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Vol. SIV. No. 2.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1808.
** The Cortes will be see n'led, abuses reforned, and such laws enacted as the circumstances of the cime, “and esperience day dine for the public good and happiness; things which we Spaniari's know how to “ do, which we have done before, without any necessity that the vile French should come to instiuct us."
DDRESS OF THE STANISHI PATRIOTS. 33)
(3-4 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. system, there is no man of any reflection, SPANISL REVOLUTION. - What must who would care a straw which way the thing Mr. Roscoe say upon reading the divers pa- terminated. It is clear, however, that a pers, puisbished by the patriots of Spain ? i salutary revolution is intended; for, in this Dires he wish those patriots success? I am same excellent paper, the patriots of Spain afraid oot.
He wishes, no doubt, that lie talk of “ the late infamous government," could wish them success; but, he cannot, i and, in another place, of the “infamous without, at the sawa time, confessing his news-papers which the baseness of the error as to the disposition of the governor of “ lale government caused to be circulated.”, France. Why not confess this error; why Why, to obtain the liberty of uttering and not give us, from his elegant pen, a song to publishing these words, thougli but for a mach " O'er the yine-cover'd bills and tew days, is well worth hazarding one's life
gay regions of France," and not leave the for, when accompanied with only a very task of hailing the dawn of freedom in slight hope of being able to continue in the Spain to the vulgar, sot-headed, hacknied
enjoyment of such liberty. -If the Panause of “ Thomas Fitzgerald, Esq." wbo triots of Spain succeed, therefore, there is now pretends, that he has long foreseen little fear of iheir again becoming slaves, that Napoleon would be overthrown in for some time at any rate ; and it is upon Spain, and that, at last, he would go to this ground, and only upon this ground, hell. -The language of the Spanish Pa- that I, for my pari, wish ibem success. triots rises with the approach of danger. It The Speech just made to the parliament, is noble and animating in ihe highest degree. in the king's name, is not, as relating to It expresses sentiments which can be enter- Spain, exactly what I could have wished it. tained in no minds but such as are free. The I wish the word loyal and the word monarchy
1 people of Spain, so long oppressed, so long had not been in it. If the Patriots of Spain (rampled under foot, are, all at once, be- choose to receive any of their late royal come high-minded. It requires ages to bend fainily back again, we have nothing to do the mind to slavery, but a morvent (circuin- with it; but, it appears to me, that we stances being favourable) restores it to its should say nothing that could possibly be native freedom and vigour.----if there be construed into a reservation of a right, on any one of the several addresses that I prefer our part, to interfere in the internal afairs of to the rest, it is that which is entitled | Spain. The late king and ti-late princes of
PRECAUTIONS, &c." and which will be Spain liare abdicated their righis of soves inseried, in its proper place in the Register. reignty. In the first place, the king accu-ed Fronj this paper I have selected my multo. liis son of conspiring against his life ; de st, The patriots do not, we see, mean to con- the king adınits, without any attempt al fine their views to the were driving the resistance, a large French ariny into the Prench out of Spain. The Cortes, that is heart of Spain, and deceives his people by 19 say, the real representatives of the peo- telling them, that he is upon the best possiple, will be assembled; abuses wili lire ble terms vish Napoleon, whose army is formed; and such laws will ise passed, as passing across Sprie upon an expedition The circumstances of the time and experience against the common ene ny; whereupon hu may dictate for the public quod. This is avails himself ot hia kirgly authority to prewhat is wanted; this, indeed, is an enter- vent the people theinselves from making any prize in which it is worih wbile to spend! resistance, and even to compel them to fura
the last shilling and to shed the last drop wish the French with clothing; provisions, ".of blood.” But, if nothing were intend- and every thing they demand Having thus ed more than a mere defeat of the French
introduced the French, he throws himself atmies, and a re-establishment of the old in:o the arms of Napoleon, and becomes
his pensioner, after having, by a treaty,
minds of the patriots, by representiog us as formally resigned to him all his rights of fighting for the restoration of that governsovereignty. The son, who had, in the ment, which they, themselves call * infameanwhile, obtained a previous act of ab
-If Spain is to be wrested from dication from his father, and who had as- the grasp of the Buonapartés, the thing sumed the royal authority, follows the ex- must be done by the perple, headed by men, ample of his father in deceiving the people who have not partaken in the vices and as to the views of France; he, too, calls corruptions of the old government; and, is it Napoleon bis friend and most intimate ally ; not incredible, that such men should volunupon the very first demand of Murat, he tarily recall that government? They talk of gives up the sword of Francis I; upon the their “ king"; it is a name that may be yet first summons, off he goes and puts himself necessary to their purposes; but, as they into the hands of Napoleon, assuring the proceed, they will find the means of dis. people upon his journey, that the views of pensing with its effect; and, though it is France are friendly; and, upon his arrival, probable, that the wisest men amongst them he also abdicates his right of sovereignty, may think the kingly office necessary to the which example is followed by all the junior good governmevt of so extensive an empire, members of the family:- -From these yet it is not at all probable, that they will be facts, well known to all the world, it is able, supposing them to be willing, to in. undeniable, either that the Spanish monar- duce the people, when once they have tasted chy was become so rotten as to be unable to the sweets of freedom, again to bend their protect itself, or, that the king and the necks to a yoke, which has bitherto bent prince did of design betray their country
them to the earth.-_These are my reasons into the hands of France. No matter to us for wishing, that nothing had been said, in which of the two was the case ; for, take the Speech, about loyalty or monarchy, which we will, the objection to our doing which, in my opinion, may do harm, and or saying any thing that can be construed cannot possibly do any good. It is reasoninto a condition in behalf of the royal fami- able to suppose, that, in the course of the ly is equally strong. Our king has received great and glorious struggle which the Patricts no communication from the late king of of Spain appear now to have begun, some Spain, or from the prince, who assumed, man, and that man of no very lofty origin, for a short time, the kingly authority. may so distinguish himself as to be thought He orders the commissioners to tell the the most fit to be placed at the head of the parliament, that “ communications have government of Spain. In such a contin“ been made to him by several of the pro- gency are we prepared to say, that we will “ vinces of Spain," and not from the king drop the cause of the Patriots? If not, ! of Spain. That king has, by treaty, abdi- what are we to do with our declarations cated the throne; he has bargained away about loyalty and monarchy? How, or his kingly office and authority; the mo- when, are we to get rid of these words? narchy is, in reality as well as in form, ex- Would it not have been better, ihen, to tinguished in the House of Bourbon. express our intentions to preserve, as far as Would it not, then, have been best to say we were able, the integrity of the Spanish nothing at all about that monarchy, and not dominions ; or, rather, would it not have to utter words, which may be construed to been better to dispense with all French mean,
that we will assist the Patriots of phraseology, and to say, that we would, to Spain so long only as they are fighting for The utmost of our power, preserve the Spathe restoration of that monarchy; a mo
nish dominions whole and entire? With narchy, by which, if it was not totally rot- this exception, the Speech is very satisface ten, the people of Spain have been cruelly tory. It says as much as could have been betrayed? Besides, which of the two reasonably expected at this time; but, while kings (upon the supposition and recognition I wish not to detract from the merit of the of an existing king) are we to support? ministers, in this respect, truth demands, The patriots appear to prefer Ferdinand ; that I should remark, that they have apbut, upon what principle are we to support peared rather reluctant in making a commuhim against the claim of his father? We nication of their sentiments and intentions: get ourselves into inextricable difficulties by they have been the iron and pot the Aint: any declaration about monarchy; and, they have not inspired 'the public, but the the probability is, that, if we continue public them. An express message, upon in this track, Napoleon, if he finds his views The subject, would have been far preferable; in favour of his brother thwarted, will very it would have more strongly marked a dissoon beat us by creating distrust of us in the position to be bearty in the cause of the
Spanish Patriots; a specific sum asked for masse. But, somehow or other, there has on that particular account would have bad been no where any effectual resistance. great weight in other parts of Europe as well The people have been found to be pothing as in Spain.--I have witnessed, upon this against the armies of France. Their kings occasion, with some regret, an uncommon and our news-papers have represented the disposition to execrate Buonaparté for bis people as ready to perish to the last man ; perfidy towards Spain. Really, there appears but, when the pinch has come, they have to have been very little perfidy on his part. preferred remaining unhurt, and their counHis views were not at all disguised, nor, iries have been subdued. Poet Fitzgerald, 'indeed, was it possible to disguise them from who has pasted up his doggerel against every the government of Spain. From the peo- dead wall, deserted house, and stinking corple, with the aid of the government, it was ner, of the town, calls upon the Germans possible to disguise them; but, from the and Italians to rouse themselves and to join goveroment itself, it was totally impossible. the Spanish Patriots; but, poet Fitzgerald And, then, as to the consequences, who is does not seem to perceive, that the Spaniards hot pleased with them? Who is not now have a motive, which the Germans and Itaglad that Buonaparté did make an attempt lians have not. The latter, indeed, might to put the crown of Spain upon the head of and may have a motive ; but, the former his brother ? This is so obviously a fortu- have none. The Spaniards are fighting for nate circumstance, in the eyes of all those, themselves. They are engaged in a struggle, who wished to see the Spanish nation free, not only against the French, but against that one cannot help fearing, that such un- what they call their “ late infamous governcommon manifestations of anger against him,
They are not hazarding their upon this occasion, indicate vexation at the lives merely to obtain a choice of masters; prospect of seeing that freedom atchieved. but, at the same time, to insure the restoraThe anger seems, in fact, to arise from the tion and preservation of their freedom.mortification that is felt at his having given | There is a talk of associations and subscripthe people of Spain an opportunity of shew- tions in England for the purpose of aiding ing, that a nation, when its energies are the Patriots of Spain. Nothing could be roused, is capable of defending itself with- more honourable to the country. We have out a royal family and a civil list. The had “ roluntary contributions" before, and grand question is now to be decided, whe- why not now, in a cause, which, if any ther regular armies, however numerous and man dislikes it, he will be hardly bold well-trained, are capable of subduing a great enough to express that dislike. The governnation, whose population are bent upon re- ment took the lead in exciting the people to sistance, animated by the motive of acquiring associate and subscribe before; but, I hear or preserving their liberties. These same of none of this now; nor do I hear a word French armies have subdued kingdom af. of the Lloyd's people. . Let us wait, howter kingdom, where there was a sovereign ever, and see what proof they give of their prince reigning; they have now to subdue a feelings upon this occasion. Let us see, how riation, who has neither king nor govern- many copper pennies they will draw out in ment; and, if they fail, having a large ar- the cause of a people, for ages oppressed, my already introduced into the heart of the bent upon re-acquiring their freedom. The country, no man will hereafter say, that Spanish Patriots have drawn the sword, not large regular armies are necessary to the de- only for the preservation of their country fenoe of a country, the people of which from a foreign yoke; but for the restoration have freedom to defend. --I hope that no of the Cortes, that is to say, a representation stupid and selfish brute will be suffered to of the people; and also for a refurin of abuses, approach the 'ear of our ministers with in- including, of course, not only an examinasingations as to the effect of such an exam- tion into the conduct of peçulators, but the ple. I hope that no such villainous insinua- condign punishment of those infamous tions will be listened to, at any rate. I hope wretches, who have so long revelled in luxuthat there will be no delay in sending off ry apon the fruit of the people's labour. succours to the self-armed and self-com- This is the cause of the Spanish Patriots, manded Patriots of Spain. I hope that there and we shall now see who will, in England, will be no coldness perceiveable, on our take the lead in subscribing to support this
-In Piedmont there was an arming of glorious cause; and, we shall have an op. the peasantry; the same in several parts of portunity of comparing the sums and names Germany; the same in Austria; the same which will appear upon the list, with the in Prussia; the same in Russia; every where sums and names which have appeared upon did we hear of Volunteers and Levies-en- other subscription lists. In this cause one
might have hoped to see, not only pecuniary, the other day, expressed a hope, that the but personal aid, voluntarily giveu. To have people would, if they found the thing'a beard a thousand or two of English gentle agitation, send up an unanimous petición men asking the king permission to join the against sending the Duke of York to Spain. bands of Patriots in Spain, fighting in the The same motives will, doubtless, operate cause of freedom, would have sounded well; in preventing any of the royal dukes, wbo but,Bond Street and the Bicchanalian routes, have all, I believe, except the Duke of the gaming table, the stews, and, which is Clarence, commands of districts in Engstill worse, the concerts, have, for em, land, from being sent to partake in the more charms than the din and toil and danger glory of restoring long-lost freedom to Spain. of battle. They can sing “ How sleeps the The Spanish Patriots, however, do'not, to • brave?" but they are quite willing to say ihe truth, appear to want much instrucleave the thing to the enjoynient of others. tiou in the science of appointing cominanThey can, like poet Fitzgerald, recite odes ders ; for the rule they have laid dowv is to liberty ; but, if liberty is to be fought excellent.“ “ It is," say they, “indispenfor, the soldiers must not be sought amongst “sible, that each province should have its them. No: we shall see them as cold as general, of knou'n talents, and of such death, upon this occasion. They hate B110- experience as our situation permits; that naparté because they fear him; beca!ise they “ his heroism should inspire the utmost con. fear that he will deprive them of their plea- fidence; and that every general should sures; because bis acts and views are in " have under his command ofjicers of merit, incessant war against all that is cifeminate particularly of artillery and engineers.” and base ; but, they will not stir an inch to -You see, they are resolved not to enoppose him. Some few, however, one would trust their safety to the bands of either a hope, might be found of a ditierent descrip- fool or a coward, and are aware that merit tion. We shall see, whether, amongst the alone ought to be considered in the appointwhole of the nobility and gentry of this ment of even inferior oficers. If they do kingdom, there be found a hundred to vo. but stick to this, they will viumphs, without lunteer their personal services in support of any assistance from any part of the world. the cause of freedom in Spain. What are If there be a serious war, in Spain, we the universities doing? Do they not afford a shall now see how far the people of a country dozen or two, 'whose impatience to partake are capable of selecting their commanders. in so glorious a warfare' is not to be restrain- Llierery way, in which it can be coned? One would think that stone walls wonid, sidered, the struggle, now going on in Spain, at such a time, be unable to contain the is interesting to be world, and particularly high-blooded youths, who inhabit those to England. Should the Spaniards succeed seminaries. We shall see. The Moro- in driving out the French, the reverses of ing Chronicle, of the 5th instant, has the Napoleon will not stop there. They will following passage : We have seen, with assuredly pursue him into Portugal, wbere “ SATISFACTION, that the official paper also “a reform of aluses" will take place. “ of government has been instructed to Similar effects may be produced in Italy. "s contradict the rumour, that the DUKE The noble spirit nay extend itself to Hol. " of YORK is himself to take the command iand, io Germany, and ibie North ; and, it “ of the Expedition. Ministers bave in this is possible, that ihe new despotism may be “ instance paid becoming respect to the feel- ejected from France itseif. 'All this, if it " ings of the public." -From this, it should be achieved, will have been atchieve would appear, that the ministerial paper, ed by a people, having no guide but tlial of alluded in, had announced the intention of th ir own good sense and a desire to be free, the ministers to commit the troops, destined Napoleon bas, of late, become the patrou for Spain, to the command of the Duke of of crowned-heads. He never opens his lips York, which bad, it seems, greatly alarmed | but “ by the Grace of God;" he always the Editor of the Morning Chronicle. His winds up with talking of the auibority given meaning is, I suppose, that the Duke ooght him by “ Providence ;" and, in his letter not to be spared from home, while there is to the late Prince of Asturias, he plainly even a possibility of this country being says, that the people are always to be coninvaded by a forinidable enemy; for that, sidered as hating hings, and are to be, of though we ought to do oor vunost to assist course, looked upon as enemies, and treated the Patriots of Sp.in, the duty of providing as such. The war, in Spain, therefore, is for our security is certainly not to be ne- a war of the people against despotism. There glected. It was for similar reasons, is a revolution going on in favour of liberry ;
anno. that the Tisnes news-paper, aud, I must repeat, that it is curious
enough, that we should now be fighting on give to truth that fair play,* which the peothe side of ihe peopls, and that, 100, with ple have been made to labour to deprive it the only fair prospect of success that we of. The Provisional Government recombave bad since the commencement of a war mend, it will be seen frequent short and of hitteen vears, duration ! - What a won- pithy publications, calculated to counteract derful thing it will be; what a suliject for the falsehoods promulgated through the they able historian ; if Buonaparié should newspapers of the “ late infamous governfall in consequence of his despotic acts, af- ment." This is a good beginning; but, it ter having himself been use terror, the will require time to do away the effect of curge, and the destroyer of despotisn. the reiterated lies of ihose newspapers. It In order to be able to eradicate deep-rooted is possible, too, that many of those leaders, despotism, it seems to have been necessary who are opposed to the French, may not for him to. possess and exercise despotic wish for such a change as would restore powers greater than those which he had to freedom to the people; but, if the struggle overcome ; and, now that his work is done, continue any length of time, and become if he should be deprived of those powers
arduous, they will find, that they must by a spirit of liberty generally difused over either go the whole way with the people, or this fair and oppressed quarter of the globe, submit to the French.---There must be how interesting the scene will become ! time to break up connections. To tear to It is desirable, that the war in Spain hould pieces the accursed trammels, which it has not be of very short duration. No mation, taken ages to make. The locusts, who have in such a state, was ever regenerated with- so l ng been devouring the fruits of the out an arduons struggle. There are nucie. people's labour, would soon find ihe means sous vernin to destroy in Spain, and, to in- of alighting upon them again, unless desure their complete destruction, the storni stroyed by the long duration of the storm. m'ist not only be violent, but must list for Wiih a hoard of prey they will retire to their some time. It is in stormy times, that great hiding places and wait for the sun-shine
3 end salutary charges are most easily effected. but, if the storm last for a year or two, out When men have arms in their hands, and they must come, expose themselves to oba are hourly exposing their lives, they think servation, and labour or starve. The hur. nothing at all of miking those changes in ricane and the torrent, though they do great civil matiers, which changes they would, at visible mischief, do greater invisible good ; other times, tremble but to think of. All and a struggle, such as that which we are, great and good changes, in matters relating I hope, about to witness, in Spain, though to government, have been made in stormy it occasions great sufferings for the time, times Necessity is the mother of inven- naturally and necessarily puts a stop to all tion, and, it is in such times, that a nation those vices, which degrade, and, by degrees, fezis what is necessary to it.---will re- enslave a nation. I will venture 10 say, quire time and experience, too, for the that already bribery and corruption have repeople of Spria to discover, who are the ccived a check in Spain ; sycophancy can wisest. the most vigilavi, the most brave, have no meat to feed on; the whole body and nuost public-spirited men in their coun- of Aaterers and paliders and procuresses (a ty. Slavery, like darkness, keeps men from numerous hc-!) must be nearly disbanded. the knowledge of each o:her.
Murat and bis people having other matters the people of Spain can know but very little to attend to; the troops of pkyers, dancers, of their leaders. They meet like acquaint- musicians, and bufisons must be in a miseraances of yes:erday. Like the inhabitants of ble way, the end hordes of aumils and a city brought together by a fire. All mist pels oppressors id robbers can scarcely be confusion and uncertainty.
cand a chance of, bread any longer quire time for things to jostle into order. withont working. Ant, it will require time; Some, who present themselves for trust and it will require a good long and rough contest confidence will be found unworthy. Time 19, clear to, land of all those and other for trial is wanted. A year's war and hard- Noxious, animals. There will be no real ship and danger will winnor the people; good to. Spain, luitil the peculators are justly will divide the grain trom the chatl"; the punislied
, and their wives and children are hollow from the solid, the rotten from the tugde to. Labour for ibeir bread. Without
It requires time, too, to wear away! acconsplishing this, the cbjuge would not prejudices; to destroy the effect of names; be worth wishing furi nuch less shedding to make the people, from experience, learn of bloos for What could Joseph Napoleon how they have been daped and abused by and his. set do more than rob the people the most contemptible of their species; to with impunity. For my part, if I were a
I will re