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TOL. XIV. No. 10.)


“ Oh, ihat inize enemy had written a Book :"

-Jos. 153]

-[354 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. to find, in this answer, something or other DUKE OF YORK, -olu ile natural, respecting the military commands, with tingit, perhaps, vain, hope, wat what I which he had before imen invested ; because Duw write may be read at a time when many the point, and the sole point at issue, was whe100mstances, now notoriolis ao i funilar, ther, or not, he ought now to have the si huve been forgotten, I an induced to com:nand in Spair; and, no one could possibly ser upon the subject before me wiih a for. fuil to perceive, that that point must be deity of statement, which, were it not for cidei, in all rational and in partial minds, ach hope, would he absurd, or at least, by the experience of the past. What was roulil not appear quite necesary


my surprize, then, 10 tind, that the pamphpine weeks past, I might say for some leteer, the avowed defender and eulogiut of aonihs, there has been a talk about sendiig the Duke, said not a word of the Duke's be Duke of York, who is, anal, for several coinmands upon the continent of Europe, and cirs, bas been, the Cominander in Chief did not even glance at them froin the be.

be land forces of this country, to take the ginning to the end of his work, though b.of coinmand of the troops sent, and about of the publications, of which it was his > be sent, by England, to the aid of the object to complain, there was 'not one, eople of Spain and Portugal, in their present which had not, in some way or other, ranous struggle against ihe French. This touched upon those commands ! Before cmour has excited great interest amongst all other things, therefore, it appeared Branks of people, from the leading nen in necessary to clear up these matters, or, at nd about the metropolis, down to the very least, to say all that an advocate was, upon kualisis in their Sunday mornings' chat is the such an occasion, able to say. But, instead Srrch doors; and, upon this subject, thougii of this what have wo? Voy the following Pn u other that cau be mentioned, there curious logic, wliich I may venture to say ippearsto have been a perfectunzoinityofreel will long remain without an equal." Troin ng and of expression. The press has not been lis youth opwards, bis royal highness has

It has, in all the ways that it is capa- passed through every stage of his military sle of operating, tept prace with the colo career. Vo one has yet appeared so totally kupitial discussions; and, as party writers, wanting of all truth, as to question his two are opposed to each other, must have royal highness's personal courage. Let mething, in each other, to find fault with, it be granted then, that with this acknowwery writer appears to have made it his siu. ledged personal courage, added to the comly to seek ont, in his oponent, as an ob- mon sense, which, we should hope, no let of attack, a failure, in some respect or one will dery him, his royal lighne-s has, ather, to do justice to the public sentiment at least, obtained the common knowledge upon this particular subject. ----Such, with of his profession. Let us at least allow Iespect to the Duke of York, was the state “ him what is deniea to no one, that he of the public wind, when, about twelve days cannot have passed through such a course 259, ait anonymous pamphlet of tifty-three of study, and under the bes! masters of puges, published by Mr. Symonds of Puter- " the age, without having acquired what Dosier Row, London, no deiis appearance, una " is almost necessarily acquired by every der the tiile of " A PLAIN STATEMENT OP one in a similar course. Grant that his

THE CoxDUCT OF THE MINISTRY AND s royal highness is not superior to other geTHB OPPOSITION, TOWARDS HIS ROYAL ç nerals, why should he be inferior? It is

HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF YORK;' which " known to every one whoapproaches him, pamphlet it is my present intention to an..- " that he is not wanting in natural talents, lyse and remark upon.-first, however, “ in a solid and just understanding, let me state what ihe pamphlet does not con- " and in the art of observing, and avoiling Lain. —When I saw a thing wriiten in the himseif og his olservations.

Letlis put it way of answer to those, who, in the base " therefore, to the Candour of the public, cant of the day, are called "s the libellers" and of the gentlemen of the army, it, with of the Duke of York, I paturally expected

" such an understanding and such expe.

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rience, such advantages of rank, and " public prejudices," to end avoor, at least

with such good masters, it is not a to convince us, that the Duke, the per la reasonable presumption, that his royal who is to brve the chief comma:d jo

highness his at least the common and finding our properties and our lives, is s'ajne rs sufficient knowledge of his military profesorior, in military merit, to other generals “ sion? Surely, it is not too much to ask or to such other generals, at least, as w “ this concession."--This is not, indeed, bare in our service. If the country be the generally speaking, much to ask. The dis- in danger; it here be not a strong probab putant who should refuse to grant it, even lily, that this land will be invaded by in this particular case, might be deemed powerful foreign foe, why all i bese psip cruel, perhaps. But, suppose he should re- rations? Why all these forts and posts as fuse, and suppose his retusal should be barracks; why all these volunteers and lot grounded upon a denial of those premises, militia and foreign troops; why such is which this expert reasoner presumes all the mense expenses ; why such sacrifices of eve , world to adinit? Upon this supposiiion. description? Well, tien, such being t what becomes of the argument ? It is not case, is it sufficient 10 ask is to prove, thus, that men argne to conviction. Ceu- he, who is entrusted wiil the directius viction, by the means of argunsent, requires all this force, is inferior to other general premises really admitted, or, which is the Is this thought suflrient to satisfy us, some thing in effect, facts which are gine- cially when accompanied with 3 che rally acknowledged, a!i which achnowlede. lile against every one, who, for je ment is a necessary consequence of weil- past, has dared to move his pin up011 known deeds or events. If, indeed, this subject ? Such a writer dues, verily, co writer liad appealed to the history of the plain, wiih a good grace, " that the spl actions, in which the Duke has been engag

ir of the times is not in favour of event ed, and shewed us that there were proofs of “ measured obedience, that moderate 1 what he chose to take as his premises, the pect to government, which is necesi conclusion might naturally have tollowed ; to the very existence of a community birt, whatever may be the faci, however Wbat does lie wish for? What degree true it may possibly be, that the Duke i what marks of submission does he sal

has, at least, the common and sufficient All ibat Was been said; all that has often “ kuowledge of his military profession," ; bim; all that has stirred his gall, and on this writer has stated nothing, nothing at bis stupid head and vindictive lieart to all, in proof of the proposition ; whichi, executing of this miserable pamphlet, therefore, remains a subject open to discus- consisted of supplications, uitered in delit sion, but which I do not think it necessary hints and fauliering accents, the effusiotu to discuss, and shall only just observe, with the tears of a people, whom the love respect to the best masters of the age, life has 1366 yet entirely forsaken. — either the writer must allude to such as are we come to what the pamphlet does conta now under the Duke's own command, or to and this is expressed in a very few won sich as buve been beaten, and driven from it is a reproachiul complaint against b one end of Europe to the other, by that the nisistry and the opposition for bav chemy, against whom we have new sustered the Duke of York to be “I belles contend. But, is it suficient to akus, as this writer calls it, by the several ecio

why the Duke should be inferior to other of papers, and other writers,' in this kit “ generals ? "

Is it right to throw upon dom, and for having done nothing in the public the burthen of proof, that our fence of his character. The person pres Conimander in Chiet, that the person ou ring this complaint, says, that the prese whose wisdom and skillnad valour se much administration, for reasons best kaown. must depend, that the person who is en- Themsties, choose to detach an individe trusted wiih she defence of our commuy ; from their body, to put bim, as it were, c js it made to throw upon us tha burihen of of the covering protection of their socie? provints, indi ibis person is inferior to other and to give encouragement to a public pro generals? Is it appa ground like this, but cution of him; that any one, not acquairt The writer pilis forward a claim to our conti: with public ailuirs, would be astonished ivi dence ? One night huve expected, that luke, thatthonrost effective officer in the sal the avowed addrocure of him, who is no he wire should wt least be the most effint ' hiç il: empowered ani enirtisterl, and who itticer, is represented as one who is fal ree ives suns so very large tiom ile poblic !) be trusted with the execution of is pu!, would !'ve made it a point, especial- fail, izost immuiately wiihin his official we iyasi bois; rodessed lipose was to renure ties, alid wheo the ministers of the Court


neither repel i his accusation nor act upon it ; as this writer evidently is.

- Since the days do the ministers, asks he, believe it, or not? "s of William III. There have existed in If they do, why not act upon it? If not, “ this kingdom two avowed parties; an is there no Attorney General, cr no Treasu- "Opposition and a Ministry. As a defence Ty papers? Is every possible fond of de. “ from the overwhelming predominance of feace exhausted? Ife asks, whence it has either, every succeeding monarch has bappened, that. in all the friendships and " deemed it necessary to liave a kind o! Doeamities of parties, in all these contests of meslic Party--a kind of Closet and Fa. contrarieties, the Duke of York has never mily Conncil, whom he may occasionally had even the usual advantage, being neglect- “ interpose between even his ministry and el by one party and passed over by another? himself. The origio of this party has He says, that a povertul party have been in- been imputed to his majesty's father, or dispos d against the Duke, have withh! "mither, to his mother whilst Dowager of from him the natural and necesary protec. Wales; but the point of fact is, inatit tion de to his rank and station, have left “ existed in the reiga of George I., an ! tin naked to the assaults of his low-minded “ seems to have had no other origin than in libellers, left him without allies in his time its munijese necessity. It was not the of need; and, asks he, “in what muner creature of any design, or previous ar" has CORIOLANUS so offended both the rangement; but, as a matter of prudere', " Consuls and the Senate, that he is cast " and necessary defensive policy, grew ins out naked to meet his fate ancngst the sensibly ont of the very nature of things. “ factious Tribunes?" Ja the aptness of a " ----Now the immelinte and alınost necescomparison consists its merit. CAIUS MAR- sary members of this Party, are certainly CIUS, though of a patrician family, was " the King's Family and Household. L't urged, by his zealous valour, to serve as a it vot, therefore, be objected to the Duke common soldier, in the Roman army, at the " of York, that he has followed the course siege of Cariola. The Romans having been “ of things."- Leaving this pretty dese pulsed, he rallied some of his contrades, scription of a government to be commen:ed fell upon the enemy, and, pursuing them in on by those who have been so long in the their retreat, rushed pell-mell along with habit of eulogizing our “ glorious Constithem into the city', of which he thus made trition," I now proceed to quote what himself master. The resemblance between is said about the cause of the early ibe two characters, thus far, will easily be which the opposition are said to bear traced; and we have only to continue it the Dake.-- it was represented in through their moral virtues. The Roman " his majesty, that according to General allotted to the gallant youth the richi- " principles upon which his ministry est part of the booty; but, he would accept humbly ofiired their services, the public of nothing but the name of CORIOLANUS, expected of them, and they concis one horse, and one prisoner, who had for- " themselves obliged, to iniroduce a perfect merly been his host, and whom he instant- " reform in all the branches of public pro ly set at liberty. The writer of the pamph- “ vice--that the Army wanted this reforin), let before us, says that the Duke of York is " and that his majesty would be pleased to pot fond of Aattery, which, we may presume, consent, that a private Commission of was his sole reason for not digressing in this Inquiry should be appointed to sit diily at place to cite some such instances of gratitude, " the Horse Guards, and that ihe report of disinterestedness, and magnanimity, in the " this commission should be presented to subject of bis filiy-three pages of eulogium. “ his mjesty's most gracious consideration.

-Having stated the fact of this disinclina. "To this, likewise, lis niajesty contion, in both parties, towards th: Duke, the " sented, and bis royal bichne:s did not writer then proceeds to state the cause of oppose it. The List of the Commisit; for, it will be easily perceived, that it

sioners was made by the niinistry, and was quite necessary to liis purpose to tiud cut for the sake of appearances, the name of a cause, other than that which the public his royal highness was not onnitted. His have been disposed to alledge. This cause, royal highness, however, did not deco it then, is, he says, that the Duke had all along decorous to sit on a Court of Inquiry into adhered to a settled resolution, never to le- “ his own conduct. The party, therefore, long lo any party. And here I shall, for a " and the Comunission had their own l'resin while, confine myself to a mere quotation « dent. It is not the purpose of the pro from the pamphlet, tiie matter being of a sent Notes to enter into any detail a, in very delicate nature, if any thing can be “ the decency with which they executed called delicate coming from such a silly brute " this inquisition. Suffice it to say, that


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" after a parly, and therefore a rigorous “gotiation was accordingly broken off withi

inquiry, it was not deemed prudent either abruptness and mutual disgnist. Is it a

to make or to present a report. "Anoiber reasonable subject of surprise, therefore, " resolution was taken, and it was deter- " that thus beset, thus assailed at once by “ mined to atten pt indirectly, and as it “ the open hostility of some, and the in

were by intrigue, what could not be " sidious friendship of others, his royal

hoped from other more direct means. It bigbuiess deemed it necessary to throw or must really be matter of astonishment himself upon the immediate protection of

to all candid men, that individuals of an " his rojal father ? - -The proposer mea. honourable name, and hitherto reputed sure of the Grenville party was thus de

to be of corresponding sentinents, fealed ly the immediale interposition, not " should descend to such an unworthy cun

The command of his majesty. But ning. The characteristic of a great, and " this ambitious pariy, though thes dis?

Jittle mind, says Bacon, is, that the poinied, were not defeated; they iorento " former takes the strait road, whilst the ed another rallying post, and tlie words “ latter creeps warily but cowardly to jis military council. and military board of

object by a bye-path. Two measures, supervision,” were distributed as the “ it is staied, were accordingly adopted by " watch word of the party. The idea was " the party. The one was to represent to “ quickiy circulated through all the minis“ bis royal highness, that the multiplicity “ ierial papers, and the cry of a pariy was "s of business in the office of commander in

magnified into the popular voice. The “ chief required that his royal highness people, it was said, demanded a niilitary " should have some assistance, and that “ council, and the nation would be lost, " therefore the ministry had to propose to “ unless the inexperience of the commander “ his royal highuess a division of his depart. “ in chief was assisted by a board of mili“ ment; that the branches from which bis " tary supervision. It was moreover in

royal highness would be thus relieved, " sinuated in one or more of the papers of

miglit either be put in commission, as- " the party, that his royal highness was • signed to certain boards, or supplied by " pot averse to the appointment of such a " individuals ;-that in the latter case the " board. Every thing, in a word, was put • ministry would consider it as belonging " in notion to work upon the popular mind; " to them to recommend, but that the no- " and to tbose who know of what infiam“ mination should be in his royal highness. " mable materials the people of England " That it was not amongst their wishes to are mide, it is needless to insist that so “: diminish any thing of the patronage of many engines were not inefficacious. " his royal highness, or to detract any thing " Nothing could be more unpleasant than from ihe splendour of the commander in " the situation of his royal highness during " chief. But that from regard to bis royal “ all this turnoil of intrigue and faction. "highness, and from a deep consideration His open assailants were of a class with " of the value of his royal highness's time “ whom his royal highness could not, con

as commander in chief in the higher of- • sistent with his personal dignity, enter “ fices of his department, it was the auxi- " into a contention. In what manner, for

ous wish of the ministry to relieve his example, could he oppose the attack of royal Highness from the subordinate de

newspapers, the assault of paragraphs, 4 tails A negotiation was accordingly or and ihe storm of diurnal invective? Every

commenced with his royal highness upon newspaper was in the hands of the " these grounds ; in the course of which reigning party, or if one of them bogsted " his royal highness learned what was in- " of its independence, it usually prored its “ tended by these

" subordinate details, " claim by a daring attack on bis royal liigh. " " and minor branches." His royal high

This abuse was usually introduced ness, in a word, learned, that these sub. " in terms expressive of the “ candoar and " ordinate details, and minor branches, " reluctance" of the writer. They were " were such as to reduce his office to a mere " unwilling (good creatures !) to wound

cypher, and leave him, as commander in " the feelings of any individual, and parchief, in a situation about as active, as ticularly of one in every respect so meri

necessary, and as important, as the mas- torious as his royal highness; but in com". ter of the horse. His royal highness very mon candour they were compelled to ac“ naturally felt himself offended at being " knowledge, that the perilous situation of " entrapped even into a negotiation in a « affairs called for unusual vigour in the mi66 business so adverse to his personal inte- “ litary department, and that his royal bigh" resis and military character ; and the ne- ness would be much relieved, by the ap





pointment of a military council. The “sibly account for one part at least of the gene“ similarity of all these paragraphs, and “ral hostility against bis royal highness." -" certain words which were common to all, -After some persona) remarks, in which " seemed to bespeak their common origin, Earl Grey is represented as arrogant, Earl " and the public hearing the same thing Moira no wiser than he should be, and Mr.

said on all sides, and by all parties, began Windham as inconstant in bis friendships, to conclude that there was something in it; the pamphleteer proceeds to state, that the " and the press, in pamphlets and revieius, Opposition consider the Duke as having had “ echoed back the clamour of the daily jour- a share in their dismissal ; but he denies the The author then goes on to

fact, and says :

". The late ministry were speak of the complaints made by the “ dismissed solely because they personally Duke to the ministers, upon the sub- " offended, and contradicted in a point of ject of these attacks, but of complaints " conscience, his majesty. His majesty bad we shall notice bye and by. At present no council but his own mind. He had ta. our attention is called to a paragraph of “ ken bis resolution when he summoned the the pamplilet, which is extremely myste- attendance of the Duke of York. He rious, but which, perhaps, the reader will conceived himself as having been deceivmake shiti to comprehend. “ In this man- ed by earl Grey ; be accordingly declin

ner, in this urgency for a direct inquiry “ ed seeing that nobleman. The Duke of

on one side, and this refusal to grant it on " York, it is understood, merely obeyed " the other, passed away the whole period “ the commands of bis father, when he " of the late administration, until some time signified by letter his majesty's pleasure " about the conclusion, when it was deemed

or that lord Howick should not come to IVindnecessary, from party expediency, and

-He then proceeds to state the from notives which require no explana- cause of the hostility of the present ministry “ tion, to make CERTAIN PROPOSALS towards the Duke of York, which statement to his royal highness. To these proposals I shall give in his own words :-" Wiib re“his royal highness may be presumed to have spect to the Ministry, his royal highness " answered, ibat it was the settled maxim " is about as favourably situated as with the " of his life to belong to no party, but to Opposition. The enmity of the one may consiler himself as the servant and subject “ be as easily accounted for on the ordinary " of the king ;--that he moreover did not passions of mankind, as the other. His

agree in opinion with his mijesty's mi- royal higliness, however, we presume, " nisters upon the points in agitation ; but cannot complain that the existing admi“ did not deem it necessary to explain him- nistration are not friendly to him. Friend. “ self more fully.' That with respect to any ship is not a thing of right on one side or “OPPOSITION AGAINST HIM his royal " of obligation on the other. He never,

highness might have added, that he was at a " we believe, sought the friendship of mi“ loss to understand what could be intended " nisters, and therefore has no complaint

by it, as his majesty's ministers, in all " that he does not possess it. There is, "his royal highness's demands for inquiry, however, or at least there slıould be, a " bad repeatedly disavowed their knowledge " middle term between friendship and en" of any such personal hostility. Under all

Where, therefore, is the justi. circumstances his royal highness could, “ fying cause for the conduct of adminis" we think, see no sufficient reason for de- " tration ?-When his majesty had resolved "parting from the settled maxim of all his “ to constitute a new administration, if pub" former life,–10 consider himself as a “ lic report may be credited, his royal high" member of the royal family, and the ser- ness had it in command from the king to

vant of his sovereign alone. That, least inform the duke of Portland of his ma" of all, therefore, could his royal highness jesty's intentions. His royal highness, it "' have any will or opinion in contradiction " is said, executed his majesty's commands

to that of his father. Within a few days "in person. He is said to have repeated "after this latter negociation, the Grenville only the words of the king, and distincte "and Fox party had ceased to be ininisters, “ ly to have informed the duke of Portland, 'i and his majesty haid summoned others to " that he was to consider his royal bighoess " his council. It may be collected from “ in no other point of view than as the mes. " this statement, that neither in the com- senger bearing certain words of his ma.

mencement, nor in the conclusion of the " jesty ; that he had no list, and no autho" Grenville adıninistration, could this party "rity to designate any individual wbatever. " be considered as friendly to his royal high- " In a conversation which followed, the st

ness. This statement, moreover, may pos- same reports add, that his royal high

“ mity.

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