Page images

be manifest to every one, the compiler for this, they would have been murdered does certainly consider them as not the in the course of the night; that the couleast valuable part of his work.

duct of the prince of Asturias was more *** The success of this work, up to the shocking, seeing that hinself (the king) time of publishing Vol. III. was before having perceived his desire to reign, and stated. Jis success since that time has been being himself near 60 years of age, had still greater. No-work of equal magnitude, agreed to surrender the crown to him, on had ever su great success, in so short a space bis marriage taking place with a French of time. The fifth volume, barring acci- princess, which the king ardently desired. dents from illness, will be published in Oc- The king added to this that the prince of tober, and the sixth in December ; after Asturias was desirous that he and ihe queen which it is hoped, that a volume every three should repair to Badajoz, on the frontiers months will be regularly finished, until the of Portugal; that he had found means to work be concluded, or rather, brought down inform him that the climate of that country to the “ Parliamentary Debates,' which | did not suit him; that he begged hiin to will form a sequel to it, and which will, of permit his choosing another place ; that he course, be continued, in the same manner sought to obtain permission of the Emperor ihat they now are.

to purchase an estate in France, where he *** The Tenth Volume of the PARLIA- | mightend his days. The queen told me MENTARY DEBATEs, including the period she had begged of her son to postpone their from the Opening of the Session, on the journey to Badajoz ; that she had not pro21st of January, to the 9th of April, 1809, cured this, and that the journey was to will be ready for delivery on the ioth' in- | take place on the ensuing Monday.-At stant. The Eleventh Volume, which will the moment I was desarting from their embrace i he remainder of the Session, is in majesties, the king said to ine, “ I have coosiderable forwardness. It is parlicularly written to the emperor, in whose hand I requested that all Communications for this repose my fate "I wished to send my work

тау le forwarded to the Publishers on letter by a courier, but I know no surer or before the 15th of the present month. means of sending it than by yours. The

king left me then, in order to repair tu his OFFICIAL PAPERS.

cabinet. He coon returned with the following SPANISH REVOLUTION.-Papers relative to letiers (Nos. 1 and 2) in his hand, which

the Spanish Revolution beginning with the he gave me, and added these words_-" My Report mude 10 Murat (French Come situation is most deplorable; they have mander in Chief in Spain) by De Mon- seized the prince de la Paz, and will put THIOU, one of his Officers, respecting the him to death; he has committed no other Dethronement of the King, and the crime than that he has at all times been Elevation of the Prince of Asturias.

attached to me.- -"He, added, there were Report, daled dranjuez, 251h March, 1903. no efforts which he would not have attempte

Monseigneur;-Agreeably to the com- ed to save the life of his unhappy friend, mands of your imperial lighness, I repaired but ihat he had found the whole world deaf with the letter of your highness to the queen

to his entreaties, and bent on vengeance ; of Etruria at Aranjuez. It was 8 o'clock that the death of the prince de la Paz would in the morning; the queen was still in bed ; draw after it his own, and that he should she rose imunediately, and baile me enter. pot' survive hiin. I delivered your letter to her. She begged | No. I. Lelter from the King to Napoleon, fue to wait a little, and said she would go

25th March, 1809. and read it with the king and queen ; half

"Sir, my brother.--Your majesty will an hour afterwards I saw the queen of assuredly bear with pain of the events which Etruria enter with the king and queen of have taken place at Aranjuez, and their Spain.-His majesty said, that he thanked consequences; you will not, without symyour imperial highness for the share you pathy, see a king who has been compelied to had taken in his affliction, which was the resign his throne, throw himselt into ihearins greater as his own son was the author of it. of a great monarch his ally, placing every The king said, that the revolution had been thing in his protection, who alove can fix effected by forgery and corruption, and his happiness and that of his whole fainily, that the principal actors' were his son and and his tristy and beloved subjects. Under M. Cabellero, minister of justice ; that the pressure of the moment, and amid the he had been compelled to abdicate the clashing of weapons, and the cries of a throne, in order to save the lives of him- rebellious g11211, I found that I had to choose self and his queen ; that he knows that tut between my ile and death, and ibat ny death would be followed by that of the lodgings of his imperial highness was queen':


was compelled to abdicate the arranged with great pomp and ceremony: throne ; but to-day peace is restored, and full Mandate, issued by order of the new king of confidence in the generosity and genius of upon his learing Madrid to go to meet of the great man, who has at all times de- Napoleon: 8th April, 1808. clared himself my friend, I have taken The king our sovereign las received my resolution to resign niyself into his certain intelligence, that his faithful friend hauds, and await what he shall resolve on and mighty ally the emperor of the French myi fate, that of the queen, and of the and king of Italy is already arrived at Bayonne, Prince de la Paz.-l address myself to your with the joyful salutary purpose of passing majesty, and protest against the events which through his kingdom, to the great satisfaction took place at Aranjuez, and against my of the king, and to the po!orious profit and dethronement. I rely with confidence, and advantage of his beloved subjects. Since it altogether upon the cordiality and friendship is becoming the close triendship which of your majesty, praying that God niay have happily prevails berween boih crowns, and you in his boly keeping."

the great character of his imperial and royal No. II. Protest of the King. majesty, that his majesty should go and meet I protest and declare, that my decree of him, and give the most sincere, sure, and the 19th of March, in which I repounce my firm proofs of his sentiments and resolution, crown in favour of my son, is a deed to in order to preserve and renew the good barwhich I was compelled, in order to prevent mony, confidential friendship, and salutary greater calamities, and spare the blood of alliance which has hitherto happily subsisted my beloved subjects. It is therefore to be and oright to subsist between the two moconsidered as of no authority:-(Signed narcis, bis majesty has resolved, with the er I, THE KING."

utmost expedition, to undertake the journey Suord of Francis I. delivered up to Nas in order to fulfil his purpose. Since his ab.

poleon ly the young King Ferdinand. sence can last but a few days, bis majesty Madrid, 5th April, 1sos.

expects, from the love anıl fidelity of his His imperial highness the grand duke of dear subjects, and especially those who beBerg, having intimated to his excellency Don long to the court, and who have hitherto Pedro Cevallos, first secretary of state, that conducted themselves in a laudable manner, his imperial majesty the emperor of the that they will continue to remain tranquil : French and king of Italy, would be pleased and while his majesty confidently relies upon in the possession of tbe sword that Francis the known vigilance and integrity of his I. king of France, surrendered in the famous ministers and courts, to whom he has for battle of Pavia, in the reign of the emperor that purpose given especial directions ; while Charles V. in Spain, which was kept with his majesty especially places his confidence due' estimation in the royal armoury, since in the high council of the government, unthe year 1525, desiring that it might be der the presidency of liis serene highness thus represented to our lord the king, the infant Don Antonio, and which has reHis maj. being informed of 'this, and tained its power and authority ; while his desirous of availing himself of every nppor- | majesty hopes, what is indeed practicable, tunity to testify to his intimate ally the that the good harmony which subsises emperor of the French, his high regard for between the troops of the king, and those his august person, and the administration, of bis imperial and royal majesty will be his unbeard-of deeds inspire him with, respected, and those troops punctually supinmediately ordered the afore-mentioned plied with every thing that ınay be necessary sword to be remitted to his imperial and for their maintenance dill the tinie when the royal maj. and thonght that the most worthy object in view shall be obtained, to the and respectable channel would be his serene great prosperity and felicity of both natious, Jugeness the grand duke of Berg, who bis majesty declares his assurance, that he was brought up by his side, and in the same entertains not ibe least fear that the happy school, and rendered illustrious by his trauquillity, the good hormony, and the adprowess and military talents, and

vantagrous alliance which now subsists, will deserving than any body to be charged with be destroyed or interrupted; but, on the so precious a deposit, and to transmitit into contrary, be sees with great satisfaction that the hands of his imperial majesty. lo thiese advantages are every day fixed upon a consequence thereof,

and of the royal surer basis.--This I impart 10 your excelorder which was given to his excellency the lency, that it may be immediately communia marquis of Astorga, groom-major to his cated to the extraordinary council, laid to majesty, the conveyance of the sword to the heart, and publicly announced, and that


all necessary measures may be taken for its princess of the blood royal, and who for a : ponctual execution.- May God preserve long time directed the affairs of the kingilom. your excellency many years.-'EBASTIAN He no longer has any friends ; your royal PINNUELA, President of the Council. bigbness will possess them no longer than Decree to all the Counsellors of Scale.-Same while you shall be fortunate. The people Date.

willingly revenge themselves for that hoBeing informed that the emperor of the mage which they pay us. How can the French and king of Italy is on the point process be drawn up against the Prince of of arriving in this our city and court of Ma- Perce, without involving in it the queen, and drid, 'I have deemer it expedient to go and the king your father. This process would meet hie imperial majesty, in order to give a give nourishment to batred and factious pasconvincing proof of my reverence for his sions, the issue of which would be fatal to ser-ne person, and of the strong desire your crown. Your royal highness has no which animates me to bind still closer the ties other right thereto than that which you deof Friendship and alliance wlrich happily sub- rive from your mother. If this process desist between this monarchy and the French graile her, your royal highness destroys your empire, to ihe mutual advantage of both own righi. He who has lent an ear to weak nations. Accordingly I shall depart from and disloyal counsels bas no right to pass hence on the 10th, and repair to Burgos ; sentence on the Prince of Peace. His misand as my absence will continue but a short deeds, if he can be reproached with them, time, I have, considering the preseilt cir- go to destroy the rights of the crown.-I constances, decreed and authorised, and I

bae frequently expressed a desire, that the do hereby by this authorise' my beloved un- Prince of Peace should be removed from afcle the infant Don Antonio, in whom I have fairs ; tbe friendship of king Charles has ofplaced my confidence, as well on account of ien induced me to remain silent, and to turn the ties of blood which bind him to my per- anay my eye; from the weakness of his conson, as on account of ihe distinguished duct. Unhappy mortals that we were ! qualities with which he is endowed, that be Weakness and error, these are our mottos! hare full power to transact and dispatch ail Put all may be arranged; n:mely, that the pressing and necessary business' which may Prince of Peace should be banished from occur, with the advice of my secretary of stale Spain, and I should invite him to a place of and of the dépêches, which shall be communi- retirement in France. As to the abdication cated to my council, in order that it be car- of king Charles IV, tbat has taken place at ried duly into execution.

a moment when my troops were traversing Letter from Napoleon 10 the new king of Spain ; and in the eyes of Europe, and of

Spain, dated Bayonne, 16th April, 1908, posterity, I should seeni to have sent so many My brother ;-I have received the letter troops solely for the purpose of pushing from of your royal highness. In the papers which his torone my ally and friend. As a neighyou have received from the king, your high- bour sovereign, it is fit I should know this ness's father, you must have found a proof , abdication, before I acknowledge it. I say of the interest which I have always felt for it to your royal highness, to the Spaniards, you. You will permit me under the pre- and to the whole world, if the abdication of sent circumstances, to speak to you with king Charles has proceeded from his own frutb and frankness. I wished by my jour- will, if he was not driven to it by the inHey to Madrid, to draw over my iilustrious surrection and uproar at Aranjuez, I make friend to some necessary amelioration of bis no scruple to accede to it, and to acknowstates, and also to give a certain satisfaction ledge your royal highness as king of Spain, to the public feelings. The removal of the The circumspection, which I have observed Prince of Peace appeared to nie to be neces. for this monili past, must be a security to sary for the prosperity of his majesty' and you for the support which you shall find in that of his subjects. The affairs of the'norih me, should ever party ditferences disturb had retarded my journey: The events at you, in your turi), upon the throne. When Aranjuez took place. I pass no decision on king Charles mode me acquainted with the wbat bad previously fallen out, nor upon events of last October, I was much affected the conduct of the Prince of Peace ; but I by them; and I think that by my efforts know well that it is dangerous for kingstoac- the affair of the Escurial received a happy custom their people to shed blood or to seek issue. Your royal highness was much to to redress themselves. I pray God that your blame; I have no need of any other proof of royal highness may never feel this by your this, than the letter which you wrote to me, own experience. It is not the interest of and which I shall always desire to consider Spain to injure a prince who has married a as not having come to me. Your royal high

I see

ness must distrust all popular commotions and latter times; and I should still bare enjoyed insurrections. A few of my soldiers may tranquillity, had it not been for the advice be murdered, but the subjugation of Spain which has turned you aside from tke paih of shall be the consequence of it.

duty. You have been 100 easily led away with pain that some persons at Nadıid have by ine batred whiclı your first wife cherished disseminated certain letters of the captain- against France, and you have participated in general of Catalonia, and have done every her obstinate dislike to my minister's your thing to excite disiurbances among the peo- nother, and myself. I resorted to the ple. Your royal highness perfectly coinpre- rights of a father and a king, and arrested hends my meaning You perceive that I you, when I found anong your papers proofs bave soucheel slightly upon many points, of your guilt. But at the end of my career, which it would not be proper to enlarge about to become be prey of grief, I felt for ipon.--You

be assured that I will con- the tears of your mother, and forgave you.-

Meanwbile, my subjects were agitated' by dict myself in every thing towards you, in / the same way as to your royal father. You the false representations of a faction, at the may rely upon my desire to arrange every head of which you placed yourselt. From thing, and of finding an opportunity of give thai moment the peace of my life was gone, ing you proof of my perfect regard and es- and to the evils which had befallen my peoteem.

ple, I bad still to add, that distress which Leller from the old King of Spain to his Son. the disuvion of my family had occasioned. Dated Baronne, 21 May, 1908.

Even iny ministers were slandered to the My Son ;

; -The faitbless counsels of the emperor of the French, who, thinking he men who surround you have brought Spain perceived that Spain wished to depart from into a most distressing situation. The coun

her alliance, and seeing the disposition to try cannot now be saved but by the emperor. disorder even in my family, occupied, under

-Since the peace of Basle, I have been al- various pretexts, my states with his troops : ways convinced, that it was the first interest of but so long as they remained on the right my people to preserve a good understanding side of the Ebrn, and appeared destined to, with France, and I have considered no sacri- maintain a communication with Portugal, I fice too great to attain that object. Even still hoped that he would return to those when France was the prey of temporary feelings of respect and friendship wkich he governments, I determined to repress iny had always testitied towards me. When I own inclinations, and be guided only by a learned that his troops advanced towards my regard to sound policy and the weifare of capital, I felt it necessary to assemble my my subjects. But when the French em- army around me, in order to exhibit myselt peror had restored order in France, then my to my illustrious ally in that state which apprehension was in a great degree removed, becanie the king of Spain. Thus I expectso that I had then new reasons for remaining

cd his doubts would be removed, and my faithful to my system of alliance.- Wien own interests adjusted. I recalled my troops England deciared war'ágainst France, I had from Portugal, and ordered those in Madrid the good fortune to remain neutral, and to evacuate that capital, and directed themi thereby afford to my people the advantages to assemble on several points of the monarof peace. England, however, soon after chy. This was not done for the purpose of captured four of my frigates, and made war abandoning my subjects, but, on the conupon me before war was declared. Thus trary, in order to naintain more worthily was I compelled to repel force by force, and the glory of the crown. My long expethe evils of war were extended to my sub- rience convinced me that the emperor of the jects.-Spain being surrounded by coasts, French, consistently will his own interests, and being indebted for her greatest prospe

and the extended political system of the rity to her trans-marie possessions, suffered continent, could entertain no wish prejudi. more than any other coupiry by the war. cial to my house. But in the meantime The intermpion of trade, and all the evils what was your conduct? You threw my connected with that state of affairs were ex- whole palace into confusion. You instigaperienced by ou subjects,some of whom were ted my guards to turn against me. Your uncandidenough to throw all the blame on me father was your prisoner. My prime minis. and my ministers. I had, however, at lea i, ier, whom I had reared and adopted into the consolation that the country was safe, and my family, was dragged bleeding from dunhid no reason to be alarmed for the preserva- geon to dungeon. You have disgraced my tion of my provinces. At the same time, grey hairs ; yon bave bereft them of a crown I was the only king of Europe who lived in woin with lustic by my aucestors, and which this security, amidst the convulsions of these I bave pir served without a stain; you have

I am

ascended my throne, and bave put yourself | all that rendered it sacred in the eyes of mto the hands of the people of Madrid, who men.-But your conduct towards me, and are instigated by the nuaibers of your party, your intercepted letters bave erected a brazen and of the foreign troops that have entered wall between you and the throne of Spain. the city. The conspiracy at the Escurial

king in the right of my ancestors. was accomplished, and the acts of my go- My abdication was a consequence of comveroment were consigned to public contempt. pulsion. I have, therefore, nothing to reOld, and loaded with infirmities, I could ceive from you. I can consent to no meetnot withstand this new misfortune, and fied ing—I will consent to nothing that may co the emperor, no longer as a king occasion a civil war or insurrections. Every at the head of his troops, and surrounded thing ought to be done for the people, but with the lustre of the throne, but as an nothing by them; and to forget this principle unfortunate and abandoned prince. I have is to make ourselves guilty of all the consefound a place of retige and protection in the quences which it; negiect occasions. I have, midst of his army. I am indebted to him through my whole lite, sacrificed myself for fur my life, for the lite of my queen, and my people, and, at the years at which I am for that of my prime vinister. I lave fol- arrived, I shall never do any act repugnant to lowed you to Bayonne. You have brought their religion, their tranquillity, and their rffairs to such a stale, that henceforth every prosperity. But all my sacrifices will be thing must depend upon the arrangement forgotten whenever lain informed that the and protection of this great prince. To have religion of Spain, the inviolability of my recourse to insurrections of the people, to provinces, and their privileges and indepenplant the standard of faction, would be the depce are secured; I shall ihen lie down in ruin of Spain, and would reduce yourself, my grave, forgiving you all the sorrow ny kingdom, my subjects, and my family, which in my latter years you have occasioned o the greaiest wretchedness. I have opened me.-CHARLES. any whole heart to the emperor. He is Proclamation of the old King to the Spaacquainted with all the insults I have re- niurds. Dated at Bayonne, 4th Nay, 1808. ceived, and the usurpation imposed upon Spaniards ; My beloved subjects; perridiDe. He has declared to me that he will Ous men seek to mislead you. They woull never acknowledge you as king, and that put arms into your hands against the French the enemy of his father can excite no con- troops; they seek alike to arm you agaiost fidence in the breast of a stranger. He has

the French, and the French against you. tesides shewn me letters which contain The sacking of all Spain, calamities of every prouts of your aversion froin France.--Under kind, would be the result. The spirit of these circumstances it is evidently my right, faction, the sad effects of which I have alreaand still more evidently my duty, io spare dy felt, is still in motion. In the midst of the blood of my subjects, and not at the these important and critical circumstances, i end of my days 10 adopt

course which an occupied in concerting with my ally, the would expose Spain to fire and sword, and emperor of the French, all that concerns reluce the country to the niost: wretched your welfare. Beware of listening to the condition. Assuredly you ought, faithful to

eneonies of it. All those who speak to you your duty, and to the feelings of nature, lo against France, thirst for your blood : they have rejected the traitoroas counsels given are either the enemies of your nation, or Fou. Had you constantly appeared by my agents of England, who are busily availing , ready

of cal the usual course of nature had raised you trigues world involve the loss of your coloto the throne, then the political interests of nies, the separation of your provinces, or a Spain might have been brought to coincide series of years of trouble and calamity for with the interest of all. For these six months your country.-Spaniards! trust to my expecircumstances have been very critical ; but rience, and obey that authority which i such as they were, I should not have feared hoid from God and my fathers; follow my to meet them supported by the good conduct example, and think that in the position in of my subjects, and even my own feeble which you stand, there is no prosperity and Eforts, but, above all, with the moral power safety for Spaniards, but in the friendship of which I should have possessed in proposing the great emperor, our ally.--Given at Bay

my ally an arrangement calculated to re- onne, from the imperial palace, stiled palace concile the interests of my subjects and my of the government, May 4, 1808.-) The family. In depriving me of my crown, you

KING. tave broken your own in pieces ; you have Decloration of Aldication of the old King. Lave stripped it of all that was illustrious, of Duted, at Bayonne, 4th May, 1808.


« PreviousContinue »