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"ding our blood for a Regency-for a
but we should have thought, “ Regency which the Portuguese detest, “ that any dislike or indifference they may " and which they detest us for supporting!" “ feel would have disappeared, nay, would
-Thus far the Morning Chronicle, who “ have been converted into love and attack. adds, that this is, for us, " a miserable ment, when the question was, whetker " policy; a vile occupation." In such a they should submit to such a Government, ligbr the thing must, one would think, or to the Government of the French? appear to every unprejudiced mind.-Now " Why have Prussia, Naples, and Italy let us hear what the Courier has to say, “ been conquered ? we are asked; and we preparing ourselves for the disgusting cant are answered that it was because the about party and opposition, to motives of people either felt dislike or indifference which every thing unpleasant is attempted to “ about their governments! And what has be imputed." It will perhaps puzzle “ been their reward? That they have been “ most of our readers to discover in the placed under a government compared 19 « above events cause for censure against “ which their own was perfect happiness " this country. But wbat is too difficult “ and freedom. So far then from Prussia, “for Opposition ingenuity? They consider “ Italy, and Naples furnishing examples “ these disturbances as having been produced “ which the Portuguese might be desirous « by the establishment of a Regency, “ of following, we should have thought they " which we are said to have forced upon "I would have afforded incitements to thema " them. The Regency was appointed by " to cling to ANY government, rather " the Prince Regent himself.
“ than, ly being indiffereni to it, suffer as Portugal was released from the French “ their country to fall under the yoke of yoke, we, who came to assist the Portu
Since writing the above, we guese against the French, who had put informed that the affairs to which the " down the ancient and legitimate Govern- “ proclamation of the intendant general of
ment, did that which, as the friend and “ police refers, was by no means a very " ally of the Prince Regent, it was our duty " serious aff air, and was soon put an end " to do; we recognised the authority which " to. It was occasioned by some regula" the Prince had appointed to govern the " tion adopted respecting the market.”
country in his absence. What would the What a falsehood' is here, as winder-up!
Opposition have had us do? Would they A trifling regulation about the market! “ have had us tell the people to throw off Could that bave called for such a preclama. “ their allegiance, put themselves in a state tion as the one, which has given rise to ibis " of revolution, and new cast and model discussion ? Common sense forbids us to • the whole form of government? They believe it; and the man who makes the
might then have exclaimed indeed with assertion must look upon his readers as
some justice, " Oh miserable policy ! downright fools, Discontents on account " " most vile occupation !"-But we are of a regulation about the market call for a " told, that were the whole British army proclamation, assuring the people, that the " to be sent, it would be insufficient to English are not come as conquerors, and " defend Portugal till we had first gained that they are come to free the people from “ over the people to our side--and there- slavery! Detestable falsehood! But, such are "" fore it is meant to be recommended, we tlie means, by which this nation bas long
suppose, that we should abandon Portu- been deluded from one stage of danger lo " gal altogether for as lo gaining over another. What connection was there, or " the people, if delivering them from the could there be, between the political viens " French does not produce that effect, no- of the king of England and a regulamin
thing that we can do lesiiles is calculated about the market at Oporto? Shameia! “ to produce it--though the Opposition falschood! The Intendant issues a proclama.
seem to think that if we were to take tion to stay the “ fury” of the people, 10 " fart against the Regency, that is agziust whom he speaks about the political views of " the authority of the legitimate Sovereign, the king of England, whom bedescribes as 160 " we should attach the people amaziugly to wise to think of enslaving them. And, is
us.---These revolutionary counsels our is a proclamation like this, that the shame. ** Government, we do not think, will le less kireling holds up to us as the consequence “ much inclined to follow--But the people of disturbances arising out of a regulation " of Portugal are said either to dislike or lo about the market at Oporto! It is seldom «be indifferent about their goveroment.
that I have met with any thing so impuden: " It may le so, and we shall not inquire at as this.---This writer tells us, that we re
present wherber they have or have not cognized ihe governnient of the Prince Re:
gent; that we re-established that govern- cumstances, likely to act ; but, indeed, we ment; and asks, wbat the Moroing Chroni: wanted no other example than that, with cle would have had us do. Why, I know which we were furnished by Portugal herself. what I would have done. I would have as. -We need not inquire into the truth of certained what sort of thing, or state of the assertion, that compared with the things, !he people were willing to fight for; “ French government, established in Hanoand, if I found it inconsistent with my en- ver, Italy, and Naples, their own was gagements, or prornises, to give them that, " perfect happiness and freedom;" because, I would instantly have withdrawn my troops,
be the fact, we know that the being, as, I think, every man, in his senses, people have made no exertions in behalf of must be, convinced, that, seeing the gen. their own government against the French. graphical situation of Portugal, it is impossi- “ We should have thought,” says this writer, ble to defend the country against the French, " that the fate of Hanover, Italy, and Naunless these are beaten by the Spaniards, “ ples would have afforded incitements to without the hearty co-operation of the peo- “ the people of Portugal to cling to ANY ple of Portugal. This writer, in answer government, rather than suffer their io an opinion, similar to the one just express- country to full under the yoke of France." ed, asks, if it be meant to recommend the -Aye, this; this; this is the pernicious ; abandonment of Portugal altogether for, this is the execrable opivion, that has so says he,
as to gaining over the people, if long and so widely and so fatally prevailed. delivering them from the French does not Oh! then you think, do you, that, as long “ produce that effect, nothing that we can as there can be kept up, in any country, a “ do besides is calculated to produce that dread of the French “ yoke," the people 1 effect." Well; but, we have so deliver- may be harrassed and insulted, that their ed them, and that effect has not been pro- very entrails may be squeezed out, without duced. Will you, then, persevere in de- ! danger to their rulers ? This is your opinion, fending Portugal without the aid, and even is it? Others have proceeded upon it, and against the will, of the people? Will you they are now smarting under the richly-deatiempt to keep out Buonaparte with one served consequences. Others have said : hand, and to keep down the people of Por- no; there is no occasion for a reform of tugal with the other? The minister who, “ abuses; a dread of the French will do; should so apply the lives of an English army, we can go on in the old way; a dread of would deserve to be banged. This writer “ the French is your only true specific for next tells us,” that he should have thought, silencing all complaints, for keeping all " that any dislike or indifference the Port- quiet.” Others have thus thought, and
guese might have felt respecting their they have been most justly punished. This “ former government, would have disap- | has been the doctrine, which has bent the “ peared, nay, been converted into love continent beneath the feet of Buonaparte; " and attachment, when the question was, and this doctrine, persevered in, will yet “ whether they should submit to such a go
lead him to conquests, of which the editor “ vernment, or the government of ihe of the Courier does not appear to have “ French." Aye, he might think so ; and dreamt. many others might think so, and so they Botley, 28th Dec. 1808. may think with respect to the people of other countries, where the French have not
COBBETTY'S yet been. But, what says experience ? Alas ! COMPLETE COLLECTION OF that which has, heretofore, made fools wise, has now, as far as relates to governments, lost its power of inculcation ! Experience has proved, has proved in numerous
AND PROCEEDINGS FOR
TREASON, instances, that the sway of France has no
AND OTHER CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS, such terrific power; and that, where the people dislike, or are indifferent about their old government, they are not to be made to The First Part of this Work will be love it by a dread of its being succeeded by published, at the places and in the runner the government of France. The Morning before notified, on Monday next; and, L: Chronicle did not hold up the conduct of the think, I may venture to say, that it will be people of Prussia, Hanover, and Italy as an found to exceed any expectations that may example to those of Portugal; but, as exam- have been raised by the Prospectus. Of the ples, whereby we might judge of how the forty-one Trials, or Proceedings, contained people of Portugal were, rindar similar cir- in this First Part, twenty-five are new, org
FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD DOWN TO
s except to whom, and on what terms be
at least, new in this shape, and never before which, as yet, have subsisted, between the came into any Collection. That the new Buyers and Growers of corn, would no matter will bear this proportion all the way longer exist.-3d. That there is no reasoa through, is not to be expected; but, I am why the Buyers should take from the pockconfident that the difference between this ets of the Growers the discount proposed; work and those, which, under a similar and, therefore it is a duty incumbent on the title, have gone before it, will surprize even Growers to make every exertion to prerent those who have most frequent had occasion such an imposition being practised.-4th. to perceive and to lament ine imperfectness That the plan proposed by the Buyers of of those works.--- -Some persons have con- corn, will create either inconvenience or ocived, from the passage in my Prospectus, loss to the Growers, and may also subject relating to the Pleadings, that it was intend- them to have unpleasant remarks made, on ed to leave out the plendings, or speeches, the application for their legal demands, of counsel. 1:"mt were meant 10 be left previous to the expiration of a month, aod oit, were merely such of the formal plead- therefore it must be regarded, noi only as ings as could not possibly be of any use; adverse to the long-established practice of such as old common Latin Indictments, and fair and honourable dealing; but also subother technical forms. Afier, however, again versive of delicate and confidential transaclooking through the various papers, it has tions.—51h. That the seller of any comrobeen found, that these Pleadings will take dity, not being compelled to dispose of it, up but little room; and, therefore, it has been resolved to retain the whole of them. I pleases, the intended combination, to carry That there is no intention of abridging, the into effect the Resolutions of the Buyers, contents of the First Part must, I think, is not only unprecedented in this market, pretty clearly demonstrate.
- To such
but believed to be illegal, and is repugnant gentlemen as may happen to be in possession to those inherent and hitherto indisputed of curious Trials, or of documents relating rights of the venders, which no combination to trials of the description of those to be ought to be permitted to annihilate.-6h. contained in this work, I shall be much That the recollection of the length of time obliged for a communication of them. If the Growers of corn have to wait before the document, or paper, whether in print they can get a fair return for their properly or manuscript, be requested to be preserved, expended ought to have due weight with great care shall be taken of it.
every friend to agriculture ---7th. That the
returns of men engaged in other commercial Mr. Roope's ADDRESS TO THE NORFOLK pursuits than those of agriculture, being so FARMERS.
much more frequest, and so much larger, Gentlemen,--A large majority of the the agricultural remains below the commerdoro Merchants, Brewers, and Millers, at- cial interest in the scale of protit.--8th. That tending the weekly market at Norwich on the transactions of this Nieeting be printed the 14th of last October, having, by public and laid in St. Andrew's Hall, Norwich, on advertisement declared, " That in future Saturday next the 29th of October, to re“ they will not purchase corn upon any ceive the additional signatures of those “ other terms than one month's credit, to be Growers of corn who are inclined to main«s calculated from the day of its delivery, tain their own independence, and to unite “ and that if payment is requested previ- with this meeting in their laudable exerticos “ously to the expiration of the month, to prevent the combination of the Buyers “ they will deduct one penny in the pound being effecied.-9th. That the Committee « discount,” I took the liberty on the text already appointed at this Meeting, sball asmarket day of submitting to your considera- semble at the Rampant Horse Inn, Norwich, ticn the following RESOLUTIONS.--)st. at 4 o'clock in the afternoon of the same day. " That the determinations of the Buyers of to adopt such further measures as then may Cora are inconsistent with that freedom be deemed necessary, and the attendance of which never will permit a few individuals those, who are desirous to support the to dictate in a manner so authoritative to customs of the market is earnestly solicited. the numerous Growers of corn), who for so -10th. That no example tending to demany years, have constantly attended the feat the intentions of this Meeting, shall Norwich market, and who hitherto have deier it, from abiding by these Resclu. been considered men as respectable and in- 'ring, which already have obtained very dependent as this or any other county can numerous and most respectable signaboast. - 24. That by subnuisting 10 such Re- tures.-11th. That these Resolutions be adsolutions, that confidence and good will vertised in the Farmer's Journal, the Bury', and
he Norwich papers.--12. That the thanks same thing) to speculate with ; and you canof this Meeting be presented to the Chair- not be much pleased, that to obtain your man Mr. Thos. Uiting of Ashwellthorpe, right, you must pay 5 per cent, to put into for his active and manly conduct on this oc- the pocket of him, who is getting a livelihood casion."
by his connection with you, and who, in At your second Meeting on October 29, ungrateful return, compels you to act as he Sir Thomas Bevor, bart. consented to take dictates; and that to his great profit, and to the chair, and the committee now consisting your great loss. If such transactions will of 32 gentlemen (the largest gro:vers of not destroy that confidence which should corn), it coincided with the Resolutions which exist between you both, I know of no cirwere unanimously adopted at the first Meet- cumstance, however more degrading to you, ing. The signatures of the chairman and the (were it possible to be so) to which you committee being placed beneath them, they would not submit.- Gentlemen; I always were laid in Si. Andrew's Hall, Norwich, declared that, I believed this combination and there having received the sanction and of the Buyers of your property to be a names of more than 500 occupiers of land shameless imposition, to be illegal, and Mr. in Norfolk, I atierwards endeavoured to Wilson has since confirmed that opinion, and prove how necessary it was for you to declare obtained a rule to prosecute, in the Court of ilie sentiments which you had expressed. King's Bench, and £500 are already subBut my reasons having been but partially scribed, to defray the expences. But, even made known, and believing, as I do, that if the combination were not illegal, I think every county throughout the British empire, you ought well to consider, before ya!! sacrias well as the county of Norfolk, is as fice your own honour and interest, and to deeply interested in the result of this preju- recollect the danger of the ill effects which dicial and daring combination, I a.n induced must result to you, if the endeavours of to give the greatest publicity to my remarks, these merchants be accomplished. --Gentleand therefore I have solicited from Mr. men, the Buyers say " these are our terms, Cobbelt the favour of their insertion in his and on no other will we purchase your comRegister.---Gentlemen, the Growers of corn modity; and surely we have a right to please very justly expressed their indignation, that ourselves."-I will, then, ask, if the poor a few individual Buyers who for so many journeymen shoe-makers, tailors, and weavyears have been amassing property, by the ers, have not the same right to say, constant dealings which were carried on be- cannot be compelled to work, except we tween them on fair and equitable terms, like, and at such prices as we choose to deshould most suddenly and without any good mand." Yes, I consider, they have an equal reason being assigned, decline to transact right so to say, and to act; but the laws business with them on the same basis. How have, very wisely, declared, that they shall much more astonished were they to find the not so act, because, many will be injured Buyers had entered into a combination to by a few; and, amongst these poor people, this drive the Growers from their accustomed is called an illegal combination.
Is not, and most convenient market, or to compel then, the same conduct amongst the rich to them to dispose of their corn on terms which be termed an illegal combination? Does are very disadvantageous, that must render not the proposed plan of the Buyers of corn them great inconvenience, and which by tend to annihilate your market, by compellength of credit, from the failure or mis- ing you to withhold your corn and does it conduct of their London factors, from an not deprive the community of their regular unexpected drop in the markets, or other and necessary supplies, and injure all of you causes (of which you have had such nume- more especially ?-Does it not tell the public, rous and fatal instances), might probably oc- that the Buyers know the Growers of corn casion to them very serious loss.--Gentle- must dispose of it, and, therefore, they, men; if your legal demands for your pro- the Buyers, have all agreed to demand it on perty disposed of, be requested before the ex- their own terms ? Is this the language of piration of the month, the Buyer will either the conduct to which Norfolk farmers will believe that you want your money and have submit ?- No: Gentlemen, I trust not. no other resource to which you can apply, But, let me ask you, with whom is the or he must know that you have no confidence power! I say it is with you. If you were in him by your consenting to pay the dis- io declare, that you would have no further count of one peany in the pound : although dealings with such men, if they were enhe pay your debt he will be mortified that tirely deprived of your support, could they his object is not obtained ; namely, having continue their present mode of obtaining a your property (or your money, which is the livelihood? Whenever, and wherever yoz
Choose to assemble, the Buyers, be they the power of as fairly exercising their trades, whom they may, must come to you. The because the credit will be given to the men sustenance of human life, the provender for who are supposed to possess the most money? cattle, &c. must be had ; and from whom Will it not also enable a very few mercbanks can it be obtained, but from the Grower? with large capital to engross the trade and to Besides, if a month's credit be given to the monopolize the fruits of the earth? If they merchant, any man may become one ; be- were selfish men, might they not add to the cause no property will be required for him distresses of the poor already hard enough to to begin his speculation; as he will trade be borne? The great prop which in your with your property, with the possibility of estimation supports the merchants by your great profit, and the certainty of no loss ; submission will be entirely removed, and while you, and you alone, venture the which, Gentlemen; is this.-A merchant risk : and if, in reply, it be said, he must cannot now come to market without prs. have property to pay his debts when perty, for he must either have effects or stand requested, I contend, that your permit. 1 in that credit with which bis Banker is so ting the discount to be allowed will have satisfied as to honor his drafts, and as is suffia similar disadvantageous eifect on cient to keep up his respectability. But when and bevehit him; and that discount will cre- there is no property, or not an adequatc ate not only a real property for him, but will share, both to answer bis immediate demands also enable him to borrow money on his on the market day and to have as much secuerfects; and you thus put it in his power to rily remain as will induce his Banker to conmake you present him with 5 per cent to tinue his usual assistance, why, then, in pay your legal demands. Will the various
such a case, (which is not either impossible losses to which you are subject, the uncer- or improbable to happen) I know of no better tainty of the seasons, the increased price of plan for him to adopt, than to persuade you labour, of implements, &c. and no reduction to give him a month's credit, which will in your rent, be your crops ever so bad, jus- enable him to get his bills accepted by his tify you in thus sporting with your hard- London Factor, and, as I before said, he earned property? Is it natural, is it con- will then have no risk. If he be possessed of sistent with the dictates of of common sense, such large property as to render this unnethus to act ? Gentlemen, there is as yet no cessary, either he does not want the credit law passed to make you bend to this com- and only gets your money to speculate pulsory measure; but by your compliance to with, or you are making him independent jt, your precedent will not only be as bind- of his country banker, and thus placing ing as any law, by establishing a custom, yourselves at his mercy; your great and but it will be the means of extending the chief reliance is of no avail, and you sub. same despotic authority over all other Far- ject yourselves to every possible loss, or mers. It will give to the Buyers of corn, to avoid that you are deprived of part of the power of creating the same rule in all
your property by paying an illegally demandother markets throughout Great Britain : ed discount. When I declare to you, what I their example most indisputably will be fol. can prove from the statement of one amongst lowed by their brother merchants, and their the merchants, that, according to the number baneful system will be effected, except, by of lasts of corn bought by him on a Satur. your exertions, this illegal combination be day, (and I include all grain and take an crushed on its first appearance. There is average price of the whole) by paying the now an opportunity of soliciting other ner- discount you would to only ten individuals, chants to trade with you on the old and long purchasing the same quantity, give from your established customs ; but if you once give | labours more than six thousand pounds per way—if you once surrender your rights- annum-and as this buyer is not the largest vain will be the attempt to regain them; purchaser, I trust you will perceive the imfor no merchants then will be found to deal propriety of consenting to such a tame, unwith, as they will all have joined the combi- necessary, and prejudicial compliance, to the pation. So completely will you be in the daring attempt to annihilate a custom wbich power of the Buyers (especially all of you for centuries has remained sacred and unmoresiding in the interior counties) that you lested, and which is wanted to be set aside must abide by whatever terms are dictated, only to enrich those few persons. Genile. and what security have you that two, three men, if you consider as I do, that these evils or even six months credit may not hereafter which I have endeavoured to shew will be be insisted on? Will not the month's credit brought on the agricultural interest, I am be very likely to deprive the merchants.of convinced they will be sufficient reasons to
and also many Millers of deter you from deserving the reproach of
smaller property and also