at the Prorogation of the only, whom, I hope, they will have the Parliament, on the 4th of July, 1808. sense and the spirit to despise, of whatever “ MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, We rank they may be. It is a subject of cu- have it in command from his majesty to rious speculation what will be the conduct express to you the great satisfaction which of the American States with respect to Spain. he derives from being enabled, by putting They would, upon hearing that the king and an end to the present session of parliament, prince had abdicated the throne, iu behalf to terminate the laborious attendance which of die Buonapartes, be greatly alarmed; nor the public business has required of you. will they be very well pleased, when they | The measure which you have adopted for the tind, that a revolution is taking place, espe- improvement of the military force of the cially under our auspices. The old rotten country, promises to lay the foundation of a government of Spain made the Spanish na- system of internal defence eminently useful, tion an excellent milch cow to them as well and peculiarly adapted to the exigensies of as to France. They will not like to bear, these times. -The sanction which you that Spain is likely to bave a vigorous governs have given to those measures of defensive ment, that government being naturally in retaliation, to which the violent Attacks of close alliance with England, as it will be the Enemy upon the commerce and resources it a totally new government be formed. Jo. of this kingdom, compelled his majesty to natban will be puzzled to know what to do. resort, has been highly satisfactory to his If he has sense enough to get the better of majesty':---His majesty doubts not that in the his vanity, to give up the idea of being a result the enemy will be convinced of "great nation," and content himself with the iinpolicy of persevering in a system which his barter and sale, he may yet do very well. retorts upon himself, in so much greater But, if he persists in his big talk, and his proportion, those evils which he endeavours spiteful though impotent measures, I think to inflict upon this country. - Gentlé. things are working, as well abroad as at MEN OF THE House of Commons, We home, in a way that promises to produce a are commanded by his majesty to return speedy breaking-up of his boasted confcde- his most hearty acknowledgements for ration. If the Spanish Patriots should suc- the chearfulness and liberality with which ceed, as there is now some reason to hope, the necessary supplies for the current year there will be nothing for which they will have been provided.His majesty directs us have to thank Jonathan. France having to assure you, that he participates in the stolen part of the territory of Spain, Jona- satisfaction with which you must have than stood a ready purchaser. This territo contemplated the flourishing situation of the ry, if the Patriots succeed, he will have to revenue and credit of the country, notwithresign, upon principles of common sense as standing the continued pressure of the war; well as of common law. . If Jonathan and he congratulates you upon having been
France likely to sink, he will rise enabled to provide for the exigencies of the upon ber, and you will hear his Cerberean / public service, with so small an addition to press barking at her from the first column to the public burthens.--His majesty commands the last. Next to Jonathan's hatred ot Eng- us to thank you for having enabled him to land is his partiality for the strongest ; there- make good his engagements with his allies; fors, if Buonaparte should chance to slip, and to express to you the particular gratificalet him, of all things, beware of Jonathan; tion which he has derived from the manner
in which you have provided for the establish- vinces of Spain, of their friendly disposition ment of his sister, her royal bighness the towards this kingdom ; his viajesty is Du'chis; of Brunswick. My Lords pleased, by aná with the advice of bis privy AND GENTLEMEN, His majesty has great council, to order, and it is bereby ordered, satisfaction in informing you, that, notwith- --- First, that all hostilities agairist Spain, on standing the formidable confederacy unit- the part of his majesty, shall immediately ed against his ally the king of Sweden, cease.--Secondly, That the blockade of all that sovereigo perseveres, with unabated the ports of Spain, except such as may be vigour and constancy, to maintain the honour still in the possession or under controul of and independence of his crown ;
France, shall be furthwith raised.---Thirdly, has been wanting on the part of his majesty That all ships and vessels belonging to Spain to support him in the arduous contest in shall have free adinission into the ports of which he is engaged.-The recent transac- his majesty's doininions, as before the pretions in Spain and Italy have exhibited new sent kosulilies. Ecurilly... 11.at all and striking proofs of the unbounded and ships and ressels belonging to Spaili, which unprincipled ambition which actuates the shall be met at sea by his majesty's ships common enemy of every established govern. and cruisers, shall be treated in the sanje ment and independevt nation in the world. manner as the ships of states in anity with }lis majesty views with the liveliest interest his majesty, and shall be suffered to carry on the loyal and determined spirit manifested by any trade now considered by his majesty to the Spanish nation, in resisting the violence be lawfully carried on, by nentral ships. and perfidy with which theirdearest rights have Filihiy, That all vessels and goods belonging been assailed. --Thus nobly struggling against to persona residing in the Spanish colonies, the tyranny and usurpation of France, the which shall be detained by any of his maSpanish nation can no longer be considerat jesty's cruisers after the daie bereof, shall be as the enemy of Great Britain; but is brought into port, and shall be carefully recognized by his majesty as a natural preserved in safe custody, 10 await his mafriend and ally.---We are commanded to jesty's furiber pleasure, until it shall be inform you that communications bave been known whether the said colonies, or any of made to his majesty from several of the them, in which the owners of such ships provinces of Spain, soliciting the aid of bis and goods reside, shall have made common majesty. The answer of his majesty to cause with Spain against the power of France. these communications has been received in – Anit the right bonourable the lords Spain, with every demonstration of those commissioners of his majesty's treasury, sertiments of confidence and affection which his majesty's principal secretaries of state, are congenial to the feelings and true interests the lords cominissioners of the admiralty, of both nations : and his majesty commands the judge of the high court of adairaliy, us to assure you, that he will continue to and the judges of the courts of vice astamake every exertion in bis power for the ralty, are to take such measures herein as support of the Spanish cause ; guided in the to them may respectively appertain. choice and in the direction of bis exertions by Lord Castlercogh's Letter to the Mayor of the wishes of those in whose behalf they are London, dated 1st July, 1sos. einployed. In contributing to the success My Lord, I have the honour to acquaint of this just and glorious carise, bis majesty your' lordship, that dispatches have been has no other object than that of preserving received from major-general Spencer, dated unimpaired the integrity and independence off Cadiz the 6th inst. by which it appears of the Spanish monarchy. But be trusts that a negociation had been entered into be. that the same efforts wbich are directed to iween his majesty's naval and military that great object, may, under the blessing commanders off that party with deputies of divine providence, lead in their effects, appointed on the part of the Provisional and by their example, to the restoration of government of the province of Andalusia, the liberties and the peace of Europe. assentbled at Seville, the result of which had
been forwarded for the approbition of the SPANISH REVOLUTION.--Order of Council said goveriment. -Every arrapgement had
in England, dated 4th July, isos. been taken for the rediction of the French His majesty having taken into his con-ships, and admiral Purvis had been invited sideration the glorious exertions of the by the Spanish, commanders to anchor, his Spanish nation for the deliverance of their feet at the mouth of the harbidur, Willi a con try from the tyranny and usurpaticn'of view to co-operate
view to co-operate in conspelling the comFrance, and the assurances which his ma- mon enemy to surrender, I It appears that jesty has received fro.» several of the prc- the southern provinces of Spain had decla
red against France, and dispatches of the 4th , without military skill, without chiefs; without instant received from licut. general Sir il. money, without magazines, without proDalrymple, at Gibraltar, menciou that the visious, will be abl. 10 withstand experiSpanish army before that fortress, reinforced enced armies, and soldiers grown old in the by the greater part of the garrison of Ceuta, habits of victory? The Junta still flatters had marched against the French.
inscititbat FO will reficct on the fatal conse
quences wbich your first steps most infallibly Spanish Revolution.- Proclamation ly produce, it unfortunately a foolish obstinacy the Superior Junla of the Government. prevent you tom quickly returning to the Daled 71h June, 1808.
path of submission and patriotism, which a (Continued from page 32.)
moment of error has permitted you to desert. When the morning of our prosperity And to convince you, that this only object is dawns, is it possible to conceive that men the better to instruct you, that the prince incapable of the high destiny prepared who adores them, that the emperor of the for them, who lay claim to the honour- French, wbo holds our destinies in his band, able title of true Spaniards, and upright
has no other view than to promote your prose friends of their country, should seek lo perity, the Junta will make known to you deceive you, and give us up to all the hor- ile intentions of the new sovereign, who fors of civil war, at the very inoment when comes to rule you. Hear and judge :--The the hero, who is the author of our present Cortes, those ancient sureties of your freedom, blessings, and must be the wonder of pos. will be re-established, more powerful and terity, was fully employed in the develope- belter constilted iban they had ever been ; inent of those plans which he had formed they shall be assembled at least every three for the prosperity of Spain. Certainly the ye:irs, and as often as the wants of the nation Junta of the government wish to remove this shull make their assembling necessary. The error on the part of the Spaniards, so praise- 1 yearly expenditure of the royal establishment wortlay for their patriotism; and in the niean- shall be limited; the sum taken out of the time they at present see wiil pain, that some royal treasury for that purpose shall never be persons, led away by an inconsiderate zeal I increased; it shall only be the half of what and by the anxieties of a mistaken loyalis; i has hitherto been appropriated to the same that others misled with respect in the true purpose. The Roman catholic religion shall situation of their country, and above all by be exclusivcly that of Spain ; no other the secret agents of a hosile nation, achatid worsbip shall be permitted. Finally, the by envy of the prosperity of the coutinent, Junta of government have strong reasons to hiave been able to lead into a spirit of error a hope that the personal coniributions levied part of the good inhabitants of some of the during the present war will be considerably provinces, and to sow the seeds of disunion diminished in consequence of the improve. and insurrection. Brave Spaniards ! should ments which the new government intends 10 you permit yourselves to be deceived by their make in the mode of its collection; and deceitful pretences? Understand you not while the warlike and political situation of that those whoin such critical circumstancesbe- Europe will require the greatest exertions come the apostles of insurrection, and counsel for increasing our marine, che diminution of you to disobey your superiors, are the true. our land, forces may be hoped for., Add to enemies of your country? What do those this, thatusetul reforms will be grarually exciters of aproar and dissension aim at ? made in all the departments, public credit Is it the restoration of your old monarchs ? shall be restored, the debt shall be fixed and These are out of Spain : --wbat can they exs paid out in a tew years. The administration pect from your impotent efforts ? Is it to of justice, shall be made certaip by invariable defend the laws on which you make your rules, "The sovereign authority shall not be future prosperity to depend? Who then permitted to influence its course. Agriculthinks of annulling them --On the contrary ai įure will be encouraged; commerce aminais it not in contemplation 10, restore to the ted, and population increased. The army nation its ancient freedom and original con- and navys will sesume their ancient lustre; stitution, a blessing which it has only been all the means caleulated to secure general permitted us within these few days to think prosperity will be put in motion. Judge of? Mistaken inhabitants of the provinces, then, whether it is yoor interest to draw your what would you be at? Will you bring words, in order that your own happiness
beads all the borrors of war, and that of your posterity may be prevented, see your fields laid waste, your cities burnt, and whether those who light up the fire of your habitations destroyed? Think you discord among you are true Spaniards, and that a tumultuous levy of brave inhabitants, friends of their country. You now know,
down upon your
Spaniards, the destiny which awaits you if the prosperity of my beloved country, is the you preserve among yourselves tranquillity smallest sacrifice I can make in return for and order if you heartily unite with your he many proofs of confidence and love with government. Everything tends to your which you have honoured me. Do not benefit, and approximates the woment when doubt it, Arragonians; my mind is not able your happiness shall commence. But if you to harbour crimes, nor to associate with sorget this wholesome advice of the Junta, those who cherish and protect the:a. Some you may dread the just wrath of a monarch of the depositaries of the confidence of the who will punish a blind and obstinate crimi- Spanish nation, they who hold the supreme nality with as much severity as he wonid power in their hands, are the first to work nobly forgive the error of a moment. Are your ruin by every means which malice can you ignorant that numerous French armies suggest, and to forni traitorous connections are already in Spain? Do you not know with the enemies of our country. Thirst of that still more numerous armies are now gold, and the mistaken idea which they have crossing the frontiers? The provinces which perhaps conceived, to defile our destinies by do not immediately return to their duty, will their iniquitous proceedings, make them be occupied by the French troops, and treat- view with indifference the destruction of ed with all the severity of martial law. The their country. Although I have strong grounds lieutenant-general has already given orders to believe it, yet I shall förbear to mention for several divisions to advance and punish names, lest I should render grief still more the rebellious, but the Junta of the govern- | poignaut. At this time, being acquainted ment wishing to save several provinces, with your determination, that of your neighin which disturbances have conintenced,
bours, the inhabitants of Valentia, and all from the danger which threatens them, have, the provinces of Spain, where the same senon the application and in name of these pro- timents are entertained; some of their vinces, acknowledged their error, and pre- leaders have perhaps changed their deter, mised to return to order, his imperial highness | mination, embraced the cause of justice, has graciously accepted their request. He and endeavoured to shake off the yake, has suspended the punishment of the guilty, which they tried to impose on us, by but that punishment will be terrible if the means the most iniquitous and base. Should traitorous suggestions of the evil disposed I be mistaken in this opinion, time will disshould have more power over the minds of cover the truth. Fear not, Arragonians the Spaniards, than the paternal 'voice of let us defend the most just of causes, and their magistrates, their clergy and all their we shall be invincible. The enemy's troops authorities, civil, and military.
now in Spain are not able to withstand our Address of the Leaders of the Patriots, in se- efforts. Woe betide them, should they ever veral of the Provinces and Principalities dare to repeat in any other Spanish town, of Spair. ' Dated in the Month of May, what they did in Madrid on the 2d May, 1808.
sacrificing without pity, and calling those ARRAGON.
seditious and assassins, of whom they had Providence has preserved in Arragon an but very lately received honours and favours, immense quantity of muskets, ammunition, which they did not deserve. Bayonne has and artillery, which have not treacherously | witnessed and will remember the acts of been sold, or delivered to the enemies of our violence, which after a long series of irearepose. Your patriotism, your loyalty, and cheries and frauds, have been committed ; your attachment to the good customs which acts of violence, which clearly appear by you have inherited from our ancestors, in- the striking contradictions found in the paduced you to shake off the disgraceful pers published, where Charles IV. is yoke, which was prepared for us by sedition, charged with having conspired with a minisand by the false promises of the French ter, who is afterwards appointed a member government, which regulating F's con- of the council of government; where the duct by the most abominable Machiavelism, king, his son, who was never married but merely endeavorrred to deceive us and allSpainonce, is questioned about his first wife. . In
consequence thereof, it is my duty to declare, most generous nation upon earth. You have and I accordingly do hereby declare what placed implicit confidence in me," and follows:-1. Ibat'the French Emperor, all this honour
which you kave bestowed on me the individuals of his family, and every undeservedly, obliges me to Fear the veil of French general and officer, shall be perthe most detestable iniquity and injustice. sonally responsible for the safety of the king, My life, which can only be of any value to me and of his brother and uncle. 2. That, in as far as it can promote your happiness and case any violence should be attempted against