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obeying their sovereign, the persons who ders to return this answer to Cardinal Capcomposed his noble gvards, and some other rard, he received the note of the 301b of officers, bave been in prisoned.---To relieve March, which his eminence did him the the innocent, the holy father requires and honour of writing :o him. This pote has clains their liberation, which he was bither two objects in view ; the first to announce to demanded to go purpose, and which at the cessation of the powers of the legate of present ho claims again.-The undersigned the holy chair, to notity it against the orhaving faithully perforced the orders of his dinary forms and usages at the eve of holy holiness, has the opportunity ot renewing to week, at a time when the court of Rome, your illustrious lordsbin the assurance, &c. if it were still animated by a true evangelical! -CARDINAL GABRIELL':--To 11. Lefelvre, spirit, would fiel it its duty to multiply French Churged diluires.

spiritual succours, and to preach, by its No. VIII.---Copy of a Nole from his Er example, livion amongst the faithful. But

cellency it. de Champagne, to his Er- be it as it was, the holy father having with. cellency Curdinal Caprara.

drava bis powers from his eminence, the The undersigned minister for foreign af. emperor no longer acknowledges bim as fairs of liis majesty the emperor of the legute. The French church resumes the French, king of Italy, has laid before his full integrity of its docuine. Its knowmajesty the note of Cardinal Caprara, to ledge, its piety will continue to preserve in wich be is commanded to return the fol. France the Catholic religion, which the lowing answer :--The emperor cannot re- emperor will always consider it his glory to cognize the principle, that the prelates are defend, and cause to be respected. The not the subjects of the sovereign, under second object of the note of bis excellency whose authority they are born.-- As to the Cardinal Caprara, is to demand his passsecond question, the proposal of his majesty ! ports as ambassador. The undersigned has is, and from which he will never depart, the honour to enclose them. His majesty that all Italy, Rome, Naples, and Milan, sees with regret this formal demand of p.155shall enter into an cifensive and defensive ports, which the practice of modern unes treaty, for the purpose of removing from regards as a real declaration of war. Kome the peninsula commotions and hostilities.-- is then at war with France, and in this stale If the holy father accede to this proposal, of affairs, bis majesty is obliged to issue every thing is setiled.

If he refuse it, he the orders which the tranquillity of lialy announces by such a determination that rendered necessary.—The resolutior to prohe wishes for no arrangement, no pesce duce this rupture bas been chosen by the with the emperor, and ibat he is at war court of Rome at a time when it believes with him. The first consequence of war that ils arms are powerful enough to shew is conquest, and the result of conquest is that it may have recourse to other extremi. change of government: for if the emperor tiess, but iheir effects will be checked by is under the necessity of going to war with the illumination of the age. Temporal and Rome, is be not also under the necessity of spiriiual authority are no longer contounded. conquering it, of changing the government, The royal dignity consecrated by God himof establishing another which shall make self is above any attack. --The undersigned common cause against the common enemy wishes that the observations which he is orwith the kingdom of Naples? What other dered to transmit to Cardinal Caprara may guarantee could he have for the tranquillity induce bis boliness to accede to the proposal and security of Italy, if these two king- of his majesty. He has the honour to redonis were separated by a state, in which new to his excellency the assurances of their enemies would be certain of meeting bis highest consideration -CHAMPAGNY.a cordial reception. These alterations, be- Paris, April 3, 1808. come necessary if the holy father persists in his refusa will take away from him PORTUGAL.--Proclamation of the Magis. none of his spiritual rights. He will con- trate representing the People of Oporto, tinue bishop of Rome, as his predecessors termed the Judge of the People. were during the eight first ages, and under People of Porto, voble subjects of an inCharlemagne. It will, however, be a imitable prince, and brave restorers of his lesubject of grief to his majesty, to see the giomate rights:--On the 4th inst. (July), you work of genius, of political wisdom, and elected me (by the votes of the representaof understanding, destroved by imprudence, tives of the corporation) representative maobstinacy, and blindness.-At the very gistrate of the people of this voble and august moment that the undersigned received or- cily. After accusing you of a misplaced

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election, and imploring heaven to assist me over Europe; we know finally that he was in the faithful discharge of my duty, I crave an individual, without faith, belief, or reliyour attention to what I am going in say: - gion, and this prompied us to see the oporYou, on the isth of June, performed a tunity approaching, when we might teach deed, which, when inserted in the history that villain what is Portuguese valour, inheof our country, will, perhaps, stinsulate rited from those who subdued great part of jealousy among the asbes of inose heroes the universe, displaying their standards on who have bled for it ; you hive performed a almost the last barriers of the world ; and miracle, permit me the expressir.ll, for to this made us on the glorious 19th declare our die is but natural, and the act of bringing independence, and, proclaim in loud voices, to resurrection is an attribute of supreme

which reached heaven, the aligrist name of divinily; and the name of our august and our Don John VI. prince regent of Portugal; amable prince having been destroyed by the it was on this account that I saw ye, loved treachery of a tyrant, who substituted his countrymen, like men converted into wild (n name, ordering before our eyes the bests, running towards the plain of St. cummission of the most sacrilegious and Ovid, there to wait for the enemy resemmost horrid of all atrocious crimes, I mean bling hungry wolves who run towards laınbs, the deniolit!ou of the sacred painting, which Your hunger is not satiated, your rage inbrings to our memory the tive fountains creases, and you protest you will feed on the which isend on the heights of Mount C:l. blood of that portion of Frenchmen who inFary, to cleanse and wash the sins of the fest august Lisbon ; finally, nobi cly can reworld; I mean the tive wounds of our Re. press you! Ah! what heroic waits of rałour dzemer, ottired on the plains of Ourique to glow in the hearts of the Portoninus, and our first king, ás emblems of honour to be what aclımirable examples of Gidility will they blazoned on the standards; you brought not leave to posterity! Continue then, my everything to resurrection on the said beloved countrymen ; let lle consummation cay of the 18th, as on this very day of the glory of Porto be perfect. But hear the name of our sovereign appears mounted | me for a while, do not allow that glory to be high over the name of Kapolcon, picturing : tarnished or diminished by any action that to our imagination a true representation of your overleaping rage may diciate to you the archangel St. Michael, and on this same' without reflection ;-borour, let honour he day, ever memorable, from all parts rise 11 - our guide; let us not do any thing which santaneously the arms of the royal house of may displease the supreme council whicb goEraganza displaying greater brilliancy than verns 0g; reflect that it is composed of men chose thousand shields which are suspender! as wise as they are virtuous; and who toil from the tower of David! But what do I say? by day and by night to support the brilliancy A miracle ! My thoughts have misled me, of our glory: yes, government is the first the name of our angust never died among to lose its life for the country, and who as us; it always retained its lite, though sa - readily will make every traitor sufier; but crelly preserved in our bosoms, where our ordur is necessary in every arrangement; let hearts paid and devoted to bim the most us, therefore, consult government, let us humble adorations; and if, by an intrusive obey their directions. Government repreand treacherous exaction, we rendercel any sents the prince, and who does not obey it Vassalage to that monster of iniquities, to offends the prince : if we act against their that man called emperor of the French, it orders we destroy our own work; and it was the effect only of a refined lıypocrisy. will be praising the prince at one time, and Have we not brought to resurrection the ar- offending bim at another. See that justice my of Braganza, which, although they were is a part of God, and who offends justice demolished in the edifices, always existed offends God, and then greater evils will be untouched in the image of Jesus Christ, fall us than those caused by the tyrant.-painted with his most precious blood? Yes; I shall not treat you as your judge in the what we have done with the permission of plenitude of authority, but as your friend, heaven, bas been the natural result of the and the protector of your welfare; I there. Portuguese bravery and valour solely cootin- fore request you will lay before me all your ed by the orders given to us by our august on pretensions, which, if they exceed the li. the eve of his departure-not entirely con- mits of my jurisdiction, I shall offer them scious of the perfidy of the tyrant, we know to the consideration of the supreme govern. the treachery of Buonaparte, marked under ment, that it may resolve on your behalf. the cloaks of friendship; we know him to Let us not be despotic, for we offend heaven, be the chief of the numerous banditii spread and it endangers the harmony which should

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subsist among us; let us make our enemy, committee of council for trade and foreign bite himself with envy, to see that at the plantations, to acquaint you, that in consesame time that we are brave warriors, we quence of a recommendaiion from their lordlove one another with reciprocity. Let no ships, the lords commissioners of he admi. tumults or discordaut voices be heard among rally have been pleased to give instructions us, but only the repeated, cordial, and har to the admirals commanding on the Jamaica monious clamours of, long live the prince and Leeward Islands stations, and to sir Sidour lord, and long live bis faithful subjects. ney Smith commanding at ibe Brazils, to use -Joao DE ALMEIDA REBEIRO.

every means in their power, as well by sta

tioning cruizers as by the appointment of Moorish PROCLAMATION.-Courage to the convoys, for the projection of British and

Christiun; and to shew that we know all. Spanish vessels employed in the trade carried

Unfortunate christian,---Ala shews his on between the British free ports in the approbation to you in several ways. You West Indies, and the Spanish colonies in were first oppressed by a tyrant, avaricions of that part of the world, against the attacks of money, who robbed my cousin Charles of French privalters; and I am to request you his treasures, and you of your blood. He will communicate this information to the fell, and you acted very wrong not to treat merchants concerned in the trade above him with Zarra Zarra, which is as much as mentioned.-I am, Sir, &c. STEPHEN COTto say, not to cut off his head. Why did you not do so ?

Because you were asleep Since that time you have met with another AMERICA. (Circular Letter.) tyrant, ambitious of kingdonis, and he de- meeting of the president and directors of prived my cousin Charles of his throne, in- the bank of the United States, on the 13th cluding in the privation all his race, in order May 1808, the following report was approsed, to keep the possession to himself, and to come viz. --The committee appointed to consider before much lapse of time to deprive me also what measures ought in their opinion, to be of my throne. Arouse, christians! Ah, pursued by the directors of this bank, resFrench dog, wliy did you give opium to the pecting the stockholders of the United States' christians, to get possession of the principal funded debt, who reside in Europe, and persons, and to effect your entry without have empowered this bank to remit the diviexciting apprehension? Why did you not dends received on their account, respectuly enter sword in hand, that your objects may submit the following resolution :

:-*i bat be seen and the christians may treat you the cashier of this bank be, and be hereby with Zarra Zarra ? Christians, you have lost is, directed to inform the stockholders of the time! Desert this tyrant, as you regard United States' funded debt, who reside in yourselves. Let Seville be loyal, brave, and Europe, and have empowered the bank to firm in doing justice! Christians! attack / remit, for their account and rick, the divithese dogs, and defend the kingdom for the dends received thereon, that, during the son of my cousin ; and let that currish na. present embargo, and ihe general deranged tion be abhorred for ever. Courage, brave state of commerce, it will not be possible christians ! attack them, and let Ala the to purchase bills of exchange, except ai an great assist you. I entreat you to defend unusually high price, which must necessarily your kingdom, for my cousin, and for the subject those stockholders to a very heavy Englishmen likewise. Let all nations see loss : that, under circumstances so much to this, in order that they may know who the be regretted, it is the desire of the directors French dog is, and that they may rise of ibis bank, that the said stockholders would, against him. Sleep no

more, christians !

as soon as possible, give positive directions Noble Junta of Seville, do strict and severe to the cashier, either to continue his purchase justice on every traitor towards the Son of of bills, if any can be obtaived, at their my cousin, and may Ala reward you --All current price, and to remit them as usual, MAHOMET.--Tetuan, June 10, 1808. to their agents, or to have the amount of their

dividends remain to their credit on the books ENGLISH ORDER OF COUNCIL, relating to the of the United States, unless they should

Trade with Spain. -- Office of Committee prefer their being received and deposited for of Privy Council for Trade, Whitehall, their account at this bank. July 14, 1908.

Attested, “ D. Lennox, President." Sir,-I am directed by the lords of the G. Simpson, Cashier.

Printed by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydes Street, Cent

Garden, where former Numbers may be had: sold also by J. Budd, Cow.. and litre, Pall-Aill.

VL. IV. N. 7]


[PRICE 10n.


“ Lion feeders, lainb-like fighters....

-DRYDEN. 225]

[226 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. the cartdüds of sweet-meats, which the SPANIS! REVOLUTION. --0: Friday, tawdry wives and daughters of the citizens the sida instant, a grand dinner was given by were, with both hands at once, cramming the merchanis and bankers, to the Spanish down their throats; and, who will lay me a Depilt es, at the City of London Tavern, at guinea, that, if Napoleon were to give Wnih, it appears, that the kng's ministers peace and security to us, upon condition that Bleudet At this dinger, there were, it is l we would leave him to work his will with fasil, 100 persons present; and that ihey had Spain, a very great majority of those who upun the table, two thousand five hundred devoured the 2,500 pounds weight of turile Puuds wright of turll.. that being merely would not jump at the offer, and express 04: article of their food, another article great anxiety and uneasinesss for the send. consisting of forty or fifiy haunches of venia ing away of those very Spanish deputies, 304. How many hundreds of wretches bave who have now to support the calamity of wirked like galley slaves, upon bread and their caresses? -The fourth toast was, wer, to supply this glatonons past! It tve are told, " Kiny Fordivand VII, pitsa feast well calculated to inspire the sche which was, the reporier says, received with traents, which were ultered in the forin of loud applause, and even will enthusiasm, foists, and, through which 10.3sts, the fact To give this toast was, it is very probable, has been published to the world, that we the principal object of the meeting. In the ire to be taxe! for carrying on

a war in king's speech, at the close of the last session Spriu, not for the sake of giving liberty and of parliament, there was a talk about loyally, happiness to the people of that wretched hat nothing was binted as to whom it was v'ry, but for that of restoring the bate- the object of this country to set over Spain; ful despotisn that had so long prevailed, in the king's answer to the address of the ao1the last act of which was, to introduce a city of London, he is more explicit, declarPrench army, and to give up the royal au- ing that his sole object is to restore the onthority to frenchmen -In any other light cient government of Spain; but, still, there ban as the vehicle of this declaration, the was room for doubt. This meeting seenis gluttonous meeting would be unworthy of to have been regarded as the best vehicle of bocice ; for, of what consequence is it 10 convering to the public, in the first instance, Bwaparié what we say, or think, about the fact, that we are to pay and to fight for 11s attempts upon Sprin? And, especially, the Bourbons. The king's ininisters were of what consequence is it to any one, what prés ot; one of them was the orator for he London gormanlizers say, or link the Spanish Depaties; and, we may, there. about it? N.poleos would laugh at the fore, sately concluide, that they approved of did of an attack from the turtle patriots,

the toist. Indeed, it is well kno:sn, that, *.1, like the animal from which they take upon such occasions, the toasts and all the heir pame, would be easily caught napping, proceedings are generally laid down in writ. ml, if once overthrown, would quieily die ing, betoieland, and are submitted to the till he should find it convenient to destroy ministers, without whose consent not a sen. them. If we could beat Napoleon with timent is publiciy uttered. ----We may DA»ts and songs and lunes and doggerel and therefore, I think, look upon it as a settled with the hoisting of flugs, we should have point, that the object of our government is beaten him long ago. The last time I saw to restore the House of Bourbon to the the English Hag boisted in union with that of throne of Spain, and that, too, without an; viber bauen, it was intwined with any limitations whatever. This lihink a that of France, and, in the Guldhull of very unjustitiable enterprize. So fir from this same city of London, they wave over its doing good, supposing it to succeed, Ian the leads of ihe Mayor, the Alverner, and convinced it will do her tü every nation in

Upon that occasion Buona- Europe, and particularly to this nation. We parie's health was, I think, the second toast, sodil, moreover, it it be the object 10 place and, in point of satisfaction, given by it to Ferdinand upon the throne, be engacu in the company, it hardly seemed to yield to supporting an wurpation; fur, is i:


Mi. O to!

son ?

notorious that he deposed his father, and from him by order of Joseph Buonaparte, that the father has formally protested against or by order of Ferdinand VII ? Why, the the assumption of the royal authority by bis man that will fight for the sake of a choice

The father was an ideot," say between the two must be a downright brute. some; but, is that really a sufficient rea- We have all along been expressing our son for his son s pushing him from the hopes, that the erample of Spain may bave a throne ? Kings would be in

a perilo powerful effect in France, that the French ous way, if, upon pretence of their people many catch the fame, and finally being ideots, they could, at any moment, shake off the yoke, which Napoleon has bad be deposed. But, we are told, ihat the old the address to put upon their necks. But, if king abdicated his throne in favour of his son the war in Spain be carried on for Ferdinand, Ferdinand. And, has not Ferdinand since and, even if it should restore bim to the abdicated that same throue in favour of the throne, what good is that likely to do in enperor Napoleon ? If one was a forced France? What frame will there be for the abdication the other was not less s0; and, in people of France to catch ? How are they the latter case, there has been no protest at to profit from that example? Or, is there all, while, in the former case, there was a any one so very very stupid as to suppose, protest. So that, if any body be rightfully that the people of France, who, in spite of king of Spain, it is the old king and not the all Napoleon's acts of despotism, do not young one, unless we allow of the validity possess the lands and houses of former nobiof the several acts of abdication ; and, then, lity, clergy, and rich men, will, for the Joseph Buonaparté is the rightful king of mere pleasure of having a change of masters, Spain. The fact now appears to be, give up all those extensive and valuable posthat there were two parties in Spain, one for sessions ? If, indeed, the Spaniards wen the old king and the Prince of Peace, and to beat Napoleon, and establish a new goone for the young king, then the Prince of

vernment, promising the enjoyment of liv Asturias ; that the latter did, at last, pre- berty and property, then their esamples vail ; that they caused the old king to abdi- would be powerful with the French, and cate his throne ; and that, after Ferdinand might lead to consequences the most imporu had been frightened away by Murat, they tant, in all the nations of Europe. rose in arms to resist the French and for turtlo patriots, while they are toasting kig the purpose of causing Ferdinand to be re. Ferdinand VII, very consistently toast Fere stored. It is, therefore, this party only dinand IV, king of Sicily ; but, upno suck 2 who are fighting and writing against the an occasion, and in such a company, what French ; and, I am much afraid, that their had a toast in behalf of liberty to do? They object is not that of establishing freedom in toasted success to " our brave associates Spain. If this be the case, Napoleon will be liberty and arms." If we are to be the very little affected by the surrender of DUPONT associates of the subjects of Ferdinand, in and his army. He has not a people, but liberty as well as in arms, we want no cose inerely a faction to contend with ; a faction jurer to tell us what degree of liberty the has, and can have, no fixed principle of

of turtle-patriots would suffer us to enjor, action; difficulties will producedisagreemento The title-patriots do, in fact, wishfa amongst the leaders; and, one sweeping none of us to enjoy any thing worthy defeat pats an end to the insurrection. The of the name of liberty. They would execrate war now appears to be not for freedom from the cause of the Spaniards, it they thought oppression ; not for the purpose of keeping them engaged in the cause of liberty; and out a conqueror, not for the rights of the if they wish success to the arms of those who people ; but merely for a choice of despots. are opposed to Napoleon, in Spain, it is It is a war, in which two rival kings are because they dread the effect of an overa contending for the mastership over an en- throw of that system of government, by which slaved nation; and, as to the people of Spain, the people were held in slavery the most disthey have, if this be the case, really no graceful. If the contest is to be between Ferdia more interest in the issue, than the sheep or nandand Joseph, my decided opinionistbattle she swine of Spain. These latter will not, latter will remain king of Spaio ; and, wbatI warrant theni, be killed unless they have ever my wishes may be, the turtle-patriots good flesh upon their bones; and the former would rather that Joseph should be king, will not be robbed, linless they possess some- than that the war should terminate with the thing worth the taking away. If a man, or establishment of a free constitution.a nation, be enslaved, it is no nuatter who, toasting Ferdinand the turtle-patriots were or what, is his master. What signifies it to toasting an enemy of their country; aking * Spaniard, wheiber bis dinner be taken if they insist upon his being one, who is er

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