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• his presence.


may check that full tide of corsidence,

or wrong

What is meant by the people " without which 110 soldier should go into in this country ninety-nire times out of " battle. Of this his Royal Highness is " a hundred, when they approach at all

doull convinced, and therefore lie has, " towards unanimity, is right. In the "il is said, personally declined pursuing un present instance, it is notorious that miobject which, perhaps, was once near his nisters and people, ins and outs, are fully “ heart. Neither his lajesty himself, por agreed in opinion; and they are all to be

any of his royal offspring, have ever been set right by an anonymous writer! But " dréined deficient in thai courage which Though he prove all that he attempts to “ has always characterised the House of prove, what does it amount to? That bis Brunswick, and is most becoming the " roral biguiness has the negative merit of rank they hold in this free country:

But " not being the cause of certain disasters on various occasions it has been thought " which have befallen the armies under his

necessary to restrain their natural inclina- “ cominand. Observe, that the secretary * tion, and to reserve the display of their " at war may say the same of the Ferrol

persorial bravery lo times of still greater expedition ; but this would be but a bac! national hazard. No one can forget the “ plea for sending him to Spain, perhaps to warmth with which the heir apparent not " lerrol itself, to animate the patriots by " long since solicited an ostensible com

Observe, that General “ mand in the army, destined to repel Wnitelocke (who, by the bye, canteil " invasion ;

the steadiness with “ about the newspapers too), not only or which his demand was resisted. I be- might say, but did say the same of the " lieve every man in the United Kingdom defeut ai Buenos Ayres; but it will be honoured the prince for entertaining such hardly recommended, on such a ground,

a wish : : many, who did so, certainly ap- to give him a command in Spain. It is " proved of its disappointment. The case “ thus this writer degrades his royal high " is exactly the same with the Duke ; but ness by advancing, as arguments in his “ his royai highuess will, no doubt, submit favour, what would equally apply to, at “ with diguity to a necessity which he can- “ least have been equally urged by, some of “ not bui lament, remembering the old " the worst officers in the army. But it • Fabia!ı maxin, Fame eliam jachilic fa- was necessary

for him to do much more cienda est pro patriâ.- If t!:is be so, what It was necessary to shew not only that his “ words are sufficient to express a just indig. royal highness's military talents possessed “ narion against the wreiched scribbler, us the greatest positive excellence; but that “ whoever he be, who with the hope of " they so far outweighed those of any other

recommending himself to ihe favour of general in his majesty's service, and car" the commander in chief, dares at once to ried with them so inevitable a certainty of “ ivsult the judgment, and to endanger the success, as to counterpoise every prejudice

safi·ty of a whole nation. Let him be. arising from his former ill-fortune, 10

ware of public execration, and wisely “ stand in the place of the enthusiasm of " continue to shroud his name in the obscule " his whole army, and to render it a crime

rity which at present envelopes it. As to vs ir, ministers to trust their own weak and " the ministers whom he endeavours to “ limited judgment in opposition to such

cajole, they ought to be the most seriously consummate wisdom. Now, as his royal ottended, both by the coutemptuous highness's good sense would revolt at a opinion which he shews of their under- flattery so gross, so no man who has 3

standings, and the inevitable danger of " character to lose would dare to insult the “ losing their places to which he would public by avowing and putting his name expose thein.

In a free couniry, public “ to such an opinion. It is only to be opinion must be listened to ; and terrible - lamented that private and anonymous " would be the vengeance against a cabinet attempts are made to produce that disawho should dare so openly to set it at greement between his royal highness and " nought. - But, says the parasite, ministers " the public at large, which no true friend “ ought to lead, not follow public opinion. “ to the royal family or to the public trao. " True, an energetic minister will know quillity could see without the deepest “ how to enlighten an ignorant people, and regret. I look upon it a part of the same " if their salvation depend on the instant “ artifice to represent his royal highness's " adoption of any nieasure, however unpa- “ appointment as the wish of the Spanish “ latable, he will carry it into effect. But “ patriots. That it can be the wish of no “ it is the very cant of despotism to tell the true friend of Spain, wbile it is decidedly

people they werer can be judges of right contrary to the judgment of Great Britain, " is an absurdity to suppose ; and is such a an offer, because, as I stated in my last, it “ wish has been expressed by any of the would be libellous in the most hateful, nay "patriots, or of their deputies (which I do (excuse my warmth!) in the most hellish

not believe), it has certainly been drawn degree, to suppoge, that he would, for one “ from them by the falsest misrepresenta- moment, continue to fill the office and re“tion. Wishing all due credit to be given ceive the emoluments as Commander-in“ 10 liis royal lighness's brave and patriotic Chief at home, if, upon the score of his * sentiments on the one hand, and all pro- former failires (which is the reason alledged

per weight to be allowed to the great con- by this writer) bis offer to take the chief "siderations of policy, which, on the command in Spain had been rejected by the

othier, preclude the possibility of his ministers, for whatever cause at rejection " appointment, I trust that the question might have proceeded. Mark me well,

will remain finally at rest, and that the then; I do not admit that the Dike of York attress will be treated with the contempt made ile offer in question ; and, if he did which it deserves. I am, Sir, &c. make it, I scout the idea of its having been

Candidus."--For what purpose this rejected upon the score of former failures. tery candid gentleman thought proper to Proceeding, then, upon a mere hypothesis, repeat the word fuilures so often, and always ( let us ask this very clever gentleman; this in the plural number, to which, I suppose, very loyal gentleman; this very patriotic he would, if our language had admitted of gentleman of the Morning Chronicle, what ii, have added the masculine gender, in are his reasons for thinking it sound policy (der to make them appear as big as possio for rejecting a general for foreign service, Lle; for what purpose lie has so repeatedly on account of his former failures; and, at ieteired to these failures; for wliat purpose the same time, keeping thal general in the be bas introduced the afairs of Ferrol and chief command at home? He tells us, that, Buenos Ayres; for what purpose he bas, whatever may be the real fact, with regard in as small a compass as the case would to the wisdon or courage of a general, the imit of, buddled together the nanies of effect of prejudices against him cannot be Sir James Pulteney, General Whitelocke, obliterated froin the minds of the soldiers, and the Duke of York; for what purpose he whose personal safety must, in so great a dehas had recourse to such extraseous matter gree, depend upon his conduct; that it is, I shall not endeavour to discove nor is it, therefore, wise so to choose our generals, indeed, of the smallest importance to the that no prejudice, no forebodings with res. discussion, being, as far as I can perceive, pect to conduct, may check tbe full tide of Isot at all connected with the main, and the confidence, with which soldiers ought to goin

dely interesting, point; which is, how to battle; that, therefore, it is necessary, 10 le. ar it, be consistent with sound policy, nay strain the inclination, wbich generals, against with plain common sense, io refuse, upon the whom there exists a prejudice, may feel for gound stated by this writer, the request, foreign commands, and “ to reserve the diswhich he assumes the Duke of York made play of their personal bravery for times of to go to Spain, and yet to keep the very “ still grenier national hazard." I will $30:e Duke“ in reserve," to use a phrase of say, for this writer, that he deals not in the his own, to command the army at home, mysterious. His meaning is too plain to be when, is that army should be wanted, the mistaken. Buit, my good loyal gentleman ; danger to England must be a thousand times if

you be not in jest ; if you do not wish to as great as can be possibly apprehended froin be understood as speaking ironically; can any tailure, of whatever magnitude, in Spain. you tell me why a want of confidence (for This is a point, in which every man, woman, such you suppose to exisı) shonld be less like. and child must have an interest; and, it is ly to arise in an army at home than in an arthis point, which I mean to discuss; or ra- my abroad? 11 a want of confidence ther, I mean shortly to expose the folly, and, should be less likely to arise in times of great I must say it, the shocking baseness, of the national hazard at home, than in a foreign writer, by whom the affirmative of the pro- camp or field of battle? Is it, that the position has been attempted to be maintain- troops, who would be employed at honie, ed. But, before I proceed a step further, would be composed of persons more accuslet me guard against any misconstruction, or tomed to meet with difficulties ; more acmisapprehension, of my meaning. Observe, customed to dispense with a want of confi. then, that I do not say, that the Duke of dence in the skill and courage of a chief; York has offered his services for Spain; on more likely to go boldly on, without think the contrary, I proceed expressly upon the ing of their leader ; more accustomed to set, wtal impossibility of bis having made such comparatively, little value upon property and you, for

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as a reserve.

life? Is this the case? And, if it be not; writer were to take his oath of the fact, that if the real case be just the contrary; if con

the Duke of York has made an offer to serve tidence in the wisdom and courage of their in Spain, and that that offer has been recommander, though always necessary to the jected upon the score of former failures. success of an army, be beyond all compari- I come back to my first opinion, which is son more necessary when the object to be this, that the Royal Chieftain, anxious, fought for is the independence of a nation, doubtless, as the Morning Chronicle oband when the scene of action is the invaded serves, to shew“ his zeal in the cause of land of that nation ; if this be the case, I liberty," might make an offer to the mipis. pray you to shew us why yon should not ters to take upon him the chief cominánd in have a mark ot eternal infamy fixed upon Spain and Portugal; that the ministers felt

your endeavours to persuade the na- it to be their duty to reject the offer, ibinktion, that, though a general might not have ing, as they ought to think, that to provide the confidence of the army in a degree guffi. for the perfect safety of England was their cient to make it saie io employ him abroad, first duty, and thinking also, doubtless, that he might be safely employed in a command the defence of England could be so safe in at home, and that, too, at a moment no hands as in those of thu Royal Comman

great national hazard.”. -Your notion der in Chief, who has, so many many times, of a reserve of wisdom and courage is clie visited all the military posts and reviewed all rious enough. Reserves are composed of the soldiers, many of whom have been acthat, in which, when the danger becomes tually engaged, under his own eye, though greatest, men may safely confide. That, not in real, yet in sham-fights; that this upon which we set ihe greatest value we keep being the ground of rejection, the Royal

But you would reject the offer Commander would, of course, submit, and of a general to serve abroad, on account keep his post of commander in chief, of that want of confidence, which you sup- which, in such case, was his duty, both as a pose musi arise from his former failures, and subject and a patriot. In this opinion, I would keep him in reserve, that is to say, have been greatly strengthened by the cira want of confidence in reserve, for home cumstance of all bis royal brothers, who service in times of great national ha- are generals, remaining at home too. They zard. After all, however, ihis is mere- have had no failures, at any rafe, wherely disputing for the sake of disputation; with for the Morning Chronicle to taunt for, as I have said before, and as I have them ; and, one of them, it is well known, conjured the reader to believe, it is impossi- behaved most gallantly in Hanover, at the ble, that the Duke of York can have been time when that happy country was invaded cast off, or rejected, upon the ground of by the French, and when, owing princi: former failures; for, if that had been the pally to his royal foresight, the whole of the case, it would be infernally libellous to family plate was saved from the grasp of the suppose (though this loyal gentleman remorseless invader. scruples not to suppose) that he would not, “ Snatch the Palladium, though the temple burn." in giving way to the high feelings which he

Indeed, with respect to the Duke of Kent, inherits from his long line of royal ancestors, we have proof positive of the truth, which have stamped bis commission of Comman

I am urging. The public saw a letter from der-in-Chief in the dirt, and, turning with his Royal Highness, sometime ago, redisdain from the idea of filthy lucre, left questing to be sent to Gibraltar, for being the mercenary part of mankind to share

governor of which he receives the pay. amongst them, the profits which he derives

This request was refused; and, as the Duke from ihe office. What! A prince of the kept, and still keeps, the office and its emoHouse of Brunswick, a son of King George | luments, in addition to his pension and also the Third, while glory calls him to foreign

to the profits of the colonelship of fuar fields, submit to stay at home to issue orders

battalions of infantry, must we not neces: for cutting the hair off the heads of the sol

sarily conclude, that his offer to go opon diers destined for the command of other actual service was rejected by the advisers of generals; to be a raiser of recruits, a su

the king upon the ground whereon the Dake perintendant general of the dress and the

of York's request, or offer, if it was really drill; to have the command, aye the chief made, was rejected; that is to say, that the command, of soldiers so long, and no ministers thought England the first and the longer, than they are not wanted to do the

dearest object (and well they may think it duty of soldiers ! No: again I say, it can- so!) and, therefore, though they wished not be. I will not, therefore, believe, and

well to the cause of Spain, could not ansnothing shall make me believe, though th , wer it to their consciences to aid that cause by the sending away of the royal generals, or has been told, that it will be impossible in whom, in case of invasion, the people. for time even to wear away the infamy of would, of course, have more confidence the Spanish nobility assembled at Bayonne, than in any other generals, and whose and afterwards becoming the servants of known skill and courage would make up for Joseph Buonaparte, while the people of a wint of discipline in the hasty levies, call- Spaip are fighting for their freedom against ed forth in defence of the country.-- -Here, this same Buonaparte. This writer foresees, then, without seeking any further, is a very that men in general will ask why English good and sufficient reason for the offer of blood should be shed for the purpose of restorthe royal chief having been rejected. Let ing to splendour so vile and rascally a crew, us, therefore, hear no more of “ former Therefore it is, that he is anxious to make failures;" and let us attribute all the in- his readers believe, that the Spanish nobles sinuations of the Morning Chronicle to that did all under compulsion. To be sure, it party defeat, which the Whigs experienced, is a most confounding fact, that a winole it is thought, chiefly through the generalship royal government, King, Prime Minister of the Duke of York.

and Nobles, all go off upon an invitation, SPANISH RevoLUTION. If it be true, and make a surrender of the kingdom to the that Joseph Buonaparte bias quitied Madrid, enemy, while the people, the moment they There is one rascally government at an end, are gone, take up arms so meet that enemy, at any rate. · There is no longer any consoli- and are actually proceeding in a way that dated despotism in Spain, and, let us hope, would encourage one to hope, that they may that there never will be again. It being not only beat that enemy, but, finally, secure reported, that the vile nobility, who attend- the freedom of their country.

This is a ed Joseph to Madrid, have, upon perceiving confounding fact indeed. It is impossible that he was likely to fail, deserted bim, some to deny it; and, therefore, all manner of of our despotism-defending prints, particu- shifts and tricks are resorted to, for the purlarly the Morning Post, says that it thought, pose of keeping it out of sight. Either all along, that these nobles had been en- the royal family and nobles were forced from trapped at Bayonne, had been forced to Spain, or they were not. if the latter, publish sentiments foreign from their hearts, then all ihe pretexts about compulsion vanish aud that this desertion of Josepii is a proof into air ; and, if they were forced away, that the opinion here stated was correct. they were forced awsy in the presence of Now, it occurred to rue, that this desertion thonjvery people who have now risen in arms was a proof of consummate baseness, if to detend themselves and ibeir country, but any such proof had been wanting; for, if which people, and no part of which people, the nobles had been entrapped at Bayonne, attempied to take up arms for the sake of the if they had actually been forced to go there, royal family and the nobles. -----I his writer, and when there to make speeches against and several oihers of the same stamp, hardthe Bourbons and in favour of the Buona- ly excepting the Morning Chronicle, unpartes; if this had been the case, they willing to utter a word that shall seem to would have deserted Joseph the moment favour the notion of Spaniards being fightthey got into Spain ; but (if it be true that ing for the purpose of establishing a free they have now deserted him), 'they stopped, government, and yet not knowing very well we find, 'till they have reason to believe, how to write upon ihe subject without now that he will be worsted. But, the fact is, and then introducing the object of the giorithat there was n:o force employed to get them ous efforts which tile people of Spain are to Bayonne, any more than to get the royal making; these writers, thus embarrassed, family there. The whole tribe went upon a do, I perceive, until they see which way sommons, which took the name of an in- things are likely to go, which way

Whischall vitation. There was not a French soldier and Lloyd's may settle the point, talk about employed to escort them to Bayonne ; and, the people of Spain fighting for their indeas to the nobles, they were not even sum- pendence. They reprobate the idea of a moned, or invited. One or two of the nation's giving up its ind-pendence. The Bishops sent their professions of allegiance people of Spain, they say, are engaged in to Napoleon, without being asked for any ; the glorious cause of independence. Not it nay, is it not notorious, that the putting of syllable do they say abont the freedom, or Joseph upon the throne was preceded by the happiness, of the people of Spain. Not applications to that effect, made by persons a word about their throwing oil th: yene in Spain and not at Bayonne ? The truth

of oppression, which they have so long is, that the wretched defender of despotism, worn, and which oppression has, in tuet, to whose print I have referred, perceives, been the only cause of, first, their degradina

by the "

tion, and, secondly, the invasion of their and bis feilvw labourers woull refrain from country. Not a word do these writers say !!!tering such vehement Philippics against upon these heads, but, they rio, the changes, the introduction of foreign princes and tours. over and over again, upon the very convoca! One of the standing charges aga list Baci.:word independence. -------But, what do they parie is, that he is rud a Fyrrichman; and mean by independence

Do they meal),

that he prefers havio Corsicans and liais that state in which a nition or people is not about his person. This may as well reais dependent upon the will of anoher nation, unsaid, und I bugile wiiters ill question du

people, government, or chiei? If so, it Jy to weigh the thing in their minds. .appears to me, that the p:ole oto Spain, AUSTRIA. -If warfake piace lettest unless they are bent upon establishing an en

Austria and Fiance, alint we carry on IL: tirely new government, are aching very incon- wir in Spain for the restoration of the od sistently, and are, indeed, sheduling their blood family, then the old game is begimning 1or a purpose precisely the contrary to idat agnio. Moro subsidies, more line liva which hey wish to accomplish; for, as to their Whitehall, and a result much about the old government, it was always in a state of same as the last.--Dur villainous piniga d-pendance upon France; and, ihe govern- papers express a most ansious hope, ta ment which Napoleon las proposed to thein Austria is bent upon wir; that, stimulated seems very weil calculated to proville, in

glorious example of Spain," she time at least, against any sucli dependei:ce is resolved to make one more effort againg in future. . To b: sure, the Bayonne Coosti. the tyrant of the earth. The example u tution, like most others in the storld, will, I Spain! Why, man, do you consider isla daresay, admit, upon a pinch, of a littlealter:- she must do, in order to begin to follow thu tion; but, in the meanwhile, it is impossi- eximple? She has an Eviperor, an Eripurpose ble that king Joseph can make the country a whole royal family, with all the old se more dependent upon France than it was be- of courriers, male and female; all her pas fore; and, in words, at least, this constituie ders and parasites; and every thing, of whic tion does restore to the people of Spain some- Spain has not a fragirent lelt. The exam thing like an enjoyment of free:dom, some- of Spain, indeed! Why, the Spaniards sul thing like sécurity for property and life.- fered a French army to come to their very The Morning Post exclaims - What a dis- capital without an attempt to resist them

grace, wh:t ad infumy, to subinit to a and, according to your assertion, they set foreign yuke!" anl, he most severely re- fered the French to force away their kid proaches even his friends, the Bayonne Gran- and queen and all their princes and minis dees, for having, ezen under compulsion, ters; and, that being done, they begann given the sanction of their names to the fight the French, and 10 endeavour to ejec bringing in of a mean, beggarly, furciyn fa thein from their country. Now, do yot mily, and placing then upon the throne. really wish the Austrians to do the same But, surely, my friend of the Morning Post I imagine, that what you wish is, that thi suffers his zeal tu get astride upon his relson). Austrians may follow the example of th Surely he does not take time to reflect; if he Spaniards merely in resisting the French did, he would certainly have been cautious leaving all things just as they now are it how he had condemned, in terms so unqua: their government, in which wish I ain de lified, ine introduction of foreigners and the cidedly of opinion you will be disappointed placing of them upon the throne; for he I can, for my part, discover, in the peopk must have recollected, that in certain cases, of Austria, no motive for resisting iht such events, though accomplished, too, by: French, which they had not previous to the the aid of foreign troops, brought in through, battle of Austerlitz. I can discover no rea• the instrumentality of domestic nobles, are son for supposing that Austria should be termed “ GLORIOUS REVOLUTIONS." more fortunate now than she was to co We are here veiiber saying nor suposing į and, I am fully persuaded, that whatever any thing, one way or the viher, about the

money may be sent her from this count characters of the parties introduced, or of wili do us no more gooi than was done by the cause of introduction ; but, we may, I any and all of the imniense soms which sbe think, venire to say, that the simple fact of has heretofore received from us. The a foreigner's being placed upon the throne of Austrians are composed of materials very a country, and of foreign troops being different from those which go to the making brought into it, cannot. lg Englishmen, be up of a Spaniatd. The Germans do not very decently urged as a decided proof of a loss easily catch fire. They look well and long of indenendence. Nay, I am of opinion, that at danger before they encounter it. They it would be fuil as well if the Morning Post act upon the wiss maxim, that "We better

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