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tvar against England; for, no treaty has send him to fight the battles of the Spanbeen made with him ; no peace has been iards, while she set the family of Baring, made with him, or with any person acting at the head of the turtle-patriots, to celeunder his authority. It has been declared, brate his deeds in arms, and to pumber him that we are at peace with the Spanish nation; amongst“ our gallant associates in liberty." but, not a word has been said about peace This shews, that, as Rousseau observes, with a king of Spain. Ferdinand is in we are all good for sonieining or other." France, and ast act which we hear of, Some for fighting and some for having as bis, was a declaration that he had made a wives. voluntary sarrender of his authority as king Duke OP YORK. -I have lately read, of Spaint, and as heir to the Spanish throne. in several of the news-papers, a great deal But, the turtle-patriots wanted a something about tbis " illustrious person," as they all to set up against Buonaparte, and it mat- have the grace and good-manners to call tered, lo them, very little indeed who, or hin; but, though I have been long enough what, it was.
It was a dread of Buonaparte, used to their language, I do not distinctly and not a love of freedo!11, by which they understand what they mean. It would were inspired. They will not, however, seem, that there had been a design, on the get the nation to adopt their sentiments. part of somebody or other in the governHundreds and thousands would willingly ment, to send the Duke as commander in venture even their lives in the cause of chief of our armies in Spain and Portugal ; Spanish freedom; but the turtle-patriots and, I supposed, of course, that this meawill find nobody fool enough to hazard any sure was to be adopted, because, at present, thing for the sake of Ferdinaud VII, whom there was no danger of invasion, and, of there is no man, vot a peculator in one way course, no immediate need of any exertion or another, that does not wish to keep of the skill and courage of the royal person where he is, as being the fittest place for in question. But, from an article in the bim, who gave up the sword of Francis I. Morning Chronicle, wliich has just reached
-The victory of Castanos and DB me, I am inclined to think, that I have TILLY over Dupont is of great importance, misconceived the meaning of these writers, be the object of the war what it may; for, who, though differing very widely upon it will tend to.lengthen the contest; and, if almost every other subject, perfectly agree there be a long contest, let us hope, that upon this. I have been not a little surprized new men will arise, and, by degrees, ex- at this uncommon coincidence in sentiment, tinguish the miserable tools of the despot. and have made some very earnest efforts to If the people have to bleed for what they get at a correct account of the cause of it. win; if they suffer severely for the purpose At first, I attributed it to the general dread of keeping out a foreigo despot, let us hope, of leaving this island without a Commander that they will not again yield their necks 10 in Chief, at a moment so critical, when an a despot of native growth. This Count unlucky accident to our fleet, co-operaDe Tilly is, I believe, a Frenchman, á ting with an easterly wind, might, in circumstance, which, I suppose, the news- twenty four hours, have brought fifty paper editors tbought of too little interest to thousand Frenchmen, with a General notice. In 1798, nr 1799, he was amongst Prune (Lord preserve us!) at their head. the emigrants in Philadelphia, wbere he was But, I soon found, that this dread was not married, by a methodist preacher, to a $0 prevalent as I had imagined ; and, from daughter of the late Mr. Bingham, and the article I am about to quole, it would which danghter, after having been divorced appear, that the objection to the departure from the Count by an act of the legislature of the royal commander bad ariser frem of the State, was, I have heard, inarried to different motives.
It seems, from this a son of Sir Francis Baring. The Count, article, that some one has written, and from precisely what consideration I know caused to be printed, an address to the not, left Philadelphia, soon after the mar- cabinet ministers, censuring them for listenriage, and it was said, that he went to ing to the public voice as to the talked of Spain. If it be the same man, and I see appointment of the royal soldier as comno reasoii to suspect the contrary, he is mander in chiet in Spain and Portugal.about forty years of age, a very gay and “ We have,” says the editor of the Morn. very clever man, and a man likely to be ing Chronicle, in his paper of the gth inengaged in dashing enterprizes. If the stant,“ seen a printed address to the cabinet Count and I were to meet again, we should “ ministers (which, however, we believe is hardly forbear expressing our admiration of "only confidentially handed about), upon the freaks of Madam Fortune, who chose to, " the subject of the appointment of his royal
highness the Duke of York to the com. upon the merits of the royal commander be " man l of the army destined for foreign correct or not, I shali not attempt to decide; “ service. The object of it is, to persuade | but, one thing! may, I think, venture to “ the present ministers of the crown that the assert, without the risk of committing an “ judgment generally passed upon the merits error, and that is, that if, from whatever “ of his royal highness is most injurious | cause, the ministers, have, as this news pa. " that it cannot be justified by a review of per insinuates, refused to suffer the royal or his past services, but that it has been chieftain to go to Spain after application
hastily fornied upon the false representa- made by him for that purpose, they are, in "tions of newspapers and other periodical justice to that royal person, bound to lay that " writers, who delight in nothing so much cause before the public, seeing that the royal “s 'as in severity of remark; and, in tine, chieftain still has the command of all ibe “ that ministers, instead of suffering them- numerous troops kept on foot for the purpose “selves to be guided by public opinion, ought of defending this country against the very to govern it, by acting in defiance of the
same sort of enemy, that he would have to popular sentiment. The writer, however,
encounter in Spain or Portugal. This writer “ has been rather injudicious in the choice talks of the “ uniform frilure" of the royal " of his arguments, when it is considered captain ; b:it, without stopping to inquire
to whom they are addressed, for, without into the fact, is it, if such fact be true, a
affecting at all to disguise the uniform good reason for not sending the royal com. “ failure of the military enterprises of the mander abroad, and also a good reason for “ Duke of York, he endeavours to shew keeping him in the chief comınand at home, “ that all his failures ought to be attributed where the emoluments of the office are so
not to any want of science in his royal | very great ? Would not “ failure” here, “highness, but to the administrations - be as fatal to us as failure in Spain? It cano " der which he acted. The siege of Dun- not be that this is the real cause; for, if it " kirk, for example, he ascribes to the were possible that any set of ministers would, « silliness of Mr. Pitt and his colleagues, for such a reason, not suffer a commander “ in suttering themselves to be deceived by to go abroad, and were still willing to suffer
a ruse de guerre of the cabinet of Vienna; him to remain commander in chief at home, " and the unfortunate capitulation of the it is quite impossible that any man, I will not “ Helder, he represents as the inevitable say any prince of the blood, but any thing “ result of General Abercrombie's impru- having even the outward shape of manhoed
, “ dence, in allowing himself to beinfluenced should continue in such command. Why, or by the advice of Johnstone, the smuggler, the dogs in the street would bark, the cats “ a'id the total want of judgment manifested would miaw, the very chickens would coco " at that time by Lord Melville, who was COC-coe, at the approach of a creature so " at the head of the war department. The loathsomely base." Dismiss from your min!, “ former part of this insinuation is of too therefore, my honest reader, all the notions, " foul and false a nature not to be repelled which may have been inbibed through the " with scorn by every one who recollects insinuations of articles like that abore. “ the exalted character of General Aber- quoted ; and believe, like a faithful and “ crombie, and the accusation against Lord Joyal subject, that there is some very sufficia • Melville we shall leave to those to answer ent and honourable reason for the royal com: " who feel more interested than we do in mander's remaining at home. I beg you 10 " that noble person's character. But upon remark, too, that these insinuations are " the whole, we do not think the present thrown out by men, who are but too apt 10
address very well calculated to make accuse other's of a want of attachinent lotbe proselytes in the present cabinet. One
person and race of the sovereign. ) always • obvious inference which the public said, that, when it came to the pinch, we " would draw from it (were they permit. should be found to stick most steadily to the " ted to see it) is this, that when, in royal family. Their fatterers now show 2 “ the case of any great military disaster, disposition to skulk; but, I trust, we shall " the officer who commands is not brought be firm at their side, as long as there is a feabefore a court martial, the minister
ther and a drop of ink to be found. “ zho appointed him ought to be im. Butley, August 10, 1609.
peached." It is not for me, who live at such a distance from the all-enlighten
SPANISH REVOLUTION. ing metropolis, to pretend to meddle much Sir ;-It is a face to be lamented, but with such high matter." Whether, which we collect from daily experience, that Therefore, the judgement generally passed integrity of principles and virtuous demeanor
are not always rewarded with kindness and enforced such an opinion by a discovery that esteen; but this reflection with a man who
property was unalienable, from which (if soars above the sordid baseness of the
it were true) the only inference I can collect world, fortunately stimulates, . not damps, is, that no act of the people can prevent the the generous ardour of his mind. I tint, crown from lineally descending; in which Dr. Coobeit, that your sentiments upon ihe case, as it should seen, the people are disubject of Spanish patriotism have met vested of all possible right of interfering with the disapprob.stion of a correspondent
with the crown. Whether monarchical who subscribes himself “ Scoto-Britan
power takes its origin from a contract with nus." How long that gentleinan may The people, or exists as of Divine right, has have plumed and cherished himself under been for ages asserted either way, as party the wing of sovereign power, I know not ; interest has predominated ; but what judg. but though his gratitude may be applauded ment a dispassionate unbiased mind wouid i bis universal zeal for potentates, not form, who, without supernatural grace, coleven excepting the family of the Bourbons, lecis bis information from the experience of I can::ot hold i hat virtue as an apology either things as they pass before his eyes in this for igaorance or wilful misrepresentation. material world, I think there can be listle Your correspondent's observations, in the doubt. Mr.Home has observed, that theory introdactory part of his letter, on the is in favour of all kingly power originating right of celing a sovereignty, are built in popular contract, but that experience is upon the following position, which Scoto. against it. How it happens that the latter Britannus lays down as an axiom ; namely, is true I should imagine to be this ; that by that “ in private properly no man can the supineness and inuctivity of one side of
cede his right of inheritance or pos. the contracting parties, the other has been "session. This right belongs not to him suffered to establish a power which has enu
exclusively, but to bis family. He is a blert him to hold the contract at definncı; and “ mere life renter. From his ancestors his though there be an axiom in the English “ inheritance was acquired, and to his own constitution “ihat so right can exist withposterity it must be faithfully transmitted."
out a remedy," yet I tear it is an axiom Now, Sir, there must really be a strange very often incapable of being realized. Now, rernacular property in the atmosphere of Mr. Colbett, I perfectly accord with your Scotland that could induce a man to make so sentimenis respecting Spain. I hold it, with Bolest and extraordinary a declaration as the you, to be the bouoden duty of this cou!!try present. That because a man derives an to give the Spanish Patriots the most disinte. inheritance from his ancestors, it must rested assistance in her power Spain is now be therefore faithfully transmitted to his in arms against the universal enemy of law posterity, is so adverse to truth, that daily ! and liberty, and it becomes every man of inand hourly experience contradicts the asser-dependent principles to aid and assist hier in tion. Do we not every day see a profligate resisting the tyrani's grap; bui in so doing, heir dissipating the estate which his ances- what right there can exist to interfere in the tor has left him? Are not men daily dis-, intornal regulation of the country, with whom posing of inheritances which they enjoy by our arms are i be united, quite passes my de-cent, by public auction, and private con- conception. Scolo-Butannus, who deals in tract? So copriry to the fact is the asser- the ararvellous in point of argument, is für tion of Scoto-Britannus, that the perpetuat. making the restoration of the Bourbons a ing estates in faunilies called for legislative sine quâ non of our assistance ; and as a interference so long as four centuries ago, reason, he asserts “ that the practice of inter. and the thing is rendered impo-sible by a tering in the regulation of interual go. solemn act of parliament. But what occurs vernment irrminates always in the neirio to me, Mr, Cobvest, as the most extraordina- " went or ruin, either of the ussisting or ty, is, that this strange gratuitous assertion “ of the ussistant;" and to excmploy this, le should be made for the purpose of establish- ! states an historical fact,th, 11 ihe ancient Briing that “.
a sovereign is the delegate of his tons, by calling in the axons aud Normans anbjects, to wliom, according to the natuite to assist thein in organizing their legislaiure, " of the government, is entrusted the ma- became the slaves of their assistanis How
nagement of the public affairs, and the chi can shew that we ought to impose on " foriberance of ibe laws of the nation ” I Spain, as the terms of our assistance, that accord perfectly with Scoto Britannus that Ferdinand the Vilih, or any oiber of the " 2 sovereign is the delegate of his subjects," Bourbons, should be established as their niobat I really should have sailed round the narch, I profess not to bave sagacity enough compass many times before I should have to penetrate. If the people of Spain are
the delegates, in whom the power of ap- 4 and glowing panegyricon “ Ma. Cose o? pointing a monarch or ruler is inherent, no. NOHFOLK," which appeared in your Register thing can be so clear, as, that, if they wish a few weeks since.-do most sincerely to be governed by a Bourbon, they will adopt cougratulate our “ beloved representative, " that mode of government; but if they have (to whom I am zealously attached), on the no such inclination, and we interfere and in- inestimable acquisition of such a partizan! sist on their being governed by Ferdinand He has long been strenuously supported by the VIlth, or in any measure dictate a go. a great proportion of our « large-acred vernment to them, what are we doing but men," wlio have powerful and necessary following the very footsteps of those Saxons influence over the free suffrages of " inde. and Normans who displease Scoto-Britannus " pendent yeoinen." He has also been not for having most un principally subjugated tbe a liitle indebted to other friends, who can ancient Britous ? Scoto-Britannus, (who. play with consummate skili every card of probably nestles himself in some snug birth the Party Game, from the knave to the within the air of royalty) I rather apprehend, deuce. But, what are all these, compared thinks it improper to rerin those slaves wbo with a Man of Genius, gifted with that have a monarch set over them, though against magic mastery of words, which, in every their inclination. But if Scoto-Britannus free government, ancient or modern, has
ill consult the lexicon of that favourite ot been known to have such astonishing effects mis country, I mean Dr. Johnson, he will on the minds of the people? 1 caouot discover, that slavery may be defined to be doubt, that these voluniary and generous the incapacity of a sane rational mind 10 efforts of such a man as Mr. Thomas Roope, act according to its inclination'; and that it on behalf of such an one as “ Mr. Coke of would be as much slavery for the Spanish
« Norfolk," will very materially promote nation to have a Ferdinand the Vilib reign the good cause, and forward the wishes of over them, if contrary to their inclination, as the most truly “independent yeomen" of it would have been for the Swedes to have our county. I particularly anticipate the had a jáck-boot for a prime minister, which happiest effects, from the very judicious their indulgent master, Charles the XIIth, publication of that panegyric, in a handsome was inclined once to afford them I coosi- separate form, (lest your Register, Mr. Cob. der, Mr. Cobbett, that in affording aid to beit, should not give it sufficient publicity), Spain, we are governed, or ought to be so, from the liberal presentation of copies to by a principle, generous in itself, and which the Coffee-rooms in Norwich, and from can alone entitle our assistance to the appro
the distribution of thein among proper per. bation of an impartial world; I mean the sons, (I have one) even at that "scene that principle of detestation of tyrants and despots " is NOT KNOWN ELSEWHERE, the Sheep. of every description and of every climate ; " shearing at Ho kham." _Who this . Mr. that, as a country enjoying more genuine “ Thomas Roope" is, I cannot say that I liberty and freedom than can probably be exactly know. He now first appears before found in any other spot on the civ lized globe, the public; and, like other mighty geniuses, we are anxious to disseminate that freedom bursts forth at once in meridian splendour. to others, and to stem the strides of ghartly He is obviously a very shrewd observer, a despotism which, in the person of the French very logical reasoner, and a very fine writer. emperor, seeks the desiruction of each latent Certainly, Mr. Coke has not such another spark of liberty. If this be the basis of our writer 10 his back. The doer of late adconduct towards Spain, I most fervently dresses, &c. I do not think worth mentionhope it will prove succ-sstul; if it be noi, ing. But there is Dr. Parr--what is he to the same fate will most likely accompany it, " Mr. Thomas Roope ? " When a barrel which generally attends, sooner or later, all of gunpowder explodes, certainly it makes base and servile acts ; and instead of affording a dazzling flash, an alarming report, a prothe future historia, an agreeable theme for digious deal of smoke, and no little stiok. panegyrising the independent spirit of his But the first two are over in a moment, and country, will reluctantly compel him to the others last but a very short time. They throw down his pen, or, what will be inore are nothing to the celestial beams which grating, to blast hercharacter by recording the permanently warm, invigorate, and enlighten. transaction). --W. F. S.-Lincoln's Inn, Most certainly, it is not too bold a figure, August 2, 1808.
to say that " Mr. Thomas Roupe" writes
with a sun-beam! - Such is my decidDr. COKE OP NORFOLK.
ed opinion of him as an author. I can SIR, I have been much charmed and have no doubt, that he is moreover, “ a edified by Mr. Thomas Roope's eloquent gentleman of enlightened mind and libe
of so 16 do
« Coke's tenants are ") one of “ the most that since Mr. Coke became “ proprietor of * learned men we can boast, and of the “ the immense Iracts of land he now possesso "best practical, liberal, and enlightenedcul- “ es," the desert of “ Norfolk " is become " tivators of land ;"--one of the men a paradise ! These are not indeed the words w most reputed for their agricultural know- of Mr. Roope, but in a compendious form
ledge;" -a " fit associate for such digni- convey his obvious meaning. Before that “ fied men as Dukes of Bedford, and Mr. auspicious æra, who ever saw any "sheep,
Arthur Young ;"-most worthy to be " but such as disgraced the breeders of that * courted by Mr. Coke;"--and one of “ the “ animal?" Who ever
Who ever “ paid particular * first breeders of stock of every descrip: " attention to planting ? ' By whom was
tion."-But, Mr. Cobbett, among all bis barley and turnip sys'em introduced ?" escellencies, agricultural, literary, or phi- By whom were layers regularly sown? losophical, I am most particularly struck Who ever made the “ finest wheats " grow with these two-with that “ honest pride" in the “western district," which (as Mr. of conscious genius, which prompts him Roope elegantly observes) was “ conspicuous to pit himself plump against you, in the “ for its growth of rye." Who ever saw strite of “ opinion "mand with that artful men mow “corn on swamps, where before delicacy in insinuating censure, which must, they had walked up to their knees in waI should think, make you feel ingenuously " ter to mow off the rushes?" who had asharaed of your own blameable precipitan. “ farm-houses and stack-yards full of corn ?" cy, ia venturing to speak as you bave spoken, Who ever heard “heaths groan for the sicof the “ little talents and ambition
“ kle?" (which to say the truth, must be a great a man whom, it seems, you very alarming noise to the neighbourhood,) got know ! I must, however, declare, Who, before that time, saw a farmer's “ wife that I am equally pleased with your candour, “ take pride in shewing the management of in inserting this elegant and spirited rebuke, concerns within doors ?" (for which they which you canuot but severely feel. I am are so very remarkable now !) who ever knew only surprized you have not cried peccavi, maids receive public gifts for their good and am expecting it every week.-Really, “ conduct?" Who ever got the better of the fervour of Mr. Thomas Roope's senti- that boisterous bully the “ Gerinan Ocean," ments, and the splendour of his diction, till Mr. Coke got acquainted with "a man are powerfully affecting.-Pungent, stimu- “ of vast geological knowled,e, Mr. Wile lacing, titillating, they have caused a warın " liam Smith, mineralogist ?
Who ever and tingling glow within me--" scalpuntur' thought of any one of ali lese things? To inima ?". And as it is obvious, that bis most of these questions, if not to all, I am intention was by no means to excite the well aware, that some persons pretend risibility of his readers, I can account for to have answers to give, many and dithese feelings no otherwise, than by suppos
verse and all on
as ready as a borrower's ing he must have meant to provoke their cap.”. Bat to every one of them, Mr. mincturiency; that by a surer criterion than Roope and I answer pro:nptly and decidedly, the " temperality of the palsidge,” he might NOBODY." No abuse, Hal, none; none, form
a proper diagnosis of the cases he has " Ned, none; ne, boys, none!" TI taken in hand, and consequent hopes of mun of NORFOLK has bimself individually cure. But it should seem that you are sul- accomplished all this good; and I will prelenly determined not to be cast! Yet a sently make it as clear * as the sun-beams in second dose, though weaker than the first, a cucumber," which Mr. Roope has not is sometimor known to insure its effect. done What! Is he not “ Knight of the Let me try to administer it. As I despair “ Shire to represent us all ?" Did he not
writing like Mr. Thomas Roope, I en- tell us at the famous l'arley meeting at Nordeavour to compensate for my deficiency, | WICH, of the solemn charge he had received by quoting him as much as possible ; and on a former similar occasion, from that great may
, perhaps here and there, in my own scatesman Mr. Fox, then in power, not to diction, catch some slight whiff of that allow the alarming question to be agitated, ethereal spirit, with which his pen is im. but to keep his county quiet ? Does not pregnated, and even super-saturated. So that sublime tiţie man of NORFOLK, (which that
, upon the whole, I hope we shall not he has been solicited," to bear) in its own have given you these repeated scourings in proper import iniply, that he absorbs and pain. I desire jt may be understood, that I concentrates in himself, all the inconsiderawrite, though by no means in concert, yet, ble good, which may perehance,, have becu la lhe most perfect harmony and coincidence done by others? Does be not "reign is