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125 such as to require the employment of the and commenting upon, a second edition of woyal chief, in which opinion they will, I be- this pamphlet, and that, in the paesago, jeve, be joined by most men of sense. It ap- relating to the “ DOMESTIC CABINET,” ibis tears to be quite an easy job to beat the French second edition diters very materially from n Spain. CORIOLANUs should be reserved for the first editin. In the first edition, the besperate enterprizes and a time of peril.
p35sage runs thus : “ Now, -Bat, why did this at once soft-brained the immediate and almost necessary nd malignant writer return, just as he os members of this party, are certainly the pas coming to a close, to ihe subject king's facily and household. From whom of the Duke's military character? Why “else, indeed, should a fanıily council-a tould he not let that sleep?
" His royal
“ domestic cabinet-he composed, but of highness," says he," would doubtless “ the members of the family of ihose who dtem it an indirect injustice to bimself, must necessarily have a community of
to enter into any vindication of his prue “ interest, and sympathy in feeling? The fessional capacity. Nor will the friends “ heir apparent alone, jür very obvious rtaof bis royal highness so dignify the trile SOHS, is seldlom a member of this closet of litellers, as to join issue with them " council; all the other princes are almost upon a point of this kind.
His military “ necessarily in the immediate confidence of character will neither depend upon their 6 their souci cign and father. Let it not, conviction, nor be injured by their de- “ therefore, be objected to the Duke of York,
cision." -Indeed? Why, then, did " that he has followed the course of things, ou, at the outset of your miserable pam- “ and, with the QUEEN, is at the head of blet, spend so much time upon this vindi- - the " KING'S FRIENDS.”- All the
ation? You there, in your way, endea- words here distinguished by Italic characters - onred to convince us, by reasoning, that the are left out in the second edition. This was
Duke of York was a competent general ; found to be a little too much. It was found nd now you tell us, that to endeavour to (by the writer, I mean, of course), that, froduce such conviction would be an in- to make our gracious Queen a politician, pstice to the Duke. Such are the incon. and one too of a junto, or cabal, to work Asencies, into which men fall, when they even against the ministry selected by the write without principle.--In conclusion, king, would not do. This part, therefore, bis wretched writer tells us to appeal to the was, in the second edition, expunged. irmy for the character of the Duke. The The Morning Chronicle asserts, that this irmy! The army! What ! to the whisker- pamphlet has evidently been written unad or the shaved part of the army ? To the “ der the eye, and published with the sanchen with long tails or the men with no tails? “ tion of the Duke of York! Nay," auds To the men in mutl's and tippets or to those the Chronicle, we conceive, that it must in high-crowned caps ? To the army! Are “ have had the concurrence of the highest yon pot ashamed, insolent as you are, to " authority in the kingdom."-- Ananiile bid us make such an appeal. No : we are it is saying this, observe, this paper protests bound by no rule of this sort. We are not
solemniy against ever having libelled the Duke to be told to judge of any commander from of York. -I, on the contrary, lok upon iliis *hat those under his command will say of pamphlet as corning from the very lowest and bim; but, from his deeds, wherein we dirtiest source in the kingeom.
Aye, the know him full as well as they can. Oh, very dirtiest of all possible sources. What!
deserve to be skinned for what attribute to the Duke of York and the King you have said upon this part of your sub- (Lord preserve us!) a pamphlet, which ject. To tell us, that the Duke's “best describes the whole of the royal family, to
Teward is the love of the army !" Why, gether with others unknown, as being emwhat is the army itself, but a body, whose bodied in a sort of permanent corkplacy conduct is a proper subject of criticism with against the very ministers, whom the king the public ? ' The army may be most com- selects to manage olie aftairs of the naiion, petent to judge of the character of com- through whom he acts, and the responsibility missuries or barrack-masters ; but of those
of whom is, we are told, the great security who command in battles, "the public can for our property and our lives! Attribute judge as well, or better, than the
this pamphlet to the dictation of the Duke I must not conclude this article without of York and the approbation of the king, and
one very material circumstance. yet to resent the accusation of being a lie
perceive, at a moment when I have beller! Verily she Morning Chronicle surnot time to go through a comparison of the passes in assurance even the writer of this ti bole, that
I have been copying from pamphlet, of which I shall now take my
Jeave, feeling no small degree of satisfaction ration-who would refuse to assist thens at having had this opportunity of proving, dashing to the earth the chains which the by deed as well as word, the falsehood of the murky Cyclops of France are now forging charge, preferred against me by this writer, for them, until they shall passively bave of entertaining dislike towards the royal | thrust forth their wrists to the gripe of tha Commander in Chief.
iron which has hitherto entered so deeply Botley, 1st Sept. 1908.
into their soul,—" a cleaving curse be tua
" man's inheritance to all generations !" SPAIN. -Duke or YORK.
But, in the midst of all this exaltation, Sir ;--The enormous magnitude of the heard the whisper of apprehension am preparations which are now making by minise alarm. The last stake for the deliverance fers for the assistance of the cause of pa. Europe is now about to be played : Bujani triotism in Spain, and the monstrous sums about to shed the blood of some of the brak which the country must inevitably be called est of her sons in the contest ; and is pour upon to sacrifice in order to render that as- ont with zealous prodigality the fruits sistance effectual, are contemplated by the her industry into the military chests of people of these kingdoms with a painful patriots : and yet, in the moment of mokid mixture of exultation and alarm. They are all these sacrifices, the public, it seems, viewed with the feelings of the most trum- not by any means fully and finally apprise phant satisfaction by all the sound-hearted of the individuals who are to be entruste part of the community, because they re- with the awful responsibility of comma gard them as demonstrative of the mature In this interval of irritable and sensitive ang state of revolutionary feeling in that coun- iety, when probably the deliverance of Spa try ; under the confidence that those to is a theme which warms the heart of whom our resources are entrusted would not humblest labourer or mechanic over his waste them on a cause which they had not good the ear of the nation is still abused and di reason to believe was properly understood, and turbed by certain rumours, intimating, the unanimously adopted by the whole Spanish an illustrious and royal duke “ has not sem population.-By the revolutionary feeling, I “ rendered to the prejudices of the people mean to describe that state of public scnti- but had pertinaciously insisted on the can ment, which is awakened to a concrition
mand in one of the expeditions that is of the necessity of great and salutary chan- : pected to leave our coasts: --The prejel ges in the fabric of ihe constitution, and to ces of the people !! Why, surely, an abhorrence both of the searching and iron that illustrious personage must have beel despotism of Napoleon, and of the filthy, most scandalously libelled by those who has corrupt, and stagnating influence of the su- attributed to him either language or sene perannualed dynasty of the Bourbons : a ments so insulting to the best feelings of the feeling, in short, which prompts an enslav- loyal and generous nation. Our prejurice ed people to exclaim with one voice, in the all lie in precisely an opposite direction. T language of Alcibiades to the profligate se- claim of royalty to all great and amiable in nate of his country :
lities is with us immediately allowed t “ Till now you have gone on, and filled the time « With all licentious measure ; making your wills “ 'The scope of justice : till now myself, and such “ As slept within the shadow of your power, “ Have wandered with our travers'd arms, and
" breath'd “ Our suff'rance vainly: now the time is flush, “ When crouching marrow, in the bearer strong,
*-While, however, i humbly “ Cries, of itselt, No more!' Now breathless
renture to state my objections to the appoint " Shall sit and pant in your great chairs of ease ;
ment of the illustrious duke to any foreign “ And pursy Insolence shall break his wind
command, my prejudices do not blind me " With fear and horrid flight."
the merits to which he is justly entitled SILAKESPEARE
The late enlightened General Order, which Such are the images which now, it is to be has issued by his command, for cashierin hoped, animate the dreams of every patriot the Queues of all the privates and non-code in Spain ; and such the accents to which his missioned officers of his majesty's forces fancy moulds the sound of the trumpet and the addition of a Sponge to their apa which calls bim forth to the conflict' And pointments, for the purpose of keeping he that would dissipate such high thoughts their heads clean, claims a very large poriva -he that would wbisper base and ignomi- of the public gratitude! Whatever site nious conditions as the price of our cu-ope- in the deliverance of Spain (should it the
ace) is to be attributed to this masterly · yourself, get your attorney to send Circular id laudable measure, must unquestionably Leiters to the poor, innocent, booksellers of due to the sagacity and judgment of the Margate, Ramsgate, Brighton, and fifty ustrious personage.
Siill, however, I other places, threatening them with the utGuld beg leave to suggest a doubt as to the most severity of the law, if they dared to ndence of recommending our patriotic vend the said publication? Upon your oathi, ies to imitate our example of enlightened could you say that you neither purchase nor I convenient reform, by dismissing their borrow the Reviews montbly, from Syhistachios ; since it might possibly be pro- monds, or any other bookseller? For what etise of some aukward consequences, hy reason did George Woodfall send you, in a ertering with their national prejudices. way that I will not describe, ont of his priit. lam, Sir, &c. -A. B.- London, ing office?--In waiting for answers to these 1.0, 1808.
questions, I have the honour to be, dear Sir
Richard, your obedient hainble servantTo Sir Richard PHILLIP;, KNIGHT. ECHO.- London, August 11, 1809. Diar SIR RICHARD ; -After carefully da:ing the different - reporis, in the news- MR. BEWLEY'S LETTER TO SIR RICHARD pers, of the trial, Carr versus Hood,
PHILLIPS. d from my own recollection, I do not MR. COBBETT ;--As a sincere admirer Hiate to say, that your assertion respecting of every thing, which, in these times of 52! bling of that report is not true.--The foppery and ostentation, wears the semblance and non-ense you advance, about Re- of moviest demeanor, I beg to be permitied, ws, bardly deserves notice.
through the channel of your widely circu. Hard Review, your Public Characters, lated Register, to pay a tribute of undissema Travels in Spain, and all your other bled homage to your new correspondent blications, are manufaciured in the way Sir Richard Phillips, and to sympaI represent, no one who knows Sir Richard thize with the votaries of genius and learnikips, or is acquainted with his tricks, ing in regretting the harsh and unhandsome doubt.--All the world knows that the treatment with which he has been assailed r, the Statesman, and other newspapers,
from the rude dialectic weapons of the law. Erted a " Life of Sir Richard Phillips," With regard to the late Trial which has exRITTEN BY HIMSELF, and were cited such universal attention, the World of 2D for so doing.---But, for such a man Letters has been held in admiiation both of you, to take credit to yourself for the disinterestedness and the prudence of posing a crafl," of whom you and the Sir John CARR, who gave it birth, and of osbys and the Cundees and ihe Murrays Sir RICHARD's dexterity, who embraced, d the Hoggs, and the other manufacturers upon this occasion, the opportunity of enpublications are in hourly dread, is the lightening us with his opinions of Literature plus ultra of assurance. --As I do not and Criticism. These opinions are now han to take op much time in convicting gone forth, and will stand for ever, like
, good Sir Richard, pray answer me axioms in the Matheinatics, clear and indiso following questions, and I will intim putable. They will at once regulate and fix 4 and Mr. Cobbett's readers, whetherornot the taste of the timid scholar who distrusts You waste your time in reading Reviews.” his own judgnient, and happy will that conDid you not threaten to withdraw your troversialist be who can renuer his polemical aployment from Gillet, the printer, be. warfare successful, and give a death-blow to bise he printed the pumber of the Critical the arguinents of his antagonist, by citing eview, in which Pratt's Harvest Home the oracular and unerring judgment of the cat up? Did you not send your man, learned Knight in support of his own dekucklebridge, to the publishers of the cisions. Strange, indeed, it is, Sir, that the dinburgh Review, to solicit the perusal of public, in an age like this, which has ironikate number, as you understood they had cally been termed civilized and accomplishktived some by coach? Does noi GilLET ed, should have beon so blind and biguited et some other printer to print those sheets as never to have descried the varied crudi& the Satirist, which interfere with your tion, the exquisite taste, and acute wit of nterests? Did you not dispatch your bro- that immaculate production, the Oxford ber.in law, Surr, when you returned Review ; untii, alas! the monarch of literafo:n a city feast, on June thé 3011, at 11 ture, Sir Richard, whom God long pre$cock at night, to warn the wholesale book- serve! conferred disgrace and derision on 118 beliers
, not to sell that month's Satirist ? all, by pointing to its untimely death-bed. Did you not, at a considerable expense to Let the guardian, however, of ihis interest
ing élève take courage and be comtorted To Sir Francis BURDETT, BART, Milton lived in ungrateful times, and many SIR, --I beg leave to offer to your conside years rolled away before the merits of Pira- ation some remarks on the language impas dise Lost were known or ackilowledged'; and, to you buy the newspaper reporitis of even in our owo durs, Chatterton 100 iin- debate which took place in the flouse patiently bore the courlish fang of necessity, Cominons on the 8th of Jane, on the i and crushed the germs of his mighty genius entitled “ The Stipendiary Curates' Bill." before they had blossomed into maturity. Your speechi, Sir, is variously given; Eren so, Sir Richard The Oxford Review, in no report that I have seen can I disco which emanated from his genius, has been that regard for first principles, and 1 strangled in its infancy--the oracle of wis
reprobation of abuse, which character dom and of science is dumb, and well has your observations on other topics; and his the learned Knight revenged himself upon as I respect the man, wbo in this are the World of Letters for its cold neglect, by renality and supineness, stands forward relinquishing it to utter and hopeless igno- firm, upright, and unvarying asserto rance.
.-But, Sir, I have been hurried away the genuine principles of the English e into this elogium upon my illustrious stitution, I cannot but regret that he she friend, by the warmth of my feelings, and overlook the principles on which our to had almost forgotten the original purport of siastical establishment is founded. -my letier.
In the Trial alloded to above, what purpose, let me ask, was the che Sir Richard was asked, " Whether he ever of Englavd instituted ? Was it that it m “ read or suffered bis opinions to be in- become an engine of state--that it m “ fluenced by the criticisms of the Edin- extend the i:fiuence of the crown by “ burgh Review ?" Sir Richarel answered, | cing at its disposal the most valuable ber upon bis oath, " That he never read anony- ces? Was it ibat an asyluin might be afli
mous scurrility ;--that, upon the first ed to the helpless or unworthy relatives
appearance of the Edinburgh Review, he friends of the peers and wealthy comr for had looked into it, but that he had not ers of the realın? It so, I could at o “ read it for these six years," &c. Now, aunderstand, had it been put into the one Sir, it is with ineffable sorrow I rulate, ibat of any one else, what you are reporter no longer ago than the year 1655, a book have said, about “ overturning the me entitled " A Voyage round the World, &c." system of clerical property,”-and "sin was written by John Turnbull, and published ercroachments on the property of lay by Sir Richard Phillips. This book is cri- propriators.” Coming from you, Sir Fra ticized in the Edinburgh Review for Jandary this language would still be unintellig 1907; and I have seco again and again : But if, as it has always been declared, part of this criticism, which is extremely church was founded that the Cbri favourable, affixed, by way of recommenda- religion inight be preached to all rank tion, to the advertisements of the book in ihe community, in its genuine, its the public papers, and which advertisements polluted purity, where is the wrong are all evidently superintended by, and suo making stich alterations in the "systen scribed with the name of, Richard Phillips! clerical properiy” as will render that The Attorney General, who, upon the trial, periy more subservient to the objec 'seemed neither to be an ei isto admiration view? Property, I conceive, was come by the impressive graudeur of Sir Richard's with the church, that it might be sur Court Dress, nor to consider him any more servient; and the legitimate use of it, i a man of letters than his postman, told the provide the necdful maintenance of a b Jury with very bad manners, that “ Sir of men, whose business it is to apply tbt " Richard had either shaped in his evidence, selves exclusively to the ministerial otti " or was the greatest fool thai ever trod the and we find by different statutes, that « carth."? No candid man can accredite fartherance of this intention, the clerry either of these insinuations; but that slander invested with certain privileges, and s may be silenced and abashel, I hope Sirjected to certain disabilities,"
in regar Richard will condescend to give an espana- their own continual attendance on their så tion of the mysterious circunstance t:) which functions "--or as it is elsewhere express I have allude:l.-- In the mean tiine, I bare
that they may
"attend the more closed the honour to subscribuirlyself, with homage the service of Almighty God."'- Weka bordering on idol-try, liis must obsequious however, that in numerous cases the ? and devoted admirer, GEORGE BEWLEX.- venues of ihe courch are very different Oiford, duygust 10, 180S.
applied. It is unnecessary to inquire 1
what sources the ecclesiastical property has sive-it did not go far enough-it should sprung - If it be correct that it professedly have been framed 10 compel the clergy to do originated in the principle I have stated, their duty euch jor lim ett-10 oblige the mic (and this I believe will not be disputed) tred Iords to reside in tlieir sereral dioceses-I centend that it is the duty of those who to be careful whom they ado:it into holy have the power to see that it is made use of orders, but to see that when admitted the in conformity with that principle.. Yol, whole brotherhood, beneficed or not, faithSii, inveigh against a practice in the state of fully discharged their solemn obligations. giving large salaries 10 men for performing This, however, would, under present cirthe duties of certain ottices, which are in cumstances, be too much to expect; and I fact filled by clerks, at much reluced own I was glad to see eveu an attempt to hough still sufficient salaries; this you justly distribute the salaries of the clergy on a term a prostitution of the public money. standard niore in contormity with the rules But where, let me ask, is the differencein the of ariihnietic.-If the bigier order of the principle of appointing rectors who never clergy are still to live by the labour of their visit their parishiopers? In the effect, indeed, curates, surely these (I say it with all due I see a difference by no means to the adv30- deference to the Christian benevolence of ece tage either of the church or of the object clesiastical proprietaries) ought to derive of its institution ; for how many of the half- from the same source a comfortable subsista paid curates are constrained, by an anxiety ence for their families and thenisclves. I to feed their families, 10 neglect know net, Sir, whether you would call this sacred function " which has been abandoned overturning the whole system of clerical to them by their overpaid superiors---the “ property;
but would it not lead to a puintention of the privileges and disabilities, rification of that system, wbich would render 10 which, as already staled, the body of the it more worthy of the religion it is intended clergy are by law made liable, being thus to support ?You object to the additional entirely defeated.--It appears to me to be a power which would have been given by the matter of no importance by whom is held bill in question to the bench of bishops, and the power of dispensing the livings of the to the attendant extension of the undue inchurch, so that laws exist to direct the fluence at elections to which clerical freemanner in which it shall be exercised, and holders are already subject. Sir, I admit that it is exercised accordingly. Whether the tull weight of these objections, and I these livings are the property (we ought, I do not mean to lessen it when I remark that think, to say in the trust) of the church, or they apply with nearly equal force to the powof lay in propriators, be it remembered that er and influence now existing. If you could their revenues are wholly or in part derived entirely destroy that power and influence, I from the public; and that certain duties are might pause before I proceed to the argument I annexed io them, by the performance of am about to advance; but Icon-ider it only as which the public expect and have a right to a comparatively inconsiderable ircrease of an "expect to be benefited. But if those who existing evil which uould probably in a great possess this power (who, I repeat, should measure remove an evil of vast and growing only be considered in the light of trustees) magnitude. Unquestionably this might be apply any part of these revenues to the use more effectually accomplished, and witheither of themselves, or of who out incurring your objections), by placing thongh ordained of the church, regard the power in the hands of the laily, which neither their offices nor ought belonging to the bill would have given to the bishops. then save only their emoluments, how can But this I only presune en passant to menthe canse of religion be served, and where is tion. Were I 10 propose it, I might resive the benefit which the public seek from the the cry that " the church is in darger;' establishments? It is fit, therefore, that au- and I should be sorry to disturb Mir. Percethority should somewhere exist to inquire val in the formation of his vigorous schemes by whom the revenues are received, and or in his consultations with bis mitred friends. how the duties are performed ; and I partly - may be allowed, however, to express niy approve of “the Stipendiary Curites' Bill,' regret that the stipendiary corates' bill should because to a certain point it would have have afforded another proof of the influence given effect to this authority; but I also led of " the junto belind the throne."--That (hjections to it. These, however, did not arise this subjeci skuld undergo a more ample from its interference with the property of the discussion is not merely desirable, it is in church. For the reasons already given, this,in my mind essentia.so the welfare of the esthe shape of strong parliamentary regulations, tablishment. The church, Sir, is more in is, I think, much to be wished for. My opi- | danger from the mode pursued of af:pointing Divs. is, that it was not suflicicütly comprehen. ! her ministers and of applying her retenues,