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all men of sense, and in this manner the have already announced to you.- But should merit which your might acquire, by gratify you still entertain the least apprehensions on ing yourselves to march against the enemy account of the small number of French of our native country, is undone.- Valiant sbips, which so much engage your attention, Spaniards, be therefore calm, arid prepare recollect, that we bave already with one for honourable conibat. Let us all endeavour voice proclaimed our firm determination not to perfect the vast plan which has been form- to obey any other sovereign than Ferdinand ed to attack the frontiers of our usurper.

VII. and that no advantage or opposition can The voice of reason has dictated to me these ever induce us to violate that obligation. observations, and, as commander in chief, And should on the other hand indignation I tell you, that I give you my word, that against the crews of the said ships urge you the French shall not shift the flag, or at least on to vindictive proceedings, bear in mind not hoist theirs ; any other measure would that you would thereby unavoidably occabring numerous misfortunes over ourselves.

sion the loss of 25,000 of your countrymen, Attempt nothing, because you would dis

who are in the north, and above all expose concert any plan ; I have already taken my ihe life of our sovereign Ferdinand VII. measures, and within twenty-four hours you who is in a worse situation than the said few shall witness the favourable consequences, ships, and whose life is so valuable to us, which we all desire.

that we are determined to fight for him.Address of General Morla, at Cadiz, May | Do not, therefore, harbour any mistaken 30, 1808.

notion, and rest satisfied, that it you act as Beloved SPANIARDS.-The Deputy of Spaniards, I shall never separate my destiny the people, whom I empowered personally from that of Spain—"To die or conquer, to treat with General Rosilly on the present is my motto : let no other resound in your circumstances, having discharged his trust, breast. I now proceed to acquaint you with the re- Account of the first Batıle between the Spansolt. This gentleman has given me a very

ish Patrives and the French, published ly minute account of the conferences which the Supreme Board of Government at he had with the said general ; the most im- Seville. June 8, 1808. portant point of which is, that, supposing For the satisfaction of the public, that 10 formal rupture to have as yet taken place, all may know the real extent of the kind of the same treatment ought to be continued

misfortune which has befallen our troops, towards persons belonging to the French na- and that it entirely arises from this circunfion, as ihey have hitherto experienced, un- stance, that the troops, composed of ina til Napoleon shall have given his decision on

habitants, did not fight so bravely as they the prayer addressed to him, to restore to ouglrt to have done, since, had they acquitas our august sovereign, Ferdinand VII.;

ted themselves properly, the French army the nation universally demands him ; ready would have been completely destroyed, and to shed the last drop of blood in defence of that the people may thereby be excited to this cause, and declaring that in order to wipe off this trifling blot from their scutcheon obtain the restoration of our said sovereign, by their ardor and steadiness in the field. leave should be given to his ships, which This supreme board of government, orders are lying in this bay to depart.-We have the publication of the two following letters, nothing to fear from this squadron ; on the one of which is from an officer commanding contrary, by the change of position made the van, confidently expecting and enjoining by our fleet, it is surrounded in such a man- every one for the safety of the country, to ner, that it inust be ours, if the reasonable

display, in such actions as may be fought. proposal which has been made, should be

for the future the discipline, vigour, and rejected. - Under these circumstances, my steadiness, which have ever been characterdear countrymen, I only charge you to ob istic of true Spaniards, and which are so serve strict subordination to the chief, whom necessary under the existing critical circum-. you shall elect : because I shall this instant

stanc when they become an imperious duresign my place, if you do not judge me fit to command you ; but if you renew the

The Rev. Ana election, and leave me in the post which I thony Cebreros, a clergyman, who had occupy, I alone have to command ; no per- at Cordova the management of the teler son is to prescribe 'conditions to me, and no graph which had just been destroyed, person shall demand of me hazardous ac. presents himself before the board at three in tions, which would merely tend to the dis- the morning, and relates that at two in the memberment of the nation, and in some afternoon the French began to batter and measures to frustrate the vast plan, which I force the New-gate of the said town,

"Most Serene SIR,

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and that the action comnienced about four surrender of the French squadron, of five in the morning -All the officers agreeing, line of battle ships, and one frigate, in the that if the armed inhabitants had kept their harbour of Cadiz, to the Spanish arms, ch ground though ever so short a time, no trace the 14th instant; on which day the Spanish would have been left of the French; the colours were flying in all the French sbips, troops of the line have distinguished them. The particulars of this important and inte. selves, and more especially their provincial resting event will, no doubt, be fully grenadiers and their commandant D. Juan communicated to your lordship by lord Col. Maria de Morales. The staff, with a con- lingwood. It is also very satisfactory siderable part of the army under Echvarri, for me to inform your lordship, that the remained at three in Mango Negro with a movement I have made to this quarter, at great quantity of amniunition and ordnance, the request of general Morla, has been atone piece of cannon excepted, which is tended with the happiest effects. The said to be left behind in consequence of the French troops are retiring in every direction carriage having been broken ; which ac- towards Lisbon, except some very insignifi. count, signed by the said clergyman, is cant parties left to occupy the different small thus laid before your highness for the cor- forts and posts on this side of Portugal. responding purposes. May Gol, &c. (Signed) The Portuguese people are rising in all parts

, -ANTHONY CEBREROS, and D. JOSEPH encouraged greatly by our presence here; and MARIA ROMORA.

the Spanish frontier on the Guadiana is thus Most SERENE SIR,-In conformity to essectually secured from any attack of the the instructions which I received the mo- Freuch. ment I was leaving Cordova, which major TROM GEN. SPENCER, 21. JUNE, 1808. Alveaz brought me from your bighness, and My lord, --The French fleet having sure ! collecting all the troops which I found dis- rendered on the 14th, and the Spanish com. persed in my way, I came back to this town

missioners having since embarked for Enat half past 11 at night, 10 wait for your gland, I beg leave shortly to recapitulate tbe further orders.' The action which had been different events which have led to these dedoubtful for two hours, was decided in fa- sirable objects and to state to your lordship your of the enemy, by the precipitate flight the present situation of Spain and Portugal, of the armed inhabitants, whom I found it as far as I have obtained correct information. impossible to keep in their ranks. The pass of -The general feelings of the Spaniards the bridge of Alcolea was glorieusly defend- had been for some time excited to the uted, both by onr artillery and the brave Lasala, most degree of indignation at tbe conduct of who had under his orders 100 volunteers of the French. The information of the forced Campo Mayor and Provincial Grenadiers.--- renunciation of the crown of Spain by Charles ! I can assure your highness, the pass cost tl:c the Fourth, Ferdinand, and all the royal enemy upwards of 200 killed or woundeu, | family in favour of Bonaparte, appeared to be and that they lost nearly as many in the red- the signal of universal opposition to the views counter with our cavalry. I'or our part, I of France --The council of Seville, will send positive intelligence to your high- the principal provincial jurisdictions in Spain ness as soon as I receive the returns from the have laid hold of some statutes in their conrespective commandants of corps. In the stitution, which autborises their rejecting mean while, from those in my hands, and the orders of the supreme council of Mafrom what I have seen, I am convinced that drid, when that capital shall be in the power the number of both will not amount to thirty. of foreign troops.

They have therefore as-(Signed) Peter AUSTIN DE ECHEVERRA. sumed an independent authority in the name To his Most Serene Highness Francis de Sa- of Ferdinand VII, whom they have provedra, and the Supreme Board of Seville. claimed king; and after some previous steps,

they have formally declared war against Letters from Gen. Spencer, Lord Colling. | France, and have appealed to the Spanish * wood, Capt. Creyke, and Capt. Digly, nation to support them; and their suprerelative to the affairs in Spain and Portu- macy has been acknowledged by the councils gol, written to the Secretary of State, of several other provinces.

In Andalasia and to the Lords of the Admiralty, from they collected from fifteen to twenty thou" the coast of Spain and Portugai.

sand regular troops, and have put arms in FROM GEN. SPENCER, 17 JUNE, 1808. the hands of upwards of sixty thousand

My lord, -I avail myself of the oppor- peasants. General Castaneos is appointed tunity afforded by the passing of the Nau- commander in chief; and I understand they tiles from lord Collingwood to sit. Charles propose, out of the first levies, to augment Cotton to congratulate your lordship on the ihe establishment of the old regiments to

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double their present numbers. Provincial for their own use; nor has there been much assemblies are also forming in most of the loss of men on either side. The governor large towns, and different depots fixed upon some days since (and before I came here) for raising volunteers. They have a pro• requested of Major General Spencer to proportion of near 4000 cavalry, and a large ceed to Avamanie, to oppose a detachment quantity of artillery, as Seville is a foun- of the French army, which was said to bę dery, and one of the largest depots in Spain. marching from Portugal by the coast; and

-All accounts agree, that in every part yesterday the transports proceeded, under of Spain the insurrections have commenced the protection of the Zealous, to that quara almost at the same period ; many sanall de- ter, where the Windsor Castle had contachments of the enemy, and many officers ducted a detachment the day before. have been cut off. Gen Dupont was on his June 15.-The governor of Cadiz has notinarch to Seville, and had already passed fied to me, that the commissioners will be the Morena Mountains, when the insurrec. ! ready to embark in two days. As the Retion took place. He has pushed on to Cor- venge has been stationed near the town, dova, and, by the intercepted dispatches, we where sir Jolin Gore has had much interlearn, he is strengthening himself there, course with the governor and chiefs in com. and proposes to wait for reinforcements. In mand during the late operations, and witthe mean time, the Morena pisses in his nessed the temper and disposition of the rear have been occupied by 5000 Spaniards; people, I have ordered that ship to receive the road is broken up ; and I trust all com- thein, that he may give to his majesty's mimunication has been cut off. -General nisters the information they may desire of D'Alril bad received orders to join him at what has come within his observation as tothe Seville with 4000 men who were to assem- present state of this part of Spain. ---Applicable at Alcorentia, but our arrival off Aya- tion has been made to me this evening by the monte, and the arming of all Spain, and supreme council of Seville and the governor the alarms in Portugal, having prevented of Cadiz, to give a passport to a Spanish this movement, I trust that general Junot frigate and four dispatch vessels, to carry to will not now be able to detach any troops the seve al governments and presidencies in from Portugal, though we understand the West Indies, intormation of the events

have been collected at which have happened in Spain, and their Elvas, but I do not think it can exceed instructions to the governors : and also that 4000 men, though the reports of its strength a sloop of war may take out officers, to that are very various. At Faro the Portuguese country, whose presence there is important; have already rise?), having taken or destroyed this they urge in preference to their going a detachinent of about 200 men, have in a Spanish vessel, as it will convey a proof seized the arms and ammunition of the pro- of their connexion with Great Britain. since, which the French had collected in a CAPT. CREYKE, 20TH JUN: , 1808. depot, and also about 40,000 dollars in gold, Sir ;--- Since the account I had the honour which the French general had amassed. of delivering to you on the 10h June, OporLORD COLLINGWOOD, 14TH JUNE, 1809. to has undergone two revolutions, and bas

Sir, -In my letter of the 12th instant, been successively in the hands of the French by the Alphea, I informed you that appli- and the subjects of the Prince Regent. After cation had been made for a ship to carry to the Spaniards had delivered the forts into the England commissioners appointed by the custody of the Portuguese, and the national supreme council of Seville, to treat with his colours were every where hoisted, the French majesty's ministers on such matters as are were again able to establish their authority, important to the interest of both coutries. in consequence of the weak and undetermia The admiral who commands in the port of ned measures of the governor, Louis d'OliCadiz being one of the deputed, they did veira, who is now confined as a traitor, and not choose he should depart until the sur- maintained it till the 16th, the day of CorTender of the French ships, which took pus Christi, a great national festival, when place this morning --The Spaniards ha- it had been usual for the Portuguese regising constructed an additional battery of ments to attend with colours flying. The thirty heavy guns, and numerous gun and governor, d'Oliveira, in consequence of orbomb vessels having taken their stations, ders from Junot, attempted to establish the the French ships struck their colours at seven French flag instead of the Portuguese at the o'clock this morning, and soon after the procession. This violent atack on the naSpanish

were hoisted on board them. tional custoin drew forth the murmurs of The French ships, I understand are not at the populace to so great a degree, that an all injured, as the Spaniards wanted them attempt to compromise on the part of the go

a French corps

and that the action comnienced about four surrender of the French squadron, of five in the morning -All the officers agreeing, line of battle ships, and one frigate, in the that if the armed inhabitants had kept their harbour of Cadiz, to the Spanish arms, on ground though ever so short a time, no trace the 1.1th instant; on which day the Spanish would have been left of the French ; the colours were flying in all the French ships. troops of the line have distinguisbed tbem- The partienlars of this important and inte. selves, and more especially their provincial resting event will, no doubt, be fully grenadiers and their commandant D. Juan

communicated to your lordship by lord ColMaria de Morales. The staff, with a con- lingwood. It is also very satisfactory siderable part of the army under Echvarri, for me to inform your lordship, that the remained at three in Mango Negro with a movement I have made to this quarter, at great quantity of amnunition and ordnance,

the request of general Morla, has been atone piece of cannon excepted, which is tended with the happiest effects. The said to be left behind in consequence of the French troops are retiring in every direction carriage having been broken; which ac- towards Lisbon, except some very insignificount, signed by the said clergymnan, is cant parties left to occupy the different small thus laid before your highness for the cor- forts and posts on this side of Portugal. responding purposes. May God, &c. (Signed) The Portuguese people are rising in all parts, -ANTHONY CEBREROS, and D. Joseph encouraged greatly by our presence here; and MARIA ROMORA.

the Spanish frontier on the Guadiana is thus Most Serene SIR, -In conformity to eiiectually secured from any attack of the the instructions which I received the mo- French, ment I was leaving Cordova, which major TROM GEY. SPENCER, 21. JUNE, 1808. Alveaz brought me from your highness, and My lord, --The French fleet having surcollecting all the troops which i found dis- rendered on the 14th, and the Spanish com. persed in my way, I came back to this town missioners having since embarked for Enat half past 11 at night, to wait for your gland, I beg leave shortly to recapitulate the further orders. The action which had been different events which have led to these dedoubtful for two hours, was decided in fa- sirable objects and to state to your lordship your of the enemy, by the precipitate flight the present situation of Spain and Portugal, of the armed inhabitants, whom I found it as far as I have obtained correct information. impossible to keep in their ranks. The pass of

The general feelings of the Spaniards the bridge of Alcolea was glorieusly defend- had been for some time excited to the uted, both by our artillery and the brave Lasala,

most degree of indignation at tbe conduct of who had under his orders 100 volunteers of the French. The information of the forced Campo Mayor and Provincial Grenadiers.- renunciation of the crown of Spain by Charles I can assure your highness, the pass cost the the Fourth, Ferdinand, and all the royal enemy upwards of 200 killed or wounded, | family in favour of Bonaparte, appeared to be and that they lost nearly as many in the ren. the signal of universal opposition to the views counter with our cavalry. For our part, I of France The council of Seville, one of will send positive intelligence to your high the principal provincial jurisdictions in Spain wess as soon as I receive the returns froin the have laid hold of some statutes in their conrespective commandants of corps. In the stitution, which authorises their rejecting mean while, from those in my hands, and the orders of the supreme council of Matrom what I have seen, I am convinced that drid, when that capital shall be in the power the number of both will not amount to thirty. of foreign troops. They have therefore as-(Signed) Peter AUSTIN DE ECHEVERRA. sumed an independent authority in the name To his Most Serene Highness Francis de Sa- of Ferdinand VII, whom they have provedra, and the Supreme Board of Seville. claimed king; and after some previous steps,

they have formally declared war against Letters from Gen. Spencer, Lord Colling. France, and have appealed to the Spanish * wood, Capt. Creyke, and Capt. Digly, nation to support them; and their suprerelative to the affairs in Spain and Portu- macy has been acknowledged by the councils gol, written to the Secretary of State, of several other provinces. In Andalusia and to the Lords of the Admiralty, from they collected from fifteen to twenty thou* the coast of Spain and Portugai.

sand regular troops, and bave put arms in FROM GEN. SPENCER, 17 JUNE, 1808. the hands of upwards of sixty thousand My lord, -avail myself of the oppor

peasants. General Castaneos is appointed tunity afforded by the passing of the Nau- commander in chief; and I understand they tilus from lord Collingwood to sir Charles propose, out of the first levies, to augment Colton to congratulate your lordship on the the establishment of the old regiments to

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double their present numbers. Provincial for their own use ; nor has there been much assemblies are also forming in most of the loss of men on either side. The governor large towns, and different depots fixed upon some days since (and before I came here) for raising volunteers. They have a pro- requested of Major General Spencer to pro: portion of near 4000 cavalry, and a large ceed to Avamanie, to oppose a detachment quantity of artillery, as Seville is a foun- of the French army, which was said to be dery, and one of the largest depots in Spain, marching from Portugal by the coast ; and

-All accounts agree, that in every part yesterday the transports proceeded, under of Spain the insurrections have commenced the protection of the Zealous, to that quaralmost at the same period ; many small de- fer, where the Windsor Castle had contachments of the enemy, and many officers ducted a detachment the day before. have been cut off. Gen Dupont was on his June 15.-The governor of Cádiz las notimarch to Seville, and had already passed | fied to me, that the commissioners will be the Morena Mountains, when the insurrec. | ready to embark in two days. As the ke tion took place. He has pushed on to Cor- venge has been stationed near the town, dova, and, by the intercepted dispatches, we where sir Jolin Gore has had much interlearn, he is strengthening himself there, course with the governor and chiefs in com. and proposes to wait for reinforcements. In mand during the late operations, and witthe mean time, the Morena passes in his nessed the temper and disposition of the rear have been occupied by 5000 Spaniards; people, I have ordered that ship to receive the road is broken up ; and I trust all com- thein, that he may give to his majesty's mimunication has been cut off. -General nisters the information they may desire of D'Alzil had received orders to join him at what has come within his observatiop as to the Seville with 4000 men who were to assem- present state of this part of Spain.Applicable at Alcorentia, but our arrival off Aya- tion has been made to me this evening by the monte, and the arming of all Spain, and supreme

council of Seville and the governor the alarms in Portugal, having prevented of Cadiz, to give a passport to a Spanish this movement, I trust that general Junot frigate and four dispatch vessels, to carry to will not now be able to detach any troops the several governments and presidencies in from Portugal, though we understand the West Indies, information of the events a French corps have been collected at which have happened in Spain, and their Elvas, but I do not think it can exceed instructions to the governors : and also that 400 men, though the reports of its strength a sloop of war may take out oficers, to that ate very various, -At Faro the Portuguese country, whose presence there is important; have already risen, having taken or destroyed this they urge in preference to their going a detachinent of about 200 men, have in a Spanish vessel, as it will convey a proof seized the arms and ammunition of the pro- of their connexion with Great Britain. vince, which the French had collected in a CAPT. CRETKE, 2014 JUN, 1808. depot, and also about 40,000 dollars in gold, Sir ;---Since the account I had the honour which the French general had amassed. of delivering to you on the 10th June, OporLORD COLLINGWOOD, 14TH JUNE, 1809. to has undergone two revolutions, and bas

Sir,—lo my letter of the 12th instant, been successively in the hands of the French by the Alphea, I informed you that appli- and the subjects of the Prince Regent. After cation had been made for a ship to carry to the Spaniards had delivered the forts into the England commissioners appointed by the custody of the Portuguese, and the national supreme council of Seville, to treat with his colours were every where hoisted, the French majesty's ministers on such matters as are were again able to establish their authority, important to the interest of both coutries. in consequence of the weak and undetermi. The admiral who commands in the port of ned measures of the governor, Louis d'OliCadiz being one of the deputed, they did veira, who is now confined as a traitor, and not choose he should depart until the sur- maintained it till the 16th, the day of Corrender of the French ships, which took pus Christi, a great national festival, when place this morning. --The Spaniards ha

it had been usual for the Portuguese regiving constructed an additional battery of ments to attend with colours flying. The thirty heavy guns, and numerous gun and governor, d'Oliveira, in consequence of orbomb vessels having taken their stations, ders from Junot, attempted to establish the the French ships struck their colours at seven French flag instead of the Portugiese at the o'clock this morning, and soon after the procession. This violent attack on the naSpanish

were hoisted on board them. tional custoin drew forth the murmurs of The French ships, I understand are not at the populace to so great a degree, that an all injured, as the Spaniards wanted them attempt to compromise on the part of the go

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