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to make Watts a freeman upon the under- ment of the feelings naturally arising from stood condition of the voting for Sir Chris- an acquittal so pronounced. topher ; that Sir Christopher's asking Gogen To apply the knowledge derived from to be upon the jury, for the avowed pur. these details, to objects of a more general pose of bringing in such persons as should nature, shall be the task of some future day. be pointed out to him; that all this was For the present, Gentlemen, I shall content very mean and dishonourable, and not less myselt with having made a record of transacunlawful, because, as each juryman was to tions, so necessary to be well and universal, be sworn, when he went into the jury, all ly known; and shall console wyself with there several endeavours were made for the the hope, that the day is not very distant, evident purpose of causing men to act con- when, adopting your principles and imitating trary to their oaths solemnly taken, endea. your conduct, the whole of the people of vours upon which it was hardly possible to England, may raise their voice for that bestow reprobation sufficiently
Purity of Election, without wliich, is the “ The point,” concluded ne,"
Judge observed upon these trials, our buastyour verdict must turn is, bowever, ihis; ed constitution is, if possible, something “ whether the court of the 19th was ad. less than a shadow. “ journed with good or an eril intention.
I remain, Gentlemen, If you are of opinion, that the adjourn. Your faithful, and most obedient Servant; ment was made from the persuasion that
W:1. COBBETT. a fair and impartial jury could not ba “ forined at that time, and that, to secure
Duke of York. QUEUES. “ the laudable ends, for which the court SIR; I beg leave to recommend to your
was, or ought to have been holden, it notice, the following Order issued lately by was necessary to adjourn it, you will, of his royal highness the commander in-chief, course acquit the defendants; but, it as I think it highly deserving of being transyou are convinced, that the adjournment mitted to posterity, in your valuable record
was made for the purpose of obtaining of official documents. I think it unnecessary " time to bring some of the freemen over to make any observations on this Order, as
to make such a presentment as would unqua ified approbalion, mingled with strong
answer the self-interested views of i dielings of admiration, is the only 'entiment “ Sir Christopher and the other defen- , which can passibly be excited by it. It is “ dwts, then I am sure I need not observe truly pleasant to find men high in office,
you, that a verdict of guilty must be occupied with matters of real importance ! " the result of your deliberations."- -Ten And it cannot fail to give sa!isfaction to minutes, or a quarter of an hour's whisper- every patriotic mind, to observe that the ing together, on the part of the jury, pre- fire, kindled by the leaders of the Spanish pared the audience for what was to follow, . revolution, has lighted up a correspondent it being quite impossible, that, as to opinion flame in the sympathetic bosom, of at least, upon the matter, there should be ibe hesi- one of the great leaders of this generous tation of a moment. They told the Judge, nation ; aod that the impediments to cordial that they could not agree. He repeated : co-operation, on our part, are now about “ If you are convinced, gentlemen, that to be removed.--I am, Sir, yours, &c. " the adjournment of the 19th was made,
D.M. аву Jaudable purpose, but for the General Order, Horse-Guards, Jaly 20, parpose of bringing over, by promises,
1 808. or otherwise, any number of free-men “ The commander-in-chief directs it ta
to be put upon the jury, in order to make “ be notified, that in consequence of the " such a presentment as would be likely 10 “ state of preparation for immediate ser" add to the number of free-men in Sir “ vice in which the whole army is at this " Christopher's interest, it appears quite present moment held, his majesty has « clear to me, that you ought to find the “ been graciously pleased to dispense with " defendants guilty.
They turned " the use of queues, until further orders, round again, and, having literally laid their "-His royal lighness desires the com. beads together for about five minutes, pro- manding officers of the regiments will nounced a verdict of NOT GUILTY ; up- " take care that the men's hair is cut close on which, at eleven o'clock at nighi, a very “ to their necks, in the neatest and most numerous and respectable audience dispers- “ uniform mauner, and that their heads ed, leaving Sir Christopher Hawkins, who are kept perfectly clean, by combiug, was, all the while, standing behind the
peo. “ brushing, and frequently washing them ; ple in the gallery, to an unenvied enjoy:
" for the latter essential purpose, it is bas
CORN AGAINST SUGAR.
"majesty's pleasure that a small sponge balance in our favour amonnted to 614,459 "shall hereafter be added to each man's qrs. During this period, it will be observe
regimental necessaries.-By order of his ed, wheat could not be imported till the royal highness the commander-in-chief. price amonted to 535. 4d. and not even then
--(Signed). HARRY Calvert, Adju- under a duty of 16s. if above that price and "tant-general."
not exceeding 80s. the duty 5s. But, mark the difference, in 1757 the corn laws were
altered and 495. was fixed as the import Sir,--In taking up the gauntlet you have price, and the duty 6d. per gr.; inmedia thrown I, perhaps, may only prove my own ately the exportation began to decrease ipit, weakness, and then be classed in your nu- on the average of years, between 1773 and merous list of vanquished kvights of the 1793, the importation exceeded the exporquiN. However, I will, withstanding tation by 430,157 grs. In 1775 the inporis all alarm poise my weak weapon, since the exceeded the exports by 972,400 grs ; niabatde is not always to the strong. Your king a difference in the quantity of corn sentiments are clearly expressed; but, the produced in the years 1750 and 1775 of assertions and arguments of some of your op. no less than 2,679,659 qrs." This de ponents coincide so ill with their proofs and ficiency, aipounting to about one eight conclusions, I confess, I am at a loss to dis- part of our consumption, canno: be attricorer whether they intended in advocate the buted to any change of seasons; but to the cause of sugar, or of corn. At all evevis, aforementioned alterations in the corn laws. their contention against the prohibition of Precisely in the same manner will the interthe use of grain in the distilleries, when they diction of the use of grain in the distilleries adınitted the existence of a partial scarcity, | operate; by abstracting a portion of dewas ridiculous enough; and betrayed more mand, equal to their consumption, and thus avarice risan patriotism. I allude principe!ly, reduce the price and the quantities produced. to your cotemporary journalists and to the Tuis, however, would not be of such impetitioners. I cannot, however, assent to portance, were no other consideration inthe propriety of all your remarks on the volved; for, the supply would soon proquestion. In your last number, you exult- portion itself to the demand, and the farmer ingly aske“ what will the barley growers say would receive just the same profit. But, BAND! since the bill passed it has continued | when we reflect on the misery of depento advance, whilst oats have risen one third.". dence it becomes a matter of serious conThis, Sir, is owing to the demand for both cern ; and I do contend that the distilleries, these articles in the North, where the partial by consuming annually 470,000 grs., may scarcity exists; to the short crop of last be considered as a provisional depór, conyear and to the shutting of the Dutch ports. taining that quantity, and which may be In your former numbers, you have argued served out when necessity requires. Yet, in favour of the continuance of the bill, we are told by those who would bare the whatever may be the situation of the coun- measure adopted uniformly, that this is a try in whether excluded from intercourse triting consideration compared with the diswith the continent, or possessing the fruits tressed situation of the West India pianters: of an abundast barvest; and on this point and you have recommended that cach article we differ. As a measure of general policy should be brought to the still loaded with the I deem it a bad one, since it destroys the same duties and run the race fairly. A magazine which the distilleries afford; thus lille consideration will shew the fillacy of rendering us more dependent on the seasons such reasoning. Mr. Spence bas clearly and on foreigo supply ; it is, assuredly, as proved in his pamphlet, entitled, “ the Ria. important to become independent of both dical Cause of the Distresses of the West there as of commerce. That this country
India plavters," that, by a combination bas procłuçed corn enough for its own con- of circumstances, there are 140,000 hogs. sumption, and had considerable quantities to heads of sugar produced, ancially, more spare, may be proved by many authorities. than there is a demand for, either at home I will take one which will shew, that when or abroad !--the committee estimate the ile farmer receives encouragement he will consumption by the distilleries at 30,000 provide for tbe wants of the nation. Ander- hogsheads and Mr. Bosanquet admits that soa, jo his Essays, states“ the average quan- this vew demand would not raise the price tity of all kinds of grain imported inio sufficiently. This sort of relief, to be strre, Great Britain between 1710 and 1750 would be more potent than the late order of amounted to 20,976 qrs. annually; the quan. the oughty Dunkirk hero respecting pig tails diy experted to 665;495-qrs: ; so that the and the use of four, in the event of famine,
but its effects would be very insignificant. | August 13, 1808.--Sir-I have the boneur Why, Mr. Cobbett, should the West India herewith to transmit a copy of my letters planters be relieved at the expense of a to vice-admiral Sir James Saumarez, relative much more valuable portion of the commu- to the escape and embarkation of great part nity? I can see no reason. You have re- of the Spanish army serving in this part of peatedly state i agriculture to be the only Europe : an erent produced as well by the source of wealth ; therefore, is it not ma- honour, patriotism, and talents of its disnifestly undermining its basis to support the lingaished chief, by the assistance and unwieldly' fabric in the manner you have protection which I was directed by their recommended ?
The question, Sir, ap- lordships' orders to afford it. If the weather pears to be this; shall we have dear coro
proves moderate I hope to disembark the and independence, or cheap corn and depen- greater part on the island of Langeland this dence? The former is the most desirable day, where we have already a post of 2500 situation ; and I would suggest means to ob
I have the honour to be, &c. tain it but for the fear of their giving the (Signed) R. G. KEATS. land owner a pretext to advance bis rents ; Superb, off Sproe, in the Great Belt, which would soon reduce us to our present | August 11, 1808.-SIR-I have the honour state. I would, therefore, urge the pro- and satisfaction to inform you, that by an priety of distilling from grain; and, if pos. immediate and zealous pursuit of the measible, increase the quantity so consumed by sures recommended in the duplicate of in. laying an additional duty on the importation structions received by the Musquito on the of foreign spirits. Your correspondent, Mr. 5th instant, bis excellency the Marquis de Young, has recommended a general encio. la Romana, and nearly 6000 of the Spanish sure; but this, I
in thinking, troops under his command, were embarked would not remedy the evil of dependence. this morning at Nyborg, which place he During the reign of George II. this country took possession of on the gth..By a combiannually exported an immense quantity of nation of the same plan, more than 1000 grain ; and since the accession of his present have joined us this morning, by sea, from majesty, notwithstanding there' have been Jutland, and another thousand are thrown upwards of 1500 acts of parliament by into Langeland, to strengthen the post held which more than 3,000,000 of acres are in by the Spanish forces in that island, where it closed, we uniformly import immense is proposed to land the remainder the moment quantities. This wonderful change can only circumstances of weather will permit of our be attributed in the increase of luxury and io moving. The arrival of the Spanish officer the extended demand for the produce of in the Edgar, on the 5th, of whose spirited pasture: which have induced the farmer to
escape to the squadron you were informed iransfer his capital to the more profitable by captain Graves, greatly facilitated our employment. A general enclosure, I do not means of communication).—No doubt could believe ever would take place unless the im- be entertained of the honour and patriotism port price of wheat were considerably ad- of soldiers, who, indignant at the proposal vanced. A deal of waste land will not at of deserting their ailegiance, though surthe present price pay for the labor and ex- rounded by hostile battalions, planted their pense of cultivation.
It' is for those more colours in the centre of a circle they formed, deeply read in the science of political econo- and swore on their knees to be faithful to my to consider, whether such an inter- their country. All were equally anxious of ference of the legislature would prove most returving to it. But one 'regiment in Jutbeneficial to the proprietor or to the public land was too distant, and too critically situaat large.-I am,Sir, — With great respect, ted to effect its escape: and two in Zealand, Your's, X. Y. Derby, 4. Aug. 1808. after having fired on the French general
Frision, who commanded them, and killed OFFICIAL PAPERS.
one of his aid-de-camps, have been disSPANISA REVOLUTION.-(continued from p. arned.-Some untoward circumstances ha
315 )-ESCAPE OF THE SPANISH ARMY ving occasioned suspicion, and made a preSERVING IN THE BALTIC.-From the Lon. mature execution of the plan necessary, the don Gazelte Extraordinary.
wind and current being adverse, I left the Adiniralty Office, August 23, 1808. - Superb on the Sth, and went in my barge Dispatches, of which the following are to the Brunswick, off Nyborg, and two copies, bave been this day received at this hours afier ny flag was hoisted. On the office, from rear admiral Keats, addressed 9th the general took possession of tbe town. to the hon. Wm. Wellesley Pole:
--Although the Danish garrison yielded to Superl, ef Sproe, in the Great Belt, circumstances, an armed brig of eighteen guys, the Fama, and a cutter, the Salorman, Lockyer, of the Hound; chpt: Smith, of of twelve, moored across the harbour near the Devastation, and capt. James, of the the icwn, rejected all remonstrance on the Kite, were indefatigable in their exertions part of the Danes, and every oiter of secu- in the various duties I assigned them. Many rity made by the general and myself. The circumstances having combined to make an reduction of these vessels being absolu'tly attack on the rear probable, great precaution necessary, and the Spanish genera unwilling was necessary. - Such geus as could be to act hosiilely against Denmark, such smail, brought against us were spiked; and the resses and boats as could be collected were embarkation was covered and most effecput under the command of capt. M.Namara, tually profected by The Minx gun-brig and of the Edgar, who attacked and took thein. the two prizes, and by the very judicious On this occasion I bave to lament the loss of
disposition of the gun-boats, under the lieutenant Harvey, an otiicer of much command of capt. May, of the royal artila merit, of the Superb, and two scanica lery, wbo volunteered, and whose services wounded; the enemy had seven killed and on this and other occasions were highly usebirleen wounded. I should have noviced ful.-- It is not easy to express the joy and that the Spaniards, irritated at the opposi- | satisfaction felt by every class of the army son their friends who came to their support at this event; and 10 circumstance, I Bei with, departed in some measure tiom believe, could bave afforded more real pleahe general's intention, and fired sowe shot sure to us all. One, the regiment of Zathem before they struck.-Expedition mora, made a march of 19 Danish miles in Being deemed of the greatest importance, I. 21 hours.--I transmit herewith for your bifted my flag to ibe Hound iņ the harbour; furiber information, copies of such letters: and as weiiber of the 3 ships of the line, as I deemed it requisite to address to his tom circumstances of the weather, could Exc. the Marq. de la Romana and the goverle brought near in, 57 sloops or doggeri, nor of Ni borg on this occasion. The replies bund is the port, were fitted by the sea- to the former were verlal, through a confi. ben, into which great part of the artillery, dential otiicer, and the latter were made uggage, and stores, were embarked that
personally. I have the honour to be, &c. light and the following day, and removed (Signed) R. G. KEATS -- Vice admiral Sir
the point of Slypsbarn, four miles from Jannis baumarez, te &c. &c. Nyborg, where the army was embarked Nole ---Since this letter was concluded, jately, and without opposition, this morn- we entertain some hopes that part of the ing, notwithstanding ihe very unfavourable regiment in Jutland, we thought lost, las state of the weather, and they are now escaped to the post at Langeland, by the under the protection of his majesty's ships western channel. in the anchorage off the Island of Sproe.-- Suberl, of Lingeland, August 5, 1908. Some sacrifices of horses and stores were -Sins--I have the honour to inform you, conceived nccessary by the general; and as that I bave received from my government I considered it right, under the peculiar the most positive instructions to endeavour circumstances, to enter into the views and to communicate with the Spanish oficers : wishes of the marquis de la Roruana, every comnanding the troops of ibat nation in the bnavoidable act of hostility: was rigidly vicinity of my comunand, and to concert abstained trom, for I did not consider it a'y with then measures to secure their retreat to bring away the brig and cutter ihutie- from any place of embarkation which they jected our offer of securiiy, and I forcibly may possess, and for placing them in a opposed our entrance into the port; and I state of security until transports for their even undertook to liberate the vessels en- reception can be provided to convey them to played as transports, provided no interruption Spain, for whicis, as well as the recessary was made by any to the peaceable embaik- provisions, measures have already been laalion of our friends, I should be unjust ken, and indeed of the arrival thern I to the meritorious excitions of the others am in hourly expectation. Unulibat period and seamen employed on this short, but shall arrive, they are welcome to share in fatiguing service, if I neglected to represent the accommodnion and provi:ions of the their merits on this occasion to you ; capt. ships under my command, but as that might Gtares's services were required aflvat; capt. not afford ample means at present, although M'Namara, of the Edgar, under:ook the I am in expectation of ine commander in ' equipment of the transporis, with the em- chief, I would suggest, under the pressure barkation of the stores ; the embarkatior of of circumstuces, the removal of the troops ihe troops was made under the direction of io some of the islands in the Belt for their capt. Jackson, of the Superb, and capt. perfect sec rity.--But as a measure of this
magnitude to the interests of the Spanish Funen could secure themselves in the Presqu' nation would necessarily require a concerted Isle (peninsula) which terminates near the plan, lest by attention to partial interests the island of Romsoe, of which the pass near general one might suffer, I request an unre- Kurteminde appears to form the Gorge, and served and confidential communication, either I could, if necessary, remove them to Romto the ships oft Nyborg, that stationed off soe ; it would greatly facilitate the necessary Langeland, or any of his Britavnic majesty's naval operations, and might enable me to ships in the Bell, and through the bearer of send a ship of the line towards Frederisca to this, or by any other means. I propose favour the troops in Jutland, it those in sending on Sunday, unless I should earlier Langeland should be thought in security on receive some person on board, a flag of that island ; if they should, the other troops truce, under some pretext, to the Spanish might be landed at leisure on that island, and post at Spoysberg, and if this should be the whole embarked from thence; but if safely received, I wish, in token of it, a the troops at present there are incapable of small guard might parade in some conspi- maintaining themselves at that place, in cuous situation at noon to-morrow, near the that case I must leave a ship of the line and English ship at anchor or uoder sail near a sloop, which could, at almost any time, Spoysberg.--In my present situation it is receive them on board, and convey them to inipossible, ardently as I enter into the views any other place that might be approved of, of my government and the Spanish nation, till transports could be procured for their to attempt to lay down any fixed plan. My reception.-My means, (three ships of the services, and those of every Englishman line and half a dozen small vessels at most,) ander my command, are devoted to the are not, perhaps, sufficient to embrace all cause ; but before measures can be adopted, these objects at once; but the zeal and exwe must communicate, agree on, and com- ertion of the officers and ships' companies bine, as far as it may be possible, the inter- would greatly diminish the difficulties, and ests of the Spanish troops in Jutland and I should be much aided in lending assistance Zealand with those in Funen and Langeland. to the troops at Frederisca, if, as I have be. I shall keep a ship for some days off Spoys- fore said, ihose in Langeland should be conberg; and every ship under my command sidered capable of maintaining that post will be on the look-out and receive any boats without any immediate support.
I am that may approach them. I have ihe bonour a ware some sacrifices of horses, and perhaps to be, &c. (Signed) R. G, KEATS.--To the cannon, might be necessary, and we must officers of his most catholic majesty's troops. be prepared to encounter even unforseeen
Superh, off Langeland, August 7, 1808. difficulties; naval arrangements and move-Sir, understanding from the Spanish offi. nients are ever dependent, in some degree, cer that the accompanying paper
* is the
on weather; but I should hope to surmount true state and situation of the Spanish troops
them all. It would, of course, be right to in Denmark and its dependencies, the fol- drive in cattle, ard take whatever provisions lowing, according to the various circum- might be practicable with the troops, stances that present themselves to my view, would not only save our present supply, appears to form a plan that promises the fair- which, the victuallers not having at this moest prospect of success to insure their secu- ment arrived, is rather scanty for the Spa. rity and ultimate embarkation :-Those in nish army, but would put me at ease on that Zealand I would propose to force their way score, provided any unavoidable delay should to the Peninsula, of which Halskon, near intervene, and prevent my sending supplies Corsoir, forms the projecting point towards to them on shore. In my present uninformSproe.- That isthmus appears capable of ed state I am not in a situation to judge bow being defended, or at least seems to afford far it might be in the power of, or deemed the ineans of defence for a few days, till I preferable by the Spanish commander, to could remove them to the island of Sproe. seize on Nyborg. It would secure the inac-Those at Frederisca, by seizing on vessels, tivity of the gun-boats in that port. But might possibly force an embarkation, and such a measure might possibly involve the unite with those on Funen, which might safety of the troops in Zealand and Jutland, perhaps be favoured by some movements of by inducing the Danes to act hostilely, when The troops at Odense. Separate, or united otherwise they might be disposed to wink al, with those in Jutland, I apprehend those in or make no serious efforts to impede, the
quiet removal of the Spanish troops, * Thought unnecessary now to send.
(To be continued.)
Frinted by Cox and Baylis, Great Qucen Street; published by R. Bag-haw, Brydges Street, Covent
Garden, where former Numbers may be had : sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Mall.