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to affix to the letter his affidavit of the date, in which it was written. I own I feel most sensibly the mortification of being reduced to the necessity of using such precautions, to guard my reputation from dishonour.-If I had, at any time, possessed that degree of confidence from my immediate employers, which they never withheld from the meanest of my predecessors, I should have disdained to use these attentions: how I have drawn on me a different treatment I know not; it is sufficient that I have not merited it and in the course of a service of thirty-two years, and ten of these employed in maintaining the powers, and discharging the duties, of the first office of the British Government in India, that honourable Court ought to know whether I possess the integrity and honour, which are the first requisites of such a station. If I wanted these, they have afforded me but too powerful incentives to suppress the information, which I now convey to them through you; and to appropriate to my own use the sums, which I have already passed to their credit, by the unworthy, and, pardon me if I add, dangerous reflections, which they have passed upon me for the first communication of this kind; and your own experience will suggest to you that there are persons, who would profit by such a warning.

Upon the whole of these transactions, which to you, who are accustomed to view business in an official and regular light, may appear unprece


dented, if not improper, I have but a few short remarks to suggest to your consideration,

If I appear in any unfavourable light by these transactions, I resign the common aud legal security of those, who commit crimes or errours. I am ready to answer every particular question, that may be put against myself, upon honour, or upon oath. The sources, from which these reliefs to the publick service have come, would never have yielded them to the Company publickly; and the exigencies of your service (exigencies created by the exposition of your affairs, and faction in your councils) required those supplies.

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I could have concealed them,, had I had a wrong motive, from yours and the publick eye for ever; and I know that the difficulties, to which a spirit of injustice, may subject me for my, candour and ↑ avowal, are greater than any possible inconvenience, that could have attended the concealment, except the dissatisfaction of my own mind. These difficulties are but a few of those, which I have suffered in your service, The applause of my ownbreast is my surest, reward, and was the support of my mind in meeting them: your applause, and that of my country, are my next wish in life.

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I have the honour to be,

Honourable Sirs,

Your most faithful, most obedient,

and most humble servant,

Warren Haftings.


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EXTRACT of the Company's General Letter to Bengal; dated the 25th of January 1782.

Par. 127. WE have received a letter from our Governour-General, dated the 29th of November 1780, relative to an unusual tender and advance of money, made by him to the Council, as entered on your Consultation of the 26th of June, for the purpose of indemnifying the Company from the extraordinary charge, which might be incurred by supplying the detachment under the command of Major Camac, in the invasion of the Mahratta dominions, which lay beyond the district of Gohud; and thereby drawing the attention of Mhadjee Scindia (to whom the country appertained) from General Goddard, while the General was employed in the reduction of Bassein, and in securing the conquests made in the Guzerat country; and also respecting the sum of three lacks of rupees advanced by the Governour-General for the use of the army under the command of Chimnajee Boofla without the authority or knowledge of the Council; with the reasons for taking these extraordinary steps, under the circumstances stated in his letter.

128. In regard to the first of these transactions, we readily conceive, that in the then state of the Council the Governour-General might be induced to temporary secrecy respecting the members of the Board, not only because he might be apprehensive of opposition to the proposed application of the money, but, perhaps, because doubts might have arisen concerning the propriety of appropriating it to the Company's use, on any account; but it does not appear to us, that there could be any real necessity for delaying to communicate to us immediate information of the channel, by which the money came into his possession, with a complete illustration of the cause or causes of so extraordinary an event.

129. Circumstanced as affairs were at the moment, it appears that the Governour-General had the measure much at heart, and judged it absolutely necessary. The means proposed of defraying the extra expense were very extraordinary; and the money, as we conceive, must have come into his hands by an unusual channel: and when more complete information comes before us, we shall give our sentiments fully upon the whole


130. In regard to the application of the Company's money to the army of Chimnajee Boosla by the sole authority of the Governour-General, he knew that it was entirely at his own risk, and he


has taken the responsibility upon himself; nothing but the most urgent necessity could warrant the measure; nor can any thing short of full proof of such necessity, and of the propriety and utility of the extraordinary step taken on the occasion, entitle the Governour-General to the approbation of the Court of Directors; and therefore, as in the former instance, relative to the sum advanced and paid into our treasury, we must also, for the present, suspend our judgment respecting the money sent to the Berar army; without approving it in the least degree, or proceeding to censure our Governour-General for this transaction.


EXTRACT of Bengal Secret Consultations, the 9th January 1781.

THE following letter from the Governour-General having been circulated, and the request therein made complied with, an order on the Treasury passed accordingly.

Honourable Sir and Sirs,

Having had occasion to disburse the sum of three lacks of Sicca rupees on account of secret


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